八年级英语(仁爱版)下册总复习(仁爱版) 八年级英语(仁爱版)下册总复习(仁爱版)语言点归纳
Unit 5 Feeling Happy Teaching time :
重点词汇: 一. 重点词汇: (一)反义词 happyunhappy/ sad popularunpopular (二)表示情感的形容词 二 excited 感 到 兴 奋 的 unhappy/ sad 伤 心 的 afraid/ frightened 害 怕 的 lonely 孤单的 (三) 重点词组
  1. one of my favorite movies
  2. spend the evening
  3. say thanks to sb.
  4. tell a short story
  5. a ticket to…
  6. wish to do sth.
  7. get enough sleep
  8. win a medal
  9. feel proud/ lonely
  10. set a table for…
  11. have a temperature = have a fever
  12. be able to do sth.
  13. ring up
  14. care for= look after/ take care of
  15. because of
  16. cheer up
  17. play the role of sb.
  18. be on
  19. at first 我最喜欢的电影之一 过夜 向某人道谢/道别/问好 讲一个小故事 一张…的票 希望做某事 得到足够的睡眠 获得一枚奖牌 感到自豪/孤单 为……摆餐具 发烧 有能力做某事 给……打电话 照顾 由于 使……振奋/高兴起来 扮演某人的角色 上演; 放映 首先 surprised 吃 惊 的 angry / mad 生 气 的 disappointed 失 望 的 nervous 紧张不安的 happy 快 乐 的 worried 焦急的 luckyunlucky smartstupid/ silly poorrich interestingboring kindcruel
Topic 1 Why all the smiling faces?
proud 自 豪 的 interested 感到有趣的

  20. fall into
  21. be afraid of doing sth.
  22. in/at the end = at last
  23. go mad
  24. come into being
  25. be full of
  26. be popular with…
  27. make peace
  28. end/begin with… 二. 重点句型及重点语言点
  1. How nice! 真是太好了! What a shame! 真可惜! What bad news! 多糟的消息! 这三句全都是感叹句.它们的结构为:
落入 害怕做某事 最后 发疯 形成 充满… 受……喜爱 制造和平 以……结尾/开始

  1) How + adj./ adv. + 主语 + 谓语! 如: How moving the movie is! How fast the boy runs!
  2) What + a/an + adj. + n. (可数名词的单数) + 主语 + 谓语! 如: What a big apple (it is)!
  3) What + adj. + n.(可数名词的复数或不可数名词) + 主语 + 谓语! 如: What interesting stories (they are)! What hard work( it is)!

  2. Because he can't get a ticket to The Sound of Music. 因为他没有买到《音乐之声》的票. to ,常见的搭配如下: 表"的" 常见的搭配如下: a ticket toThe Sound of Music the answer to the question 一张《音乐之声》的票
问题的答案
the key to the door 门的钥匙 the way to…去…..的路
  3. I think Mr. Lee likes it very much and really wishes to watch it. 我认为李老师非常喜欢它而 且的确想去看. wish/ hope to do sth.希望做某事 希望做某事
与 wish 相关的结构还有: wish/ hope + that 引导的从句; 如: 引导的从句 I wish/ hope (that) we will win. 我们可以说 wish sb. to do sth. 而不能说 hope sb. to do sth.;
  4. I'll ring up Michael later. 稍后我打电话给迈克. ring up sb. = call/ ring/ phone sb. = give sb. a ring/ call/ telephone = make a telephone to sb. 当宾语为代词时, 只能放中间 放中间.如 当宾语为代词时 只能放中间 如: ring me/him/her up
  5.…since they were not able to go. ……既然他们不能去. can 与 be able to 二者都表"能;会" 在指"一般能力"时,常互换.如: 二者都表" ,在指"一般能力" 常互换.
He can/is able to work out the problem. 他能算出这道难题. 区别: 只有现在式和过去式(could),没有数的变化 而 be able to 有时态及数的变化 如: 没有数的变化;而 有时态及数的变化. 区别 can 只有现在式和过去式 没有数的变化 I/ She couldn't swim three years ago, but now I / She can . 三年前,我/她 不会游泳, 但现在我/她能. I will be able to see him next week. 下周, 我将会看到他. They were /He was able to climb the mountain, but now they aren't/ He wasn't.They're / He was too old. 他们/他过去能爬得上这座山, 但现在不能. 他们/他太老了.
  6. I'm sure Mr. Lee will be surprised and happy! 我确信李老师会很惊奇也很高兴! be surprised "感到惊奇的 主语一般为人. 感到惊奇的", 主语一般为人 感到惊奇的 be surprising "令人惊奇的 主语一般为物. 令人惊奇的", 主语一般为物 令人惊奇的 类似的有:interested/ interesting; excited/ exciting; bored/ boring
  7. The lonely father often became angry because of the noisy children. 孤独的父亲经常由于吵 吵闹闹的的孩子们而发怒了. because of "由于" 是介词短语,后常跟名词或短语.如: , 由于" 是介词短语,后常跟名词或短语. He didn't come to school because of his illness./ because he was ill. 由于他的病,他没来上学. We didn't go there because of the heavy rain./ because it rained heavily. 由于大雨,我们没去那儿.
  8. Maria was able to cheer up the family by teaching them to sing lively songs… 玛丽亚有能力通过教他们唱轻快的歌曲使整个家庭振作起来. by 是介词,指"通过(某种方式),后面跟名词,代词,形容词或动名词. "
  9. What did Maria go to the Von Trapp family for? = Why did Maria go to the Von Trapp? 玛丽亚为了什么目的去冯特拉普家庭?
  10. … and the mother was so worried that she looked for him everywhere, … 这位母亲是如此焦急,以致于他四处寻找他. so + adj/ adv. + that + 句子 三. 重点语法
  1.系表结构:Linking verb. + adj. .系表结构:
  1)be 动词:He is helpful. ) 动词: 常见的连系动词如下: 常见的连系动词如下 以致于" 指"如此…以致于" 如此 以致于
They are tired.

  2) 表 "…起来 :look 看起来; sound 听起来; taste 尝起来;feel 摸起来等等.如: 起来": 起来
  3)表状态变化的连系动词有:get 变得; turn 转变; go 变; become 变成 等等. 如: )表状态变化的连系动词有: In summer, the days get longer, the weather gets warmer. In fall, the leaves turn yellow. He became angry. The mother went mad.

  2. . because 引导的原因状语从句: because 用来回答 why 提问的问句,表示的原因语气很强, 引导的原因状语从句 一般用在主句后面,强调因果关系. Mr. Wang looks tired because he worked late last night and didn't get enough sleep. Kangkang is disappointed because his best friend is not able to come. Why do they feel proud? Because a player from their country won a medal.
Topic 2 Teaching time :
Why is Beth crying?
一,重点词汇: 重点词汇: (一)词形转换: 词形转换:
  1.badly(反义词)well
  3.understand(过去式)understood
  5.satisfaction(形容词)satisfied
  7.suggestion(动词)suggest
  9.advice(同义词)suggestion
  11.humorous(名词)humor
  13.unfair(反义词)fair (二)重点词组: 二 重点词组 ( 1 ) "be + 形容词 介词 的结构 形容词+ 介词" 的结构: be worried about be anxious about be glad about be nervous about be strict with sb. be strict in / about sth. be patient with be pleased / satisfied with be bored with be popular with be angry with/at sb. be angry at/ about sth. 对……感到担心/ 焦虑 对……感到焦虑 对……高兴 对……紧张 对某人严格 对某事严格 对……耐心 对……满意 对……烦闷 受……欢迎 对某人生气 对某事生气
  2.shy(最高级)shyest
  4.anxious(同义词)worried
  6.surprise(形容词)surprised
  8.stranger(形容词)strange
  10.either(反义词)too
  12.sad(名词)sadness
  14.hit(过去式)hit
be surprised at be mad at be excited at be interested in be tired of be afraid of ( 2 ) 课文词组: 课文词组
  1. do badly in
  2. talk with sb. = have a talk with sb.
  3. over and over again
  4. wait in line
  5. fall behind
  6. get sb. to do sth.
  7. at one's age
  8. try to eat less high-energy food
  9. calm down
  10. have bad experiences
  11. give…a hand
  12. in one's teens
  13. happen to sb.
  14. move to spl.
  15. get used to (doing) sth.
  16. be / make friends with
  17. join in
  18. fit in
  19. deal with
  20. fail to pass an exam = fail an exam
  21. lose a friend or relative
  22. refuse to do sth.
  23. argue with sb.
  24. have a normal life 二,重点句型及重点语言点
对……惊奇 对……气愤 对……兴奋 对……有兴趣 对……疲倦 对……害怕
在某方面表现很差 与某人谈一谈 反复地; 一再 排队等候 落后 让某人做某事 在某人的年龄时 少吃高能量的食品 冷静; 镇静 有不好的经历 帮助 在某人十几岁时 发生 搬到某处 习惯于(做)某事 与……交朋友 参加(活动) 被他人接受;相处融洽 处理; 处置 考试不及格 失去一个朋友或亲戚 拒绝做某事 与某人争论 过正常的生活

  1. Anything wrong? = Is there anything wrong? 有什么麻烦吗? 形容词修饰不定代词要后置. 如:
something bad
不好的事情
everything new 一切新的事物

  2. What seems to be the problem? 似乎有什么问题? seem to do sth. "似乎做某事 常与 "It seems that + 句子" 转换, 如: 似乎做某事" 句子 转换 似乎做某事 He seems to know her name. = It seems that he knows her name. 似乎他知道她的名字. seem + adj "似乎 怎样 似乎(怎样 构成系表结构. 似乎 怎样)", 构成系表结构 如: You seem sad. = You seem (to be) sad.= It seems that you are sad.你似乎很伤心.
  3. What is the teacher like? 那个老师是什么样的人? What's sb. like? 常询问人的内在品质或性恪 如: 常询问人的内在品质或性恪. --What's Beth like? -- She is shy and quiet.
What does sb. look like? 常询问人的长相. 如: 常询问人的长相 --What's Beth look like ? -- She is nice with big eyes.
be like 与 look like 常可以互换, 如: 常可以互换 He looks like his mother. = He is like his mother. 他看起来像他的父亲.
  4. It is important to talk to someone else. 跟其它人交流很重要. 句型 "It is + adj. + to do"中, "It"是形式主语 真正主语是后面的动词不定式. 如: 中 是形式主语,真正主语是后面的动词不定式 是形式主语 真正主语是后面的动词不定式 It is normal to feel tired after a long trip.长途旅行后,感到疲劳是正常的. It is dangerous to swim in the sea. 在大海里游泳是很危险的.
  5. …, but I don't know how to get other students to talk with me. 但是我不知道怎样使他 们和我交谈. get sb. to do sth. "使(让/ 叫) 某人做某事 相当于 ask / tell sb. to do sth.或者说 let / 某人做某事", 使让 或者说 make sb. do sth.
  6. It usually takes me a long time to become happy again. 通常要花我很长时间才能重新快 乐起来. 句型 "It takes sb. some time to do sth." 花了某人某时做某事. 如: 花了某人某时做某事 It took me three days to finish this work. 花了我三天时间完成这项工作.
  7. It is said that… 据说 据说……
  8. ... when something bad happens to us. 当不好的事情发生 发生在我们身上时. 发生 "sth. happens to sb.", 指"某事发生在某人身上 是一种惯用句型. 如: 某事发生在某人身上". 是一种惯用句型 某事发生在某人身上 A serious accident happened to his brother yesterday. 昨天,一个重大事故发生在他的兄弟身上. happen to do sth. 指 "碰巧做某事 如: 碰巧做某事", 碰巧做某事 I happened to see my friend Jim in the street yesterday. 昨天,我碰巧在街上看到我的朋友吉姆.
  9. How time flies! "光阴似箭!" 是 How quickly the time flies! 简略句.

  10. I have to get used to everything new. 我不得不去适应一切新的事物. get / be used to (doing) sth. "习惯于 做)某事 其中是介词 如: 习惯于(做 某事 其中是介词. 某事". 习惯于 He can't get used to the weather here. 他不习惯这儿的天气. I am used to getting up early. 我习惯于早起. used to do sth. 指 "过去常做某事 如: 过去常做某事", 过去常做某事 He used to listen to the pop songs, but now he listens to the folk songs. 他过去常听通俗歌曲,但现在他听民歌.
  11. I try to join in activities of many kinds. 我尽量参加各式各样的活动. join in sth. 指"参加……活动", 相当于 take part in 或 be in.
join 指 "参加某个组织或团体" 12 . How does Jeff deal with his sadness? 杰夫怎样处理他的忧伤的? How…deal with? "怎样处理?" 相当于"What ….do with?" 三,重点语法 同级比较
  1) 表示两者在某一方面程度相等时,用句型 "as + 形容词/副词原级 + as + 比较对 形容词 副词原级 象". 表 "与……一样 如: 与 一样". 一样 Celia is as patient as Sue. 西莉亚与苏一样耐心. Jim draws as well as Tom. 吉姆画得与汤姆一样好.
  2) 表示某人或某物在某一方面,不如另一个人或另一物时,用句型 "not + as/so + 形容 比较对象", 不如……". 如: 词/副词原级 + as + 比较对象 表 "不如 副词原级 不如 Jim isn't as tall as Tom.= Tom is taller than Jim. 吉姆不如汤姆高./ 汤姆比吉姆高. Jim doesn't studies as hard as Tom. = Tom studies harder than Jim. 吉姆不如汤姆学得努 力./ 汤姆学得比吉姆努力. The roads here are not as clean as those in our hometown. 这儿的路不如我们家乡的路干 净.
Topic 3 Michael is feeling better. Teaching time :
一,重点词汇: 重点词汇 ( 一 ) 词形转换 词形转换:
  1.tense(同义词)nervous
  4. husband(对应词)wife
  2.true(副词)truly
  5. choice(动词)choose
  3.expression(动词)express
  6. relax(形容词)relaxed
 

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