2011 中考英语考前错题本 (F 字母篇) 字母篇)
fail ? [误] Tom failed his exam.? [正] Tom failed in his exam.? [正] Tom failed to pass the exam.? [析] fail 为不及物动词,其后可用 in 加名词,或直接接不定式。? family ? [误] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's families are waiting for me.? [误] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family is waiting for me.? [正] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family are waiting for me.? [析] family 是集合名词,把它当作整体看它是单数,如看作家庭中的每个成员则为复数。如:Your family are very kind to me. My family is very large.? far ? [误] My school is ten miles far from here.? [正] My school is ten miles away from here.? [析] far 一般不与实际距离连用。? [误] "Did you walk far?" ?"Yes,I walked far." ? [正] "Did you walk far?" ?"Yes, I walked a long way." ?
[析] 一般肯定句中不用 far 单独作状语,而用 a long way.far 组成的常用词组有:as far as. ① 远至,一直到。如:He walked as far as the station. ②就……而言。如:As far as he was concerned these books were very good. ③只要。如:I can help you as far as I can.? so for 到目前为止。 例:He is very well so far.? farther further ? far 有两个比较级, farther 和 further, 即 其意思略有不同: farther 主要用于表示距离的远近, 如: Milan is farther away than Rome. 而 further 则是指"进一步的",如:Will we need any further discussion on this matter.? fast ? [误] A fast train runs fastly.? [正] A fast train runs fast.? [析] fast 其形容词与副词形式相同。? fast soon ? fast 指行动本身的速度快,如:The foreigner speaks too fast. 而 soon 则多指两个动作之间间隔 短,时间到来的迅速,如:She will come soon.? feel ? [误] I feel badly about my mistakes.? [正] I feel bad about my mistakes.? [析] 感观动词如 feel, smell 等后面要接形容词而不是副词。feel good 是指某人精神好,而 feel well 是指人身体状况良好。? [误] I try not to hurt her feeling.? [正] I try not to hurt her feelings.? [析] feeling 在作"感情"讲时要用复数,而作"感觉"讲则要用单数。如:I have a feeling that we will win the game.?
few ? [误] Few of them is very good.? [正] Few of them are very good.? [析] few 意为"几乎没有",但要用复数谓语动词。如果讲有一些人应用 a few, 如:There were only a few people in the street.? [误] There are less farms than there used to be.? [正] There are fewer farms than there used to be.? [析] few 的比较级为 fewer,其后接可数名词;而 little 的 比较级为 less,其后接不可数名词。 ? field ? [误] He is a famous scientist on the field of physics.? [正] He is a famous scientist in the field of physics.? [析] in the field 是"在田野上"或是"在某一学科领域内",而 on the field 则多指"在战场上"。 如:He lost his life on the battle field.? fill ? [误] She filled orange into my glass.? [正] She filled my glass with orange.? [析] 表示要用某种物品装满某容器时要用 fill with 词组,如:The boy ran back home filled with joy.? fill full ? fill 是动词,但有及物与不及物两种用法,当表示"充满"之意时是不及物动词,应用 fill with,如: The little girl's eyes filled with tears. 而当表示"使……装满某物"时,是及物动词,如:He filled
his pocket with books. 而 be filled with 应看作系表结构,如:The boy's mother was filled with anger. full 是形容词,要用 be full of 这一词组,如:The boy was full of joy.? find ? [误] He has finded his lost bike.? [正] He has found his lost bike.? [析] find 是不规则动词,其过去式和过去分词均是 found。但 found 一词又意为"建立",它是规 则动词,其过去式及过去分词均为 founded.? [误] It is very difficult to look for a suitable job.? [正] It is very difficult to find a suitable job.? [析] look for 为"寻找",而 find 是找到。寻找工作并不难,难的应是找到合适的工作。? find find out ? find out 意为"找出、算出、发现",如:I have found out how to do it. 而 find 的主要侧重点在 找到某物,如:I find my book under the desk.? finish ? [误] I finished to read that book last night.? [正] I finished reading that book last night.? [析] 英文中有些动词其后只能用动名词作宾语而不能用不定式作宾语,这样的动词在中考范围内 有两个,即 finish 和 enjoy。? fire ? [误] There's no smoke without a fire.? [正] There's no smoke without fire.?
[析] 此句应译为中文"无风不起浪"。fire 作为物质名词"火"讲时为不可数名词,而作为"炉火"、" 火灾"讲则是可数名词,如:There was a fire in the next street last month. 如要讲"着火了"要用 be on fire, 如:The factory was on fire.? [误] The man fired to us.? [正] The man fired at us.? [析] fire (on) at 均指"向某目标开火",at 用于较小目标,而 on 用于较大目标。? first ? [误] Is this your firstly visit to Beijing?? [正] Is this your first visit to Beijing?? [析] 除了在强调第一、第二、第三等场合中有时还可见 firstly 一词外,这个词已不多见,而均 被 first 取代。first 还有"首先"、"首次"、"第一次"之意。 ? follow ? [误] I received a letter which ran as follow.? [正] I received a letter which ran as follows.? [析] as follows 是惯用法,其意为"如下",不论在任何场合均要用 follows.? [误] As follows are his arguments.? [正] The following are his arguments.? [析] as follows 主要用于句尾,而 the following 则用于句首。? food ?
[误] Too much sweet food, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight. ? [正] Too many foods, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight. [析] food 泛指食物时为不可数名词,如:There is no food for supper. 而指一种种食物时则用 作可数名词。? foot ? [误] There is a five ? feet ? wide bridge.? [正] There is a five ? foot ? wide bridge.? [析] 用连字符组成的形容词中所有名词均要用单数形式。? [误] We went to college on feet.? [正] We went to college on foot.? [析] by 后面加接交通工具时,不应加任何冠词,不要用名词的复数形式。如加了某些修饰词后, 其前面的介词要作适当的改变,如:I came to school in his car yesterday. I go to shool on a train. ? for ? [误] I wanted to go to the pub for having a drink.? [正] I wanted to go to the pub for a drink.? [正] I wanted to go to the pub to have a drink.? [析] 用 for 表示目的时,其后面只能接名词,而不要接动名词。? [误] I went to the office for seeing the headmaster.? [正] I went to the office to see the headmaster.? [析] 用不定式来表示动作的目的。?
[误] I will leave Beijing to Shanghai.? [正] I will leave Beijing for Shanghai.? [正] I will leave for Shanghai.? [析] leave for 为一固定搭配,不要改动。? [误] I bought a book to you.? [正] I bought a book for you.? [误] He is a friend for us.? [正] He is a friend to us.? [析] 在英文中"为"一词在泛指时用 to, 在特指时要用 for.? [误] This food is good to us.? [正] This food is good for us.? [析] 词组 be good (bad) for 表示"对……有好(坏)处"。? [误] For I was feeling quite hungry, I wanted to have lunch.? [正] I wanted to have lunch, for I was feeling quite hungry.? [析] for 作为"因为"讲时一般不要置于句首,而且口气也比 because 弱的多。? forget ? [误] I left my key.? [正] I left my key at home.? [正] I forgot my key.? [析] leave 是"丢下"之意,所以一定要接地点状语,而 forget 是"忘记",所以不用接地点状语。 ?
[误] I will not forget the rules.? [正] I will never forget the rules.? [误] Please don't forget posting my letter on your way home.? [正] Please don't forget to post my letter on your way home.? [析] 要注意 forget to do something 为"忘了去作某事",而 forget doing something 则应译为" 对已经作过的事记不起来了"。如:He forget returning the book to the library. 应译为"他忘记已 把书还给图书馆这件事了。"同样用法的词还有 remember 和 regret.? free ? [误] You can speak free in front of my parents.? [正] You can speak freely in front of my parents.? [析] free 作为副词时意为"免费"、"不必付款",如:You can eat free in my restaurant. 而 freely 则意为"自由地"、"无限制地"。? French ? [误] She comes from French.? [正] She comes from France.? [析] French 是"法语"、"法国的",而 France 才是"法国"。 ? friend ? [误] He nodded to me friendly.? [正] He nodded to me in a friendly fashion.? [析] friendly 是形容词,不是副词。在英语中应避免讲 He is a friend of my mother. 又比如: I go to school with my friend. 从语法上讲是对的但不是习惯上英语的说法。而应讲 He is a friend of
my mother's. I go to school with a friend. be friends with 则是"交朋友"之意,例如:I hope you will be friends with me. 而不应讲 I hope you will be my friend. 交朋友还有一惯用法是 make friends. ? from ? [误] Where do you come from?? I come from the library. ? [正] Where do you come from?? I come from England. ? [正] Where did you come from?? I came from the library. ? [析] Where do you come from?应意为"你是从什么国家(地方)来的?"(即意为"你是哪的人?")而 Where did you come from? 才是"你刚刚从哪来?"? front ? [误] There are three tall trees in the front of my house.? [正] There are three tall trees in front of my house.? [析] in front of 是某物体外部的前面,而 in the front of 是在某物体内部的前面。如:The bus driver is seated in the front of the bus.?
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