新目标英语八年级(下)重点短语及句型总 Unit 1 Will people have robots?
  1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定)
  2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定)
  3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon)
  4. fall in love with … 爱上…… 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once. 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他。
  5. live alone 单独居住
  6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/ go alone 等) The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn't feel lonely. 那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独。
  7. keep/ feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪
  8. fly to the moon 飞上月球
  9. hundreds of + 复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有 thousands of; millions of)
  10. the same as 和……相同
  11. A be different from B A 与 B 不同 (= There is a difference/ Thgere are differences between A and B)
  12. wake up 醒来 (wake sb. up 表示“唤醒某人”)
  13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/ become 是连系动词,后跟形容词如 tired/ angry/ excited 等)
  14. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有 go hiking/ fishing / skating/ bike riding 等)
  15. lots of/ a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以)
  16. at the weekends 在周末
  17. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习
  18. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)
  19. I don't agree. = I disagree. 我不同意。
  20. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上 (注意 paper/ information/ news/ work/ homework/ housework 等常考到的不可数名词)
  21. on vacation 度假
  22. help sb with sth/help sb do sth. 帮助某人做某事

  23. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼
  24. live in an apartment 住在公寓里;live on the twelfth floor 住在 12 楼
  25. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路 332 号
  26. as a reporter 作为一名记者
  27. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明
  28. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗?
  29. in the future 在将来/在未来
  30. no more = not … anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)
  31. no longer = not … any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生)
  32. besides(除……之外还,包括)与 except = but(除……之外,不包括)
  33. be able to 与 can 能;会 (be able to 用于各种时态,而 can 只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;have to 用于各种时态,而 must 只能用于一般现在时态)例如: ① I have been able to/ will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用 can) ② had to stay at home/ will have to (不可以用 must)
  34. be big and crowded 大而且拥挤
  34. be in college 在上大学
  35. live on a space station 住在空间站
  36. dress casually 穿得很随意;casual clothing 休闲服饰
  37. win the next World Cup 赢得世界杯;win award 获奖
  38. come true 变成现实
  39. take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间
  40. be fun to watch 看起来有趣
  41. over and over again 一次又一次
  42. be in different shapes 形状不同
  43. twenty years from now 今后 20 年 本单元目标句型:
  1. What do you think life will be like in 1000 years?
  2. There will be fewer trees、more buildings and less pollution in the future. fewer;less 表示否定之意,分别修饰可数名词和不可数名词;more 二者都可以修 饰。
  3. Will kids go to school? No, they won't/ Yes,
they will。
  4. Predicting the future can be difficult.
  5. I need to look smart for my job interview.
  6. I will be able to dress more casually.
  7. I think I'll go to Hong Kong on vacation, and one day I might even visit Australia.
  8. What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now?
  9. That may not seem possible now, but computers, space rockets and even electric toothbrushes seemed impossible a hundred years ago. 本单元语法讲解:一般将来时
  1. 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词: ① 含 tomorrow; next 短语;② in + 段时间 ;③ how soon; ④ by + 将来时间;⑤ by the time sb. do …;⑥ 祈使句句型中:or/ and sb. will do; ⑦ 在时间/条件状语从句中,如果从句用一般现在时,主句用将来时;⑧ another day 比较 be going to 与 will: be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。 如:He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day.
  2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will 表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.
  3. be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour.
  4. 在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will。如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. 掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分 be going to 与 will 了。 一般将来时常见的标志词 ① 含 tomorrow; next 短语; ② in + 段时间 ; ③ how soon; ④ by + 将来时间;
  5. 祈使句句型中:or/ and sb. will do
例:Be quick, or you will be late = If you don't be quick, you will be late
  6. 在时间/条件状语从句中,如果从句用一般现在时,主句用将来时 Unit 2 What should I do?
  1. too loud 太大声
  2. out of style 过时的
  3. in style 流行的
  4. call sb. up = ring sb. up = call/ ring/ phone sb. 给……打电话
  5. enough money 足够的钱(enough 修饰名词时不必后置)
  6. busy enough 够忙 (enough 修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)
  7. a ticket to/ for a ball game 一张球赛的门票 注意:the key to the lock/ the key (answer) to the question)/ the solution to the problem. 此处几个短语不能用 of 表示所有格
  8. talk about 谈论
  9. on the phone 用电话
  10. pay for 付款
  11. spend … on +sth. = spend … ( in) doing sth. 在……花钱

  12. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花……的时间
  13. borrow … from 从……借( 借进来)
  14. lend … to 把……借给(借出去)
  15. You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。 (不用 borrow 或 lend)
  16. buy sth. for sb. 为……买东西
  17. tell sb. to do/ not to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
  18. want sb. to do sth. = would like sb. to do 想某人做某事
  19. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白
  20. play one's stereo 放录象
  21. fail the test = not pass the test 考试不及格
  22. fail in (doing) sth. … 在……上失败,变弱
  23. succeed in (doing) sth. 在……方面成功
  24. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信
  25. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/ interest/ please/ amaze + 某人)
  26. to one's surprise 使某人吃惊的是……
  27. to one's joy 使某人高兴的是……
  28. look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)
  29. get/ find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

  30. ask sb. for … 寻求/向某人要某物
  31. have a bake sale 卖烧烤
  32. argue with sb = have an argument with sb.与某人争吵
  33. have a fight with sb. = fight with 与某人打架
  34. drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去
  35. prepare for … = get ready for … 为……做准备
  36. after-school clubs (activities) 课外俱乐部(活动) be/ get used to doing 习惯做某事 used to do 过去经常/常常做某事 be used for doing = be used to do sth. 被用于做某事
  37. fill … up 填补;装满……;be full of 装满
  38. return sth. to sb. = give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人
  39. get on/ along well with 与…相处很好
  40. all kinds of 各种各样
  41. as much as possible = as much as you can 尽可能多
  42. take part in = join in 参加(某种活动/集会)
  43. a bit = a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)
  44. a bit of = a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)
  45. be angry with … 生……的气
  46. by oneself = on one's own 某人自己/独自地
  47. on the one hand 一方面
  48. on the other hand 另一方面
  49. I find/ feel/ think it difficult to do … 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难。
  50. see/ hear/ watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做……
  51. not … until 直到……才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)
  52. 表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法: be/ become + upset/ tired/ excited/ interested/ worried/ surprised/ amazed/ annoyed 说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是 -ed 结尾的单词, 而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时, 注意后面形容词一般是 -ing 结尾单词.) 例如: I was surprised/ interested/ amazed when I heard the surprising/ interesting/ amazing news.
  53. radio advice program 电台提建议的节目
  54. be original 新颖的
  55. leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处
  56. sports clothes 运动服

  57. the same age as = as old as 和……年龄一样
  58. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子
  59. complain about (doing sth.) 抱怨…… 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动

  60. take their children from activity to activity

  61. try to do sth. 尽量干某事;try doing sth. 试着干某事
  62. be under too much pressure 压力太大
  63. a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈
  64. take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部
  65. compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了
  66. compare … with 和……比较
  67. organized activities 有组织的活动 本单元目标句型:
  1. What's wrong (with you)?/ What's the matter?
  2. What should I do? 我该怎么办?
  3. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信。 You should say sorry to him. 你应该给他道歉。
  4. They shouldn't argue. 他们不应该争吵。
  5. Why don't you talk to him about it? = Why not talk to him about it? = You should/ could talk to him about it. = What/ How about talking to him about it. = You'd better talk to him about it.
  6. The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives.
  7. Activities include sports, language learning, music and math classes. Thirty people, including six children (six children included), went to visit the factory.
  8. People shouldn't push their children so hard.
  9. Parents are trying to plan their kids' lives for them. When these kids are adults, they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves. Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
  1. in front of 在……的前面(外部),in the front of 在……的前面(内部)
  2. in the library 在图书馆

  3. get out of/ get into 出……之外/进入
  4. sleep late 睡懒觉;sleep well 睡得好;get to sleep = fall asleep 睡着
  5. walk down/ along 沿……走
  6. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)
  7. on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上 注意:(特指某日如星期、假日、某月某日或某个特定的上、下午、晚上用 on)
  8. in the tree 在树上;on the tree 在树上
  9. take photos 照相
  10. at the train station 在火车站
  11. run away 跑开,逃跑
  12. as + adj. 原形 as 和……一样…… 例如:She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he (him)
  13. buy/ draw/ make sth. for sb. 为某人买/画/制作
  14. walk home 走回家
  15. in history 在历史上
  16. for example 例如
  17. in the city of 在……市
  18. on the playground 在操场上
  19. ten minutes ago 十分钟前
  20. take place 发生(强调必然性)
  21. happen to sth./ sb. 发生(强调偶然性) 例如:What has happened to you? = What's the matter with you? = What's wrong with you?
  22. of course = sure = certainly 当然
  23. all over the world = around the world 遍及全世界
  24. outside/ inside the station 在车站外/内
  25. next to 相邻,紧贴
  26. close to 接近于;在附近
  27. be ill in hospital/ bed 生病住院/卧床
  28. hear about/ of 听说(间接听到)
  29. in silence 沉默不语;keep silent 保持沉默
  30. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历
  31. have fun doing sth. 干某事有乐趣;have difficult time doing sth. 干某事有困难
  32. have meaning to 对……有意义

  33. become the first Chinese astronaut in space 成为中国第一个太空宇航员
  34. a national hero 一个民族英雄
  35. be famous all over the world 全世界出名
  36. for the first time 第一次 本单元目标句型: What were you doing when I arrived/ at that time/ at 8:00 last night/ from 9:00 to 10:00 yesterday?
  1. I was doing sth. when + 一般过去时的时间状语从句……
  2. How about … = What about …?
  3. While sth./ sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth. ….
  4. 当不明飞行物着陆时,你正在干啥?What were you doing when the UFO landed?
  5. 当妈妈正在做饭时, 我在看电视。 While my mother was cooking, I was watching TV.
  6. I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me.
  7. You can image how strange it was.
  8. I followed to see where it was going.
  9. Isn't that amazing!
  10. She didn't thinking about looking outside the station.
  11. I was so tired this morning. It was difficult
  12. Liu Xiang won the gold medal at the 2004 Olympics.
  13. Beijng was made host to the 2008 Olympics.
  14. People often remember what they were doing when they heard th



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