新目标英语八年级(下)重点短语及句型总 Unit 1 Will people have robots?
  1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer 修饰名词复数,表示否定)
  2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less 修饰不可数名词,表示否定)
  3. in ten years 10 年后(in 的时间短语用于将来时,提问用 How soon)
  4. fall in love with … 爱上…… 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once. 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他。
  5. live alone 单独居住
  6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/ go alone 等) The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn't feel lonely. 那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独。
  7. keep/ feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪
  8. fly to the moon 飞上月球
  9. hundreds of + 复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有 thousands of; millions of)
  10. the same as 和……相同
  11. A be different from B A 与 B 不同 (= There is a difference/ Thgere are differences between A and B)
  12. wake up 醒来 (wake sb. up 表示“唤醒某人”)
  13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/ become 是连系动词,后跟形容词如 tired/ angry/ excited 等)
  14. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有 go hiking/ fishing / skating/ bike riding 等)
  15. lots of/ a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以)
  16. at the weekends 在周末
  17. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习
  18. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见)
  19. I don't agree. = I disagree. 我不同意。
  20. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上 (注意 paper/ information/ news/ work/ homework/ housework 等常考到的不可数名词)
  21. on vacation 度假
  22. help sb with sth/help sb do sth. 帮助某人做某事

  23. many different kinds of goldfish 许多不同种金鱼
  24. live in an apartment 住在公寓里;live on the twelfth floor 住在 12 楼
  25. live at NO.332,Shanghai Street 住在上海路 332 号
  26. as a reporter 作为一名记者
  27. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明
  28. Are you kidding? 你在骗我吗?
  29. in the future 在将来/在未来
  30. no more = not … anymore 不再(强调多次发生的动作不再发生)
  31. no longer = not … any longer 不再(强调状态不再发生)
  32. besides(除……之外还,包括)与 except = but(除……之外,不包括)
  33. be able to 与 can 能;会 (be able to 用于各种时态,而 can 只能用于一般现在时态和一般过去时态中;have to 用于各种时态,而 must 只能用于一般现在时态)例如: ① I have been able to/ will be able to speak two languages. (不可以用 can) ② had to stay at home/ will have to (不可以用 must)
  34. be big and crowded 大而且拥挤
  34. be in college 在上大学
  35. live on a space station 住在空间站
  36. dress casually 穿得很随意;casual clothing 休闲服饰
  37. win the next World Cup 赢得世界杯;win award 获奖
  38. come true 变成现实
  39. take hundreds of years 花几百年的时间
  40. be fun to watch 看起来有趣
  41. over and over again 一次又一次
  42. be in different shapes 形状不同
  43. twenty years from now 今后 20 年 本单元目标句型:
  1. What do you think life will be like in 1000 years?
  2. There will be fewer trees、more buildings and less pollution in the future. fewer;less 表示否定之意,分别修饰可数名词和不可数名词;more 二者都可以修 饰。
  3. Will kids go to school? No, they won't/ Yes,
they will。
  4. Predicting the future can be difficult.
  5. I need to look smart for my job interview.
  6. I will be able to dress more casually.
  7. I think I'll go to Hong Kong on vacation, and one day I might even visit Australia.
  8. What will teenagers do for fun twenty years from now?
  9. That may not seem possible now, but computers, space rockets and even electric toothbrushes seemed impossible a hundred years ago. 本单元语法讲解:一般将来时
  1. 表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态。本时态标志词: ① 含 tomorrow; next 短语;② in + 段时间 ;③ how soon; ④ by + 将来时间;⑤ by the time sb. do …;⑥ 祈使句句型中:or/ and sb. will do; ⑦ 在时间/条件状语从句中,如果从句用一般现在时,主句用将来时;⑧ another day 比较 be going to 与 will: be going to 表示近期、眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些。 如:He is going to write a letter tonight. He will write a book one day.
  2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will 表示客观上将来势必发生的事情。 He is seriously ill. He is going to die. He will be twenty years old.
  3. be going to 含有“计划,准备”的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: She is going to lend us her book. He will be here in half an hour.
  4. 在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will。如: If any beasts comes at you, I'll stay with you and help you. 掌握了它们的这些不同,你就能很好的区分 be going to 与 will 了。 一般将来时常见的标志词 ① 含 tomorrow; next 短语; ② in + 段时间 ; ③ how soon; ④ by + 将来时间;
  5. 祈使句句型中:or/ and sb. will do
例:Be quick, or you will be late = If you don't be quick, you will be late
  6. 在时间/条件状语从句中,如果从句用一般现在时,主句用将来时 Unit 2 What should I do?
  1. too loud 太大声
  2. out of style 过时的
  3. in style 流行的
  4. call sb. up = ring sb. up = call/ ring/ phone sb. 给……打电话
  5. enough money 足够的钱(enough 修饰名词时不必后置)
  6. busy enough 够忙 (enough 修饰形容词或副词时必须后置)
  7. a ticket to/ for a ball game 一张球赛的门票 注意:the key to the lock/ the key (answer) to the question)/ the solution to the problem. 此处几个短语不能用 of 表示所有格
  8. talk about 谈论
  9. on the phone 用电话
  10. pay for 付款
  11. spend … on +sth. = spend … ( in) doing sth. 在……花钱

  12. It takes sb. sometime to do sth. 某人做某事花……的时间
  13. borrow … from 从……借( 借进来)
  14. lend … to 把……借给(借出去)
  15. You can keep the book for a week 你可以借这本书一周。 (不用 borrow 或 lend)
  16. buy sth. for sb. 为……买东西
  17. tell sb. to do/ not to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
  18. want sb. to do sth. = would like sb. to do 想某人做某事
  19. find out 发现;查清楚;弄明白
  20. play one's stereo 放录象
  21. fail the test = not pass the test 考试不及格
  22. fail in (doing) sth. … 在……上失败,变弱
  23. succeed in (doing) sth. 在……方面成功
  24. write sb a letter/write to sb. 给某人写信
  25. surprise sb. 使某人吃惊(类似有:surprise/ interest/ please/ amaze + 某人)
  26. to one's surprise 使某人吃惊的是……
  27. to one's joy 使某人高兴的是……
  28. look for a part-time job 找一份兼职的工作(不一定有结果)
  29. get/ find a part-time job 找到一份兼职的工作(有结果)

  30. ask sb. for … 寻求/向某人要某物
  31. have a bake sale 卖烧烤
  32. argue with sb = have an argument with sb.与某人争吵
  33. have a fight with sb. = fight with 与某人打架
  34. drop off 离去;散去;逐渐减少;死去
  35. prepare for … = get ready for … 为……做准备
  36. after-school clubs (activities) 课外俱乐部(活动) be/ get used to doing 习惯做某事 used to do 过去经常/常常做某事 be used for doing = be used to do sth. 被用于做某事
  37. fill … up 填补;装满……;be full of 装满
  38. return sth. to sb. = give sth. back to sb. 把某物归还给某人
  39. get on/ along well with 与…相处很好
  40. all kinds of 各种各样
  41. as much as possible = as much as you can 尽可能多
  42. take part in = join in 参加(某种活动/集会)
  43. a bit = a little 一点儿(当修饰形容词或比较级时)
  44. a bit of = a little 一点儿/一些(当修饰不可数名词时)
  45. be angry with … 生……的气
  46. by oneself = on one's own 某人自己/独自地
  47. on the one hand 一方面
  48. on the other hand 另一方面
  49. I find/ feel/ think it difficult to do … 我发现/感到/认为做某事很难。
  50. see/ hear/ watch sb. doing sth. 看到/听见/注视某人正在做……
  51. not … until 直到……才(谓语动词一般是非延续动词)
  52. 表示某人情绪有关的形容词用法: be/ become + upset/ tired/ excited/ interested/ worried/ surprised/ amazed/ annoyed 说明:当主语是某人时,注意后面的形容词一般是 -ed 结尾的单词, 而当主语是某物时或修饰名词时, 注意后面形容词一般是 -ing 结尾单词.) 例如: I was surprised/ interested/ amazed when I heard the surprising/ interesting/ amazing news.
  53. radio advice program 电台提建议的节目
  54. be original 新颖的
  55. leave something somewhere 把某物忘在某处
  56. sports clothes 运动服

  57. the same age as = as old as 和……年龄一样
  58. the tired children 疲惫不堪的孩子
  59. complain about (doing sth.) 抱怨…… 带着孩子参加一个接一个的活动

  60. take their children from activity to activity

  61. try to do sth. 尽量干某事;try doing sth. 试着干某事
  62. be under too much pressure 压力太大
  63. a mother of three 三个孩子的妈妈
  64. take part in after-school clubs 参加课后俱乐部
  65. compepition starts from a very young age 竞争从很小年纪就开始了
  66. compare … with 和……比较
  67. organized activities 有组织的活动 本单元目标句型:
  1. What's wrong (with you)?/ What's the matter?
  2. What should I do? 我该怎么办?
  3. You could write him a letter. 你可以给他写封信。 You should say sorry to him. 你应该给他道歉。
  4. They shouldn't argue. 他们不应该争吵。
  5. Why don't you talk to him about it? = Why not talk to him about it? = You should/ could talk to him about it. = What/ How about talking to him about it. = You'd better talk to him about it.
  6. The parents try to fit as much as possible into their kids lives.
  7. Activities include sports, language learning, music and math classes. Thirty people, including six children (six children included), went to visit the factory.
  8. People shouldn't push their children so hard.
  9. Parents are trying to plan their kids' lives for them. When these kids are adults, they might find t difficult to plan things for themselves. Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
  1. in front of 在……的前面(外部),in the front of 在……的前面(内部)
  2. in the library 在图书馆

  3. get out of/ get into 出……之外/进入
  4. sleep late 睡懒觉;sleep well 睡得好;get to sleep = fall asleep 睡着
  5. walk down/ along 沿……走
  6. take off (飞机)起飞;脱下(衣帽)
  7. on Sunday evening 在星期日晚上 注意:(特指某日如星期、假日、某月某日或某个特定的上、下午、晚上用 on)
  8. in the tree 在树上;on the tree 在树上
  9. take photos 照相
  10. at the train station 在火车站
  11. run away 跑开,逃跑
  12. as + adj. 原形 as 和……一样…… 例如:She is (not) as beautiful as her sister. I can run as fast as he (him)
  13. buy/ draw/ make sth. for sb. 为某人买/画/制作
  14. walk home 走回家
  15. in history 在历史上
  16. for example 例如
  17. in the city of 在……市
  18. on the playground 在操场上
  19. ten minutes ago 十分钟前
  20. take place 发生(强调必然性)
  21. happen to sth./ sb. 发生(强调偶然性) 例如:What has happened to you? = What's the matter with you? = What's wrong with you?
  22. of course = sure = certainly 当然
  23. all over the world = around the world 遍及全世界
  24. outside/ inside the station 在车站外/内
  25. next to 相邻,紧贴
  26. close to 接近于;在附近
  27. be ill in hospital/ bed 生病住院/卧床
  28. hear about/ of 听说(间接听到)
  29. in silence 沉默不语;keep silent 保持沉默
  30. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历
  31. have fun doing sth. 干某事有乐趣;have difficult time doing sth. 干某事有困难
  32. have meaning to 对……有意义

  33. become the first Chinese astronaut in space 成为中国第一个太空宇航员
  34. a national hero 一个民族英雄
  35. be famous all over the world 全世界出名
  36. for the first time 第一次 本单元目标句型: What were you doing when I arrived/ at that time/ at 8:00 last night/ from 9:00 to 10:00 yesterday?
  1. I was doing sth. when + 一般过去时的时间状语从句……
  2. How about … = What about …?
  3. While sth./ sb. was doing sth., I was doing sth. ….
  4. 当不明飞行物着陆时,你正在干啥?What were you doing when the UFO landed?
  5. 当妈妈正在做饭时, 我在看电视。 While my mother was cooking, I was watching TV.
  6. I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me.
  7. You can image how strange it was.
  8. I followed to see where it was going.
  9. Isn't that amazing!
  10. She didn't thinking about looking outside the station.
  11. I was so tired this morning. It was difficult
  12. Liu Xiang won the gold medal at the 2004 Olympics.
  13. Beijng was made host to the 2008 Olympics.
  14. People often remember what they were doing when they heard th



   Unit6 Fun Cycling Topic1 We’re going on a spring field trip 一. 重点词汇 ( 一 ) 词形转换: 1.discuss(名词) discussion 2.queen(对应词) king 3.comfortable(名词) comfort 4.safely (形容词) safe (名词) safety ( 二 ) 词的辨析 1. find out / look for / find 2. cost / pay for / spend ...

2011级人教版八年级下册英语 Unit4 第四单元笔记+练习

   八年级下册 Unit 4 He said I was hard-working 单元笔记 【单元目标】 单元目标】 词汇学习】 【词汇学习】 1.mad adj.极为愤怒的;十分恼火的 . .极为愤怒的; She was mad with me for losing my keys.她为我丢了钥匙而生我的气。 2.anymore adv.再;还(用于否定句) . 用于否定句) . He doesn't come here anymore.他再也不到这儿来了。 3.however adv.无论 ...

2011级人教版八年级下册英语 Unit2 第二单元笔记+练习

   八年级下册 Unit 2 What should I do? 单元笔记 一丶重 一丶重点短语 1.argue v.争论;争吵 . .争论; argue with sb.与某人吵架 I argued with my best friend.我和我的好朋友吵架了。 2.① either adv.(用于否定句) adv.(用于否定句)也 He doesn’t have any money, and I don’t, either.他没有钱,我也没有。 I can’t play chess. She ...


   小学三年级下册英语重点知识总结 1. What is that? 2. What are they? It is my family tree. They are cars. She is my grandmother. He is my brother. They are my cousins. She is my mother. It is a picture of my family. 3. Who is the old lady with grey hair? Who is that ...

八年级 下册 英语 unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music

   Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music? 教学目标 (一)知识储备点 1. 本单元的语言目标是make requests and apologize(提请求和道歉)。围绕 这一目标,要涉及句型: Would you mind moving your bike? Not at all. I will do it right away. Could you please take out the trash? Sorry, I’ll do it ...


   八年级上英语语法 1) leave 的用法 1.“leave+地点”表示“离开某地” 例如: “ 地点” 地点 表示“离开某地” 例如: 。 When did you leave Shanghai? 你什么时候离开上海的? 你什么时候离开上海的? 2.“leave for+地点”表示“动身去某地” 例如: 地点” “ 地点 表示“动身去某地” 例如: 。 Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London. 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。 ...


   剑桥少儿英语一级下册重点总结及辅导 每个部分的序号 1, 是重点中的重点部分。 下册书和上册书的每个单元的内容是对应,扩展和 补充的。最后总复习的时候可以对应这复习. 单元 重点单词及句型 第一单元 School Opening Day 重点词汇 1. 学校内常见物品: crayon 蜡笔,eraser/rubber 橡皮, toilet paper 蜡笔,eraser/rubb 橡皮, ,eraser/rubber 卫生纸, 收音机, 练习本,lemonade 汽水,柠檬水, 卫生纸, r ...


   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...


   八年级英语必背 Unit 1 1、 People won’t use money. Everything will be free.人们不会再用钱了,一切都是免费的 2、 People will live to be 200 years old.人们会活到 200 岁的。 3、 Kids won’t go to school. They’ll study at home on computers.孩子们不会去上学了,他们会呆在家里学 习 5、There will be fewer trees ...


   教材四年级下册英语试题 找出划线部分发音不同的单词, 一.Read and choose. 找出划线部分发音不同的单词,将其序号填入括号内。10% ( ( ( 1. skirt 3. too ) 1. A. face ) 3. A. desk ) 5. A. white pants five B. cat B. she B. six short one jacket nine white C. gate C. dress C. picture 2. lunch 4. Chinese dinn ...



   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 英语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置 身于一个汉语环境中, 如果你在伦敦呆上半年, 保准说起英语来会非常流利。 身于一个汉语环境中, 如果你在伦敦呆上半年, 保 ...


   剑桥商务英语(BEC)中级复习指南 剑桥商务英语(BEC)中级复习指南 (BEC) 2009-05-03 14:36:11 来源: 浏览次数:116 网友评论 0 条 我是一名大三学生, 刚通过了 2008 年 11 月 BV 的考试。 很荣幸地在 Ampere 建议下 写 一 篇 总 结 。 于 自 己 是 改 掉 从 前 懒 于 记 录 总 结 的 坏 习 惯 的 第 一 步 ; 于 各 位 BF 们 (BEC friend)则愿分享复习考试中的心情点滴;于让我由衷喜欢和欣赏的 Ampe ...


   浅谈如何提高小学生学习英语的积极性 【摘要】 文章从现时教学中存在的问题出发, 首先应该引发学生的兴 趣和求知欲,建立良好的师生关系,让学生快乐学习。其次渲染英语 课堂气氛,用课堂活动激发学生的学习积极性。最后阐述让英语课后 作业成为学生的需要和快乐从而提高学生的学习积极性, 达到教学目 的。 【关键词】学习积极性; 快乐学习;课堂活动; 课后作业与评价 课程标准要求我们在英语教学中不但要重视学生的语言知识和 语言技能,更要关注学生学习英语的积极性。小学阶段英语教学的目 的是:激发学生学习英 ...


   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

人教版高一英语必修Unit5 Neslson Mandela-a modern hero全单元教案

   Unit 5 Nelson Mandela a modern hero 一、教学目标和要求(Teaching aims and demands) 教学目标和要求 根据课程标准实验教材(英语 必修)关于总目标的具体描述,结合高一学生实际和教 材内容, 我们将教学目标分为语言知识、 语言技能、 学习策略、 情感态度和价值观四个方面。 Knowledge) 1. 语言知识 (Knowledge) 词汇(Vocabulary) : 词汇(Vocabulary) 能理解、内化、运用以下生词 hero ...