www.canpoint.net
人教版八年级英语上册词汇语法复习

  1) leave 的用法
  1."leave+地点"表示"离开某地"。例如: When did you leave Shanghai? 你什么时候离开上海的?
  2."leave for+地点"表示"动身去某地"。例如: Next Friday, Alice is leaving for London. 下周五,爱丽斯要去伦敦了。
  3."leave+地点+for+地点"表示"离开某地去某地"。例如: Why are you leaving Shanghai for Beijing? 你为什么要离开上海去北京?
  2) 情态动词 should"应该"学会使用 should 作为情态动词用,常常表示意外、惊奇、不能理解等,有"竟会"的意思,例如: How should I know? 我怎么知道? Why should you be so late today? 你今天为什么来得这么晚? should 有时表示应当做或发生的事,例如: We should help each other.我们应当互相帮助。 我们在使用时要注意以下几点:
  1. 用于表示"应该"或"不应该"的概念。此时常指长辈教导或责备晚辈。 例如: You should be here with clean hands. 你应该把手洗干净了再来。
  2. 用于提出意见劝导别人。例如: You should go to the doctor if you feel ill. 如果你感觉不舒服,你最好去看医生。
  3. 用于表示可能性。should 的这一用法是考试中常常出现的考点之一。例如: We should arrive by supper time. 我们在晚饭前就能到了。 She should be here any moment. 她随时都可能来。
  3) What...? 与 Which...?
  1. what 与 which 都是疑问代词,都可以指人或事物,但是 what 仅用来询问 职业。如: What is your father? 你父亲是干什么的? 该句相当于: What does your father do? What is your father's job? Which 指代的是特定范围内的某一个人。如: Which is Peter? 哪个是皮特? The boy behind Mary. 玛丽背后的那个男孩。
  2. What...? 是泛指,所指的事物没有范围的限制;而 Which...? 是特指, 所指的事物有范围的限制。如: What color do you like best?(所有颜色)你最喜爱什么颜色? Which color do you like best, blue, green or yellow?
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 1 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net 你最喜爱哪一种颜色? (有特定的范围)
  3. what 与 which 后都可以接单、复数名词和不可数名词。如: Which pictures are from China? 哪些图片来自中国?
  4) 频度副词的位置
  1.常见的频度副词有以下这些: always(总是,一直) usually(通常) often(常常,经常) sometimes(有时候) never(从不)
  2.频度副词的位置: a.放在连系动词、助动词或情态动词后面。如: David is often arrives late for school.大卫上学经常迟到。 b.放在行为动词前。如: We usually go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天经常在
  7:10 去上学。 c.有些频度副词可放在句首或句尾,用来表示强调。如: Sometimes I walk home, sometime I ride a bike. 有时我步行回家,有时我骑自行车。
  3.never 放在句首时,主语、谓语动词要倒装。如: Never have I been there.我从没到过那儿。
  5) every day 与 everyday
  1. every day 作状语,译为"每一天"。如: We go to school at 7:10 every day. 我们每天
  7:10 去上学。 I decide to read English every day. 我决定每天读英语。
  2. everyday 作定语,译为"日常的"。 She watches everyday English on TV after dinner. 她晚饭后在电视上看日常英语。 What's your everyday activity? 你的日常活动是什么?
  6) 什么是助动词
  1.协助主要动词构成谓语动词词组的词叫助动词(Auxiliary Verb) 。被协助的 动词称作主要动词(Main Verb) 。助动词自身没有词义,不可单独使用, 例如: He doesn't like English. 他不喜欢英语。 (doesn't 是助动词,无词义;like 是主要动词,有词义)
  2.助动词协助主要动词完成以下功用,可以用来: a. 表示时态,例如: He is singing. 他在唱歌。 He has got married. 他已结婚。
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 2 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net b. 表示语态,例如: He was sent to England. 他被派往英国。 c. 构成疑问句,例如: Do you like college life? 你喜欢大学生活吗? Did you study English before you came here? 你来这儿之前学过英语吗? d. 与否定副词 not 合用,构成否定句,例如: I don't like him. 我不喜欢他。 e. 加强语气,例如: Do come to the party tomorrow evening. 明天晚上一定来参加晚会。 He did know that. 他的确知道那件事。
  3.最常用的助动词有:be, have, do, shall, will, should, would
  7) forget doing/to do 与 remember doing/to do
  1.forget to do 忘记要去做某事(未做);forget doing 忘记做过某事(已做) The light in the office is still on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作) He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作) Don't forget to come tomorrow. 别忘了明天来。 (to come 动作未做) 典型例题 The light in the office is still on. Oh,I forgot. A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off 答案:C。由 the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生, 因此用 forget to do sth.而 forget doing sth 表示灯已经关上了,而 自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。
  2.remember to do 记得去做某事(未做); remember doing 记得做过某事(已做) Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。 Don't you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗?
  8) It's for sb.和 It's of sb.
  1.for sb. 常用于表示事物的特征特点,表示客观形式的形容词,如: easy, hard,difficult,interesting,impossible 等: It's very hard for him to study two languages. 对他来说学两门外语是很难的。
  2.of sb 的句型一般用表示人物的性格,品德,表示主观感情或态度的形容词, 如:good, kind, nice, clever, foolish, right。 It's very nice of you to help me. 你来帮助我,你真是太好了。
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 3 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net
  3.for 与 of 的辨别方法: 用介词后面的代词作主语,用介词前边的形容词作表语,造个句子。如果道理上通顺用 of, 不通则用 for。如: You are nice. (通顺,所以应用 of)。 He is hard. (人是困难的,不通,因此应用 for。)
  9) 对两个句子的提问 新目标英语在命题中有将对句子划线提问这一题型取消的趋势,现在采取的作 法是对一个句子进行自由提问。例如: 句子:The boy in blue has three pens. 提问:
  1. Who has three pens?
  2. Which boy has three pens?
  3. What does the boy in blue have?
  4. How many pens does the boy in blue have? 很显然,学生多了更多的回答角度,也体现了考试的灵活性。再如: 句子:He usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday. 提问:
  1. Who usually goes to the park with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
  2. Where does he usually go with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
  3. What does he usually do with his friends at 8:00 on Sunday?
  4. With whom does he usually go to the park at 8:00 on Sunday?
  5. What time does he usually go to the park with his friends on Sunday?
  6. When does he usually go to the park with his friends?
  10) so、such 与不定冠词的使用
  1.so 与不定冠词 a、an 连用,结构为"so+形容词+a/an+名词"。如: He is so funny a boy. Jim has so big a house.
  2.such 与不定冠词 a、an 连用,结构为"such+a/an+形容词+名词"。如: It is such a nice day. That was such an interesting story.
  11) 使用-ing 分词的几种情况
  1.在进行时态中。如: He is watching TV in the room. They were dancing at nine o'clock last night.
  2.在 there be 结构中。如: There is a boy swimming in the river.
  3.在 have fun/problems 结构中。如: We have fun learning English this term. They had problems getting to the top of the mountain.
  4.在介词后面。如: Thanks for helping me. Are you good at playing basketball?
  5.在以下结构中: enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 4 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net finish doing sth 完成做某事 feel like doing sth 想要做某事 stop doing sth 停止做某事 forget doing sth 忘记做过某事 go on doing sth 继续做某事 remember doing sth 记得做过某事 like doing sth 喜欢做某事 keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事 find sb doing sth 发现某人做某事 see/hear/watch sb doing sth 看到/听到/观看某人做某事 try doing sth 试图做某事 need doing sth 需要做某事 prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事 mind doing sth 介意做某事 miss doing sth 错过做某事 practice doing sth 练习做某 做某事 can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事
be busy doing sth 忙于

  12) 英语中的"单数"
  1.主语的第三人称单数形式,即可用"he, she, it"代替的。如: he,she, it,my friend, his teacher, our classroom, Tom, Mary's uncle
  2.名词有单数名词和复数名词。如: man(单数)men(复数) banana(单数)bananas(复数)
  3.动词有原形,第三人称单数形式,-ing 分词,过去式,过去分词。如: gogoesgoingwentgone workworksworkingworkedworked watchwatcheswatchingwatchedwatched 当主语为第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词必须用相应的第三人称单数形式。 如: The boy wants to be a sales assistant. Our English teacher is from the US. Their daughter makes her breakfast all by herself.
  13) 名词的复数构成的几种形式 名词复数的构成可分为规则变化和不规则变化两种。 I 名词复数的规则变化
  1.一般在名词词尾加-s。如: pearpears hamburgerhamburgers deskdesks treetrees
  2.以字母-s, -sh, -ch, -x 结尾的名词,词尾加-es。如:
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 5 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net classclasses dishdishes watchwatches boxboxes
  3.以字母-o 结尾的某些名词,词尾加-es。如: potatopotatoes tomatotomatoes NegroNegroes heroheroes
  4.以辅音字母加-y 结尾的名词,将-y 变为-i,再加-es。如: familyfamilies dictionarydictionaries citycities countrycountries
  5.以字母-f 或-fe 结尾的名词,将-f 或-fe 变为-v,再加-es。如: halfhalves leafleaves thiefthieves knifeknives selfselves wifewives lifelives wolfwolves shelfshelves loafloaves 但是: scarfscarves(fes) roofroofs serfserfs gulfgulfs chiefchiefs proofproofs beliefbeliefs II 名词复数的不规则变化
  1.将-oo 改为--ee。如: footfeet toothteeth
  2.将-man 改为-men。如: manmen womanwomen policemanpolicemen postmanpostmen
  3.添加词尾。如: childchildren
  4.单复数同形。如: sheepsheep deerdeer fishfish peoplepeople
  5.表示"某国人"的单、复数变化。 即"中日瑞不变英法变,其它国把-s 加后面"。如: ChineseChinese JapaneseJapanese SwissSwiss EnglishmanEnglishmen FrenchmanFrenchmen AmericanAmericans AustralianAustralians CanadianCanadians KoreanKoreans RussianRussians IndianIndians
  6.其它。如: mousemice apple treeapple trees man teachermen teachers
  14) 双写最后一个字母的-ing 分词
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 6 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net 初中阶段常见的有以下这些:
  1.let→letting 让 hit→hitting 打、撞 cut→cutting 切、割 get→getting 取、得到 sit→sitting 坐 forget→forgetting 忘记 put→putting 放 set→setting 设置 babysit→babysitting 临时受雇照顾婴儿
  2.shop→shopping trip→tripping stop→stopping drop→dropping 购物 绊 停止 放弃

  3.travel→travel(l)ing 旅游 swim→swimming 游泳 run→running 跑步 dig→digging 挖、掘 begin→beginning 开始 prefer→preferring 宁愿 plan→planning 计划
  15) 肯定句变否定句及疑问句要变化的一些词
  1.some 变为 any。如: There are some birds in the tree.→There aren't any birds in the tree. 但是,若在表示请邀请、请求的句子中,some 可以不变。如: Would you like some orange juice? 与此相关的一些不定代词如 something, somebody 等也要进行相应变化。
  2.and 变为 or。如: I have a knife and a ruler.→I don't have a knife or a ruler.
  3.a lot of (=lots of)变为 many 或 much。如: They have a lot of friends.(可数名词)→They don't have many friends. There is lots of orange in the bottle.(不可数名词) →There isn't much orange in the bottle.
  4.already 变为 yet。如: I have been there already.→I haven't been there yet.
  16) in 与 after in 与 after 都可以表示时间,但二者有所区别。
www.canpoint.net 010-58818067 58818068 canpointzk@1
  88.com
第 7 页 共 57 页
www.canpoint.net
  1.in 经常用于将来时的句子中,以现在为起点,表示将来一段时间。如: He will leave for Beijing in a week. 一周后他会动身去北京。
  2.after 经常用于
 

相关内容

人教版八年级上册英语单词

   人教版八年级上册英语单词 Unit1 how often 多久一次 exercise v.& n.锻炼 skateboard v.踩滑板 hardly adv.几乎不 ever adv.曾,曾经 once adv.一次 twice adv.两次 time n.次,次数 surf v.在…冲浪 Internet n.网络 program n.节目,表演 high school 高中,完全中学 result n.结果 active adj.活跃的,积极的 for prep.对于,在…方面 ...

人教版八年级英语上册单词表

   八年级英语上册单词表 Unit 1 第一单元单词及短语 1. 多久一次 2.锻炼;运动 3.踩滑板;参加滑板运动 4..几乎不;几乎没有 5.ever.曾经 6.shop.购物 7 一次 8..两次;两倍 9.次;次数 10..驾(船);在……冲 11.网络;互联网 12.节目 13 中学 14.大多数 15.没有,无 16.结果;成果 17.活跃的;积极的 18. 对于;关于; 19.至于;关于 20.约摸;几乎 21.废弃的旧物;破烂物 22. 垃圾食品 23. .牛奶 24. .咖啡 ...

冀教版】八年级英语上模拟测试卷(含答案)

   【冀教版】八年级英语上模拟测试卷(含答案) Ⅰ. 用所给词组的正确形式填空。 ( hurry to, take out, give somebody the message, come with somebody, right now, invite somebody to the party) 1. Thank you very much for . I enjoyed it very much. 2. When Mr Green comes back, I’ll . 3. Class b ...

八年级英语上册测试含答案

   八年级英语上册测试卷(70 分) 一, 单选。 (1x15=15 分) 1, do they play football? They play football once a week. A. How long B. How much C. How many D. How often 2,There only one boy and five girls in the classroom. A. are B. is C. to be D. were 3, He two hours doing ...

四年级英语上册复习经典必备

   ★哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 哈佛大学★英语系研究,美国布什推荐。专为中小学生英语量身定做。 官方网站: 官方网站:http://hafo.yeryy.com/ 哈佛大学英语教授研究组提供 一、选出不是一类的单词 ( )1.A.window B.board C. light D. picture E. thirty ( )2.A.one B. twenty C. forty D.notebookE. fifty ( )3.A.classroom B. lo ...

【强烈推荐】一年级英语上册期末复习题

   【强烈推荐】一年级英语上册期末复习题 英语复习一 一、 听音标号 1. black yellow ( ) ( ) 2. apple ( ) pear ( ) green ( ) orange ( ) white ( ) blue ( ) brown ( ) grapes ( ) melon strawberry ) ( ) ( 二、听音,圈出你听到的单词。 听音,圈出你听到的单词。 brown 1、red 2. banana apple 3、green orange purple white ...

一年级英语上册教案3

   小学英语第一册教案 Unit 1 Hello 教学目标与要求: 1、能听懂,会说 Hello./ Hi. Goodbye./ Bye-bye. I'm… What's your name? My name's … 并能够在实际情 景中进行运用。 2、能够听说,从读 crayon, pencil, pen, eraser, ruler, pencil-case, book, sharpener, bag, school., 并能用 英语介绍文具。 3、能听懂所接触的指示语,并能按照指令做出相应 ...

PEP三年级英语上册教案

   英语三年级上册教案及教学反思 PEP 英语三年级上册教案及教学反思 [备课笔记]pep 英语三年级上册 unit 2 Look at me 第一课时 教学目标: 1、听懂、会说问候语 Good morning. Nice to meet you. 以及介绍别人用语 This is ...和建议去上学的表述句子 "Let's go to school." 。 2 、 在实际情景中能区分并运用以上各问候语、 介绍别人用语和建议去上学 的表述句子。 3 、进一步培养学生学习英语 ...

小学五年级英语上册教学计划

   小学五年级英语上册教学计划 默认分类 2009-09-26 12:02:19 阅读 3747 评论 0 字号:大中小 订阅 一、教材分析 1.语言运用。本教材体现交际教学思想,注重学生语言应用能力的培养。在起始阶段采用“全身动作 反应法”,让学生在做中学,在唱中学,在玩中学。 2.注重能力培养。整套教材贯穿“学会学习”的主题,培养学生自主学习和独立运用所学语言去做事情 的能力。如 Let’s find out /Let’s check /Pair work /Task time 。在活动手册 ...

小学六年级英语上册期末试卷

   小学英语六年级上册期末试卷 班别姓名分数 听力部分 一、听录音,选出你听到的单词或词组。听两遍。(10 分) 听录音,选出你听到的单词或词组。听两遍。 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ) 1. A. walk ) 2. A. month ) 3. A. parents ) 4. A. shopping centre ) 5. A. play ) 6. A. write ) 7. A. 8:15 ) 8. A. there ) 9. A. better ) 10. A. go shop ...

热门内容

新课标英语七年级下册总复习资料

   黄牛课件网 http://www. http://www.kejian123.com 新课标免费资源网(无须注册,免费下载) 新课标七年级总复习资料 Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from? 一、词组 be from= come form 来自... pen pal=pen friend 笔友 like and dislike 好恶;爱憎 live in….在...居住 speak English play sports 讲英语 做体育运动 一些法语 a littl ...

英语?歌曲赏析

   初一(11)班 杨梓s Singer: Maria Arredondo(玛丽亚亚瑞唐多) Country: Norway Height :167cm Disposition :happy、sensitive and persist passion is sweet love makes weak you said you cherished freedom so you refuse to let it go follow your fate love and hate never fail ...

英语四级作文万能句

   英语四级作文万能句 (一)段首句 1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…… There are different opinions among people as to .Some people suggest that . 2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。 There is an old saying. It"s the experience of our forefathers,howe ...

初中英语句型

   初中英语句型: 一、以形式主语 it 引导的句型。 句型 1. It happened(chanced) that +clause. = sb. happened /chanced sth. = sb. did sth. by chance. 如: It happened that he was out when I got there. 当我到那儿时, 碰巧他不在。 =He happened to be out when I got there.= It chanced that he w ...