专注教育, 专注教育,服务教师--八年级上册各单元知识要点(新目标)Unit1
? 句子
Unit 1

  1.How often do you exercise? 问频率 Once a day.
  2. What does she usually do on weekends? She usually watches TV.
  3. How many hours do you sleep? Nine hours.
? 核心知识

  1.表频率副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never.
  2. once a week 一周一次, 一周一次, twice a year 一年两次 three times a week 一周三次 four times a month 一个月四次
  3. all, most , some , no
  4. be good for sth./ doing sth. 对什么有益 be bad for sth. /doing sth. 对什么有害
  5. want to do sth. 想要做某事 want sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事
  6. as for 至于
  7.try to do sth. 尽量做某事
  8. of course = certainly = sure 当然
  9. look after = take care of 照顾
  10. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康
  11. exercise=take exercise=do sports 锻炼
  12. although == though 虽然
  13. be the same as 与什么相同 be different from 不同
  14. how often 多久一次
  15. most of the students=most students
  16. get good grades 取得好成绩
  17. some advice 中的 advice 是不可数名词
  18. keep/be in good health 保持健康
  19.shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物
  20. surf the internet 上网
  21. a lot of == lots of 许多
  22. health n., healthy adj. , healthily adv. , unhealthy adj.
  23. different adj. difference n. 可数
? 熟读
P1 1b , P 2 2a G.F, P3 3 , P5 3a 3b
第 1 页 共 9 页
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? 句子
Unit 2

  1. 看病用语 ①What’s the matter(with sb.)? 怎么了? = What’s the trouble (with sb.)? = What’s wrong (with sb.)? = Is there anything wrong (with sb.)? ②I’m not feeling well. 我觉得不太舒服 = I’m feeling ill/sick. =I feel terrible/bad. = I don’t feel well ③I have a stomach ache 我胃痛 = I have got a stomach ache = There is something wrong with my stomach = My stomach hurts = I have (got) a pain in my stomach ④ When did it start? 什么时候开始的? ⑤ You should drink more water. 表建议 You shouldn’t eat more.
  2. That’s a good idea 好主意 That’s too bad 太糟糕了
  3. I have no idea = I don’t know 我不知道
  4. I’m sorry to hear that.听到此事我很难过
? 核心知识

  1.身体各部位名称 P7 1a
  2. 情态动词 should 与 shouldn’t 表建议
  3. have a cold / stomachache / toothache / fever/ sore throat
  4. see a dentist / doctor
  5. soon 一会儿
  6. feel 觉得,get 变, stay 保持 keep 保持 觉得, 保持, 保持, sound 听起来 系动词 常和形容词连用 如:feel happy , get tired, stay / keep healthy 听起来是系动词 常和形容词 形容词连用
  7. lie down 躺下
  8. for example 例如
  9. too much 太多+不可数名词, too many 太多+可数名词, much too 太+形容词
  10. stressed out 压抑 筋疲力尽
  11. it’s +形容词+ to do sth. 做某事怎么样 形容词+
  12. a few 一些 修饰可数名词 a little 一些 修饰不可数名词 few 少许 修饰可数名词 表否定 little 少许 修饰不可数名词 表否定
  13. at the moment = now 此刻 常和现在进行时连用
  14. neck and neck 并驾齐驱,齐头并进
  15. I think so 我认为如此
  16. tooth n . 复数形式 teeth
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? 熟读 ?
P7 1a , P8 , P9 3a , P10 1a 形 1b 建议 , P11 4 , P12 2 写作 看病
? 句子
Unit 3

  1. What are you doing for vacation? I’m visiting my grandmother.
  2. When are you doing? I’m going on Monday.
  3.That sounds nice / interesting.
  4. 问多长时间 How long are you staying? For four days.
  5.Can I ask you some questions?
? 核心知识

  1. 现在进行时表一般将来时 常用的动词有: is / am / are going is / am / are leaving is / am / are coming
  2. take walks == go for a walk 散步
  3. some 一些 any 一些
  4. sing v.?singer n. 一些,
  5. take a vacation=take vacations=go on vacation
  6. think about 考虑
  7. something different
  8. plan to do sth.计划做某事
  9. spend time
  10. finish doing 完成做某事
  11. a lot 许多
  12. need to do sth.需要做某事
  13. go camping 去野营 go shopping 去买东西 go swimming 去游泳 go boating 去划船 go skating 去溜冰 go walking 去散步 go climbing 去登山 go fishing 去钓鱼 go hiking 去徒步远足 go dancing 去跳舞 go sightseeing 去观光
  14. do some shopping 买东西 do some washing 洗衣服 do some cooking 做饭 do some reading 读书 do some speaking 训练口语
  15.. how about=what about ……怎么样?
  16. go back , come back , get back 回来
  17. tour n.?tourist n. 写作 P17 3a 假期计划
金太阳教学资源网 res.kingsunsoft.com
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? 熟读
GF , P15 3a , P16 1a , P 17 3a
? 句子

  1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike.
  2. How does he get to school? He takes the train.
  3. 问多长时间 How long does it take? It takes about 10 minutes.
  4. 问路程 How far is it ? How far is it from home to school? It is about 10 kilometers.
  5. Don’t worry.
? 核心知识
by bike, by bus, by subway, by taxi, by boat, by car, by train (乘坐……车,放在句尾)
  2. take the taxi / train / bus/ subway / car
  3. ride a bike 骑自行车
  4. walk to+地点 走到… +
  5. have a quick breakfast
  6. how long 多长时间 how far 多远 how often 多长时间一次 how much, how many 多少
  7. get to school 到校 get home/there /here get to == arrive in /at == reach 到达
  8. leave for 离开去…
  9. first , next , then
  10. depend on 依靠,靠……决定
  11. around the world= all over the world 全世界
  12. take sb. to +地点 把某人送到某地 地点 It takes sb. some time/money to do sth. 花费某人多少时间/金钱做某事 take 可译为:花费、送(带)、搭 花费、 )、搭 花费 ? 熟读 P20 2c 2d G.F. , P21 3a 3b , P23 3a , P24 2
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Unit 5

  1. Can you come to my party? =Would you like to come to my party? 肯定回答:Sure , I’d love to . 否定回答:I’m sorry. I can’t. I have to do my homework.
  2. Maybe another time.

  3. Thanks for asking(inviting)谢谢邀请
问星期 What is today? It is Monday? What day is it today? It is Monday.
? ? 熟读

  1.情态动词 can 与 can’t
  2. I’d love to 我非常乐意
  3. I’m sorry 对不起
  4. write soon 尽快回信
  5. would like sth. 想要某物 would like (love )to do sth.想要做某事
  6. have a piano lesson 上一堂钢琴课
  7. keep quiet! 请保持安静, keep+形容词 表示“保持某种状态” 形容词
  8. the day after tomorrow 后天 the day before yesterday 前天
  9. invite v.?invitation n. 邀请 写作 P29 3a 关于拒绝邀请的回信
P25 1a 1c , P26 2b 2c G.F , P27 4 , P29 3a 3b 4
Unit 6
? 句子

  1. Tina is taller than Paul.
  2. Tom is more athletic than Sam
? 核心知识

  1. 形容词副词的比较级、最高级
  2. as …as 与…一样, not as /so…as 与…不一样
  3. look the same 我们看起来一样
  4. both :be+both , both+实义动词
  5. a little, much , even, far 可修饰比较级
  6. be good at sth./ doing sth. 擅长于…
  7. make sb. do 使某人做某事
  8. be important for sb. 对某人来说很重要
  9. in some ways 在某些地方
  10. more than== over 超过 ? 熟读 P32 G.F, P33 3a , P35 3a
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? 写作
P33 3a
Review of unit1?unit6
? 熟读 P 39 4 5 , P 40 7 8
? 句子
How do you make a banana milk shake?

  1.How many bananas do we need ? We need
  2.How much yogurt do we need? One cup.
? 核心知识

  1. 量词 a cup of , a bottle of , a piece of , a bowl of , a pair of , a box of , a slice of , a teaspoon of
  2. 连词 first , next , then , finally
  3. turn on 打开, turn off 关上, turn down 关小
  4. cut up 切碎
  5. mix up 混合
  6. add …to … 把…加到…上
? 熟读 ?
P41 1b , P42 2c G.F. , P 43 3a , P45 3a 写作 写一篇制作食物的步骤
? 句子

  1. Did you go to the zoo? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.
  2. Were there any sharks? Yes, there were. No, there weren’t.
  3. What else did you do ?你还做了些什么?
? 核心知识
  1. hang out 闲荡
  2. have a good time
  3. late adj. / adv. 迟
  4. take a class 上课
  5. luck n. lucky adj. luckily adv.
  6. see you soon 盼望很快见到你
  7. in the future
  8. at the end of …在…的最后
  9. have fun doing sth. 做某事很有趣
  10. go for a drive 开车兜风
  11. visit v.参观 ? visitor n. 参观者
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? 写作 ?
P49 3a 和 P51 3a 记叙一天所做的事 熟读 P47 1b , P48 2b G.F. , P 49 3a , P51 3a
? 句子

  1.When was he born ? He was born in 1895
  2. How long did he hiccup? For 5days.
  3. When did he start hiccupping? He started hiccupping in 19
? 核心知识

  1. be born 出生
  2. start doing ==start to do 开始做某事 begin doing== begin to do
  3. too…to 太…而不能做某事
  4. violinist 小提琴家 , violin 小提琴 pianist 钢琴家,piano 钢琴
  5. well?known adj. 著名的
  6. at the age of …在…岁
  7. take part in 参加 某种活动、比赛、项目 join 参加 某个组织
  8. because of+名词 因为
  9. 70?year adj. 70 年的
  10. usual adj. 寻常的 unusual adj. 不寻常的 ? 写作 P55 3a 和 P57 3a 描写人物 ? 熟读 P53 1b, P54 2c G.F,
Unit 10
? 句子

  1. What are you going to do when you grow up? I’m going to be an actor.
  2. How are you going to do that? I’m going to take acting lesson.
? 核心知识

  1. be going to 是一般将来时 ①表将要发生的动作或存在的状态 ②常和将来的时间连用 如: next day/week/ month / year …
第 7 页 共 9 页
专注教育, 专注教育,服务教师--in the future , in 20 years , tomorrow, the day after tomorrow 等
  2. grow up 长大
  3. at the same time 同时
  4. read v.?reader n.读者
  5. somewhere interesting 有趣的地方
  6. save money 存钱
  7. maybe 也许
  8. get good grades 取得好成绩
  9. keep fit ==keep healthy
  10. 时间状语从句 由 when , after , before , as soon as , not…until , while , since 等词引导 注:当主句是一般将来时,从句用一般现在时 当主句是一般将来时, 当主句是一般将来时 I will be a teacher when I grow up. ? 写作 P61 3a 如何实现自己的梦想 ? 熟读 P59 1b 1c , P60 GF. , P 61 3a 3b, P62 1a 1b , P63 3a
Unit 11
? 句子
  1. Could you please sweep the floor? Yes, sure. Sorry, I can’t. I have to go out.
  2. Could I please go to the movies? Yes, you can. No, you can’t . I have to go out.
? 核心知识

  1.could you please…你能…吗?/请你干….好吗?
  2. need to do sth.
  3. hate doing / to do sth.讨厌做某事
  4. do the dishes 洗餐具
  5. sweep the floor 清扫地板
  6. stay out late 晚归
  7. make one’s bed 铺床
  8. fold one’s clothes 叠衣服
  9. take out the trash 倒垃圾
  10. invite sb. to do./ somewhere 邀请某人做某事/到某地
  11. take care of ==look after 照顾
  12. forget to do 忘记去做某事
  13. help n. 不可数 help v.
  14. have a test 休息
  15. borrow sth. from sb.向某人借某物(借入)
  16. agree 同意 disagree 不同意 ? 写作 P69 3a 请求帮助的信 ? 熟读 P65 1a 1b , P66 2c G.F. , P67 3a 4 , P68 1a , P69 3a
? 句子

  1. What is the best clothing store ? Jason’s.
? 核心知识

  1. 形容词、副词的比较级和最高级 形容词、
  2. love v. 喜爱 lovely adj.美好的,令人愉快的
  3. south n?southern adj.
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专注教育, 专注教育,服务教师--north n.?northern adj. east n.?eastern adj. west n. ?western adj.
  4. close to 靠近 接近
  5. music n. musician n. musical adj.
  6. lead v. 指挥,指导 leader n.主唱人 指挥者 ? 写作 P76 2 介绍一个旅游景点 ? 熟读 P71 1b , P72 2c G.F, P73 3a , P75 3a , P76 2
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