八年级人教新目标下册
Unit 7 Would you mind turning down the music?
Reading
sneeze spit
smoke
What are the bad behaviors ? What do you want to say to them?
How many rules of etiquette are broken?
eat in public
smoke in public
spit everywhere
talk loudly in public
The bad behaviors are:
littering on the bus/in the subway; talking loudly on the mobile phone in public/at the meeting; smoking on the bus/in the subway; spitting on the bus /in the subway; talking and laughing loudly on the bus/in public; coughing or sneezing loudly in public;
What can we do?
No Spitting Around
Public service advertisement
Section 1 Before You Read
Look up the word “etiquette” in your dictionary. What does it mean? Look at the picture below. How many rules of etiquette can you see being broken? Make a list with your partner. etiquette
礼节; 礼节 礼仪
Normal and polite social behavior
Section 2 While You Read
Reading strategy:
As we read, we need to find “topic sentence”. These sentences usually give us a “summary”, or overall meaning of each paragraph and help us understand what the paragraph is about. After the topic sentence comes more detail and explanation.
阅读时需要找到关键句子。 阅读时需要找到关键句子。这些通常是 一段短文的主要内容, 一段短文的主要内容 了解关键句子会帮 助我们理解整段文章。 助我们理解整段文章。
Would you mind keeping your voice down?
If you spend some time in an English-speaking country, you might hear the term ‘etiquette’. It means normal and polite social behavior. This may seem like a difficult word at first, but it can be very at first 首先 useful to understand.
spend+时间 在某地 时间+在某地 We’ll spend three days in this hotel. 时间 spend+时间或钱 时间或钱+on sth. She spent all her money on clothes. 时间或钱 spend+时间或钱 时间或钱+(in) doing sth. 时间或钱 She spends two hours (in) playing the piano every day. normal adj. 正常的 正规的 正常的; behavior n. 行为 举止 表现 行为; 举止;
Etiquette is not the same in every culture or in every situation. For example, standing very close to the person you are talking with is quite common in some Asian countries. However, if you do this in Europe, some people might feel uncomfortable. Even in China, we all know that etiquette is not the same in all situations. Perhaps we think that talking loudly in our own homes is fine, but there are other places where talking loudly is not allowed.
Asian adj. 亚洲的 亚洲人的 亚洲的; allow v. 允许 承认 允许; Europe 欧洲 uncomfortable adj. 不舒服的
For example, most people would agree that talking loudly in a library, a museum, or a movie theater is impolite. Even if you are with your friends, it is better to keep your voice down in public places. In fact, we should also take care not to cough or sneeze loudly in public. impolite adj. 无礼的 粗鲁的 无礼的; cough v. 咳嗽 public n. 公众
sneeze v. 打喷嚏
If we see someone breaking the rules of etiquette, we may politely give them some suggestions politely. Perhaps one of the most polite ways is to ask someone, Would you mind doing this or Would you mind not doing that. For example, if someone cuts in front of you in a line, you could ask them, Sorry, would you mind joining the line? break the rule 不服从 不遵守 不服从; politely adv. 客气地 斯文地 客气地;
If someone is smoking on the bus, you could ask, Excuse me, could you please put out that cigarette? People don’t usually like to be criticized, so we have to be careful how we do this. smoke v. 抽烟 吸烟 抽烟; cigarette n. 香烟 卷烟 纸烟 香烟; 卷烟; criticize v. 批判 put out 熄灭
Although rules of etiquette can often be different, some rules are the same almost everywhere in the world! For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed. If you see someone you know doing this, you can ask them, would you mind picking it up?
drop v. 扔; 丢 pick up 捡起
litter n. 垃圾
Section 3 After You Read
d
Paragraph 1
b Paragraph 2
Paragraph 4 c
Paragraph 3 e
a. We have to be very careful how we criticize people. b. The way people behave is different in different cultures and situations. c. Sometimes, rules of etiquette are the same almost everywhere. d. Etiquette is a very important idea to understand. e. We might want to ask someone to behave more politely if we see them breaking a rule of etiquette. f. People in China and Europe have different ideas about etiquette.
True or False

  1. In Europe, standing very close to the person with whom you are talking is quite common. F F

  2. Talking loudly in public is allowed in China.

  3. It is better to keep your voice down in public places. T
  4. “Would you mind…” is a polite way to give people suggestions . T
  5. We have to be careful to make requests. T
  6. Rules of etiquette are always different. F
Important and useful sentence

  1. If you spend some time in an English-speaking country, you might hear the term ‘etiquette’. 2 . If you do this in Europe, some people might feel uncomfortable.
  3. If we see someone breaking the rules of etiquette, we may give them some suggestions politely.
  4. If we see someone breaking the rules of etiquette, we may give them some suggestions politely.
  5. If someone is smoking on the bus, we could ask,

  6. If you see someone you know doing this, you can ask them,
  7. Even if you are with your friends, it is better to keep your voice down in public places.
  8. In fact, we should also take care not to cough or sneeze loudly in public if possible.
  9. People don’t usually like to be criticized, so we have to be careful how we do this.
  10. For example, dropping litter is almost never allowed.
3b. Look again at the picture. Think of polite suggestions.
Would you mind not dropping litter? Would you mind picking up the litter? Could you please not spit anywhere? Could you please put out your cigarette? Would you mind keeping your voice down when you are making a telephone call?
3c. Deeply understand
Find wrong habits in different situations or cultures from the reading. Think of more examples. Put them in the column. In some situations or cultures standing close to others you are talking with Always wrong
dropping litter everywhere
Make comparison about etiquette between China and other English-speaking countries.
China English-speaking countries
根据汉语意思填空。 根据汉语意思填空。

  1. I will have a meeting (马上 马上). right away 马上
  2. If you (插队 others will not 插队), cut in line 插队 be pleased.
  3. Doing morning exercises is good for (对……有好处 our health. 有好处) 对……有好处
  4. When we got to the cinema, the tickets had been (卖完 卖完). sold out 卖完
  5. After the camp all the students felt excited 激动的 (激动的 激动的).
Translate and write them down.
  1. - 你介意挪动你的车吗? 你介意挪动你的车吗? - 不, 一点也不。 一点也不。 - Would you mind moving your car? - No, not at all.
  2. - 你能清洗这些餐具吗? 你能清洗这些餐具吗? - 好的 我很快就洗。 好的, 我很快就洗。 - Could you please wash the dishes? - Ok. I’ll do them in a minute.
Homework
One day you saw someone breaking the rules of etiquette. Write a letter of complaint to your local newspaper.
Dear Mr Etiquette, I’m writing to complain Yours
 

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