九年义务教育三年制初级中学
初二英语
上册
Unit 1? Unit 7
世和
Unit 1 Welcome back!
May I…? 我可以 我可以……吗? 吗 表示客气的请求。 表示客气的请求。
(
  1) -May I come in? -Come in, please. (
  2) -May I borrow your pen , please? -Certainly! (
  3) -May I have a piece of paper? -Of course.
A: ! borrow Excuse me May I your ruler? B: Certainly this one. ! Take A: Thank you. Oh, this one is short. Do you a long have one ? B: , I don’t. Sorry
A: ! Do you a long ? Excuse me have ruler C: Yes. May it A: I borrow ? C: Certainly! Here . you are
paper 纸;纸张 为不可数名词,通常不用“ 或 为不可数名词,通常不用“a”或 “an” 这样 的不定冠词来修饰。 的不定冠词来修饰。 Paper is very useful(有用的 有用的). 有用的 The paper here is not clean. a piece of paper two piece of paper three glasses of water seven bottles of orange
paper 既可以作可数名词,也可以作不可数 既可以作可数名词, 名词, 名词,但所表达的意思不同 I want to buy an evening paper. 报纸(可数) 报纸(可数) I need some paper to write a paper. 论文(可数) 论文(可数) Please hand in your papers, please. 试卷(可数) 试卷(可数) An orange is orange. 橘子(可数) 橘子(可数) Would you like some orange? 橘子汁(不可数)
short tall
短的; 短的;矮的 长的
a long pen 长的
long 高的
a short pen 短的 a short time 短的 a short girl 矮的 a long time 长的 a tall girl 高的
time 时间 (不可数名词) 不可数名词) It’s time to go to bed. time 次数 (可数名词) 可数名词) next time three times five times once twice 一次 两次
交际用语: 交际用语: Welcome back to school! May I come in, please? I’m sorry I’m late. It doesn’t matter. May I borrow/have…, please? Here, take this one.
Unit 2 How do you come to school?
一般现在时: 一般现在时:表示动作的习惯性 或 经常性。 I go to school every day. We sometimes play basketball after class. 特别要注意,在英语的一般现在时的使用中, 特别要注意,在英语的一般现在时的使用中,如果 主语是第三人称单数, 主语是第三人称单数,谓语动词也要相应地采用第 三人称单数的形式。 三人称单数的形式。 She goes to school every day. Does she go to school every day? She doesn’t go to school every day.
频度副词: 频度副词: usually
> often
> sometimes
有时
经常; 通常 经常;常常 频度副词的位置: 频度副词的位置:
I usually stay at home on Sundays. Does she often come here? They don’t often watch TV. Usually she gets up late on Sundays. They play games after class sometimes.
运用某种交通工具去某地的表达: 运用某种交通工具去某地的表达: -How do you usually come/go to…? -I usually come/go to…. by bike by car on foot by bus by train
by plane/air by ship/sea
她每天乘公共汽车去上学。 她每天乘公共汽车去上学。
误:She by bus to school every day. 正:She goes to school by bus every day.
独一无二的事物前要用定冠词 the the moon the sun the earth the sea the U.S.A the People’s Republic of China
交际用语: 交际用语: It’s a fine day for a walk. How do you usually come to school? I usually come to school by bike.
Unit 3 Mid-Autumn Day
形容词的比较级:表示两者之间的比较。 形容词的比较级:表示两者之间的比较。 形容词的比较级+ 形容词的比较级 than Jim is taller than Tom. This ball is bigger than that one 形容词的最高级: 形容词的最高级:表示三者或三者以上进行 比较,程度最高的一个。 比较,程度最高的一个。 Mary is the tallest girl in our class. My bag is the heaviest of the three.
形容词比较级、最高级的变化: 形容词比较级、最高级的变化: small nice big heavy smaller nicer bigger heavier smallest nicest biggest heaviest
(
  1) 词尾直接加 -er 或 -est。 。 (
  2) 以 e 结尾的词,在词尾加 -r 或 -st。 结尾的词, 。 (
  3) 重读闭音节的词,词尾只有一个辅音时, 重读闭音节的词,词尾只有一个辅音时, 双写该辅音后, 双写该辅音后,加 -er 或 -est。 。 (
  4) 辅音字母加 y 结尾的词,变 y 为 i 后, 结尾的词, 再加-er 再加 或 -est。 。
Exercises:

  1. This cake is (big) than that one. bigger
  2. Lily is (young) in her class. the youngest
  3. This watch is (dear) than that dearer one, but it’s (nice). nicer
  4. My ruler is than Jim’s. longer Jim’s is than Lily’s. longer Mine is of the three. (long) the longest the tallest
  5. Lucy is (tall) than I/me.
They’re very delicious.
How delicious they are!
感叹句: 感叹句: How + 形容词 + 主语 + 谓语! 谓语!
How delicious they are!
Exercises:

  1. Jim’s bag is very light. How light Jim’s bag is!
  2. They’re very full. How full they are!
  3. The mooncakes are very nice. How nice the mooncakes are!
  4. That ruler is very long. How long that ruler is!
感叹句: 感叹句: How + 形容词 + 主语 + 谓语! 谓语!
How delicious they are!
What + 名词 主语 + 谓语! 名词+ 谓语!
What a good girl she is! What delicious mooncakes they are.
I’d like... I would like… Would you like…?
名词 + to do sb. to do
I’d like a cup of tea. I would like you to go shopping with me. Would you like to go with me? -Would you like some orange? -Yes, please. -Would you like some rice? -No, thanks. I’m full.
one 的用法 的用法:
表示数量“ 表示数量“一”的概念 。 One and one makes two. 表示承接前面已出现过的同类可数名词, 表示承接前面已出现过的同类可数名词 用以避免重复。代替单数名词时用 one, 代替
复数名词时用 ones 。
This school is older than that one. These books are mine. The ones on the desks are yours.
注意: 表示承接同一个东西时, 注意 表示承接同一个东西时 要用 it 。 - Do you have a watch? - No, but my father has one. - He bought (买) it last week. 买
交际用语: 交际用语: Would you like…? I’m full. Good night! What day is it tomorrow? Are you hungry/free? I’d like you to meet….
Unit 4 We’re going to work on a farm.
now
this evening
I’m teaching. I’m going to watch TV.
be going to 这一结构表示说话时刻以后将要 发生的动作或状态。 发生的动作或状态。
What is she going to do next Sunday? She is going to swim next Sunday. She isn’t going to play basketball next Sunday. Is she going to swim next Sunday? Yes, she is.
good well better best
Good, better, best. Never let it rest. Till good is better. And better best
much + 形容词的比较级
much bigger much warmer much longer
very + 形容词的原级
very big very warm very long
Exercises:
are going to do
  1. What you (do) next week? am going to meet I (meet) my friends.
  2. Look, what they (do)? are doing They (have) lunch. are having are going to fly
  3. We (fly) kites tomorrow.
  4. Kate usually (wash) her hair washes on Sundays. Do go
  5. you often (go) swimming in summer?
It’s time for sth.
是做……的时间了 的时间了 是做 It’s time to do sth. (
  1) It’s time for class. It’s time to have classes. (
  2) It’s time for lunch. It’s time to have lunch. (
  3) It’s time (起床了 起床了). 起床了 to get up
有用的 help :
Help! 救命啊! 救命啊!
Help me! 救救我! 救救我! Can you help me with my lessons? Computers can help students learn English.
Speak English in this way (这样说 这样说): 这样说 I’m going to go to the shops I’m going to the shops. Mary is going to come here very soon. Mary is coming here very soon. They’re going to leave tomorrow morning. They’re leaving tomorrow morning.
交际用语: 交际用语: Where are you going? I’m going home/to the shops…. What/How about…? What don’t you come with me? Why not? Good idea! That’s a good idea! Don’t be late. It’s time for class.
Unit 5 Working hard on the farm
比较物品数量的“ 比较物品数量的“多”和“少”: a few mine fewer Mary’s fewest Jim’s
I have a few apples. Mary has fewer apples (than I). Jim has the fewest apples of the three.
many
more
most
mine
Mary’s
Jim’s
I have many friends. Mary has more friends (than I). Jim has the most friends of the three.
询问路程的远近:
-How far is it? -Only a few kilometres. -How far is it from here to your school? -It’s about 2 kilometres.
How 引出的疑问句: 引出的疑问句: How far is it? How old are you How many apples are there in the box? How much is this watch? How high is it? How tall is Mary? How do you usually come to school? How are you today?
tall (形容词) 身材高的;高大的 形容词) 身材高的; a tall girl a tall tree a tall building high (形容词) 高的;高处的 形容词) 高的; 副词) 高地; (副词) 高地;高处地 a high mountain (山) 山 a high building How high is this building? 副词用法 Don’t go too high. (副词用法) 副词用法
be + 形容词 + to do sth.
Some of the apples are hard to reach. I’m very glad to see you again. This book is easy to understand (理解). (理解). 理解 I’m glad to help you.
正:I’m sorry I’m late. 误:I’m sorry I late.
她饿了。
She is hungry.
公园离这近。 The park is near here. 正:These apples are much bigger. 误:These apples are more bigger. much much much much heavier harder more fewer
交际用语: 交际用语: How far is it? Only a few kilometres. Be careful! It’s dangerous. Don’t go too high. I can/can’t reach…. Let’s get on the bus.
Unit 6 Shall we go to the park?
Shall I/we…? 表示询问、征求别人的意见,用于提建议; 表示询问、征求别人的意见,用于提建议; 译为“ 好吗? 译为“……好吗?” 好吗 Shall we go to the park on Sunday? Shall I open the door? 表示赞同: 表示赞同: Good idea! Sure! All right! OK! 表示不赞同: 表示不赞同: No, let’s... Sorry, I...
提建议: 提建议:Shall I/we…?
Let’s…. Why not…? Why don’t you…? What/How about…?
答语: 答语:
Good idea! That’s a good idea! All right! / OK! Sure! Go ahead, please.
be good at…
方面(学得、做得) 善于…… 在…… 方面(学得、做得)好;善于
be good at...
名词 doing sth.
I’m good at English Meimei is good at her lessons. This boy is good at playing football. Are you good at singing?
I don’t think chicken can swim. 我认为小鸡不会游泳。 A. 我认为小鸡不会游泳。 我认为小鸡不会游泳。 A. 我认为小鸡不会游泳。 我不认为小鸡游泳。 B. 我不认为小鸡游泳。 我认为他不喜欢猫。 我认为他不喜欢猫。 I don’t think he likes cats. 我们认为玛丽不善长踢足球。 我们认为玛丽不善长踢足球。 We don’t think Mary is good at playing football.
时间表达法: 时间表达法:
12 9 12 3 9

6

6
3
o’clock
12 9
half
12

6
3
9

6
3
past
to
8:00 8:05 8:15 8:30 8:40
eight / eight o’clock eight five / five past eight eight fifteen / fifteen past eight a quarter past eight eight thirty / half past eight eight forty / twenty to nine eight fifty-five fifteen to nine a quarter to nine
8:45
the Reads Mr Read the Kings the Zhangs The Whites are having supper now. The Wangs are going to see you tonight. Mrs Read Jim Read Mary Read
交际用语: 交际用语: Shall I/we…? I’ve no idea. I think so. I’d love to. I have quite a lot of homework to do. Why don’t you…? Let’s make it at nine o’clock.
Unit 7 Mainly Revision
Unit 1? Unit 7的短语及固定表达法: 的短语及固定表达法: 的短语及固定表达法
this/next term Welcome to… by bus/train/bike… I’d like… at night come over Good night! Nothing much! a few a piece of paper It doesn’t matter. on foot different kinds of in the open air on Mid-Autumn Day a little Good idea! have a swim
It’s time for… help… with… get on much bigger work hard I’ve no idea. all the time a little earlier watch a game
next week/month… put on Be careful! be hard to reach only a few have a good time be good at Work must come first find out
复习时态: 复习时态:

  1. do/does 一般现在时态(习惯性、经常性) 一般现在时态(习惯性、经常性) She swims every day in the summer.
  2. be doing 现在进行时态 (进行性) 进行性) She is swimming in the river now now.
  3. be going to do 表示将要发生的动作或状态 She is going to swim tomorrow. tomorrow
Exercises:

  1. Listen who (sing) in the room? Listen, is singing Do go
  2. they always (go) to work in the morning?
  3. We is going to see (see) Uncle Wang this evening evening.
  4. The studen
 

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