八年级人教新目标下册
Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
Section A
过去进行时
含义: 表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作。 过去某个时刻正在进行的动作 含义 表示过去某个时刻正在进行的动作。 结构: be (was/were) + doing 结构 例句: 例句 What were you doing at six last night? I was doing homework at six last night.
Revision
Fill in the blanks with “be”. am
  1. I 16 years old this year.
  2. I 15 years old last year. was
  3. How the weather today? is
  4. How the weather yesterday? was
  5. They good friends. are
  6. They good friends three years ago. were
Words study
bedroom
kitchen
bathroom
barber shop
UFO
Do you know UFO? Do you see the UFO?
UFO: Unidentified Flying Object 不明飞行物
1947年6月24日,一名叫做阿诺德的美国商人 年 月 日 一名叫做阿诺德的美国商人 一名叫做阿诺德的美国商人, 架着一架小型飞机在华盛顿州上空, 架着一架小型飞机在华盛顿州上空 发现一组巨型 不明飞行物以1000公里左右的速度 同他一起在 公里左右的速度, 不明飞行物以 公里左右的速度 空中翱翔。 空中翱翔。阿诺德的有关目击报告第一次引起 公众的兴趣, 从此“飞碟” 便迅速流传开来。 公众的兴趣 从此“飞碟”或UFO便迅速流传开来。 便迅速流传开来
2005年11月22日10:23, 不明飞行物飞广州上空, 年 月 日 不明飞行物飞广州上空, 市民拍下UFO画面。 画面。 市民拍下 画面
alien
What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
I was taking a shower.
I was sleeping.
I was cooking.
I was cutting hair.
I was reading.
Where were you when the UFO arrived?
I was in the bathroom.
I was in the bedroom.
I was in the kitchen.
I was in the barber’s chair.
I was in the living-room.
We were in front of the library.
1a. What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
d
  1. I was in the bedroom.
  2. I was in my bedroom. b
  3. I was in front of the a library.
  4. I was in the kitchen. c
  5. I was in my barber e shop. f
  6. I was in the barber’s chair.
1b. Listen and circle the correct responses. a. standing in front of the library / studying in the library b. cleaning my room / sleeping late c. making a milk shake / cooking dinner d. getting out of the shower / get out 出去 离开 出去; talking on the phone get out of the shower e. eating lunch / cutting hair 洗完澡出来
talk on the phone 通过电话交谈
Tapescript
Reporter: So, what were you doing when the UFO arrived? Girl 1: Well, I was standing in front of the library. Boy 1: I was sleeping late. Woman 1: I was cooking dinner.
Reporter: How about you? Man 1: I was getting out of the shower. Man 2: And I was cutting hair.
1c. Pairwork
A: What were you doing when the UFO arrived? B: I was cooking when it arrived.
2a. Listen and number the statements in the order. 5 The alien visited the Museum
of Flight.
4 The alien bought a souvenir. 1 A UFO landed on Center Street. 3 The alien went into a store. 2 An alien got out of the UFO.
buy--bought land 着陆 alien 外星人 get--got
2b. Listen again. Complete the following sentences with “when” or “while”.
when
  1.The boy was walking down the street a UFO landed.
  2.The girl was shopping she saw the alien when get out.
  3. the alien was buying a souvenir, the girl While called the police.
  4. the alien was visiting the museum, the While boy called the TV station.
Tapescript
Reporter: So, can you tell me what you saw here today? Boy: Well, I was walking down Center Street when a UFO landed. Reporter: Where did it land? Boy: Right here.
Reporter: So what happened next? Girl: An alien got out of the UFO. Reporter: What were you doing? Girl: When the alien got out of the UFO I was shopping. Reporter: Then what happened?
Boy: Well! Then the alien went into a store ? do you see the store over there ? and bought a souvenir. 纪念品 Girl: Then it visited the Museum of Flight on Green Street. Reporter: So, what did you do?
Girl: While it was buying a souvenir, I called the police. Boy: And while it was visiting the museum, I called the TV station. Reporter: So what happened next? …
2c. Groupwork
A: What was the girl doing when the UFO took off? B: While the girl was eating ice-cream, the UFO took off. C: When the UFO took off the man was taking photos. D: While the boy was riding, the UFO took off. E: While the woman was talking to the police, the UFO took off.
take off
  1) 脱下 e.g. Please take off your coat . It’s warm in the room.
  2) 起飞
3a. Read the e-mail message and number the pictures in the correct order. Dear Jack, I had a very unusual experience on Sunday. At around ten o’clock in the morning, I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me. You can imagine how strange it was! An alien got out and walked down Center Street. experience 经历 体验 经历; right 正好 恰恰 正好; around 大约 (=about) strange 奇怪的 陌生的 奇怪的;
I followed it to see where it was going, and I was very surprised when it went into a souvenir shop. While it was looking at the souvenirs, the shop assistant called the police. Before the police arrived, the alien left the shop and then visited the Museum of Flight. While the alien was in the museum, I called the TV station. Isn’t that amazing! Ted follow 跟随 追随 跟随; be surprised 感到吃惊 否定疑问句) Isn’t that amazing! = That is amazing. (否定疑问句 否定疑问句
真令人吃惊啊! 惊人的, 真令人吃惊啊! amazing 惊人的 了不起的
5
3
4
1
2

  4. Groupwork
You 9:00 am 11:30 am 1:00 pm 4:00 pm 6:00 pm 9:00 pm run wash have a rest read books have a bath watch TV Student1 read swim Student2 have breakfast walk
play basketball play soccer
What were you doing at … last Sunday? 9:00 am 11:00 am
8:00 pm
10:00 pm
A: What were you doing at nine o’clock last Sunday? B: I was running. How about you? A: I was reading. B: You’re kidding!
v. 欺骗 戏弄 开玩笑 欺骗; 戏弄;
Language Points

  1. I was in front of the library. in front of “在……前面 指一物体在另一物体的前面 在……前面”(指一物体在另一物体的前面 前面 指一物体在另一物体的前面) e.g. There is a tree in front of the classroom. in the front of “在……前部 指某物体处在某个地方内 在 前部”(指某物体处在某个地方内 的前部) 的前部 e.g. There is a blackboard in the front of the classroom.

  2. 以when和while引导的时间状语从句 和 引导的时间状语从句
  1) 延续性动词和非延续性动词 延续性动词指动作可以延续一段时间 延续性动词指动作可以延续一段时间, 而不是 指动作可以延续一段时间 瞬间结束。 瞬间结束。 如: work、study、drink、eat等。 、 、 、 等 非延续性动词指动作极为短暂,瞬间结束。 非延续性动词指动作极为短暂,瞬间结束。 指动作极为短暂 如: start、begin、hit、jump、knock等。 、 、 、 、 等

  2) 在本单元中 出现了以 在本单元中, 出现了以when和while引导的 和 引导的 时间状语从句。 时间状语从句。 when表示“当……的时候”。从句中既可用延续性 表示“ ……的时候 的时候” 表示 动词, 又可用非延续性动词, 动词 又可用非延续性动词 这些动词既可以 表示动作, 又可表示状态。从句中的动作既可 表示动作 又可表示状态。 和主句的动作同时发生, 和主句的动作同时发生 又可在主句的动作之前 或之后发生。 或之后发生。如: Mary was having dinner when I saw her . The boy was still sleeping when his mother got home yesterday morning .
while表示“在……的时候”、“在……期间”。 表示“ ……的时候” ……期间 期间” 表示 的时候 它强调主句的动作与从句的动作同时发生或 主句的动作发生在从句的动作过程中。 主句的动作发生在从句的动作过程中。While 从句中必须是表示动作或状态的延续性动词。 从句中必须是表示动作或状态的延续性动词。如: The weather was fine while we were in Beijing . She called while I was out. 如果主句的动作在从句的动作过程中发生, 如果主句的动作在从句的动作过程中发生, 从句常用进行时。 从句常用进行时。如: While we were swimming someone stole our clothes . Don’t talk so loud while others are working.
总结

  1) when可指时间点 又可指时间段 从句中 可指时间点, 可指时间点 又可指时间段, 可用延续性动词, 也可用非延续性动词。 可用延续性动词 也可用非延续性动词。
  2) while总是指一个时间段 从句中必须用延 总是指一个时间段, 总是指一个时间段 续性动词。 续性动词。
练一练
A
  1. Jennifer was reading a magazine, his sister was listening to the pop music. A. While B. When C. What time
  2. I was trying to draw a cat on the board B the teacher came in. A. while B. when C. what time
  3. My best friend visited my house while I C dinner in the kitchen. A. cooked B. cooking C. was cooking
B
  4. ― When the car ? ― In 18
  85. . 随州市) (2007随州市) 随州市 A. did; invent B. was; invented C. does; invent D. is; invented D
  5. Our teacher wants us to be when we talk with the foreigners. (06大连中考真题 大连中考真题) 大连中考真题 A. comfortable B. unusual C. grateful D. confident
B
  6. ? Dick gave me a note while I in the library. ? I guess he made it to say “sorry” to you. (2007黄冈市 黄冈市) 黄冈市 A. am reading B. was reading C. reads D. will read

  3. I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me . 当一个UFO恰好落在我面前的时候 我正在街上走。 恰好落在我面前的时候, 我正在街上走。 当一个 恰好落在我面前的时候 right在这里是副词 “恰好”“正好”的意思 表示强调。 在这里是副词, 恰好”“正好 的意思, 表示强调。 在这里是副词 恰好”“正好” e.g. right now right here 现在 就在这儿
right in front of me 恰好在我前面

  4. You can imagine how strange it was! how strange it was! 是一个感叹句, 是一个感叹句, 引导的感叹句, “这事多么令人惊奇啊” 由how引导的感叹句, 这事多么令人惊奇啊” 引导的感叹句 其构成为“ 其构成为“ How + 形容词或副词 +主语 + 谓语”! 主语 谓语” 例如: 今天多冷啊! 例如 How cold it is today! 今天多冷啊! How beautiful the flower is! 多么美丽的花啊! 多么美丽的花啊! How heavily it is raining!

  5. I followed it to see where it was going,… see sb. do sth. 强调“看见整个行动 或整个事件或 强调“看见整个行动, 行为的全过程” 行为的全过程”。 e.g. I saw them cross the road. 我看见他们过了马路。 我看见他们过了马路。 see sb. doing sth. 强调“看见行动或事件正在进行”。 强调“看见行动或事件正在进行” e.g. I saw them crossing the road. 我看见他们正在过马路。 我看见他们正在过马路。

  6. … and I was very surprised… be surprised (某人 很吃惊 某人) 某人 e.g. He was surprised when I saw him . 另外, 让某人吃惊” 另外 surprise sb. 指“让某人吃惊” e.g. I don’t want to surprise you . be surprised to do sth. 对……感到吃惊 ……感到吃惊 be surprised at … 对……感到吃惊 ……感到吃惊 e.g. I was surprised to meet you here. We were surprised at the news.

  7. Before the police arrived, … before(连词 “在……之前” 引导时间状语从句。 连词), ……之前 引导时间状语从句。 之前” 连词 e.g. Before I came home, my mother cooked dinner. He finished his homework before he went to sleep.
过去进行时

  1. 概念 表示过去某一时刻或某段时间内正进行的动作。 概念: 表示过去某一时刻或某段时间内正进行的动作。
  2. 构成 was/were + 动词现在分词 构成:
  3. 用法 用法: a: 表示某一时刻正进行的行为 与特定的过去时间状 表示某一时刻正进行的行为, 语连用,常见的时间有 语连用 常见的时间有: at 8 last night, at this time 常见的时间有 at that time, at that moment 等 e.g. What were you doing at 10 yesterday morning? I was writing a letter to my father at that moment.
b: 表示过去某段时间内正进行的动作。 表示过去某段时间内正进行的动作。 e.g. We were building a house last winter. They were waiting for you yesterday. 否定句和疑问句: 否定句和疑问句: e.g. We were not sleeping at home. Was he feeling well?

  4. 现在分词的构成

  1) 一般动词在词尾加 一般动词在词尾加-ing, 如go--going。 。
  2) 以不发音字母 结尾的动词 先去掉 再加 以不发音字母e结尾的动词 先去掉e, 再加-ing。 结尾的动词, 。 come--coming make--making write--writing
  3) 以重读闭音节结尾的动词 如果末尾以一个 以重读闭音节结尾的动词, 辅音字母结尾, 应先双写这个字母, 再加ing, 辅音字母结尾
 

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