教学内容: 教学内容:动词的非谓语形式
【重点难点提示】 重点难点提示】 一、重点是: 1 .动词不定式 (
  1)动词不定式的构成为: “to + 动词原形”(有时可不带 to)。动词不定式没有人称和 数和的变化。 (
  2)动词不定式既有名词的特性,又有动词的特性,它可以有自己的宾语和状语。它在 句中可充当主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语和补足语。 2 .动词 ing 形式的用法。 3 .动词过去分词的用法。 二、难点是:(
  1)在有些动词后动词不定式作宾语补足语时不带 to。(
  2)有些动词后只 能接动词不定式作宾语。 (
  3)有些动词后只能接动词 ing 形式(即动名词)作宾语。 (
  4)有些动 词后既可接动词不定式作宾语,也可接动词 ing 形式作宾语,但意思不同。 三、考点是:(
  1)动词不定式的用法。(
  2)动词 ing 形式的常见用法。(
  3)不带 to 的动词 不定式的情况。(
  4)动词过去分词的常见用法。有关动词的非谓语形式是历年来各地中考的 必考内容之一,一般有 8 分左右。 【经典范例引路】 经典范例引路】 例 1 My uncle enjoys A .watching B .watches
TV after supper . C .watched D .to watch (2001 年北京市海淀区中考题) 简析:此题是考查动词的非谓语形式??动词 ing 形式的用法。此题中的谓语动词是 简析 enjoy,而该动词后面所接的宾语如果是表示动作的词,就应用动词 ing 形式(即动名词)。 故答案为 A。 twice a day . 例 2 The greedy inn-keeper once made the poor heron A .dance B .dances C .danced D .to dance (2001 年上海市中考题) 简析:此题是考查动词不定式的用法。此题中的谓语动词是 make ,而动词 make 后面接 简析 的宾语补足语如果是动词,就要用动词不定式,且这个动词不定式不能带 to。故答案为 A。 例 3 ?Will you come to the net bars(网吧) with me ? there . ?Sorry .My mother always tells me A .not go B .not to go C .go D .to go (2001 年黄冈市中考题) 简析:此题是考查动词不定式的否定式。此题中的谓语动词为 tell,而 tell 后面所接 简析 的宾语补足语如果是动词,则要用带 to 的动词不定式,根据题干的语境表明母亲告诉我不 要到网吧去,因此要用动词不定式的否定式,故答案为 B。
【同步达纲练习】 同步达纲练习】 Ⅰ .用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。 (call) Gum Tree . 1 .Bill lives in a place
2 .Let him (have) a good rest . (laugh) at last . 3 .Li Ping made the baby 4 .Miss Gao wants (take) these books to the classroom now . 5 .She is ill .So she had better (stay) in bed for a few days . 6 .You’d better (not ,look) out of the window in class . 7 .It was very nice (play) with you . (call) :“Merry Christmas !” 8 .They wake up their parents , 9 .A lot of good land has gone with them , (leave) only sand . 10 .There was a fire (burn) in the fireplace . 11 .The policeman told the boys (not ,play) football near the road . 12 .Why not (go) to the park with us tomorrow ? (fly) kites ? 13 .We’re free now .How about 14 .We often hear our English teacher (sing) English songs . 15 .One day ,his father saw him (sit) on some eggs . 16 .Mr Wu have watched us (play) basketball for half an hour . 17 .This morning I kept on (think) about the Christmas party this evening . (boat) . 18 .A lot of English people are good at (drink) some water . 19 .We’re very thirsty .Let’s stop 20 .When the two boys saw the teacher ,they stopped (fight) at once . 21 .Kate is a little ill .She doesn’t feel like (eat) anything these days . 22 .In the old days ,the workers were made (work) more than 16 hours a day . 23 .Have you finished (do) your homework yet ? 24 .The heavy snow stopped many people from (go) to work . (lie) on the road on her way to school . 25 .Mary found a watch 26 .Do you like (fish) ?Yes .But I don’t like (fish) now . (lend) it to me . 27 .Thank you for 28 .Jim and his parents enjoy (live) in China very much . 29 .?Do you mind my (smoke) here ? ?Yes ,but I do . 30 .?Would you like (come) to my birthday party this evening ? ?Certainly .I’ll be glad to . 31 .Don’t spend too much time (watch) TV . 32 .The farmers are busy (get) ready for the next year . 33 .We’re going to do some (shop) this Sunday . 34 .?Shall we go (skate) tomorrow ? ?That’s a good idea . 35 .In England ,the first name is the (give) name . 36 .Do you know another way of (say) the word ? 37 . (take) a walk after supper is good for our health . 38 .He quickly got up and went on (run) . 39 .Sorry ,I have a lot of work (do) today . (help) us . 40 .It’s very kind of you
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
.It’s much better (give) than (receive) . (do) next . .I don’t know what .She’ll read a book tonight instead of (see) a film . .England is a (develop) country and India is a (develop) one . .That pot was used for (keep) tea hot after it was made . .I remember (tell) you the story before . (turn) on the right . .Take the second .The boy can’t get (dress) himself . .Don’t forget (lock) the door when you leave . .She’ll try her best (catch) up with the class .
【综合能力训练】 综合能力训练】 Ⅱ .单项选择(选自各地中考题)。 ( )1 .They kept the fire to keep them warm . A .burn B .to burn C .burnt D .burning ( )2 .Who’s the boy under the tree ? A .stand B .to stand C .standing D .stood nothing . ( )3 .I don’t like to sit here A .doing B .to do C .do D .does ( )4 .The girl students enjoy English songs . A .sing B .to sing C .singing D .sung ( )5 .Thank you for us so well . A .to teach B .teaches C .taught D .teaching ( )6 .I often do some on Sundays . A .washed B .to wash C .washing D .washes ( )7 .We find their classroom every day . A .cleaned B .cleans C .to clean D .cleaning ( )8 .The boy Jack in Class One is my brother . A .call B .to be called C .calling D .called ( )9 .It often takes me half an hour home . A .walking B .to walk C .walked D .walks ( )10 .Don’t forget her clean water every day . A .to give B .giving C .given D .give ( )11 .I think it important English well . A .learning B .learn C .to learn D .learned ( )12 .The funny story made us all hard . A .laugh B .to laugh C .laughing D .laughed ( )13 .She was often heard in her own garden on Sunday mornings . A .sing B .to sing C .singing D .sung ( )14 .Our teachers told us hard at our lessons . A .to work B .work C .working D .worked ( )15 .Could you tell me this newspaper ? A .to read how B .how to read C .what to read D .what read next . ( )16 .I don’t know
A .what to do B .what to do it C .how to do D .to how do it this afternoon . ( )17 .My hair is too long ,so I must have it A .cut B .cuts C .cutting D .cutted ( )18 .He went home some books on English . A .got B .to get C .getting D .get ( )19 .Remember late for class again . A .not to B .be not to C .not to be D .not to come the queue . ( )20 .Mr Smith asked the man A .not jump B .didn’t jump C .not to jump D .to not jump ( )21 . is my favourite sport in summer . A .Swim B .To swim C .Swiming D .Swimming with the difficult problem then . ( )22 .I really didn’t know A .what to do B .how to do C .to what do D .how do ( )23 .I enjoy very much ,but I didn’t like in the dirty lake in the village . A .swimming ;swimming B .to swim ;to swim C .to swim ;swimming D .swimming ;to swim with us ?You see ,it’s very . ( )24 .Why not A .go ;interested B .go ;interesting C .to go ;interested D .going ;interesting ( )25 .?What about to the cinema tonight ? ?That’s a good idea .I’d like with you . A .going ;going B .to go ;to go C .going ;to go D .go ;going ( )26 .Everyone here is busy ready for the coming entrance tests . A .get B .to get C .getting D .gets ( )27 .He jumped into the river the little girl in the deep water . A .saving B .to save C .saved D .save ( )28 .We’ve worked for two hours .Let’s a rest . A .stop to have B .stop having C .to stop to have D .stopping having ( )29 .He found interesting with a foreigner in English . A .this ;to talk B .it ;to talk C .that ;talking D .it ;talking ( )30 .Would you mind me a favour ? A .do B .to do C .doing D .did 【创新备考训练】 创新备考训练】 Ⅲ .根据汉语完成句子。 1 .感谢你对我日语方面的帮助。 Thank you me with my Japanese .(2001 年北京市海淀区中考题) 2 .He heard the little girl (唱歌) in the next room . (2001 年甘肃省中考题) 3 .昨天杰克花十元钱买了那本书。 Jack that book yesterday . (2001 年辽宁省中考题) 4 .太迟了。她不让孩子再看电视了。
It was too late .She 5 .活到老,学到老。 We are never 6 .Keep
the child from
TV . (2001 年福州市中考题)
. (2001 年南京市中考题) (传) the ball to each other and you’ll be OK . (2001 年青岛市中考题)
参考答案 同步达纲练习】 【同步达纲练习】 Ⅰ .1 .called 2 .have 3 .laugh 4 .to take 5 .stay 6 .not look 7 .to play 8 .calling 9 .leaving 10 .burning 11 .not to play 12 .go 13 .flying 14 .sing 15 .sitting 16 .play 17 .thinking 18 .boating 19 .to drink 20 .fighting 21 .eating 22 .to work 23 .doing 24 .going 25 .lying 26 .fishing ,to fish 27 .lending 28 .living 29 .smoking 30 .to come 31 .watching 32 .getting 33 .skating 34 . skating 35 .given 36 .saying 37 .Taking 38 .running 39 .to do 40 .to help 41 .to give ,to receive 42 .to do 43 .seeing 44 .developed ,developing 45 .keeping 46 .telling 47 .turning 48 .dressed 49 .to lock 50 .to catch 综合能力训练】 【综合能力训练】 Ⅱ .1?5 DCACD 6?10 CADBA 11?15 CABAB 16?20 AABCC 21?25 DADBC 26?30 CBABA 创新备考训练】 【创新备考训练】 Ⅲ . 1 .for helping 2 .singing 3 .spent ten yuan(in) buying 4 .stopped(kept) ,watching 5 .too old to learn 6 .passing
 

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