八年级下册英语短语词组二 八年级下册英语短语词组二
Unit 1
  1. there will be =there is / are going to be
  2. less: 不可数名词 fewer 可数名词复数 less pollution fewer people
  3. argue with 争吵
  4. everything will be free .一切将免费
  5. in the future 将来
  6. 在。。以后 。 In 用于将来时态 in 加时间时,只表示将来的时间 I will be here in a minute.一分钟之后我就来 After 用于过去时态 He came back after 2 days.
  7.An astronaut 宇航员
  8. fall in love with (fell, fallen) 爱上
  9. wear 穿着 a suit \ put on 穿上 a pair of jeans he is wearing a suit today. 她今天穿着一件西装 It is cold outside, please put on a sweater. 外面冷,请穿上毛衣
  10.Be like = look like 看起来像 What's your sister like?你姐姐怎么样? What does your sister look like?你姐姐长什么样子?
  11. make/ let sb do sth 让某人做某事 Make sb adj It is enough to make her happy.
  12. over and over 反复
  13. help sb do sth Help sb with sth
  14. go through 仔细检查
  15.seem 用法 She seems quite happy today. 今天她似乎很高兴 It seems that + 句子 It seems that you are lying. 你似乎在撒谎 Sb seems to do sth He seems to be thinking about something. 他似乎正在
考虑某事
  16. fly v. Flew Flight n.
  17. see / watch / hear /find sb do/ doing sth I often see Tom play soccer at school. I saw Tom watching TV when I went to visit him last night.
  18. keep a pet 养宠物
  19. come true.实现
  20. look smart 显得精神/看起来聪明
  21. be able to
  22. he is 8 years old. He is an 8-year-old boy. Unit 2
  1. talk with /to \和。。 。。讲话
  2. talk about 谈论
  3. out of style 过时
  4. In style 时髦的
  5. call sb up 打电话
  6. enough +名词
  7. 形容词 + enough
  8. write to sb wrote 写信
  9. a key to the door 门的钥匙
  10. a ticket to a ball game 球赛的门票
  11. the answer to the question 问题的答案
  12. improve my English 提高英语
  13. ask sb for help 向人 求助
  14. play too loud
  15. buy (bought) sth for sb 买东西 给某人
  16. say sorry to sb
  17. find 找到
  18. find out 经过努力发现,弄清楚
  19. talk about it on the phone
  20. need to do
  21. 人 pay (paid )money for sth
  22. 4 个“花费”
  23. 人 spend …doing
  24. it takes sb time to do sth

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  51.
物 cost sb money either. 也 。用于否定句末 too 也 肯定句末 also 也 be 后,动词前 3 个“借” borrow sth from sb lend sth to sb how long can I __keep(借) the book? A week. the same as 和。。 。。一样 what is your advice for sb? invite sb to do 邀请。。做某事 。 everyone else 其他人 luck 名词 运气 lucky 形容词 幸运的 luckily 副词 幸运地 get on well with 和。。 。。相处的好 return sth to sb 归还 have fight with 打架 could you please give me some advice? 你能给我提点建议吗 not … until 直到。。 。。才 I did’t go to bed until I finished my homework last night. there are lots of things you could do. 有许多事情你可以做 as + 形容词、副词+as complain about 抱怨 all kinds of pets / different kinds of pets 各种宠物 compare ….with 比较 except 除。。之外 。 forget to do sth 忘记 leave left + 介词 忘记 I left my homework at home last night
Unit3
  1. 过去进行时 be + doing
  2.. 下列时间状语出现时,用过去进行时。 At 7 o’clock last night Those days at this time yesterdat

  3. when, while 区别 见 P19 语法点
  4.In the front of …..(里面的)前面
  5.In front of ……(外面的)前面
  6. 3 个到达 Get to Reach Arrive at
  1) *arrive*是不及物动词,表示“到达、抵达某地(尤 指行程的终 点) ,后常接介词 at 或 in,一般 in 接大地方,at 接小 地方,若是地点副词, 则不需用介词。 例如: Do you know what time the plane *arrive* in London? 你知道飞机什么时候抵达莫斯科?
  2) *reach*是及物动词,直接接宾语,无须介词 They reached Beijing on February
  17. 他们于二月十七日到达北京。
  3)和*arrive*一样,*get*也是不及物动词,只是它多用 于口语,其后接的介 词是 to,后面如接副词,则不用介词 to。
  7. heat of / hear about 听说
  8. take off 起飞 脱下
  9. amazing / amazed 惊奇
  10. getting out of the bathroom
  11. cook dinner
  12. an unusual experience 一次不寻常的经历
  13. be kidding 开玩笑
  14. surprising +物
  15. surprised + 人
  16. be scared 害怕
  17. shout at sb 对。。 。。大声叫
  18. climb the tree 爬树
  19. what happened to sb? 某人发生什么事情
  20. be in silence 沉默
  21. be silent 沉默
  22. when the bell rang(响),I was cooking
  23. don’t play the CD loud,(响)
  24. all over the world / around the world 全世界 unit 4
  1. be mad at 生气
  2. be angry with 生气
get annoyed 生气 work hard 努力工作 hard-working 勤奋的 not ….anyone 不再 have a surprise party first of all 首先 an exciting weekend 一个激动的周末 leave a message to sb 留信息给某人 take a message for sb 为某人捎信 be supposed to 被期望 宾语从句中,疑问词 + 主语 + 谓语 I don’t know what his name is .
  14. I am better at English than math. 我英语比数学好
  15. an end-of-year exam 期末考试
  16. get nervous 紧张
  17. have a hard time with
  18. take …to 拿去 (从近到远) took
  19. bring ….to 带来(从远到进) brought
  20. copy the homework 抄作业
  21. get over ‘ 原谅
  22. open up my eyes 开阔眼界
  23. on Friday night 在周五晚上
  24. last night 昨晚
  25. be in good health 身体健康 be healthy
  26. pass on
  27. care for 在乎
  28. this semester / term 这学期
  29. disappointed / disappointing 失望的
  30. disappointing news
  31. I am disappointed
  32. 直接引语变间接引语见 P100
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  13. Unit 5
  1. the teacher won’t let you in / out .
  2. remember to do 记得去做某事
  3. be famous for 出名
  4. go to college 上大学
  5. get an education 接受教育
take it away 收走 what will happen if they have a party today. seem like a dream job 似乎是一个梦想工作 travel around the world all over the world \ all the time 一直 follow you around ] 四处跟着你 get injured 受伤 be dangerous 危险 be in danger 处于危险中
  15. in fact \ 事实上
  16. be against 反对
  17. watch out 当心
  18. help with each other 互相帮助
  19. be late for 迟到
  20. advice 不可数名词 suggestion 可数名词
  21. wait for 等候
  22. feel lonely 感到孤独
  23. walk alone 独自行走
  24. hurry up, or (否则)you will be late if you don’t hurry up, you will be late.
  25. laugh at sb 嘲笑
  26. study for the test 准备考试
  27. dress himself
  28. in my free time
  29. how long + 对 for + 时间 提问
  30. how soon 对 in + 时间 提问
  31. become a professional athlete
  6.
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  14. unit 6
  1. raise money for charity 为慈善机构筹款
  2. the whole 5 hours ] 整整 5 小时
  3. half an hour 半小时
  4. 2 and a half hours 2 个半小时
  5. thanks for doing 感谢做某事
  6. run out of 用光
  7. on my twelfth birthday
  8. by the way
  9. what’s your hobby?
finish doing 完成做某事 organize the a talent show 组织才艺表演 be interested in doing 对。。感兴趣 。 the capital of china 中国首都 be surprised at 对。。 。。惊讶 more than = over 超过 be far from\ 远 the more …. The more the more I learn Chinese history, the more I enjoy living in china. 我学习中国历史越多,我越喜欢住在中国。
  18. enjoy doing 喜欢做某事
  19. miss 想念 错过
  20. send sth to sb 寄东西给某人
  21. in Russian style 具有俄罗斯风格
  22. the Olympic Games
  23. by the way 顺便
  24. a pair of jeans 一条牛仔裤
  25. the first one to start 第一开始的人
  26. listen 直接跟标点 listen to + 宾语 hear 听见。 Listen, someone is singing. 听,有人在唱歌 Listen to me carefully. 仔细听我讲 Please speak loudly. I can’t hear you . 请大声说, 我听不见你的话
  27. noise 噪音 nosy 吵闹的
  28. stand close to a person 站得离某人很近
  29. talk loudly 大声讲话
  30. be careful 仔细的
  31. listen to me carefully 仔细听我讲
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  17. unit 7
  1. turn on / off 开、关 He turned on the light after he went inside.

  3. move the bike 移动自行车
  4. right away = in a minute 立刻
  5. wear 穿着 put on 穿上 be in 穿着 Tom is wearing a red sweater today. It is cold today, put on a sweater when you go out. The girl in red (穿着红色衣服的女孩) is my sister.
  6. would u mind doing sth? 你介意做某事吗 not at all. / certainly not. 当然不) / sorry, I’ll do it right ( away.
  7. could u please do sth? 请你做,, ,,好吗? Sure./ no problem. / ok
  8. return sth to sb 归还
  9. finish doing finish the tasks 完成任务
  10. a terrible haircut 可怕的发型
  11. wait in line 排队
  12. follow me around
  13. get mad
  14. go back to that store 返回到商场
  15. get annoyed 生气
  16. wait for 等候
  17. order the food. 命令 点菜
  18. stand very close to me ]
  19. talk loudly
  20. an English-speaking country 说英语的国家
  21. in public 公众场合
  22. be careful
  23. care ? careful ? carefully
  24. help ? helpful ? helpfully
  25. use ? useful ? usefully
  26. put out cigarette 灭掉香烟 unit 8
  1. not special enough 不够特别
  2. not creative enough 不够有创意
  3. why don’t u do sth ? 为什么不做某事 why not do sth?
  4. on his twelfth birthday
  5. give sth to sb 给。。 。。某人
  6. make a special meal 做特别的饭菜
  7. easy to take care of 容易照顾
他走进去以后把灯打开了。

  2. turn up / down 开大点 关小点 turn down the light. It is too strong (强)for my eyes. 光线调小点, 对我眼睛很刺眼。

  8. an 8-year-of boy 一个 8 岁男孩 he is 8 years old
  9. the most unusual pets 最不寻常的宠物
  10. luck lucky luckily
  11. 2 个感叹词 What + 名词 How + 形容词 、 副词 What a lucky guy! How lucky the boy is ! How happy I am!
  12. a boy named / called Tom 一个叫汤姆的男孩
  13. too …..to 太。。不能 。 enough to he is too young to go to school 他太小了而不能上学 he is not old enough to go to school. 他还不够大去上学
  14. noise 名词 noisy 形容词
  15. too much = much + 不可数名词
  16. too many = many + 可数名词
  17. much too = too + 形容词 / 副词
  18. leaf ? leaves 树叶
  19. rather than + do 而不是
  20. instead 代替
  21. improve English in different ways 用不同的方式提高英语
  22. have fun doing
  23. hear of = hear about
  24. take an interest in = be interested in
  25. fall asleep fell fallen
  26. win the prize won won
  27. different kinds of gifts = all kinds of gifts
  28. 4 个花费 人 spend ….. doing / on It takes sb time to do sth ] 物 cost sb money 人 pay …..for I spent 10 yuan buying that book. The book cost me 10 yuan I paid 10 yuan for the book.
It takes me half an hour to go to school every day.
  29. 动词不能做主语 ,必须变成动名词。 Watchig TV too much is bad for eyes . It is bad to watch tv too much .
  32. make progress made made I made progress by singing English songs
  33. feel lonely Walk alone
  32. make friends with 和。。交朋友 。
  33. except 除。。之外 。 besides 包括。。 。。在内 the whole class went swimming except Tom. 除了汤姆,整个班级都去游泳了 We all agreed except him.我们都同意, 只有他不同意 We all agreed besides him.我们都同意, 他也同意 unit 9
  1. space museum 太空博物馆
  2. amusement park 娱乐公园
  3. go skating 去滑冰
  4. many other famous cities
  5. one of the most popular students is Helen.
  6. of course 当然
  7. end up 结束
  8. start doing start to do 开始做某事
  9. travel to another part of China
  10. flight attendant 空姐
  11. the most important requirement 最重要的必要条件
  12. tour guide 导演
  13. such as / for example
  14. think about doing sth 考虑做某事
  15. listening skills 停了技巧
  16. practice your English 练习英语
  17. borrow ….from 从。。借 。 lend ……to 借。。 。。给别人 keep…+ 一段时间 I borrowed a book from him. He lent his book to me last night. How long can I keep the book? A week.
  18. hand in hand out

  19. what do you do ? what is your job ? what are you ?
  20. put up the poster 张贴海报
  21. I like Chinese tea with nothing in it . 我喜欢什么也不要放的中国茶 I like Chinese tea without anything in it.
  24. black is his favorite color. He likes black best. 红茶是我最爱
  22. 特殊疑问词+ 动词不定式。 如 when where how what which 后可以跟上动词不定式。形成特殊疑问词 + to do
  1). The old lady didn’t know when the house got fire. a. how to do b. how to do it c. what to do d. what to do it
  2). There are many kinds of MP5 in that shop. We can’t decide . a. what to buy b. to buy what c. which to buy d. to buy which Unit 10
  1. forget to do sth 忘记做某事
  2. do u think it is going to rain tomorrow ? I hope so. / I hope not
  3. tell me about yourself
  4. what do u think of the school? How do u like the school? 你认为学校怎么样
  5. fly rockets to the moon
  6. what’s up? 有事情吗?
  7. 东西 贵贱。 价格 高低 The pen is expensive / cheap. The price of the pen is high./ low
  8. stop doing
 

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