Unite 5 First Aid
Teaching Goals:
  1. Enable the Ss to get some first aid knowledge
  2. Enable the Ss to learn how to use what they’ve learnt to do first aid treatment for burns correctly.
  3. Let the Ss learn the reading skill of getting the main idea of each para./ part & each passage . Key Teaching Points How to improve the Ss’ reading ability. Difficult points
  1. How to grasp the main idea of each paragraph / part & each passage.
  2. How to help the Ss use what they’ve learnt to do first aid treatment for burns correctly. Teaching methods
  1). Skimming & scanning methods to make the Ss get a good understanding of the text.
  1. Discussion methods to make the Ss understand what they’ve learned in class.
  2. Pair work of group to get every student to take part in the teaching-and-learning activities.
  3. Competition and role-play method to arouse the Ss’ interest Teaching procedures Step
  1. Lead-in Lead-in by telling the Ss a story, meanwhile, teach them some new words: bandage, first-aid-kit, ambulance and then ask them to think of words about accidents and first aid Step
  2. Pre-reading Show the Ss the picture of Pre-reading on P33 and ask them the following questions: What has happened? What sort of injuries the child will have? What kind of first aid would you perform? Step
  3. Fast reading Let the Ss read the passage fast and then find out the answers to the questions
  1. What will the passage be about?
  2. What do they tell you about the passage?
  3. In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from 1 to
  5. the three types of burns what to do if someone gets burned the purpose of skin the symptoms of burns how we get burns Step
  4. Detailed reading
  1). Tell if the following statements are true or false:
  1. Our skin has three layers.
  2. We will never get burned by the sun.
  3. Burns are divided into three degrees according to the degree of pain.
  4. Third degree burns are the most serious and painful.
  5. Put cool water on any burns to cool them.
  6. Don’t rub the burns
  7. It’s better that you put some butter or oil on burns.
  2). Answer the questions
  1.Why should you put cold water on a burn?
  2.Why doesn’t a third degree burn hurt?
  3.Why do you think clothes and jewellery near burns should be removed?
  4.If someone has a third degree burn, why might you see tissue?
  3). Read the text again and then find out how many parts there are and the main idea of each part: Part
  1. The purpose / function of skin Part
  2. Causes of burns hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity, chemicals Part
  3. Types of burns: First degree burns, Second degree burns, Third degree burns Part
  4. Characteristics of burns Part5 First aid treatment
  3). Finish off Comprehending Ex2&3 Step
  5. Words competition Have a competition to check the Ss’ words spelling Step
  6. Making a first-aid kit An activity to let the Ss know what are included in a first-aid-kit A well-stocked(存备得好的) first-aid kit, kept in easy reach, is necessary in every home. It should
include: bandage, alcohol, flashlight, thermometer, soap, sharp scissors, plastic gloves (at least 2 pairs), your list of emergency phone numbers etc. Step
  7. Role play Work in pairs to act out how to place an emergency call for help Step
  8. Summary This passage doesn’t contain enough information for you to do first aid for others. Please learn more after class. Do remember: Life is precious, we should care about others and help people in an emergency and try our best to give them effective first aid if they are in danger.
Period
  2. Language points.
  1.aid 帮助,援助,赞助 first aid 急救 come/ go to sb’s aid 援助某人 with the aid of 在… 的帮助下 aid sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 aid sb in doing sth 帮助某人做某事 Eg. ① He came to my aid at once. ② He was able to find the museum with the aid of a map. ③ We aided him in raising the money.
  2. fall ill 生病 属短暂性动词, 不与 for + 时间段连用 be ill 指生病的状态,是持续性行为, 可与 for + 时间段连用 His wife suddenly fell ill last week. He has been ill for a week. fall 用作系动词,后常接形容词. fall asleep 睡着 fall silent 沉默不语
  3. save one’s life 救某人的命 save one’s honor 保全名誉 save one’s face 保全面子 save one’s skin 避免受伤 4 Did you or someone else give help in any of them? If so, … If so, = If it is true, Do you want to be a superman? If so, come with me! If so, = If it is so 5 bite (bit, bitten) bite off more than one can chew 贪多嚼不烂 Once bitten, twice shy. 吃一堑,长一智。 bite the hand that feeds one 恩将仇报 bite a person’s head off 严厉斥责,口气凶猛 Reading 1 protect … against \ from doing sth 保护、维护 prevent … from doing sth 防止、妨碍 He put on his coat to protect himself from catching cold. Nothing will prevent us from reaching our aim. 2 …and it gives you your sense of touch. sense of touch 触觉 sense of sight 视觉 sense of hearing 听觉 sense of taste 味觉 Sense of humor 幽默感 sense of beauty 美感
  3. treatment 不可数名词 “ 对待, 待遇,处理; 治疗 工人们受到政府优厚的待遇. The workers received good treatment from the government 可数名词 . “ 疗法” 他们正在实验一种治疗癌症的新疗法. They are trying a new treatment for cancer. be under treatment 在治疗中 be under one’s treatment 接受某人的治疗 for treatment 进行治疗 treatment for + 疾病的名词 治…病的方法 4 depend on
①取决于; The price depends on the quality. ②依赖、依靠; His family depends on him. 他的一家人全靠他养活。 ③信赖、信任;I depend on you to finish your homework by Friday. 我相信你们可以在星期五前完成你们的作业。 5 heal vt&vi (
  1) (尤指伤口)治愈; 恢复健康 heal a wound (
  2) 使和解 healer (cn) 医治者;治疗物 Time is a great healer. 时间能够治好创伤。 辨析:treat, heal, cure treat “治疗”,着重强调过程,不涉及结果,不一定治愈。 heal 多用于治疗外伤。 cure “治愈”,强调结果。
  6. swell v. 膨胀,隆起 ①她的腿肿得很厉害 Her leg has swollen badly. ②风鼓起了帆。 The wind swelled the sails. ③大雨使河水上涨了。 The heavy rain swelled the river. swollen 可作形容词,表示“ 肿胀的” Her eyes were red and swollen with weeping. 她的眼睛哭得又红又肿。 7 damage v. 损害, 损坏 n. 损害, 毁坏, 破坏 ( 不可数) ①这场战争损害了两国之间的关系。 The war damaged the relations between the countries. ②地震造成了重大破坏。 The earthquake caused great damage. 8 jewellery 和 jewel 的辨析:两者均有“ 珍宝首饰” 之意,jewellery 为集体 名词, 不可数;jewel 为可数名词
  9. squeeze out 榨出, 挤出 They have been squeezed out of the job market by young people. 他们被年轻人挤出了就业市场。 squeeze money from sb / squeeze money out of sb 向某人勒索钱财 The young man often squeezes money from/out of the pupil. 那个年轻人经常向那个小学生勒索钱财。
  11. wound n.伤,创伤 v. 伤害,使受伤区别 wound, injure, harm 与 hurt: wound 指外伤,如枪伤,刀伤等, 尤指在战场上受伤;也可指在感情上荣誉方面的创伤。 injure 指意外或事故造成损伤,强调功能的损失。 harm 指损害有生命或无生命的东西;也可指肉体上或精神上的损害。 hurt (普通用语)指任何肉体或精神上的伤害。尤指打伤,刺伤;还可表示“疼痛”。 The bullet wounded him in his arm.子弹打伤了他的手臂。 He was injured in a traffic accident.他在一次交通事故中受了伤。 We won’t do anything that will harm the cause of peace. 我们不会做任何危及和平事业的事。 He meant no harm. He fell off the ladder and hurt his leg. 他从梯子上摔下来,伤了腿。 The hurt to his feelings is more serious than the hurt in his body. 12 In place 在适当的位置, 适当 out of place 不在适当的位置, 不适当 in place of 代替 take the place of 代替 Period
  3. Grammar Step 1 Revision
  1. Greet the whole class as usual
  2. The teacher checks the students’ homework. Step 2 Word Study T: Now please open your books and turn to Page
  36. Let’s learn “Learning about Language”. First let’s do Discovering useful words and expressions
  1. Complete the table with the correct verbs, nouns or adjectives. T: Let’s do some more exercises about new words. You are to explain the words on the screen in English and then fill in the blanks.(ask students to explain or guess the meanings of the words)

  2. Complete the questions with words from the text. The students will try to complete the exercises. Later the teacher will ask some of them to read each of the sentences and tell the class the answers. Suggested answers: Step 3: Grammar T: Let’s look at the next, Grammar (page
  91) Present some sentences and encourage the students to find out which words have been left out. T: Observe the following sentences and discuss with your partner to find out what have been left out. Let me show you an example. As we know, when people want the speaker to repeat what he said, they usually say “ Beg your pardon.” Then it is called Ellipsis. The subject “I” has been left out, without changing the meaning of the sentence .OK, now it’s your turn to find out what have been left out.
  1. Haven’t seen you for ages.
  1. I haven’t seen you for ages.
  2. Some more tea?
  2. Would you like some more tea?
  3. Sounds like a good idea.
  3. That/It sounds like a good idea.
  4. Doesn’t matter.
  4. It doesn’t matter.
  5. Sorry to hear that.
  5. I’m sorry to hear that.
  6. Pity you couldn’t come
  6. It’s/ What pity you couldn’t come
  7. This way, please.
  7. Step this way, please.
  8. Terrible weather!
  8. What terrible weather it is!
  9. Joining us for a drink?
  9. Are you joining us for a drink?
  10. Going to the supermarket?
  10. Are you going to the supermarket?
Step 4 Practising Discovering useful structures (page
  37)
  1. In groups, look at these pairs of sentences. Discuss the difference between A and B in each pair. Also discuss which is the better sentence, A or B and Why.(page
  37)
  2. Rewrite these sentences taking out the unnecessary parts.
  1) The burn that she got from the iron was red and ( it was )very painful
  2) A boy was on the left side of the sick woman, and a girl was on the right (side of the sick woman.)
  3) She has a daughter (who is) in hospital.
  4) He went to the doctor because he had to go to( the doctor).
  5) Did she pass the first aid test that she did yesterday (or didn’t she pass)?
  6) She could not decide whether to send him to hospital or not (to send him to hospital).
  7) When your nose is bleeding, you should bend forward so that the blood runs out of your nose and( the blood) doesn’t run down your throat.
  8) Only some of the students have done a first aid course but most of the students haven’t (done a first aid course).
  3. These sentences are correct. However, one or more words have been left out. Rewrite each sentence on the top of the next page to include the missing words.
  1) The cottage (that is) surrounded by a wall belongs to the local government.
  2) The first book I read this term was more interesting than the second (book I read this term).
  3) To her teacher’s surprise, she did better in her first aid exam than(it was) expected.
  4) I don’t think they have returned from the hospital, but they might have ( returned from the hospital).
  5) He wanted to help the accident victim but his friend didn’t (want to help the accident victim).
  6) You can borrow my first aid notes if you want to (borrow my first aid notes).
  4. Show the students the slides with some multiple choices exercises about the Ellipsis.
  1) Tomorrow is a holiday. Why are you doing your homework? I am doing these exercises now so that I won’t have on Sunday. A. it B. them C. for D. to
  2)Shall I invite Ann to my birthday party tomorrow evening? Yes. It’ll be fine if you. A. are B. can C. invite D. do

  3) Aren’t you the manager? No, and I A. don’t want to B. don’t want to be C. don’t want be D. don’t want
  4) I’ll be away on a business trip. Would you mind looking after my cat? Not at all. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to
  5) Won’t you have another try? . A. Yes, I will have B. Yes, I won’t have C. Yes, I won’t D. Yes, I will
  6)I won’t do it any more. ? A. Why not B. Why don’t do any more C. Why not do D. Why don’t
  7)Do you think it will snow tomorrow? ? A.I don’t think B. No, I don’t think C. I don’t think so D. No, I don’t so
  8)Have you fed the cat? No, but. A. I’m B. I am C. I’m just going D. I’m just going to Step5 Homework:
  1. Go over the usage of Ellipsis.
  2. Finish listing structures on Page 71 Ex 1 and Ex 2
  3. Prepare Reading and discussing on Page 38
Period
  4. Reading task : Heroic teenager receives award Step One Revision: Show the students a slide with some new words What is the Chinese meaning of them? Present Put their hands on ceremony bravery towels pressure A number ofAmbulance Step Two Reading and listening
  1. Skimming the newspaper article and then put these e
 

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