阅读理解
题型及技巧
细节理解题: 一、细节理解题:
  1、直接事实题: 、直接事实题:
先阅读题干,确定读材料的时候要查找的 先阅读题干, 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读 略读的手法 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读的手法 找出出处。 找出出处。

  2、间接事实题: 、间接事实题: 需结合上下文提供的语境和信息进行 简单的概括和判断。 简单的概括和判断。
1 Many American presidents in the 19th century were born in poor families. They spent their childrenhood in little wooden rooms. They got little education. Washington and Lincoln, for example, never went to school and they taught themselves. Lincoln once did jobs of a worker, shop-keeper and post officer in his early years. A large number of U.S presidents had experiences in the army. The two best known were Ulysses Grant and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Grant was a general in the American Civil War and Eisenhower was a hero in the second World War. It happened that they graduated from the same school──West Point Military Academy(西点军校)……
Q: President Eisenhower became wellknown . A. while studying in West Point Military Academy B. during the American Civil War C. after he was elected President of the U.S. D. during World War II. Eisenhower was a hero in the second World War.
2 Invited by Mr. Ye Huixian, host of the well received TV programme “Stars Tonight”, Miss Luo Lin, Miss Asia of 19
  91, appeared as the guest hostess on the Shan ghai TV screen last Sunday.? Born in Shanghai and taken to Hong Kong when she was only six years old, Luo Lin has never dreamed of being Miss Asia. Her childhood dream was to be an air hostess. Before she took part in the competition, she had been an airhostess in Cat hay Airline for seven years.
However, it still took her three months to learn the art of walking on the stage, dancing, singing,making-up and other proper manners, designed by the Asia TV Station.? “It’s really a hard job for me. I won’t enter for such competition any more. Anyhow, I am quite lucky. I am also glad to have had more chance to work for the social welfare since I won the title. This time, in Shanghai, I'd love to make a deep impression on my TV audience," said Luo Lin with a sweet smile.?
Q: Which of the following is NOT true?? : ? A. Luo Lin is a native of Shanghai.? B. Luo Lin moved to Hongkong with her parents. C. Luo Lin won the title of Miss Asia in 19
  91.? D. Asia TV Station helped Luo Lin to become Miss Asia.?
Miss Asia of 1991, Born in Shanghai , designed by the Asia TV Station
主旨判断题: 二、主旨判断题:
范围一般包括: 短文标题、主题(Title); 大意或段落大意(Main idea) 技巧:剔除细节或论据,找到各段的主题句 (topic sentence) ? 题干形式: ?
  1)What does the writer mainly tell us? ?
  2)Which of the following can summarize the main idea of this text? ?
  3)Which of the following best expresses the main idea? ?
  4)Which is the subject discussed in the text? ?
  5)The best title for this newspaper article is .
3 Kleptomania is an illness of the mind that gives a person the desire to steal. Such a person is not really a thief. They are sick and cannot help themselves. All small children act naturally and as they grow up they normally learn to control their actions. People with kleptomania for certain medical reasons have failed to develop control over their desire to take things that do not belong to them. With medical help they may become normal citizens again. They things that a kleptomaniac steals are seldom of great value. They often give away what they have stolen or collect objects without using them.
? Q:What is the topic of the text? ? ? ? ? A. Young Thieves. B. An Unusual Illness. C. Reasons for Stealing D. A Normal Child’s Actions.
Topic Sentence: Kleptomania is an illness of the mind that gives a person the desire to steal.
4
Boston Thieves dressed as police entered a museum early Sunday and stole 11 paintings, including major works by Rembrandt, Dagas, Manet and Vermerr, FBI (美国联邦调查局) and the museum officials said. The first judgment placed value of at least $100 million on the works stolen from the Isabella Gardener Museum, said Boston police spokesman Jim Tordan ……William Bobinson, of Hardvard Univercity’s Foggel Museum, called the objects stolen “major works.”
? Q: What is the best headline for this newspaper article ? ? ? ? ? A. A Theft Took Place in Boston B. Artworks stolen by Thieves C. Major Works D. Investigation into the theft
Topic Sentence: Thieves dressed as police entered a museum early Sunday and stole 11 paintings
5
You dream each night, even though you may not remember your dreams. While you dream your eyes move and your heart beats faster. Even your brain-wave pattern changes. Some scientists think that dreaming is important for the sake of health. They claim that without dream, people would go crazy.
Q: What does the passage mainly tells? A. How people stay healthy B.How sleep is necessary C. Why dreams are important D. When people remember their dreams Topic Sentence: Some scientists think that dreaming is important for the sake of health
6
Reading is the key to school success and, like any skill it takes practice. A child learns to walk by practicing until he no longer has to think about how to put one foot in front of the other. A great athlete practices until he can play quickly, accurately(精确), without thinking. Tennis players call that “ being” in the zone.” Educators call it “ automaticity’ (自动).
? Q: The first paragraph tells us . ? ? ? ? A. what automaticity is B. how accuracy is acquired (获得) C. how a child learns to walk D. how an athlete is trained.
Topic Sentence:Educators call it “ automaticity’
7 In America we have Halloween. In Mexico they have Todos Santos, which means “ All Saints”. This is the day in which people remember family and friends who have died. They visit the cemetery instead of going out to trick-or-treat. But they do have pictures of skeletons and ghosts hanging around. They also have many candy skulls to eat.
? Q: What does the story mainly tells ? ? ? ? ? A. What holidays are like B. What Halloween is like in Mexico C. What happens during Todos Santos D. What we do on Halloween
三、推理判断题:
? 技巧:找出作者所陈述的细节、事实以及能够表 技巧 露作者思想倾向和感情色彩的词语,进行符合逻 辑的推理。 ? 注意 注意:不能以自己的观点代替作者的观点
? 解推断题最主要的方法是根据词义关系推断具体细节。 解推断题最主要的方法是根据词义关系推断具体细节。
? ? ? ? ?
题干形式: (
  1) It can be inferred from the text that .? (
  2) From the text we know that .? (
  3) The story implies that .? (
  4) The paragraph following the passage will most probably be .? ? (
  5) The writers attitude toward…is .?
8 One day a man walked a pet shop and said to the shop assistant,“I need two small mice and about five dozen roaches(蟑螂) and two spiders(蜘 蛛).”? “What do you need these things for?” the shop assistant was very surprised.? “Well,”replied the man,“I’m moving out of my apartment and the landlord insists that I should leave the house in exactly the same condition as I found it.”
? Q: The passage suggests that when the : writer moved into the apartment, it was , . ? ? ? ? A. very clean? B. just cleaned by the landlord? C. tidy and comfortable? D. dirty and full of insects? ?
9 Some people are never right. They never have good luck. They usually do the wrong thing and say the wrong thing. And even if what they say or do is OK, they as a rule say it or do it at the wrong time. So these people always have problems. They often break dishes. They sometimes miss buses and airplanes.? Mr Neff is different. He is always right. He is never wrong. He usually has good luck. He seldom has problems. He never breaks dishes. He never misses buses or airplanes. Even if he does miss them, it is always the fault of the buses or air planes. Mr Neff knows almost everything. He doesn’t ask questions; he answers questions. He never says,“I don’t know.” ?
? Q: Which of the following best describes the : writer’s attitude(态度) towards Mr Neff? (态度) ? ? A. He finds Mr. Neff hard to understand? ? B. He thinks Mr. Neff wonderful wonderful? ? C. He feels pity for Mr. Neff? ? D. He does not like Mr. Neff?
 

相关内容

高三英语专题复习-阅读理解解题技巧

   高三英语专题复习 英语阅读理解技巧 教学内容 体裁分析能力训练 分析题干能力训练 猜词能力训练 猜答案能力训练 猜答案能力训练 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 1.“指读” . 指读” 2.“声读” . 声读” 3.“译读” . 译读” 4.“回读” . 回读” 5.“析读” . 析读” 6.“参照读” . 参照读” 7.“视幅过窄” . 视幅过窄” 8.“毛病”(bad habits): 教学过程中,发现学生在 . 毛病” ) 教学过程中, 阅读时常做些不利于阅读的坏动作。有的 ...

高三英语阅读理解解题技巧

   高三英语专题复习 英语阅读理解技巧 教学内容 体裁分析能力训练 分析题干能力训练 猜词能力训练 猜答案能力训练 猜答案能力训练 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 摒弃不良的阅读习惯。 1.“指读” . 指读” 2.“声读” . 声读” 3.“译读” . 译读” 4.“回读” . 回读” 5.“析读” . 析读” 6.“参照读” . 参照读” 7.“视幅过窄” . 视幅过窄” 8.“毛病”(bad habits): 教学过程中,发现学生在 . 毛病” ) 教学过程中, 阅读时常做些不利于阅读的坏动作。有的 ...

高三英语课件:高三英语上学期写作教学 华师大版

   写作指导1 写作指导1 考试时, 考试时,要想在有限的时间里写出较好的文章从而 得到较高的分数,要讲究答题策略, 得到较高的分数,要讲究答题策略,并掌握正确的写 作方法。 作方法。 1. 答题策略 (1) 认真审题 ) 弄清文章的主题和所要表达的中心内容, 弄清文章的主题和所要表达的中心内容,并决定用 什么文体(记叙文、说明文、应用文、议论文等)。 什么文体(记叙文、说明文、应用文、议论文等)。 注意捕捉包括文字提示、图画、 注意捕捉包括文字提示、图画、图表等所给的每一信 息要点,要将要点纳 ...

初三英语复习《动词不定式》PPT课件

   动词不定式 动词不定式的结构 肯定: 肯定: to + V.原 或者 (to)+ V.原 否定:not/never + (to) + V.原 否定: 1) He likes to read novels. 2) I saw him come. 3) We decided not to buy that house. 4) It is interesting to fly a kite. 5) Please let him not go there. 作主语 To hear your voic ...

高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总

   Onions 资料库:2011 年高考英语总复习??高考英语阅读理解解题技巧探究 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 高考英语阅读理解解题技巧汇总 提 要:高考英语试题中阅读理解占 40 分,是试卷中所占比例最大的一部分。阅读理解能力的高低, 是能否取得高考英语成绩好坏的关键所在。阅读理解的重要性已被广大英语教师和考生所共同认识。本文 要主要讨论两个方面的问题:(1)了解高考阅读理解题型和命题方法;(2)熟悉高考英语阅读理解解题方法和 技巧。 关键词:高考英语;阅读理解;解题技巧 关键词 众所周知 ...

高中英语阅读理解题型及解题技巧分析

   高中英语阅读理解题型及解题技巧 河南省辉县市高级中学 CHN 纵观近几年的高考英语试题, 我们不难看出, 阅读理解能力是高考考查的 重点,自始至终占主导地位,并且有逐年增加的趋势。做好阅读理解,是获得 高考英语高分的关键。 阅读理解能力测试的主要要求是: 1.阅读材料,理解材料的主旨大意,以及用以说明主旨大意的事实和细 节。 2.既理解具体的事实,也理解抽象的概念。 3.既理解文章的字面意思,也理解深层含义,包括作者的态度、意图等。 4.既理解某句、某段的含义,也理解全篇的逻辑关系,并据此进 ...

2010高考英语得分策略:阅读理解题型及技巧

   阅读理解 题型及技巧 细节理解题: 一,细节理解题: 1,直接事实题: ,直接事实题: 先阅读题干,确定读材料的时候要查找的 先阅读题干, 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读 略读的手法 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读的手法 找出出处. 找出出处. 2,间接事实题: ,间接事实题: 需结合上下文提供的语境和信息进行 简单的概括和判断. 简单的概括和判断. 1 Many American presidents in the 19th century were born in poor famili ...

英语阅读理解题型及技巧

   阅读理解 题型及技巧 细节理解题: 一、细节理解题: 1、直接事实题: 、直接事实题: 先阅读题干,确定读材料的时候要查找的 先阅读题干, 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读 略读的手法 细节及事实的范围,然后利用略读的手法 找出出处。 找出出处。 2、间接事实题: 、间接事实题: 需结合上下文提供的语境和信息进行 简单的概括和判断。 简单的概括和判断。 1 Many American presidents in the 19th century were born in poor famili ...

中考英语阅读理解题的命题特点

   阅读理解题的命题特点 阅读理解能力的培养是中学英语学习的一项重要任务,也是中考的一项重要内 容.中考阅读理解题主要考查学生的语篇阅读能力,分析和判断能力.要求学生 能较快地通过阅读理解短文大意,获取其中的主要信息,能做出正确判断,然后 根据试题的要求从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中选出最佳答案或做出正误判断.文章 的难易程度和初三课文基本相同,要求阅读速度为每分钟 40-50 个词. 中考阅读理解的阅读材料的选取一般遵循三个原则: 1. 2. 3. 阅读文章不少于三篇,阅读量在 1,00 ...

【推荐】八招搞定英语四级阅读理解题型

   本文由kxjhwbb贡献 doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机查看。 华软论坛 http://www.hrer.tk 一、四级阅读应该遵循怎样的做题程序 关于阅读, 我想首先当我们拿到一份考卷的时候, 大家首先关注的点是我们应该怎么做 我们的题目,我们做题的程序分别是什么,我想一个阅读要做好的话,首先要明白一点,我 们四级里,35 分钟做四篇文章的时间相对比较紧张,我们以前一般有的同学是,四加五或 者是五加四的模式,四分钟的时间看文章, ...

热门内容

新视野大学英语四级cet4教学周历

   新视野大学英语四级教学周历 课程:大学英语(四级) 学院:全校各院系 年级:2006 级、2007 级 专业:各专业 人数: 第一教学周 教学主要内容: 1、本学期总体教学安排及学生管理介绍 2、读写课: 《新视野》读写教程第一单元 Section A 3、听说课:四级备考听力专项训练短对话 lesson one, lesson two 时数: 读写课:3 periods 听说课:2 periods 授 课 内 容 、 课 堂 讨 讲授内容: 论、 测验、 课外作业、 读写课:Section ...

高考英语词汇归类

   高考英语词汇归类 一、从用法上复习归纳词汇,过语法关 英语词汇大多具有本身词义外, 还有其语法功能, 我们在复习时就不要把着眼点单纯放 在单词记忆上,而 要从它们的语法功能上去把握它们。如在复习动词时我们就要根据它们 变化形式多、搭配活跃等特点,从它们 的用法上进行分类记忆。这样,既可记住词汇,又 可攻克语法难关。 1.宾语不同,意义也不同 英语中有些动词可同时后接不定式和动名词作宾语, 但意义不同。 它们是高考试题的考 查重点。这类词主 要有: go on doing (继续干同一件事) ...

震撼推荐英语口语 .,

   A 1. What college are you attending? 2. What are you majoring in? /What's your major? 3. What grade /class〖年级和班级〗are you in? 4. What school did you go to? /Where do you go to school? 5. How many courses are you taking this semester? 6. I'd better h ...

第四册 Unit One Never Give in. Never, Never, Never_综合英语

   Unit 1 Text I:Never Give in. : Never, Never, Never New words from the text catastrophic: a. ①of, relating to , or involving a catastrophe 大灾难的, 灾难的、与灾难有关的或卷入灾难的. a catastrophic illness 一场灾难性的疾病 ②catastrophic 来自 catastrophe, Syn.:accident, calamity, ...

江西名校联考2009届高三英语模拟试题(二)

   蓝天家教网 http://www.ltjiajiao.com 伴你快乐成长 本资料来源于《七彩教育网》 本资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 高三英语模拟试卷( 江西名校联考 2009 届高三英语模拟试卷(二) 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑. 21.?I'm going to vi ...