高中英语必修 4 Unit 3 单元测试 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。
  21.The bell the end of the period rang, oue heated discussion. A.indicating,interrupting B. indicated,interrupting C.indicating;interrupted D.indicated;interrupted
  22. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door’’Sorry to miss you; will call later.’’ A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading
  23.It’s a waste of time him. He is no longer in charge now. A.asking B.to ask C.asked D.asks
  24.Why did you go back to the shop? ??I left my friend there. A.. waiting B. to wait C. wait D.waits
  25.Thisgirl is Linda’s cousin. A. pretty little Spanish B. Spanish little pretty C. Spanish pretty little D. Little pretty Spanish
  26.I was just talking to Margot when Jackson. A. cut in B. cut down C. cut out D. cut up
  27.My boss hates interruptions, when he is trying to work. A.occasionally B.generally C.specially D.especially
  28.With a stranger of achievement, active language learners are able to put what they know .to better A. sense B.feeling C.thought D.idea
  29. was most important to her, she told me, was her family. A.It B.This C.What D.As
  30.?Do you know about the accident which happened in the center of the city? ?Yes. But it was some time we realized the truth. A.before B.when C.since D.until
  31.?Have you handed in your school-work yet? ?Yes, I have. I guess it now. A.has graded B.is graded C.is being graded D.is grading
  32. can’t go abroad this year, so we will have to ourselves with a holiday in Shanghai. We A. treat B.present C.content D. conduct
  33.It’s fun to see all the food I have made in such a short time. A.eating B.to be eaten C.being eaten D.eaten
  34.Martial Art Films are supposed to be educational, inspiring, as well as. A. entertaining B. entertained C. joy D. delighted
  35. is only too ready to help others,seldom,, refusing when they turn to him for help. He A. if never B. if ever C. if not D. if any 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) Push! At midnight Peter was awakened by heavy knocks on the door. He rolled over and look to his 36 , and it was half past one. “I’m not getting 37 at this time,” he 38 to himself, and rolled over. Then, a 39 knock followed. “Aren’t you going to 40 it?” said his wife. So he dragged himself out of bed and went downstairs. He opened the door and there was a man 41 at the door. It didn’t take long to 42 the man was drunk. “Hi, there,”slurred(嘟囔) the stranger, “Can you give me a push?” “No, get lost. It’s half past one. I was 43 ,”Peter said and slammed the door. He went back 44 to bed and told his wife what had happened. She said, “That wasn’t very 45 of you. Remember that night we had a 46 in the pouring rain on the way to pick the kids up and you had to 47 that man’s door to get our car 48 again? What would have happened if he’d told 49 to get lost?” “But the guy was 50 ,” said Peter. “It doesn’t matter,”said the wife. “He needs help 51 it would be the Christian thing to help him.”
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So Peter went out of bed again, got dressed, and went downstairs. He opened the door, and not being able to see the stranger anywhere, he shouted, “Hey, do you still want a 52 ?” And he heard a 53 ,“Yeah, please.” So, still being unable to see the stranger, he shouted, “ 54 are you?” The drunk replied, “Over here, on the 55 .”
  36.A.door B.clock C.wife D.window
  37.A.out of bed B.out of the house C.down to work D.into trouble
  38.A.complained B.explained C.replied D.thought
  39.A.weaker B.louder C.longer D.angrier
  40.A.stand B.stop C.answer D.refuse
  41.A.standing B.lying C.knocking D.looking
  42.A.remember B.show C.realize D.doubt
  43.A.in bed B.in surprise C.at home D.at work
  44.A.down B.up C.inside D.home
  45.A.nice B.foolish C.typical D.generous
  46.A.hard time B.quarrel C.fight D.breakdown
  47.A.drive to B.pass by C.knock on D.drop into
  48.A.started B.refreshed C.united D.delighted
  49.A.us B.them C.the man D.others
  50.A.mad B.drunk C.different D.dangerous
  51.A.but B.though C.and D.because
  52.A.rest B.push C.room D.lift
  53.A.lady B.gentleman C.drunk D.voice
  54.A.What B.How C.Who D.Where
  55.A.roof B.bed C.swing D.ground 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A I began working in journalism when I was eight. It was my mother’s idea. She wanted me to “make something” of myself, and decided I had better start young if I was to have any chance of keeping up with the competition. With my load of magazines I headed toward Belleville Avenue. The crowds were there. There were two gas stations on the corner of Belleville and Union. For several hours I made myself highly visible, making sure everyone could see me and the heavy black letters on the bag that said THE SATURDAY EVENING POST. When it was supper time, I walked back home. “How many did you sell, my boy?” my mother asked. “None.” “The corner of Belleville and Union Avenues.” “What did you do?” “Stood on the corner waiting for somebody to buy a Saturday Evening Post.” “You just stood there?” “Didn’t sell a single one.” “My God, Russell!” Uncle Allen put in, “Well, I’ve decided to take the Post.” I handed him a copy and he paid me a nickle(五分镍币). It was the first nickle I earned. Afterwards my mother taught me how to be a salesman. I would have to ring doorbells, address adults with self-confidence, and persuade them by saying that no one, no matter how poor, could afford to be without the Saturday Evening Post in the home. One day, I told my mother I’d changed my mind. I didn’t want to make a success in the magazine business. “If you think you can change your mind like this,” she replied, “you’ll become a good-for-nothing.” She insisted that, as soon as school was over, I should start ringing doorbells, selling magazines. Whenever I said no, she would scold me. My mother and I had fought this battle almost as long as I could remember. My mother, dissatisfied with my father’s plain workman’s life, determined that I would not grow up like him and his people. But never did she expect that, forty years later, such a successful journalist as me would go back to her husband’s people for true life and love.
  56.Why did the boy start his job young? A.He wanted to be famous in the future B.The job was quite easy for him.
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C.His mother had high hopes for him. D.The competition for the job was fierce.
  57.From the dialogue between the boy and his mother, we learn that the mother was . A.excited B.interested C.ashamed D.disappointed
  58.What did the mother do when the boy wanted to give up? A.She forced him to continue. B.She punished him. C.She gave him some money. D.She changed her plan.
  59.The phrase “this battle”in the last paragraph refers to . A.the war between the boy’s parents B.the arguing between the boy and his mother C.the quarrel between the boy and his customers D.the fight between the boy and his father
  60.What is the text mainly about? A.The early life of a journalist. B.The early success of a journalist. C.The happy childhood of the writer. D.The important role of the writer in his family. B Researchers have found more evidence that suggests a relationship between races and rates(率) of lung cancer among smokers. A new study shows that black people and Native Hawaiians are more likely to develop lung cancer from smoking. It compared their risk to whites, Japanese-Americans and Latinos. Researchers at the University of Southern California and the University of Hawaii did the new study. The New England Journal of Medicine published the findings. The eight-year research studied more than 180,000 people. They included present and former smokers and people who never smoked. Almost
  2.000 people in the study developed lung cancer. Researchers say genetics(遗传学) might help explain the racial and ethnic(种族的) differences. There could be differences in how people's bodies react to smoke. But environmental influences, including the way people smoke, could also make a difference. African-Americans and Latinos in the study are reported smoking the fewest cigarettes per day. Whites are the heaviest smokers. But the scientists point out that blacks have been reported to breathe cigarette smoke more deeply than white smokers. This could fill their lungs with more of the chemicals in tobacco that cause cancer. Scientists know that some diseases effect different groups differently. And some drug companies have begun to develop racially targeted(针对) medicines. Last June, the United States Food and Drug Administration approved a drug designed to treat heart failure in black patients. The name is BiDil. The agency called it "a step toward the promise of personalized medicine."
  61.Which of the following orders is from higher to lower risk of having lung cancer? A.Whites?Native Hawaiians B.Africans?Americans?Latinos C.Asians?Native Hawaiians D.Africans?Americans?Native Hawaiians
  62.Researchers agree that it is that may probably determine black people’s risk of lung cancer. A.the larger amount of smoking than white people B.the living style or habit of the blacks C.the depth of cigarette smoke into their lungs D.the physical strength to react to cigarette smoke
  63.People in the new study are made up of . A.heavy smokers in America B.the black and white people C.the Asians and Hawaiians D.smokers and non-smokers
  64.The production of BiDil referred to in the last paragraph is to . A.explain different races react to some diseases differently B.tell the readers that racial differences exist in smokers C.show a big step people have taken in the medicine area D.support the idea that it is easy for blacks to have cancers
  65.Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the author? A.The way of smoking may increase the risk of lung cancer. B.Race has nothing to do with the risk of having a lung cancer. C.The research was started by the New England Journal of Medicine. D.The risk of lung cancer lies I how much a person smokes.
-3-
C "The world's oceans are slowly getting more acidic.”say scientists.The researchers from California report that the change is taking place in response to higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The lowering of the waters’pH value is not great at the moment but could cause a serious threat to current ocean life if it continues, they warn. Ken Caldeira and Michael Wickett, from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, report their concerns in the journal Nature. Increasing use of oil fuels means more carbon dioxide is going into the air, and most of it will eventually be absorbed by seawater. Once in the water, it reacts to form carbonic acid. Scientists believe that the oceans have already become slightly more acidic over the last century. These researchers have tried to predict what will happen in the future by combining what we know about the history of the oceans with computer models of climate change."This level of acidity will get much more extreme in the future if we continue releasing COZ into the atmosphere," said Dr Caldeira. "And we predict the amount of future acidity will exceed (超过) anything we have seen over the last several hundred million years, let alone perhaps after rare disastrous events such as asteroid(小 1j-%+.'_) impacts.” However, it is not absolutely clear what that means for ocean life.Most organisms live near the surface, where the greatest pH change would be expected to occur, but deep-ocean life forms may be more sensitive to pH changes.Coral reefs and other organisms whose shells contain calcium carbonate(小行星) may be particularly affected if the water's acidity levels keep going up, the team predict. They could find it much more difficult to build these structures in water with a lower pH. In recent years some people have suggested storing carbon dioxide from power stations in the deep ocean as a way of dealing with global warming.But Dr Caldeira said that such a strategy should now be re-considered. "Previously, most experts had looked at ocean absorption of carbon dioxide as a good thing 一 because in releasing CO2 into the atmosphere we warm the planet, and when CO2, is absorbed by the ocean, it reduces the amount of greenhouse warming.” 66 .The ocean is becoming more acidic due to_. A,the lower water pH value B.the warming atmosphere C .the higher level of COZ in the air D.the increasing use of oil fuels
  67. According to Dr Caldeira,_. A .ocean absorption of carbon dioxide is a good thing B .more oil fuels will be used in the near future C .scientists may predict climate changes with computer models D .the future situation of the amou
 

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