20082008-9-16
The problem Howe was trying to solve was. A. what kind of thread to use B. how to design a needle which would not break C. where to put the needle D. how to prevent the thread from getting caught around the needle
Elias Howe had been working all night on the design of a sewing machine but he had run into a very difficult problem: It seemed impossible to get the thread to run smoothly around the needle. He went to sleep and had a dream. He dreamt that he had been caught by terrible savages whose king wanted to kill him and eat him unless he could build a perfect sewing machine. When he tried to do so, Howe ran into the same problem as before. The thread kept getting caught around the needle. The king flew into the cage and ordered his soldiers to kill Howe. They came up towards him with their spears raised. But suddenly the inventor noticed something. There was a hole in the tip of each spear. The inventor awoke from the dream, realizing that he had just found the answer to the problem. Instead
of trying to get the thread to run around the needle, he should make it run through a small hole in the center of the needle.
D
20082008-9-17
Dreams are sometimes called“secret messages to called“ ourselves” ourselves” because. A. strange images are used to communicate ideas B. images which have no meaning are used C. we can never understand the real meaning D. only specially trained people can understand them
To know the value of dreams, you have to understand what happens when you are asleep. Even then, a part of your mind is still working. This unconscious(无意识的), unconscious(无意识的), but still active part understands your experiences and goes to work on the problems you have had during the day. It stores all sorts of information that you may have forgotten or never have really noticed. It is only when you fall asleep that this part of the brain can send messages to the part you use when you are awake. However, the unconscious part acts in a special way. It uses strange images which the conscious part may not understand at first. This is why dreams are sometimes called “secret messages to ourselves”. ourselves”
A
20082008-9-18
Before children start speaking. A.they need equal amount of listening B.they need different amounts of listening C.they are all eager to cooperate with the adults by obeying spoken instructions D.they can’t understand and obey the adult’s can’ adult’ oral instructions
Language learning begins with listening. Children are greatly different in the amount of listening they do before they start speaking, and later starters are often long listeners .Most children will “obey” spoken obey” instructions some time before they can speak, though the word “obey” is hardly accurate as a description of obey” the eager and delighted cooperation usually shown by the child .Before they can speak, many children will also ask questions by gesture and by making questioning noises. Any attempt to study the development from the noises babies make to their first spoken words leads to considerable difficulties. It is agreed that they enjoy making noises, and that during the first few months one or two noises sort themselves as particularly expressive as delight, pain, friendliness, and so on.
B
20082008-9-19
A baby’s first noises are . baby’ A.an expression of his moods and feelings B.an early form of language C.a sign that he means to tell you something D.an imitation of the speech of adults
It is a problem we need to get out teeth into. The meaning of a word depends on what a particular person means by it in a particular situation and it is clear that what a child means by a word will change as he gains more experience of the world .Thus the use at seven months of “mama” as a greeting for his mother mama” cannot be dismissed as a meaningless sound simply because he also uses it at other times for his father, his dog, or anything else he likes. Playful and meaningless imitation of what other people say continues after the child has begun to speak for himself, I doubt, however whether anything is gained when parents take advantage of this ability in an attempt to teach new sounds .
A
2008-9-20
According to the writer, E-mail has an obvious Eadvantage over the telephone because the former helps one . A. reach a group of people at one time conveniently B. keep one’s communication as personal as one’ possible C. pass on much more information than the later D. get in touch with one’s friends faster than the one’ later
With E-mail, you just write one note about your Eexperience, at your convenience, and address it to all the friends you think might be interested. They can read your message when they have time, and read only as much as they want to. They can reply at their convenience, and you can read what they have to say at your convenience. E-mail is also an inexpensive way stay in close touch with people who live far away. More than a few parents use E-mail to keep in touch, even Edaily touch, with their children off at college. We just have to keep in mind that computers and the Internet offer another way of staying in touch. They don’t take the place of any of the don’ old ways.
A
20082008-9-22
In the writer’s opinion, the most effective way in writer’ learning English is . A.to practise speaking, writing and feeling it B.to forget your own native language C.to translate everything into his own language D.to memorize the English words and grammatical rules
“How can I learn English well?” This is a well?” question many students ask. In my opinion, the most effective way is to learn lessons by heart. If you can recite the text and write it out, you’ve you’ learned it fairly well. And if you can tell, in your own words, what the lesson says you’re a very you’ successful learner indeed. Your English will be quite perfect. This is a difficult task. However, if you try to learn by heart only part of each lesson, you’ll you’ find it not half so hard as you might have thought.
A
20082008-9-23
“Instead of helping you, your own language gets in your way.” This sentence means that way.” memorizing your own language can . A.help you to study English well B.stop you mastering English C.make English easy to learn D.help you notice mistakes
Learning this way, you will make rapid progress. Of course, writing is also necessary. It helps you a lot on our way to success in English. Equally important is to feel the language. You should be able to laugh at jokes and be shocked at bad news. When using English, try to forget your mother tongue. Instead of helping you, your own language gets in your way. So, never try to see English through translation.
B
20082008-9-24
We don’t know that our eyes are of great don’ importance until . A. we think about our eyes B. we cannot see clearly C. we wear glasses D. we have to do much reading
When we can see well, we do not think about our eyes often. It is only when we can not see perfectly that we come to see how important our eyes are. People who are nearsighted can only see things that are very close to their eyes. Many people who do a lot of close work, such as writing and reading, become nearsighted. Then they have to wear glasses in order to see distant things clearly. People who are farsighted face just the opposite problem. They can see things that are far away, but they have difficulty reading a book unless they hold it at arm’s length. If they want to do arm’ much reading, they must get glasses too.
B
20082008-9-25
To see a small thing at night, it is better to look . A.with wide open eyes B.with half shut or narrowed eyes C.straight at it D.in a slightly different direction
When night falls, colors become fainter to the eyes and finally disappear. After your eyes have grown used to the dark, you can see better if you use the side of your eyes rather than the centers. Sometimes, after dark, you see a small thing to one side of you, which seems to disappear if you turn your head in its direction. This is because when you turn your head, you are looking at the thing too directly. Men on guard duty sometimes think they see something moving to one side of them. When they turn to look straight at it, they can not see it any more, and they believe they were mistaken. However, this mistake happens because the center of the eye, which is very sensitive in daylight, is not as sensitive as the sides of the eye after dark.
D
20082008-9-26
Land becomes desert after all trees are cut down because . A. roots of trees break up the soil B. there are too many rainfalls C. strong winds bring a lot of sand D. there are no longer trees to keep the rain and protect the top-soil. top-
This does not only mean that man will have fewer trees. The results are even worse: for where there are trees, their roots break up soilsoilmake the rain in-and also bind the soil, thus instopping it from being washed away easily; but where there are no trees, the rain falls on hard ground and flows away, causing floods and carrying away the rich top-soil. When all the toptoptopsoil is gone, nothing is left but useless desert.
D
20082008-9-27
Why is the word “speak” in the second speak” paragraph in quotation marks(引号)? marks(引号)? A.They don’t really talk. don’ B.They use the computer language. C.Laptops have speakers. D.None of the above reasons is correct.
Laptop computers are popular all over the world. People use them on trains and airplanes, in airports and hotels. These laptops connect people to their workplace. In the United States today, laptops also connect students to their classrooms. Westlake College in Virginia will start a laptop computer program that allows students to do schoolwork anywhere they want. Within five years, each of the 1500 students at the college will receive a laptop. The laptops are part of a $10 million computer program at Westlake, a 110-year-old college. The students with 110-yearlaptops will also have access to the Internet. In addition, they will be able to use e-mail to “speak” with espeak” their teachers, their classmates, and their families.
A
20082008-9-28
According to the passage, the best way for children to learn things is by _. A.listening to skilled people’s advice people’ B.asking older people many questions C.making mistakes and having them corrected D.doing what other people do
Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In people’ the same way, children learning to do all the other things: they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle, compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself.
D
20082008-9-29
According to the writer, teachers in school should . A.allow children to learn from each other B.point out children’s mistakes whenever found children’ C.give children more book knowledge D.correct children’s mistakes as soon as possible children’
Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine(常规) work? Our routine(常规) job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let the can’ children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, and how to know what they know or do not know.
A
 

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