桂林十八中高一下知识归纳( 桂林十八中高一下知识归纳(U
  14) 高一 )
(绝密) 绝密)
Ⅰ、①本单元重点单词 本单元重点单词 theme;; parade; holy; Easter; symbol; fighting ;conflict; argument; opinion; major; probably; honor; ancestor; principle; nation; purpose;
creativity; faith; commercial; joy; light; similar; generation; salute; kiss; cheek; nod; celebration; respect; gift; cycle; fool; invitation custom n. 风俗习惯 habit n. 习惯 occasion n. 时机 festival n. 节日 describe v. 描述 favorite adj. 喜欢的 fight n. 战斗 crime n. 犯罪 allow vt. 允许 argument n. 争辩 celebrate v. 庆祝 major adj. 主要的 create vt. 创造 salute v. 向……致敬 characteristic n. 特征 lit v. 点燃(过去式) community n. 社区;团体 self-determination n. 自我作决定 solve vt. 解决 reminder n. 提醒 ②本单元重点短语 compare with 与……进行比较 spend… on 在……方面花费 the spirit of ……的精神
make others happy 使他人幸福快乐 learn about 了解 so that 以便 speak for 为……说话 commercial activities 商业活动 by giving away 以放弃…… 的方式 have got to 必须 instead of 替代 get out of the car 下 车 get off 下车 take off one's hat 摘下礼帽 look into the eyes 直视(某人的)眼睛 shake hands with sb. 与某人握手 make friends with 与……交朋友 the living and the dead 生者和死者 the cycle of life in one s opinion
生命周期
hear about dress up
听说
play tricks on sb. care about
捉弄某人
fc1 ke in
Ⅱ.Grammar:语法 语法 情态动词(
  2)must, have to and have got to 情态动词 1 能够用英语表达做某事的重要性或必要性 能够用英语表达做某事的重要性或必要性must/have to/have got to 2 能够用英语表达做某事不重要或不必要 能够用英语表达做某事不重要或不必要don t have to/haven t got to 3 能够用英语坚决表达某事不可接受或不可取 能够用英语坚决表达某事不可接受或不可取must not 情态动词 must, should,ought to, have to , 表示?必须 肯定 必须” 肯定”, 肯定”时 只能用于肯定句. ▲ must 表示 必须 “肯定 ,在表示推测意义的 “肯定 时,只能用于肯定句.如: 肯定 ①. You mustn't move someone if they are badly hurt. . 如果有人受了重伤,你不可以搬动他们。 如果有人受了重伤,你不可以搬动他们。 ②. We must get help. 我们必须取得帮助. . 我们必须取得帮助. ③.She must be injured.她肯定受伤了. .她肯定受伤了. ▲ should 意为 应该 应当 ,语气比 must 稍弱.如: 意为?应该 应当”, 应该”,‘应当 稍弱. ①. Everyone should know some first aid. 每个人都应当懂得急救知识. . 每个人都应当懂得急救知识. ②.You shouldn't.move if you are badly hurt.如果你受了重伤.就不应该移动. . .如果你受了重伤.就不应该移动.
意为“应该 ▲ “ought to”意为 应该 ,更强调责任、义务.如: 意为 应该”,更强调责任、义务. ①. Elder brothers should take care Of their younger brothers and sisters. 兄长应该照顾弟妹. 兄长应该照顾弟妹. 学生应该准时去上课. ②. Students ought to attend class on time. 学生应该准时去上课. 强调客观上的“必须 必须”。 ▲ have to 强调客观上的 必须 。 你必须常常去看牙吗? ①.Do you often have to go to the dentist's? 你必须常常去看牙吗 孩子们周六不必上学. ②.The children don't have to go to school on Saturday. 孩子们周六不必上学.
练习检测

  1. Mary be in London because I saw her in town just now. A. mustn’t B. isn’t able to C. may not D. cannot
  2. I missed the bus, so I go home on foot. A. must B. may C. can D. had to
  3. ?There is no light in the room. ? he be sleeping? A. Must B. Shall C. Can D. Will
  4. ?Must he do it? ?No, he . A. must B. needn’t C. doesn’t have to D. Both B and C
  5. It he that tells such a lie; it you. A. must not be, must be B. can’t be, must be C. must not be, can be D. can’t be, can be
  6. That naughty boy fell in class yesterday. A. asleep B. sleep C. sleepy D. sleeping
  7. We moved away from Liverpool. We don’t live there . A. any longer B. again C. once more D. either
  8. In the party, she as an old man so no one recognized her at first. A. dressed B. was worn C. dressed up D. was dressed up
  9. She knew little Spanish that she couldn’t make herself understood. A. so B. such C. too D. very
  10. That history teacher made his classes . A. lively B. lovely C. live D. alive
  11. You shouldn’t leave her alone. she is still a child. A. At all B. After all C. In all D. Above all
  12. Life here is much easier than it . A. is about to B. thanks to C. used to be D. belongs to
  13. I hate that place. People there really don’t me. A. care of B. take care of C. care D. care about
  14. The child hates in public. A. to play tricks on B. being played tricks C. being played tricks on D. playing tricks on
  15. ?Need we clean the car everyday? ?Yes, you . A. may B. could C. must D. need
Ⅲ、句子

  1.When is the festival celebrated?什么时候庆祝这个节日? We held a party to celebrate our success.
我们举行宴会庆祝我们的成功。

  2. The theme of the poem is love and peace. 这首诗的主题是爱与和平。
  3. The two main popular symbols of Easter are the Easter Bunny and Easter egg.复活节
的两个主要象征是:复活节兔子和复活节彩蛋。

  4.The white bird is a symbol of freedom. 这白色的鸟是自由的象征。
  5. No fighting or conflicts are allowed on Peace Day.和平日这天不允许有打架和冲突。 No pollution or destruction of nature is allowed.不允许有污染和破坏自然。 不
  6. Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrating the culture and history of African American.宽扎节是一个 7 天的节日,庆祝非裔美国人的文化和历史。
  7. The week following Christmas Day, many African-American families get together to greet the new year.圣诞节后的那个星期,很多非裔美国人聚在一起迎接新年。
  8. The African-American festivals had many things in common: people would get together to celebrate their harvest.
收。 非裔美国人的节日有很多共同的东西,那时的人们经常聚在一起庆祝丰
would
[用法]此处:(表示过去的习惯)总是,总会,常常 他常常接连好几个小时默默地坐着。 他们那时常常感谢丰收,感谢生命。
He would sit silent for hours.

  9. They used to give thanks for their harvests and for life.

  10. They used to honor their ancestors, celebrate their past, and the group or society they lived in.
他们过去常常纪念他们的祖先,庆祝过去,以及他们居住的社会群体。
We used to swim in that river when we were young.我们小时候经常在那条河里游泳。 We fight for the honor of our country.
我们为祖国的荣誉而战。

  11. The festivals were a way to celebrate history and culture, as well as the new year . 节日是庆祝新年,也是纪念历史和文化的一种方式。 12 .We should believe in our family, our people, our teachers and our leaders. 我们应
该相信我们的家人,我们的人民,老师以及领袖。
Christians believe in Jesus.
基督徒信仰耶稣。

  13.We must do as much as we can to make our community better and more beautiful.
我们必须尽一切可能使我们的社区变得更好更漂亮。
We must do as much as we can to help you.我们必须尽所能去帮助你。
  14. People who celebrate Kwanzaa can enjoy the spirit of their holidays without all the commercial activities of Christmas.
神。 庆祝宽扎节的人民在没有任何商业活动的情况下享受节日的精

  15. People celebrate it by lighting a candle each day and discuss one of the seven
principles of Kwanzaa. 每天人们点燃蜡烛庆祝宽扎节,然后讨论它的七大原则之一。 He lit a match.
他划着了一根火柴。 我对此很认真。这是原则问题。

  16. I take this seriously. It’ s a matter of principle.

  17. Each time we celebrate a festival it changes a little and in that way we keep our culture alive.
  18.Our ancestors celebrated the birth of children by giving away red eggs. She gave away all her money to the poor.
她把钱都送给穷人了。
19 It is a reminder that we need to care about the world we live in.它提醒我们应该关心
我们生存的世界。

  20.The festival honours both the living and the dead.该节日纪念活着的人和死去的人。 该 the living and the dead [用法]the+形容词表示一类
  21.It is not a sad day, but rather a time to celebrate the cycle of life.不是悲伤的日子,而
是庆祝生命轮回的时刻。

  22. Our friends play tricks on us and try to fool us.朋友会捉弄我们,尽可能欺骗我们。
  23. If a person is taken in, he or she is called April Fool.
  24. All children should respect their parents.
  25. They dressed up for the party.
  26. dress sb / oneself
一个人上当受骗被称为“四月愚人” 。
所有的孩子们都应该尊重他们的父母。
他们为了晚会作打扮。
给… 穿衣服,装扮自己 她每天都要给儿子穿衣服。 她出门之前都要装扮自己。
. She has to dress her son every day.
fc1 e always dresses herself before going out. be dressed in
穿着 他穿着红色的大衣。
He is dressed in a red coat.
  27. in honor of
为了(纪念而举行的活动) 这座城市为纪念这些英雄们建立了纪念碑。
The city built a monument in honor of the heroes.
  28. He offered to lend me some books.
他帮我借了一些书。

  29. My works doesn't compare with yours.
我的作品不能和你的相比。

  30. We have many things in common. (我们有许多共同之处.)
  31. God created the world.
上帝创造了世界

  32. People celebrate Mardi Gras by dressing up and watching parades. 人们穿上盛装,观看游行,庆祝油腻的星期二。
  33.What’s the purpose of the text? 写这篇课文的目的是什么?
  34. You have a gift for music. 你有音乐天赋。
  35. Your coat is similar to hers. 你的大衣和她的相似。
  36. In my opinion, what he said is reasonable. 在我看来,他的话是合理的。
  37. He is probably right. 他可能是正确的。
 

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