人教修订版 高中一年级(上) 高中一年级 上
Unit 1
Language Study
Change the sentences into Indirect Speech.
  1. I’m living in London now. Charlie said that he was living in London now.
  2. My father isn’t very well. He said his father wasn’t very well.

  3. Sharon and Paul are getting married next month. He said Sharon and Paul were getting married next month.
  4. Margaret has had a baby. He said Margaret had had a baby.

  5. I don’t know what Fred is doing. He said he didn’t know what Fred was doing.
  6. I saw Helen at a party in June and she seemed fine. He said he saw Helen at a party in June and she seemed fine.

  7. I haven’t seen Diane recently. He said he hadn’t seen Diane recently.
  8. I’m not enjoying my job very much. He said he was not enjoying his job very much.

  9. You can come and stay at my flat if you are ever in London. He said I could go and stay at his flat if I was ever in London.
  10. My car was stolen a few weeks ago. He said his car had been stolen a few weeks before.

  11. I want to go on a holiday but I can’t afford it. He said he wanted to go on a holiday but he couldn’t afford it.
  12. I’ll tell Ann I saw you. He said he would tell Ann he had seen me.
Direct and Indirect Speech
Direct Speech statement Indirect Speech say/tell sb. (that) +从句 从句
ask/wonder whether/if 一般疑问句 +陈述句语序 陈述句语序 Sentence structure 特殊疑问句 ask/wonder wh-word + 陈述句语序 ask/tell/order sb. (not) 祈使句 to do
Direct Speech Present tense Past tense Present continuous tense Present perfect tense Future tense
Indirect Speech 一般过去时 过去完成时 过去进行时 过去完成时 过去将来时
Tense
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
第一人称 第二人称
Pronouns
第三人称 第一或第三人称 that those
this these
Adverbial of time and last week/month place three days ago tomorrow here
Direct Speech now today yesterday this week/month
Indirect Speech then that day the day before that week/month that week/month before three days before the next day/the following day there
Don’t change the tense:

  1. When we are talking about a truth: He said, “The earth goes around the sun.” → He said that the earth goes around the sun.
  2. When we talk about the timetable: He said, “The plane takes off at 6:30a.m.” → He said that the plane takes off at 6:30a.m.

  3. When we use a saying, a proverb or a quotation: He said, “Where there is a will, there is a way.” →He said where there is a will, there is a way.

  4. When there is an adverbial indicating the past: Mr. Wang said, “I was born in September, 19
  72.” →Mr. Wang said he was born in September, 19
  72.

  1. “I broke your CD player.” He told me that he had broken my . CD player.
  2. “Are you sure you didn’t do anything to this?” He asked if I was sure that I hadn’t done . anything to it .

  3. “A friend in need is a friend indeed,” mother said to me. Mother told me that a friend in deed . is a friend indeed.
Answers to Grammar Exercise 1:
  1. The visitor said that he was very glad to visit our factory.
  2. “I don’t like American movies very much,” the woman told us.
  3. Uncle Wang said that there was something wrong with the front wheel.

  4. The teacher said to the students, “We are going to have a meeting at three o’clock.”
  5. The students asked when they should go outing that autumn.
  6. “I’ll try to finish reading the book by the end of this week,” the said.

  7. The daughter told her father that mum had gone to the supermarket.
  8. “Are you going to mail the gifts to your parents?” Sarah’s friend asked her.
  9. Tom asked Bob why he had been so excited that day.
  10. “How can I solve the problem?” Sandra asked her friend.
Answers to Grammar Exercise 2: Chuck: I know, I know. You are angry with me. You think we should wait longer, but we have waited long enough already. Wilson: Why do you want to leave this island? You: Chuck, Wilson asks why you want to. leave this island .
Chuck: I want to leave the island because I miss my friends. Wilson: Am I not your friend ? You: Chuck, Wilson asks whether or not . he is your friend . Chuck: Yes, you are my friend, but I miss the others. Wilson: How long have we been here ?
You: Chuck, Wilson asks how long you. have been here . Chuck: We have been here for almost five years. Wilson: How will we leave ? You:Chuck, Wilson asks how you will leave .
Chuck: How will we leave? We will wait for the wind to change. Then we will go out over the reef. Wilson: That might be dangerous . You: Chuck, Wilson says that might be . dangerous . Chuck: Yes, it might be dangerous, but we have to try. We can’t stay here any longer.
Wilson:Will you take care of me ? You: Chuck, Wilson asks if you will take . care of him . Chuck: Of course I will take care of you. Wilson: I’m scared, Chuck . You: Chuck, Wilson says he is scared . Chuck: I’m scared, too.
Do Grammar Exercise 1-3 on Page 88 &
  89.
 

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