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Unit 4
一. 本周教学内容: Unit 4
How do you get to school?
How do you get to school?
二. 教学目标:
  1. 学会谈论交通工具和距离。
  2. 学会合理安排行程,并合理利用交通工具。
  3. 学习设计实践调查报告中的问题,并提出解决问题的简单方案。 三. 重点词汇及短语: get to, how far; take a / the bus / subway / train / boat / car, walk, ride a bicycle; bus stop, train / bus / subway /station; minute, kilometer, mile, transportation, calendar; North America, depend on, worry 四. 重点句型:
  1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike. How does he get to school? He takes the bus.
  2. How long does it take? It takes about forty minutes.
  3. Lin Fei’s home is about 10 kilometers from school.
  4. Most students take trains to school, although others also walk or ride their bikes.
  5. It depends on where you are.
  6. Don’t worry. 五. 语法:
  1. 对于“how”提问,询问交通方式,及描述不同的交通方式。
  2. 对于“how long”提问询问时间长短,及用固定句型“It takes sb. some time to do sth” 回答或陈述。
  3. 对于“how far”提问,询问距离长短,及相应回答。
  4. 了解表让步的连词“although”意思及用法。
  5. 阅读理解中对出现的定语从句及宾语从句的理解。
  6. 阅读理解中理解形容词的比较级的含义。 六. 重点、难点讲解:
  1. How do you get to school? I ride my bike. / I walk to school. (
  1)“how”提问,意为“如何”、“怎样”。此处询问交通方式。表示不同交通方 式可用本课出现一系列动词短语,如:ride a bike, take a bus, drive a car, fly to, take the
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subway, take a train, take a plane, take a boat / ship, walk to 等。也可用介词短语,如:by bus / bike / car / train / plane (air)/ ship, on foot 等,注:此用法在介词短语前需用动词作句 子主语,如 go / come / get to 等,且 by 后表交通工具的名词前无任何限定词,如冠词 the , a/ an 或代词 my / his / this / that 等。 例: He takes the bus to school. = He goes / gets to school by bus. We decided to go there on feet. = We decided to walk there. -How will you go to England? -By air, or maybe by train. I’m not quite sure. (
  2)与“how”有关的提问总结如下: How far (询问距离)多远;How long(问时间或长度)多久,多长;How many(问 数量,后跟可数名词复数形式)多少;How much (问不可数名词数量,也可问价格)多 少; How often (问频率) 多久一次; How soon (指将来时间, 时间长短) 多久; How about …? (问同上话题,另一情景如何、怎样后跟名词、代词或动名词,等于 What about …? )征 求对方意见…怎样?How do you like…? = What do you think of …? (征求对方对某事物的 看法)你认为…怎样? 此外 “how” 可以引导感叹句, 如: How delicious Chinese dishes are! How nice your new scarf is! How fast he runs! 注:引导感叹句时语序为:How + adj. / adv. +主语+谓语! (
  3)get to 表“到达”,同意短语“arrive in / at ”, reach. 注:在副词 home, here, there 前不使用介词 to / in / at 等。 到家:get (back)home, 到那儿:get there
  2. It takes about 25 minutes to walk and 10 minutes by bus. (
  1)固定句型:It took / takes / will take sb. some time to do sth. 表“做某事花去某人多长时间”,动词 take 随时态变化,it 为形式主语,真正主语是 句中不定式部分。“take”指“花费(时间)。” 例:It took the builders about 15 years go finish that big project. It takes me half an hour to get to my office from home every day. Doing homework takes us most of our spare time on schooldays. (
  2)take 指“带走”时与“bring”(带来)互为反义词。 take sb. to …带某人去某处 例:The early bus takes him to school. (
  3)短语:take a walk / shower / seat / rest take one’s temperature, take medicine
  3. Lin Fei’s home is about 10 kilometers from school. be +距离+(away)+from…“距离…多远”。
  4. He has a quick breakfast, then he leaves for school. (
  1)“have”作“吃(饭)”、“喝(饮料)”意思。
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have breakfast /lunch /supper 注:三餐饭前无限定词。 (
  2)leave for +目的地,指“离开去往某处” The scientists will leave for Antarctic (南极)next Wednesday.
  5. The bus ride takes about 25 minutes. “ride”此处的名词,意为“车程”。ride 用作动词短语:ride a bike / horse 骑自行车 (骑马),ride in a bus / ship 乘公共汽车(船)
  6. In other parts of the world, things are different. other: 后常限可数名词复数,意为“其他的,其余的” other: (形容词)“其它的”,后跟可数名词复数 others: (代词)泛指“他人(物)” the others: (一定范围中)“其他人(物)”,相当于代词 the other: 用于固定短语“one …, the other…”“(两者中)一个…另一个…” another: (形容词)“另一个”“另一”,后跟可数名词单数,也可能跟复数,(代 词)“另一个”
?although ?
  7. ? though
“虽然”,“尽管”,表让步连词,常引导让步状语从句。注,不可与 but 在一句话 中前后同时使用。 Although / Though he is the youngest, he is the most hard-working student in his class.
  8. depend on / upon “依靠,依赖”,后跟名词、代词或宾语从句,不定式。 例:In China, it depends on where you are. It depends on how to think about it. 对于提问,不能一概回答时,可以用“It depends”来回答,意为“得因情况而论”。 例: -Do you like reading books or reading on the Internet? -It depends. Sometimes I like reading books, sometimes I prefer reading on the Internet.
  9. In places where there are rivers and lakes, like Hongshanhu and Kaishandao, students usually go to school by beat. (
  1)此句中“where”引导一个定语从句,修饰表地点的名词“places”。通常“who” 引导修饰人的定语从句,that 或 which 引导指物的定语从句,whose 指人物关系。 例:She is the girl who played guitar at the party. He showed us an English story book which is bought in the United States. Kate is talking with her art teacher whose painting is on show in the city hall. (
  2)“like”此处为介词,意为“例如,像…”。注意区分 like 在文中的词性。sound like / be like / look, like 短语中“like”为介词。
  10. That must be a lot more fun than taking a bus! (
  1)“than”表比较连词,意为“比…”“较之于…”,前需用形容词或副词比较级。
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  2)主语“that”指代前文整句话。
  11. Don’t worry. (
  1)祈使句否定形式为:Don’t + 动词原形。 (
  2)worry 为动词,worried 为形容词,worry 也可用作名词,“烦恼、担忧”。 例:Don’t be late / careless next time. Don’t be nervous. Take it easy.
【模拟试题】(答题时间:60 分钟) 模拟试题】
一. 词组翻译。
  1. 骑车去上学
  3. 步行去公园
  5. 吃一顿快捷的早餐
  7. 在北美
  2.
  4.
  6.
  8. 坐地铁去上班 乘公共汽车回家 出发前往学校 依靠,依赖
二. 单项选择。 ( )
  1. How are they going to the countryside tomorrow, bike or foot? A. by, by B. on, on C. by, on D. on, by ( )
  2. It about two hours to get to the top of the mountain from the foot of the mountain. A. take B. takes C. get D. gets ( )
  3. How is it your school to the Children’s Palace? A. long, to B. for, to C. long, from D. far, from ( )
  4. - do you think of my new hair style? -It’s very nice. A. What B. How C. What about D. How about ( )
  5. I have two pen pals. One is from Canada and goes to school by school bus and is from Britain and gets to school by car. A. other B. another C. the other D. others ( )
  6. -Are you going camping this weekend with your family? -That all . A. depend B. depend on C. depends D. depends on ( )
  7. I didn’t like maths at first, I still tried my best to learn it.
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A. Until B. When C. If D. Although ( )
  8. Too much made her look like an old lady. A. worry B. worried C. worries D. be worried ( )
  9. -What time did you there last night? -At about eight. A. get to B. got to C. get D. getting ( )
  10. is it from New York to San Francisco? A. How far B. How long C. How often D. How soon ( )
  11. The little girl sometimes goes home her father’s car. A. by B. in C. at D. for ( )
  12. -I’m sorry. I my textbook at home. -It doesn’t matter. Remember it to school tomorrow. A. forget, to take B. forget, to bring C. left, to take D. left, to bring ( )
  13. -Excuse me, where is the nearest post office? -Take No. 5 bus and at the third bus stop. A. get on B. get off C. get up D. get to ( )
  14. The new amusement park is about five kilometers . A. far B. far away C. away from D. away ( )
  15. I’m sad tell you the sad news. A. for C. with B. about D. to
三. 完成句子,一空一词。
  1. 我们班大多数学生乘校车上学。 In our class the students go to school school bus.
  2. 他们都骑车回家吗?不,一些人骑车回家。 they all bikes to go home? No, of them go home bike.
  3. 你觉得北京的交通怎样? do you the transportation in Beijing?
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  4. 在世界上的其它地方,人们骑自行车锻炼。 other of the world, people go bicycling to exercise.
  5. 每天写作业大约花去我两个多小时。 me about two hours do the homework. 四. 完形填空: It’s the last week of the holidays. Bill wants to take a trip. His uncle 1 at the seashore. Bill wants to visit him. “It will be my 2 chance(机会)to go swimming in the ocean (海洋)this year, ” Bill says to his 3 . “Next month it will be too cold. ” “I don’t know, Bill. ”His mother says. “It’s a long 4 . ”She looks at her husband. “What do you 5 , Harry? ” “Oh, let him go, Alice, ”Mr White says. “He is fifteen years old. He’s not a 6 , you know. ” “I know he’s not a baby, ” Mrs White.“But there are 7 says many connections(倒 车)to make. He has to take a bus and a train and then another bus. ” “ 8 , Mother, ”says Bill. “I’ve made the trip with you and Dad a lot of times. I know the 9 . I won’t have any trouble (麻烦). ” will be a good experience (体验) “Let him go, Alice, ” says Mr White again. “ 10 for him. He won’t get lost(迷路). ”
  1. A. lives
  2. A. good
  3. A. friends
  4. A. time
  5. A. plan
  6. A. child
  7. A. too
  8. A. Please
  9. A. stations
  10. A. It 五. 阅读理解: (A) B. stands B. last B. parents B. call B. say B. man B. a B. Sorry B. way B. He C. holds C. first D. stops D. late C. teachers C. line C. think C. baby C. very C. Hurry up C. bus C. You
D. classmates D. way D. do D. boy D. just D. Wait D. weather D. They
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Traffic is a big problem in many cities around the world. Traffic is especially bad during rush hour-the time when people go to work or school and the time when they go home. Many people take buses, subways, or trains to work, but many other people drive their cars. As a result, the streets are very busy, and traffic is very bad. Many cities are trying to solve their traffic problems. Some cities are building more roads. Other cities are expanding their bus and subway systems. Many cities are trying to reduce the number of cars on their roads. Some highways have carpool lanes-special lanes for cars with two, three, or more people. In some cities, people drive their cars only on certain days of the week. For example, in Athens, people with license plate numbers ending in 0 through 4 drive on some days, and people with numbers ending in 5 through 9 drive on other days. Every day around the world, more
 

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