1. since
  2. dream about
  3. finally
  4. it was my sister who first had the idea to…
  5. persuade sb to do…
  6. insist that…
  7. proper way is always her way
  8. care about
  9. a determined look
  10. change her mind
  11. at an altitude of
  12. the air would be hard to breathe
  13. once
  14. give in

  1. since 的用法 从句,主句用完成时 从句用一般 完成时, ① since + 从句,主句用完成时,从句用一般 过去时 -- I have been at his bedside since he became ill. --He has never called on me since he moved to the country. --The young man hadn’t written home since his father died. (his father’s death) 自从他离开以后,这里发生了巨大的变化。 自从他离开以后,这里发生了巨大的变化。 -- Great changes have taken place here since he left.
从句, ② It has/ is + 一段时间 + since 从句,从句用一 自从??????至今已经多久了” 至今已经多久了” 至今已经多久了 般过去时 “自从 --It is/ It has been two years since I left high school. 自从我上次见他以来已经有三年了。 自从我上次见他以来已经有三年了。 -- It has been three years since I met him last time. 点时间, ③ since + 点时间,相当于 from…on -- He got a job with the company in 1997 and has worked there since then. (from then on) -- 我从早上七点起就一直在办公室工作。 我从早上七点起就一直在办公室工作。
-- I have worked (I have been working) in the
office since seven o’clock in the morning.

  2. Dream ① Dream about/of + sth/ doing sth 她实现了做一名优秀模特的梦想. 她实现了做一名优秀模特的梦想 (realize one’s dream) She realized her dream of becoming a good model. ② dream +adj. + 同源宾语 (同一动词变来的名 同一动词变来的名 词) 做个好梦 dream a good dream 勉强一笑 熟睡一觉 smile a weak smile live a happy/ simple life sleep a sound sleep 过幸福/ 过幸福/简朴的生活

  5.Persuade 劝说成功 ①persuade sb to do sth=persuade sb into doing sth persuade sb not to do sth=persuade sb out of doing sth --那位销售员说动我们购买他的产品。 那位销售员说动我们购买他的产品。 那位销售员说动我们购买他的产品 The salesman persuaded us to buy/into buying his product. ②persuade sb of sth=persuade sb that 他设法使我相信他是诚实的。 他设法使我相信他是诚实的。 He tried to persuade me of his honesty. = He tried to persuade me that he was honest.

  1)I him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it B necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hope D. suggested A
  2)I was at last able to him to follow my advice. A. persuade B. advise C. hope D. suggest
  3)While doing shopping, people sometimes can’t help into buying something they don’t C really need. A. to persuade C. being persuaded B. persuading D. be persuaded
can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事

  4.It was my sister who first had the idea to ??from where it begins to where it ends. It is/ was + 被强调部分 that/who +其余部分 如 被强调部分+ 其余部分, 其余部分 果被强调部分是人, 果被强调部分是人 , 用 who或 that, 其他情况用 或 that,注意 时间和地点不能用 注意:时间和地点不能用 注意 时间和地点不能用when,where只能用 只能用 that All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday. 强调all 强调 the members → 强调 in the club → 强调 yesterday →
我看这部电影是在上海。 我看这部电影是在上海。 上海 It was in SH that I saw the film. 我在这家工厂工作是在1998年。 年 我在这家工厂工作是在 It was in 1998 that I worked in the factory. 我才是你真正的朋友。 才是你真正的朋友。 It is I who/that am your best friend.
Was it that I saw last night at the concert? A A. you B. not you C your D. that yourself 陈述句语序为: 陈述句语序为:It was you that I saw last night at the concert.强调句的特点是去掉 强调句的特点是去掉it 强调句的特点是去掉 was ???that句子仍然完整 I saw you last night 句子仍然完整 at the concert. D It was because of bad weather the match had to be put off. A. so B. so that C. why D. that
The match had to be put off because of bad weather.
思考:怎样用强调句翻译下面的句子呢? 思考:怎样用强调句翻译下面的句子呢? Joe在洗手间发现的到底是什么? 在洗手间发现的到底是什么? 在洗手间发现的到底是什么 What did Joe find in the washroom? What was it that Joe find in the washroom? I didn’t finish my homework until 12 o’clock. → It was not until 12 o’clock that I finish my home work. Not until 12 o’clock did I finish my home work.

  6. insist 坚持做某事” ① insist on/upon doing sth “坚持做某事” 坚持做某事
她坚持要(我们)乘飞机去北京因为这样更舒服。 她坚持要(我们)乘飞机去北京因为这样更舒服。
--She insisted on/upon (our) going to Beijing by air as it was more comfortable. ② insist that sb (should) do sth insist宾语从句中用虚拟语气, should+动词原形, insist宾语从句中用虚拟语气, should+动词原形, 宾语从句中用虚拟语气 动词原形 should可以省略 其中 should可以省略 She insisted that we (should) go to Beijing by air as it was more comfortable.
Insist表“坚持,坚决主张”时,用(should) do; 表 坚持,坚决主张” 主张 ; 坚持一种说法或事实时 事实时” 时态一致 表“坚持一种说法或事实时”与insist时态一致 We insisted that she (should) give up smoking. She insisted that she heard somebody in the house.
He suggested that we (should) go there at once. His expression suggested he was angry. Suggest表“建议必须做某事”时,用(should) do; 表 建议必须做某事” 必须做某事 ; 表明,暗示” 表“表明,暗示”时,与suggest时态一致 时态一致
注意:虚拟语气用在表示要求 ),命 注意:虚拟语气用在表示要求 (demand),命 ), 令 (order),建议 (suggest, insist), 等名词从句 , 中时,从句中的谓语要用虚拟语气, 中时,从句中的谓语要用虚拟语气,即 should +动词原形 动词原形. 动词原形 D ★I insist that a doctor immediately. A. has been sent for C. will be sent for B. sends for D. be sent for
★He came to my class every week, but his C attitude suggested that he really interested. A. should not be C. was not B. should be D. was

  7.I know that the proper way is always her way. 晚宴迟到是不礼貌的。 晚宴迟到是不礼貌的。 It is not proper for you to be late for a dinner party. Way 表示方式,方法,作风 表示方式,方法, in one’s own way, way of living 在定语从句中, 做先行词时, 在定语从句中,当way 做先行词时,关系词可以 用 that, in which或者不用 或者不用 We admired the way he solved the that/ in which/-problem.

  8. She gave me a determined look?the kind that said she wouldn’t change her mind. determine vt. ① detemine+ n. Weather determines the crop. ②determine + to do He determined to go there by bike. ③ determine+ 从句 She determined that she would never see him again. ④ determine+疑问词 + to do 疑问词 Have you determined where to spend the holiday? (可与 可与decide互换 互换) 可与 互换
注意determine 的两种特殊用法: 注意determine 的两种特殊用法:
使某人下决心做 下决心做…” ① determine sb to do sth “ 使某人下决心做 什么使她下决心嫁给他? 什么使她下决心嫁给他? --What determined her to marry him? ②be determined to do sth=make up one’s mind to do sth “下定决心做某事” 下定决心做某事” 下定决心做某事 她坚定不移要上大学。 她坚定不移要上大学。 --She was determined to go to university.

  9. at an altitude of= at a height of The plane is flying at a height/ at an altitude of 10000 feet. I brought the digital camera at the price of 5000 yuan. The waterfall can be heard at a distance of 2000 miles. At 表示“在……处”,“以……” 常常与表示 表示“ 处 年龄,价格,速度, 年龄,价格,速度,高深宽度 等连用 At the age of… At the price of… At a distance of… At a high/low price At a speed of…

  10. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold. “主语 be +adj.+不定式”结构,其中主语是 主语+ 不定式” 主语 不定式 结构, 不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式不用被动语态。 不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式不用被动语态。 The problem is really hard to solve. = To solve the problem is really hard. =It is really hard to solve the problem. The article is not easy to understand. =…

  11. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Once, conj. 表示“一旦 表示“一旦……就……”,只要条件 就 , 一成立, 一成立,就会出现后面的结果 你一旦懂得规则,就不会感到困难了。 你一旦懂得规则,就不会感到困难了。 Once you understand the rule, you will have no further difficulty. Once与 的区别在于, ★ Once与as soon as 的区别在于,as soon as 强 时间上的紧接, once强调的是一种 强调的是一种条件关系 调时间上的紧接,而once强调的是一种条件关系 As soon as he sat down, the telephone rang. Once you study hard, you are sure to make progress.


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