Unit
  1.
My name’s Gina.
句型:1, What’s your name? My name’s Jenny. / I’m Jenny. / Jenny. May I have your name? Yes, my name’s Jenny. What’s his/her name? His/Her name’s Tony/Gina. 2, I’m Tony Brown. What’s your full name? My full name/ It is Tony Brown. My first name is Tony. My last name/family name is Brown. 3, What’s your/his/her telephone/phone number? It’s 555-35
  39. 语法:1,形容词性物主代词:my(我的) your(你的) his/her/its(他/她/它的) our(我们的) your(你们的)their(他们的) 后面需要接名词,修饰名词,做前置定语。 在句中可作主语,宾语等成分。 My book is here. This is my book. 2, 主格: I you he/she/ it we you they 在句中做主语,一般放句首,后面紧跟 am/is/are 及其他动词。 I’m a student. She looks great. Unit
  2. Is this your pencil? 句型:1, Is this your pencil? Yes, it is. 2, Is this my pen? No, it isn’t. 3, Is that his book? Yes, it is. 4, How do you spell it? = Can you spell it, please? = Spell it, please. 5, Call Alan at 495-35
  39. Call me/him/her/them. 给我/他/她/他们打电话. Call 4953539 拨打 49535
  39。 Call sb. at + 电话号码 拨打……找某人 6, Is that your computer game in the lost and found case? 7, a set of keys a set of + 名词复数 语法; 1,句中含 be(am, is, are)一般疑问句的变法: 把 be 提前, 如果句中有 my 变 your, 变 you, I 其他的照抄不变。肯定回答 yes, 主语+am/is/are 否定回答 No,主语+am not/aren’t/isn’t. 注意: 回答时主语如果是物品单数或者 this/that 的话, it 替代主语, 用 如果是复数人和物品用 they 替代。 2, be 动词的用法口诀;I am, you are, is 他/她/它(he/she/it),单数 is 复数 are. Be 动词跟随 主语的变化而变化。 Unit
  3. This is my sister. 句型:1,Is this your sister? Is she your sister? 2,This is my friend. These are my friends. That is my brother.
No, it isn’t. No, she isn’t.
1
Those are my brothers. 3, Thanks for the photo of your family. Here is my family photo. photo of your family = your family photo 语法:可数名词单数变复数:一般情况下加 s, book-books, 以 s, x, sh, ch 结尾的加 es watch-watches 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的, y 改为 i 再加 es boy- boys, family-families 把 o 结尾的有生命的加 es, 无生命的加 s, tomato-tomatoes, photo-photos

unit
  4. Where’s my backpack? 句型:Where’s the baseball? It’s in the backpack. Where’s my computer game? It’s under the bed. Where are his keys? They’re on the dresser. Where are your books? They’re on the chair. Where are her keys? They’re on the table. Where are you? I’m at school. Is it on the dresser? No, it isn’t. Please take these things to your sister. Can you bring some things to school? The book is on the floor. 语法: 1,询问人或物品在哪里,我们用 Where, 结构为 where+is/are+人/物品名称? “……在哪里” 回答用 主语+is/are +in/at/under/on/near +地点 注意:表示“在……地方”地点前要用定冠词 the 或者形容词性物主代词 my/your/his/their 修饰, 但是两者不能同时出现,我们可以说 in the room, in my room 但是绝对不可以 in the my room. 词语用法:1, take v.带走, 把人或物品带到别的地方去,take … to… 把……带到……去 bring v.带来, 把人或物品从别的地方带到说话的地方来 bring…to… 把……带到…… 来 2,please 后接动词用原形。 unit
  5. Do you have a soccer ball? 句型: Do you have a TV? Yes, I do/No, I don’t. Do they have a computer? Yes, they do./No, they don’t. Does he have a tennis racket? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t. Does she have a soccer ball? Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t. Does he have a ping-pang ball? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t. Let’s play soccer. Let me help you. I don’t have a soccer ball. That sounds good. 语法: 1,句中不含 be(am,is,are)动词的 一般疑问句的变法。 也就是说句中谓语动词是实义动词时, 要变为一般疑问句,在句首加 do/does(当主语是第三人称单数的时候用 does),第一人称变第二 人称, 动词变原形其他的语序不变。 have a computer. ? Do you have a computer? She likes playing I ping-pang.- Does she like playing ping-pang.肯定回答用 yes, 主语+do/does.否定回答用 No,主语 +don’t/doesn’t. 2 一般句子中当主语是第三人称单数的时候,谓语动词要起变化。具体的变化为:一般情 况加 s, know-knows, 以 s,x,ch,sh,o 结尾的加 es, teach-teaches, go-goes, 以辅音字母加 y 结尾,把 y 改为 i, 再加 es study-studies 3,do/does 叫做助动词(语法需要加上去翻译部出来的动词)时,后面接动词原形, Does he like reading? She doesn’t like reading. She doesn’t do her homework.
2
但是如果做实义动词(能翻译出来意思的动词)呢,遇到主语第三人称单数就要起变化。 She does her homework.
  4,have 的第三人称单数为 has. 5, let sb do sth 让某人做某事 (sb 代表人,如果是代词用宾格,do 代表动词原形)
  6,play+球类 表示“踢,打,玩......” play football play+the+乐器 表示“弹奏……乐器” play the piano unit6 Do you like bananas? 句型:Do you like salad? Yes, I do./No, I don’t. Does he like pears? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t. I like oranges. I don’t like oranges. Running star eats lots of healthy food. 语法: 句中谓语动词是实义动词的陈述句,变否定形式在实义动词前加 don’t\doesn’t(主语是第三 人称单数时用 doesn’t’). like doing sth/like to do sth 喜欢做某事 I like swimming. She likes to eat hamburgers. Unit7 How much are these pants? 句型:How much is the red sweater? It’s eight dollars. What’s the price of the red sweater? It’s eight dollars. How much are these black pants? They’re ten dollars. What’s the price of these black pants? They’re ten dollars. Can I help you?=What can I do for you? Yes, please. I want a sweater. What color do you want? Blue. Here you are. How much is it? Nine dollars. I’ll take it. Anyone can afford our prices. Come and see for yourself at Huaxing Clothes Store. We have sweaters at a very good price. You can buy socks for only $1 each. The girl in red is my friend. The green shorts are on sale for $
  25. 结构: 询问价格 How much + is/are + 物品名称? What’s the price of+ 物品名称? ……多少钱? 回答:It’s/They’re + 价格 Unit8 When is your birthday? 句型:When is your birthday? My birthday is November 11th. When is Liu Ping’s birthday? Her birthday is on September 5th. When is his birthday? It’s March 21st. 语法: 月份前用介词 in, in May 在六月, 但是具体到某一天用介词 on, .Unit9 Do you want to go to a movie? 句型:Do you want to go to a movie? Yes, I do./ No, I don’t.
on May 1st.
3
Does he want to go to a movie? Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t. What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies. I like thrillers and l like Beijing Opera. I like comedies but I don’t like documentaries. She often goes to see Chinese action movies on weekends. She thinks she can learn about Chinese history. He really likes his movies. Mike’ father likes it, too! = Mike’s father also like it. I think it’s boring/exciting/interesting/relaxing. She is bored/excited/interested/relaxed. 语法:too, also 也,都用于肯定句中,但是 also 用于句中,too 用于句末,且用逗号隔开。 Unit10 Can you play the guitar? 句型:Can you dance? Yes, I can./No, I can’t. Can he paint? Yes, he can./ No, he can’t. Can she speak English? Yes, she can./No, she can’t. What club do you want to join? We want to join the chess club. I want to join the basketball club. What can you do? I can play the guitar. Are you good with kids? Can you help kids with swimming? Come and join us! Musicians wanted for school music festival. Can you draw? Yes, a little. I want to learn about art. Do you have an e-mail address? 语法:一般疑问句总结:be 动词提前型,句首加助动词 do/does 型,can/could/may/will/would 等 情态动词开头型, 回答一律用 yes/No 回答。注意,助动词和情态动词后接动词一定用原形。 结构:1 join 与 join in 的区别 join 参加,指参加某项活动 join in 加入 着重加入某种组织,团体,政党并成为其中一员。
  2,help sb do sth/help sb with doing sth 帮助某人做某事 3, be good at=be well in 在……擅长,擅长于 be good for 对…… 有好处 be good with 和……相处的很好 4, learn about sth 学习有关于…… Unit11 What time do you go to school? 句型:What time do you usually get up? I usually get up at five o’clock. What time does he eat breakfast? He eats breakfast at seven o’clock. What time does she go to school? She goes to school at eight o’clock. He brushes his teeth and has a shower. What a funny time to eat breakfast!
4
To get to work, he takes the number 17 bus to a hotel. The bus usually takes him to work at 19:
  15. People love to listen to him. He goes to bed at 8:
  30. Can you think what his job is? Please write and tell me about your morning. Please write soon. 语法: 1,时间表达法
  1,直接表达法,8:20 eight twenty 2, 间接表达法 分钟+to+时钟 表示“几点差几分” 3:40 twenty to four 分钟+past+时钟 表示“几点过几分” 3:20 twenty past three a quarter to three 3:15 three quarter past five 5:45 half past six 6;30 具体时间前用介词 at 表示在几点 2, What time 问具体的时间,具体到几点 When 问时间,范围比 what time 广,可以是具体的时间,也可以是大概的时间 结构:take sb to sp 带某人去某地 听 listen to 写信给某人 write to sb tell sb about sth 告诉某人有关于某事 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人去做某事 Unit12 My favorite subject is science. 句型:What’s your favorite subject? My favorite subject is math. What’s his favorite subject? His favorite subject is art. What’s her favorite subject? Her favorite subject is P.E. What subject do you like best? I like math best. Why do you like math? Because it’s interesting. Why does he like art? Because it’s fun. Who is your art teacher? Our art teacher is Mrs. Jones. I’m really busy doing my homework. She is busy with her work. I have science. It’s too difficult. I’m really tired of watching TV I like to play with my dog. He is always running around with me. 结构:1, favorite=like…best 最喜爱…… 2, be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 be busy with sth 忙于某事
5
3, be tired of doing sth
做……感到厌烦
初一上册英语所有知识点及练习: 【知识梳理】 I. 重点短语
  1. Sit down
  6. look like
  11. at school
  2. on duty
  7. look at
  12. put on
  3. in English
  8. have a look
  13. look after
  4. have a seat
  9. come on
  14. get up
  5. at home
  10. at work
  15. go shopping II. 重要句型
  1. help sb. do sth.
  11. What’s …plus…? It’s….
  2. What about…?
  12. I think…
  3. Let’s do sth.
  13. Who’s this? This is….
  4. It’s time to do sth.
  14. What can you see? I can see….
  5. It’s time for …
  15. There is (are) ….
  6. What’s…? It is…/ It’s…
  16. What colour is it (are they)? It’s (They’re)…
  7. Where is…? It’s….
  17. Whose …is this? It’s….
  8. How old are you? I’m….
  18. What time is it? It’s….
  9. What class are you in? I’m in….
  10. Welcome to…. III. 交际用语
  1. Good morning, Miss/Mr….
  7. Goodbye! Bye!
  2. Hello! Hi!
  8. What’s your name? My name is ….
  3. Nice to meet you. Nice to meet you, too.
  9. Here you are. This way, please.
  4. How are you? I’m fine, thank you/thanks. And
  10. Who’s on duty today? you?
  11. Let’s do.
  5. See you. See you later.
  12. Let me see.
  6. Thank you! You’re welcome. IV. 重要语法
  1. 动词 be 的用法;
  4. 冠词的基本用法;
  2. 人称代词和物主代词的用法;
  5. There be 句型的用法。
  3. 名词的单复数和所有格的用法; 【名师讲解】
  1. in/on 在表示空间位置时, 表示在某个空间的范围以内, 表示在某一个物体的表面之上。 in on 例如: There is a bird in the tree. 树上有只鸟。 There is a picture on the wall. 墙上有张图。
  2. this/that/these/those (
  1)this 常常用来指在时间、地点上更接近讲话人的人和事,these 是 this 的复数形式。that 常 常用来指在时间、地点上离讲话人更远一点的人和事,those 时 that 的复数形式。例如: You look in this box and I’ look in that one over there.你看看这个盒子, ll 我去看那边的那个盒子。 I want this car, not that car. 我想要这辆小汽车,不是那一辆。 Take these books to his room, please. 请把这些书拿到他房间去。 This is mine; that’s yours. 这个是我的,那个是你的。 These are apples; those are oranges. 这些是苹果,那些是橘子。 (
  2)在打电话的用语中,this 常常指的是我,that 常常指的是对方。例如: This is Mary speaking. Who’s that? 我是玛丽。你是谁?
  3. There be/ have 其确切含意为"某处或某时存在某人或某物。 "其结构是: There be + 某人或某物 + There be "有",
6
表示地点或时间的状语。There be 后面的名词实际上是主语,be 动词
 

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