Unit 3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
By Wang Jianjun from Chapeng Middle School
一 单元分析
本单元以" 为话题展开一系列教学活动. 本单元以"UFO" 为话题展开一系列教学活动 通过UFO到达地球时不同人物的活动 学习过去 到达地球时不同人物的活动, 通过 到达地球时不同人物的活动 进行时when / while的用法 观察图片和利用图 的用法. 进行时 的用法 片来培养学生情景思维和讲故事的能力,这是本 片来培养学生情景思维和讲故事的能力 这是本 单元的重点和难点.八年级学生对 八年级学生对UFO会有强烈 单元的重点和难点 八年级学生对 会有强烈 的好奇心和探索欲望,教材以次为入点 教材以次为入点,使原本枯 的好奇心和探索欲望 教材以次为入点 使原本枯 燥的时态学习变得丰富多彩.教师可借助这点 教师可借助这点,引 燥的时态学习变得丰富多彩 教师可借助这点 引 导学生开展丰富的想象,使课堂真正变成学科综 导学生开展丰富的想象 使课堂真正变成学科综 心灵交汇的智慧场所.在本单元的教学全过程 合,心灵交汇的智慧场所 在本单元的教学全过程 心灵交汇的智慧场所 采用任务型教学方式,让学生通过独立学习 中,采用任务型教学方式 让学生通过独立学习 角 采用任务型教学方式 让学生通过独立学习,角 色扮演,实践体验和合作交流来掌握本单元的英 色扮演 实践体验和合作交流来掌握本单元的英 语知识和技能.开发学生的思维能力 开发学生的思维能力,发展他们的 语知识和技能 开发学生的思维能力 发展他们的 个性,使学生形成积极的情感态度 使学生形成积极的情感态度,主动思维和大 个性 使学生形成积极的情感态度 主动思维和大 胆实践的过程. 胆实践的过程
二 学情分析
学生在七年级下册已学过现在进行时,而且掌握了 学生在七年级下册已学过现在进行时 而且掌握了 一些描述日常活动的短语,并能够使用现在进行时 一些描述日常活动的短语 并能够使用现在进行时 来描述日常活动,这有利于他们学习过去进行时 这有利于他们学习过去进行时. 来描述日常活动 这有利于他们学习过去进行时 同时,八年级下的学生对看图讲故事已有一定的接 同时 八年级下的学生对看图讲故事已有一定的接 这也有利于本单元故事讲述的顺利开展. 触,这也有利于本单元故事讲述的顺利开展 这也有利于本单元故事讲述的顺利开展
三 教学目标
1 语言技能目标 (
  1) 能谈论过去某个时刻正在发生的事情,如: I was sitting in the barber's chair. (
  2)能询问过去某个时刻正在发生的事情, 如:What were you doing when the UFO arrived? (
  3)能用过去进行时态讲故事. 2 语言知识目标
(
  1) 能用过去进行时态描述过去某一时间内正在发生的事, 如: I was standing in front of the library. (
  2)能正确使用when/while引导的时间状语从句,如:While he was buying a souvenir, a girl called the police. 3 情感态度目标 (
  1) 通过了解有关UFO的知识,培养学生从小热爱科学,勇于探索的 精神. (
  2)通过课堂讨论,教育学生从小树立辨证的看待问题,乐观向上的 人生观.
4 文化意识目标
了解自然现象在语言学习中具有的文化涵义. 了解自然现象在语言学习中具有的文化涵义 5 学习策略目标 (
  1) 认知策略 认知策略:借助猜测的方法推测单词的意思, 用归类的方法记忆单词. (
  2) 交际策略:通过role play 等的活动,培养学生 交际策略 的合作能力,并注意倾听他人的意见. (
  3) 资源策略 资源策略:鼓励学生通过各种手段,搜集有关 UFO的不同信息,帮助学生拓展知识,开阔视 野,提高自主学习的能力. (
  4) 调控策略 调控策略:通过课堂反馈和Self check, 让学 生明确自己的学习状况,不断调整学习策略.
四 重点难点 1教学重点 教学重点: 教学重点 重点词汇:bathroom, bedroom, kitchen, bought, got, land, kid, climb, 重点词汇 jump, shout, rode, ran, met, heard, told, became, flew, rang, cat, anywhere, happen, accident, plane, modern, kill, murder, bright, playground, bell, close, silence, meaning, earth, hero; 重点句型: 重点句型: What were you doing when the UFO arrived? I was sitting in the barber's chair when it arrived? While he was buying a souvenir, a girl called the police. 话题:以UFO为话题,讲述UFO到达地球时人们的活动:看图讲故事. 话题 2教学难点 教学难点: 教学难点 能用过去进行时讲故事.
教学过程: 教学过程
第一课时(1a?1c) 第一课时 通过教师做动作让学生猜测这活动来复习现在进行 时态,向学生展示自己的住所来引出本课新单词 向学生展示自己的住所来引出本课新单词.再利 时态 向学生展示自己的住所来引出本课新单词 再利 用图片呈现过去进行时,之后用 之后用pair work 来巩固 ,让 用图片呈现过去进行时 之后用 让 学生猜我在做什么来引出UFO这个话题 从而顺利 这个话题. 学生猜我在做什么来引出 这个话题 过渡到课文,并完成 过渡到课文 并完成1a,1b .之后是一个 之后是一个pair work 再一 并完成 之后是一个 次巩固重点句型和词汇.之后转入 用一个group 之后转入1c.用一个 次巩固重点句型和词汇 之后转入 用一个 work 记者采访的活动开展 并把听力转化为口语练 记者采访的活动开展.并把听力转化为口语练 接着是一个语法总结,最后再利用旧教材初二下册 习.接着是一个语法总结 最后再利用旧教材初二下册 接着是一个语法总结 Lesson 95的图片让学生先口头叙述图片 为家庭作业 的图片让学生先口头叙述图片,为家庭作业 的图片让学生先口头叙述图片 写作做一个铺垫. 写作做一个铺垫
Unit 3 Period 1
What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? UFO
Word study
bedroom
kitchen
barber
bathroom
barber shop
What's he doing now?
.
He is playing football.
What was he doing at three o'clock yesterday afternoon?
He was playing football.

What's she doing now? She is running.
What was she doing at seven o'clock yesterday morning?
She was running.
What are they doing now? They are dancing. What were they doing at ten last night ? They were dancing.
Ask and answer in pairs
Where were you at 6:00 yesterday evening? What were you doing ?
1 2 3 4 5 in a river in a park in a shop at home at home swimming playing basketball doing some shopping cooking doing my homework
I was watching a TV program about UFO.
Did you see a UFO?
UFO: Unidentified Flying Object 不明飞行物
1a A TV reporter is asking "Where were you when the UFO arrived?" Match the statements with the people in the picture.
c d
  1. I was in the bathroom.
  4. I was in the kitchen. b
  2. I was in my bedroom.
  5. I was in my barber shop. e a
  3. I was in front of the library.
  6. I was in the barber's chair. f
1b Listen to the reporter's questions and circle the correct responses.
a. standing in front of the library / studying in the library b. cleaning my room / sleeping late c. making a milk shake / cooking dinner d. getting out of the shower / talking on the phone e. eating lunch / cutting hair get out 出去;离开 get out of 从…出来 get out of the shower 洗完澡出来 cut 剪;切;割
A: What was /were…doing when the UFO arrived? B: … was/were …
Group work:
Reporter: So, what were you doing when the UFO arrived? Girl 1: Well, I was standing in front of the library. Boy 1: I was sleeping late. Woman 1: I was cooking dinner.
Reporter: How about you? Man 1: I was getting out of the shower. Man 2: And I was cutting hair.
summary
过去进行时
含义: 含义:
过去
个时刻 个时刻

动 .
结构: 结构: be (was/were) + doing 例句: 例句:What were you doing at nine last night? I was taking a shower at nine last night.
boat (
  8)
look out of his window drink some water (
  1) play football (
  2)
fish (
  7) read newspapers
(
  6) (
  5) sell some fruit
(
  3) play games
(
  4) buy some fruit
Homework:
1 Write a short passage about the picture In the park. 2 Make a survey about what your family were doing when you arrived home last Friday?
第二课时(Section A2a?3b) 第二课时 让学生齐唱" 活跃气氛. 让学生齐唱"If you are happy ", 活跃气氛 值日生上台汇报上节课布置的作业,然后完成 值日生上台汇报上节课布置的作业 然后完成 2a,2b的练习 接着利用图片重点对 的练习.接着利用图片重点对 的练习 接着利用图片重点对when 和 while的用法作比较并总结 并做一个小练习 的用法作比较并总结.并做一个小练习 的用法作比较并总结 并做一个小练习. 然后阅读3a的电子邮件 为图片排序.并按次 的电子邮件,为图片排序 然后阅读 的电子邮件 为图片排序 并按次 序复述故事. 序复述故事
Unit 3 Period 2
What were you doing when the UFO arrived?
Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived? UFO
2a Listen and order these statements [1-5]. The alien visited the Museum of Flight. 5 The alien bought a souvenir. 4 A UFO landed on Center Street. 1 The alien went into a store. 3 alien
2 An alien got out of the UFO.
land
2b Listen again. Complete the following sentences with "when" or "while".
  1.The boy was walking down the street a when UFO landed.
  2.The girl was shopping she saw the alien when get out.
  3. the alien was buying a souvenir, the girl While called the police.
  4. While the alien was visiting the museum, the boy called the TV station.
Comparing the following sentences:
The girl was drawing when the UFO landed. While the girl was drawing, the UFO landed. They were swimming when the alien got out. While they were swimming, the alien got out.
He was talking on the phone while they were swimming.
When 和 while 的用法与 区别
  1)延续性动词和非延续性动词 ) 延续性动词指动作可以延续一段时间, 延续性动词指动作可以延续一段时间, 而不是瞬间结束. 而不是瞬间结束. 如:work,study,drink,eat等. , , , 等 非延续性动词指动作极为短暂,瞬间结 非延续性动词指动作极为短暂, 束. 如:start,begin,hit,jump,knock等. , , , , 等

  2)在本单元中,出现了以 )在本单元中,出现了以when和while引导的时 和 引导的时 间状语从句. 间状语从句. <1> when表示"当……的时候".从句中既可 表示" 的时候" 表示 的时候 用延续性动词,又可用非延续性动词, 用延续性动词,又可用非延续性动词,这些动词 既可以表示动作,又可表示状态. 既可以表示动作,又可表示状态.从句中的动作 既可和主句的动作同时发生, 既可和主句的动作同时发生,又可在主句的动作 之前或之后发生. 之前或之后发生.如: Mary was having dinner when I saw her . The boy was still sleeping when his mother got home yesterday morning .
<2> while表示"在……的时候","在……期 表示" 的时候" 表示 的时候 期 间".它强调主句的动作与从句的动作同时发生或 主句的动作发生在从句的动作过程中. 主句的动作发生在从句的动作过程中.while从句中 从句中 必须是表示动作或状态的延续性动词. 必须是表示动作或状态的延续性动词.如: The weather was fine while we were in Beijing . She called while I was out . 如果主句的动作在从句的动作过程中发生,从句 如果主句的动作在从句的动作过程中发生, 常用进行时. 常用进行时.如: While we were swimming someone stole our clothes . Don't talk so loud while others are working .
Summary

  1. when可指时间点,又可指时间段,从句 可指时间点, 可指时间点 又可指时间段, 中可用延续性动词,也可用非延续性动词. 中可用延续性动词,也可用非延续性动词.
  2. while总是指一个时间段,从句中必须用 总是指一个时间段, 总是指一个时间段 延续性动词. 延续性动词.
  3.统一时态:主句过去式, 统一时态: 统一时态 主句过去式, 从句也是过去式. 从句也是过去式.
Exercises
Fill with "While" or "When"
While
  1. May was talking on the phone, her sister walked in. When
  2. Rita bought her new dog, it was wearing a little coat. When
  3. I saw Carlos, he was wearing a green shirt. While
  4. I was dancing, he was singing loudly.
  5. When Linda finally saw Davy , he was jumping with a dog . when
  6. I was cleaning my room the fire broke out .
5
3
2
1
4
Dear Jack, I had a very unusual experience on Sunday. At around ten o'clock in the morning, I was walking down the street when a UFO landed right in front of me. You can imagine how strange it was! An alien got out and walked down Center Street. experience 经历;体验 经历; right 正好;恰恰 正好; around 大约 (=about) strange 奇怪的;陌生的 奇怪的;
I followed it to see where it was going, and I was very surprised when it went into a souvenir shop. While it was looking at the souvenirs, the shop a
 

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