World English (世界英语 ? 世界英语) 世界英语
American America British
Canada Canadian
Australia Australian
British English
taxi transport petrol main road underground pavement lorry car park secondary school
American English
cab transportation gasoline highway subway sidewalk truck parking lot high school
British English
autumn holiday fortnight rubbish dustbin flat ground floor lift term
American English
fall vacation two weeks garbage trash can apartment first floor elevator semester

  2.Differences in Spelling A.E. theater center color traveler program B.E. theatre centre colour traveller programme
Joe is An American. In American English, the word “bathroom” means a place with a toilet and sometimes a bath or shower. Joe is looking for a toilet in the bathroom. Nancy is a British. In British English, the word “ bathroom” means a place with a bath or shower and sometimes a toilet. Nancy thinks that Joe wants to take a shower.”
towel tap
mirror toilet
A bathroom or a toilet?
bath / bathtub basin
Answer 1: A toilet.
for the first time. I have come to Tibet for the first time. It is the first time that I have come to Tibet. The first time I came to this school, it was a very old and poor one.
这是我们第一次到下沙 This is the first time that we have come to Xiasha. 这是他第一次离开家。 这是他第一次离开家。 This is the first time he has left home. 汤姆生平第一次应邀出席一个重要的舞会。 汤姆生平第一次应邀出席一个重要的舞会。 Tom was invited to an important ball for the first time in his life.
? for the first time:第一次;首次(表示有生 time:第一次 首次( 第一次;
以来或一段时间内第一次做某事) 以来或一段时间内第一次做某事) ? the first time :第一次;首次(到说话时为 :第一次 首次( 第一次; 一动作发生的次数) 止某 一动作发生的次数) ? first of all :首先;第一 :首先 首先; ? at first =at the beginning 开始;起初 开始;

  1. There you are. e.g. a) There you are. We have been anxious about you. 你来了。我们一直为你担心哪。 你来了。我们一直为你担心哪。 b) There you are. I knew I was right. 瞧,对吧!我就知道我是对的。 对吧!我就知道我是对的。 c) There you are. A cup of coffee. 给你。一杯咖啡。 给你。一杯咖啡。
all the way adv.从远道,自始至终,一路上; 所有的路 .从远道,自始至终,一路上; 在句子中作状语,修饰动词。 程 在句子中作状语,修饰动词。 春天到来的时候,燕子一路从南方飞到北方。 春天到来的时候,燕子一路从南方飞到北方。 When spring comes swallows fly all the way from the south to the north. . 加拿大远道而来。 远道而来 他从加拿大远道而来。 He came all the way from Canada. . 我们两个自始至终参加了比赛。 我们两个自始至终参加了比赛。 自始至终参加了比赛 We both stayed in the game all the way. . all the way to… 一路至…… 一路至 她一直走到火车站。 一直走到火车站。 火车站 She walked all the way to the train station
be tired of /be tired from be tired of对……感到厌烦 对 感到厌烦 be tired from由于……而劳累 由于 而劳累 am tired of 我讨厌走路。 我讨厌走路。I walking. 我走累了。I walking 我走累了。 am tired from ★Mr Smith, of the speech, started to read a A novel. A. tired; boring C. tired; bored B. tiring; bored D. tiring; boring
tired, tiring 与tiresome tired“疲劳的”“累的”,用于修饰人或人作主语,表 疲劳的”“累的” 用于修饰人或人作主语 疲劳的”“累的 用于修饰人或人作主语, 状态 tiring, tiresome两者都为形容词,词义基本相同,意为 两者都为形容词, 两者都为形容词 词义基本相同, 令人讨厌的;使人疲劳的 指某事或某人让人困乏、 “令人讨厌的 使人疲劳的” 指某事或某人让人困乏、疲 情感上不在予以理睬或回避,可用作表语, 倦,情感上不在予以理睬或回避,可用作表语,也可用 作形容词修饰名词。 作形容词修饰名词。 tired ★ Are you ? tired ★ He was a man when the long race was over. tiring/tiresome ★ This is a argument. tiring ★ It has been a climb.
look very pale. You very tired I didn’t sleep at all last night. didn’ A. must be B. must have been C. can be D. can have been
  2.You look very pale. You well last night.
  2.You A. mustn’t sleep B. mustn’t have slept mustn’ mustn’ C. can’t sleep can’ D. can’t have slept can’ must 一定是,准是,想必是(推测,常用在肯定句中) 一定是,准是,想必是(推测,常用在肯定句中) must do:对现在的推测。 do:对现在的推测。 ? e.g. He must be a student, he? isn’t You can’t have slept well last night, did can’ you?

  1.You You

  12. You must be very tired.
be / do
表对现在所发生事情 的肯定推测 表对过去事情肯定推测
have done
The light is on, he must be at home. Where is Terry? He must have gone boating.
-A hundred pounds for a thirty hour, , C it’s not right, is it? it’ ?It’s not right. It’ A. you see B. I mean that C. I mean D. by the way

  6. Make oneself at home 无拘束, 无拘束, 随便
  1)If you get to my home before I do, help yourself to a drink and . help make yourself at home (如果你在我之前到我家,请自己那饮料,别拘束) 如果你在我之前到我家,请自己那饮料,别拘束)
Please sit at the table and make (
  2) yourself at home
(请坐在桌子边,随便点) 请坐在桌子边,随便点)
English around the world
The language profile of a student from south-eastern southTibet
Mother tongue Second language:native
At home with their Fluent family members and their friends
Third language:foreign
Fluent At school,watching TV and listening to the radio Good A few words On the Internet and at school On the Internet and at school
English Fourth language:foreign Japanese
Skimmin ?g Find the topic sentence of each paragraph
? Para 1 English is a language spoken all
around the world.
? Para 2 However, the number of people
who learn English as a foreign language is more than 750 million.
? With so many people communicating in
English every day, it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.
Part 1

  1.Why is it becoming more and more important to have a good knowledge of English?
? With more and more people using English
around the world in trade(business), travel(tourism) or international organizations, we need to be able to communicate using the English language.

  2.In which country do we find most native speakers of English? Give the names of three countries. countries.
? Most native speakers of English are
found in countries such as the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Australia(Canada, South Africa, Ireland or New Zealand).

  3.Living in china you can use English every day in different situations. Give two examples.
? Listening to and singing pop songs,
playing computer games, reading web pages, watching foreign films, VCD/DVD and TV programs; talking to travelers coming to China, using the Internet, reading advertisements.
Post reading
Part 2
? Language; ? Spoken ? The United Kingdom/the UK/Great
Britain/England [alternative answers: the United States of America/ the USA/the US, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland or South Africa] ? The United States [alternative answers:the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland,or South Africa]
fill in the chart bellow
number of speakers the native language the foreign language the second language examples of countries working situations
How many people spoke English at the end of the 16th century? Why has English changed over time? How many times did English change? How did they change?
? learn English ? foreign language ? used ? trade/ business ? tourism/ travel ? businessmen ? tourists ? speak ? English ? family ? speaking
? Read the passage for at least 3 times
and get a better understanding of the passage. ? Try to recite the last paragraph.
The changing of English why: cultures communicate with one another a、 AD 4501500 like German 4501500 b、11501500 more like French 11501500 c、1600 Shakespeare English d、18C, American English (Noah Webster)
e、 Later Australian English f、 17651947 Indian English 17651947 g、1842 has been used in Hong ?Kong. h、TodayEnglish in China is TodayEnglish increasing rapidly.
The independence of the United States, Para. 1 the history of American and British English and the process of diversification of the two Englishes. Para. 2 The difference between British English and American English in words.
Para. 3 The difference between British English
and American English in spelling. The difference between British English and American English in spoken language.
Para. 4
Task 1 . Answer the following questions :
  1. Why did English become more like French from 1150-1500? Because those who ruled England at that time spoke French.
  2. When did American English have its own identity? When Noah Webster wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language.
  3. Why did India has a large number of English speakers? Because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 19
Tell some differences between Br.E and Am.E : spelling pronunciation expressions

  2.Differences in Spelling A.E. theater center color traveler program B.E. theatre cenre colour traveller programme

  1. 高度赞扬某人
  2. 通过广播。
  3. The number of the students in our class a number of is 50, and them study hard.( the number of/ a number of)
  4. 熟练掌握英语
  5. 知识就是力量。
  6. 她害羞了,因为全班人都看着她。(with)
  7. 有很多工作要去做,他起的很早。(with)
  1. Have a good knowledge of English ? ( 掌握, 了解) 掌握, 了解)
Before you travel to some countries, you have to have a good knowledge of those countries. ? 作“知识”解时,是不可数名词 知识”解时, ? 知识就是力量 ? Knowledge is power.

  2.The number of/ a number of:
? The number of……表示“…的数量” of……表示“ 的数量”
the number of +n. 后跟单数动词 A number of ……表示“许多的……”,后跟复 ……表示“许多的……”, 数名词。 A number of=a great / good /large number of A great/good deal of + 不可数名词 A lot of = lots of +可数或不可数名词 +可数或不可数名词 Plenty of + 可数或不可数名词
  3. How did these difference come about? ? Come about=happen/ take place about=happen/
e.g. Can you tell me how the accident came about? about? the change 1)They didn’ 1)They didn’t know how came about 他们不知道这个变化是怎么造成 .(他们不知道这个变化是怎么造成 .( 的. how a
  2) Sometimes it is hard to tell quarrel comes about . . (有时候很难说口角是怎样引起的.) happen/occur/come about/take place/break out: vi (一般不用被动形式 一般不用被动形式.) 一般不用被动形式

  1. Can you tell me how the accident . A. came on B. came about C. came out D. came in
  2. I’m sorry for keeping you waiting. I Never mind. I here only a few Never minutes. A. came B. come C. was D. have been
  4. No quick answer to this question
key/reply/ entrance/notes to…… ? 大门的钥匙?? the key to the door 大门的钥匙?? ? 文章的注释?? the notes to the text 文章的注释?? ? 房子的入口?? the entrance to the house 房子的入口?? Nobody can answer this question quickly enough. no answer to There is quick this question.

  1) The language in America didn’t change. The language in America stayedthe same while the language in England changed.
  2) You look not a bit older than you did 5 years ago. How do you so young? A. change B. grow C. become D. stay ?
  16.… language stays the same
  16. stay 意为“保持”,是联系动词,相当于 意为“保持” keep, remain, 后跟形容词做表语。 后跟形容词做表语。 e.g. 窗户开了一个晚上. 窗户开了一个晚上. The windows stayed open all night long.

  5. end up with=finish with……以什么结尾 with……以什么结尾 begin/start with……以什么开始 with……以什么开始 e.g. The dinner often begins with fruit, and ends up with coffee. 最后有某种结局,最后成了,结束。 ★end up 最后有某种结局,最后成了,结束。 with ?
  1) The meeting ended up the singing of The International. in ?
  2) If you continue to steal you’ll end up you’ __ prison. ?
  3) He ended upas the head of the firm. __

  6. …Britis



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