Unit 5
本单元应该掌握的词汇
TV, ball, basketball, soccer, ping-pong bat, tennis racket, volleyball, let, play, sport, have, has, interesting, boring, fun, difficult, relaxing
本单元重点词组

  1) play baseball 打棒球 (
  2) play basketball 打篮球 (
  3) play volleyball 打排球 (
  4) play football/ soccer 踢足球 (
  5) play tennis 打网球 (
  6)play table tennis( ping- pong) 打乒乓球 难点:there be 与have的区别
本单元应该掌握的句子

  1)Do you have a soccer ball? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. (
  2)Do they have a computer? Yes, they do. / No, they don’t. (
  3)Does she have a ping-pong ball? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t . (
  4)Let’s play soccer. (
  5)That sounds good ( interesting, boring,fun, relaxing, difficult.) (
  6) I don’t have a basketball. (
  7)Volleyball is difficult. (
  8)He has 8 tennis rackets, 7 soccer balls and 9 volleyballs.
本单元要求熟悉的句子

  1)Ed Smith has a great sports collection. (
  2)She plays sports every day. (
  3)Let’s play computer games. (
  4)He only watches them on TV.
play badminton 打羽毛球 注:动词play后面接球类名称, 表示“打或 踢”,球类名 词前不加任何冠词,不可 以说play a (the) soccer .
play 还可以和其他一些词搭配成短语。如: play computer games. 玩电子游戏 play sports 做运动
watch TV 看电视
watch 的用法: watch作名词时,表示“手表”, 其复数是watches. 例如:three watches watch 作动词时,表示“观看,注视”,表示看电视或看比赛。(第三人称单数 为watches) 例如: watch sports on TV. 看电视体育节目 watch a football game. 看一场足球赛 My mother often watches TV after supper. 我妈妈经常晚饭后看电视。 join the baseball club加入棒球俱乐部 join: 参加, 加入(某个组织,团体)例如: join the soccer club 加入足球俱乐部 join the Party 入党 Please join us. 一块儿参加我们的活动吧。 join the WTO 加入世贸组织
注意:
  1.在生活中,当朋友提出建议时,你可以用“That sounds…+形容词” 表达你个人的观点。 赞成或同意别人的观点可用:interesting, fun, relaxing, good, wonderful… 不赞成他人观点时可用:boring, terrible, bad… 例如: A: Let’s watch TV. B: That sounds interesting.( boring) 这里that是第三人称单数, 谓语动词sound后应加s. sound在这里是连系 动词,作“听起来” 之意,后面接形容词做表语。例如:
  1).Your idea sounds good. 你的主意听起来很好。
  2). Let’s play soccer. That sounds wonderful.
have表示所属关系。
Have “有”, 强调拥有或占有,是所属关系。 例如: I have a happy family. 我有一个幸福的家庭。 I have a backpack. 我有一个书包。 注: 谓语动词have在句中有两种形式, 即have和has. have 用于第一人称(I , we), 第二人称(you)和第三人称复数(they)或其他复数名词等;has 用于第三人称单数 (he , she, it) 或单数名词。例如:
  1. I have a sister. 我有一个妹妹。
  2. We have a computer.我们有一台电脑。
  3.You have three pencils.你有三只铅笔。
  4.They have a TV. 他们有一台电视。
  5.Jim and Anna have an uncle.吉姆和安娜有一个舅舅。
  6.Kate has a cousin. 凯特有一个表妹。
  7.He has a new watch. 他有一块儿新手表。
have和has否定句和疑问句的构成:
用助动词do或does来构成, does用于第三人 称单数,does 或doesn’t 后要用动词原形have, 不 能用has.例如:
  1.Do you have a TV? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
  2.Do they have a computer? Yes, they do./ No, they don’t.
  3. Does she have a tennis racket? Yes, she does. / No, she doesn’t.
there be 与have的区别:
它们都表示“有”的意思, 但句型 “There is/ are…表 示某处有某人或某物,强调的是一种客观存在; 但是have 强调的是拥有或占有, 主语一般是名词或代词,与主语是所 属关系。例如:
  1.I have two brothers and a sister.
  2. My sister has two toys but I have only one.
  3.There is a notebook on the desk.
  4. There are five pens in my pencil case. 有时there be 结构和have 可以替换。例如: There are fifty classes in our school = We have fifty classes in our school. 我们学校有50个班。
Let’s play soccer.
这是一个祈使句。祈使句是英语基本句型之一,表达说话人对对方的劝告, 请求,叮嘱或命令等。往往有表示请求,命令,希望,禁止,劝告等意思。
  1.Let me help you. 让我来帮你。
  2.Let us play basketball. 让我们打篮球吧。
  3.Let him come in. 让他进来。
  4.Let’s not sit here. 我们不要坐这儿了。
  5.Let me try again. 让我再试试。
  6.Let’s have some tea. 让我们喝些茶吧。
  7.Let her not go away. 让她不要走远。
  8.Let’s have a break. 让我们休息一下吧。
  9.It’s time for class. Let go to the classroom. 该上课了。 让我们进教室吧。 注:Let+第一人称、第三人称宾格代词(us,me)或名词+(not)+动词原形+其 他成分
此外,祈使句还有一种形式,即动词原形+其他成分。 例如: Listen to me carefully, please.(请专心听我讲) Be quiet, please. (请安静) Write down the new words in your notebooks.(把新单词写 在笔记本上) 祈使句的否定形式是:Don’t+动词原形+其他成分,例如: Don’t look out of the window.(不要向窗外看) Don’t be late for school again.(不要再上学迟到)
看下面这段短文,你能填出来吗?
Look! We 1 a big red house. The house has three bedrooms. It 2 a nice window. This house 3 two floors. 4 a TV in the sitting room. 5 two bathrooms in this house. 6 a table and four chairs in this house. The dining room is very big. We 7 TV in the sitting room. We have breakfast, lunch and supper in the dining room. We sleep in the bedrooms. We have a shower(洗澡) in the bathroom. The house 8 a garden. We 9 badminton in it. We love our house.
背诵
Look! We have a big red house. The house has three bedrooms. It has a nice window. This house has two floors. There is a TV in the sitting room. There are two bathrooms in this house. There is a table and four chairs in this house. The dining room is very big. We watch TV in the sitting room. We have breakfast, lunch and supper in the dining room. We sleep in the bedrooms. We have a shower(洗澡) in the bathroom. The house has a garden. We play badminton in it. We love our house.
练习(完成对话,一空一词)
A: Hi, Tom! Let’s play 1 . B: 2 , Tony. But I don’t have a baseball 3 . A: Hi, Mike! Do you have a baseball bat? C: Yes, I 4 . I 5 two baseball bats. B: 6 sounds 7 ! A: OK! Let’s 8 baseball. B&C: OK! 9 go!
答案:
  1. baseball
  2. Sorry
  3. bat
  4. do
  5.have
  6.that
  7.good/interesting…
  8.play

  9.Let’s
阅读
Do you have a brother or a sister? Do you have two tennis rackets and a tennis ball? You can play tennis. Two people or four people can play tennis. Do you have a basketball? Do you have two brothers or sisters? Can your mother and father play? Five people can play basketball. Volleyball needs six people for each team and a volleyball. But baseball needs a big family. A baseball team has nine people. You need a baseball bat and a ball.
Number of people (所需人数)
Equipment (器材)
Baseball Tennis Basketball Two or four A basketball
Volleyball
答案
Number of people (所需人数)
Equipment(器材)
Baseball
nine
A baseball bat and a ball
Tennis
Two or four
Two tennis rackets and a tennis ball
Basketball Volleyball
five six
A basketball A volleyball
Thank you!!!
 

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