七年级英语 2010 年补课 一 be 动词的用法
动词( 一. Be 动词(am, is, are)的用法 ) 口诀:I 用 am , you 用 are ,is 连着他(he)她(she)它(it) 。单数统统用 is,复数一律都用 are. 变疑问, 往前提,句末问好莫丢弃,变否定,更容易,be 后 not 莫忘记,疑问否定任你变,句首大写莫迟疑。 注意:be 动词通常会和其他词连写在一起,如:I’m , what’s ,name’s, they’re 等 I a student. How your father. You Janpanese. Mike and Liu Tao at school. He my brother. Whose dress this? She very nice. Whose socks they? My name Harry. That my red skirt. I 10 years old. Who I? Lilei very tall. The jeans on the desk. Mary, this Tom. Here many oranges for you. Miss Zhou my teacher. Here some sweaters for you. What this? The black pants for Su Yang. The cat black. This pair of boots for Yang Ling. This book very interesting. There some milk for me. Lilei and I good friends. Some tea in the glass. Gao shan's shirt over there. These apples. Those bananas. My sister's name Nancy. They students. This not Wang Fang's pencil. she from China? David and Helen from England? There a girl in the room. you good at English? The books on the desk. I a boy. you a boy? No, I not.The girl Jack's sister. The dog tall and fat. The man with big eyes a teacher. your brother in the classroom? Where your mother? She at home. There some apples on the tree. there any kites in the classroom? there any apple juice in the bottle? There some bread on the plate. There a boy, and ten women in the park. You, he and I from China. My telephone number8563-07
  70.
第一, 第一, 物主代词和人称代词的用法
. 二)代词
  1. 含义: 含义: 代词是为了避免重复用来代替名词的词,大多数代词具有名词和形容词的作用。
  2.
  1) 表示“我”、“你”、“他(她、它)”、“我们”、“你们”、“他(她、它)们”的词叫做人称代词 人称代词。 人称代词
  2) 变化形式 数 人称 词义 格 主格 宾格 单数 一 我 I me 二 你 you you 他 he 三 她 she 它 it it
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复数 一 我们 we us 二 你们 you you 三 他们 they them
him her

  3) 用法 ① 人称代词的主格在句子中作主语。例如: He comes from Japan.他来自日本。 ② 人称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语。例如:Let her play the piano for you.让她为你弹钢琴。 高分突破:
  1) 当几个代词同时作主语时,其顺序一般是:单数:you, he and I 复数:we, you and they. 例如: You, he and I are in the same school now.你,他和我现在在同一个学校。 We, you and they like our teachers.我们,你们和他们都喜欢我们的老师。
  2).表示国家、大地、船只、月亮等名词常用 she 来替代(sun 用 he) 。 例如: China is my motherland. She is very beautiful. 中国是我的祖国,她很漂亮。
  3.
  1) 表所有关系的代词叫物主代词 物主代词。包括形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词。 物主代词
  2) 变化形式 数 人称 词义 种类 形容词性的物主代词 名词性的物主代词 my mine your yours his her its our ours your yours his hers its 单数 一 我的 二 你的 三 他的 她的 它的 一 我们的 复数 二 你们的 三 他们 的 their theirs

  3) 用法 ① 形容词性物主代词在句中作定语。例如:Today is his birthday. ② 名词性物主代词常用来避免前面已提及的名词,作主语、表语或宾语。 例如:This is your backpack, mine(=my backpack) is on the floor under the bed. 这个是你的双肩背包,我的(双肩背包)在床下的地板上。
  4.
  1) 表相互关系的代词叫相互代词 相互代词。有 each other, one another 等,在句中作宾语。 相互代词 例如:We should help each other.
  2) 其所有格格式为:each other’s, one another’s, 作定语。 例如:We don’t know each other’s names.我们不知道彼此的名字。
  5.
  1) 表示“这个”、“那个”、“这些”、“那些”等指示概念的代词叫作指示代词 指示代词。 指示代词
  2) 指示代词有:this, that, these, those, such(这样的) same(同样的) 等;可在句中作主语、表语、宾语或 定语。
  6.
  1) 表示不定数量的人或物的代词叫做不定代词 不定代词。 不定代词
  2) 常见词: some 一些 (肯定) , any 一些, 任何一个 (否定或疑问句) 全都, one 一个, each 每 all 个, more 更多的, most 多数的 many 许多(修饰可数名词), much 许多(修饰不可数名 词),little 很少的,几乎没有的(修饰不可数名词) ,等。
  3)另外还有由 some, any, no(没有), every(每个)构成的复合不定代词。 如:someone, anyone, everyone, somebody, anybody, everybody, nobody 等。
  4)不定代词具有名词和形容词的性质,并有可数和不可数之分,在句中作主语、表语、宾语、定语、同 位语、状语等。
  7.
  1) 疑问代词 what, which, who, whom, whose 用来构成特殊疑问句,在句中作主语、宾语、定语和表语。
  2) ① what 一般用来指物,指人时通常询问职业。 例如:What is your father? He’s a teacher.你父亲是干什么的?他是教师。 ②who(主格形式)谁, 作主语或表语; whom(宾格形式)谁,作宾语;whose(所有格形式)谁的,作定语。 例如:Who’s the girl in yellow?穿黄色衣服的女孩是谁? Whom do you want to see?你想见谁?Whose car is this?这是谁的车? 一 根据句子前后内容,写出正确的代词。 Li lei is from China. is Chinese. My name is Gina. am a student. This is Tom. is in Grade Two.
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His name is Tony. telephone number is 2232536 She is a student.name is Julia.
二.用所给词的适当形式填空
  1. That is not kite. That kite is very small, but is very big. ( I )
  2. The dress is . Give it to . ( she )
  3. Is this watch? (you) No, it’s not . ( I )
  4. is my brother. name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are . ( he )
  5. dresses are red. (we) What colour are ? ( you )
  6. Here are many dolls, which one is ? ( she )
  7. I can find my toy, but where’s ? ( you )
  8. Show your kite, OK? (they)
  9. I have a beautiful cat. name is Mimi. These cakes are . ( it )
  10. Are these tickets? No, are not . aren’t here. ( they )
  11. Shall have a look at that classroom? That is classroom. ( we )
  12. is my aunt. Do you know job? a nurse. ( she )
  13. That is not camera. is at home. ( he )
  14. Where are ? I can’t find . Let’s call parents. ( they )
  15. Don’t touch . not a cat, a tiger!
  16. sister is ill. Please go and get . ( she )
  17. don’t know her name. Would you please tell . ( we )
  18. So many dogs. Let’s count . ( they )
  19. I have a lovely brother. is only
  3. I like very much. ( he )
  20. May I sit beside ? ( you )
  21. Look at that desk. Those book are on . ( it )
  22.The girl behind is our friend. (she )
  23. This is (我的)pen.
  24.(我们的) sweaters are there.
  25. I like this picture. Please give (它) to (我).
  26. (他们) are new students. (他们的) names are Lucy and Lily.
  27. These are (我们的) shoes. Can (我们) wear (它们).
  28.Thank for (你的) help.
  29. (他) loves (他的)mother, and (他的)mother loves (他),too. (我) love (你), and (你) love (我) ,too.
  30. (我) am a worker(工人). (你) are a doctor(医生). (她) is a teacher.
  31.This is (他的 ) shirt. 提高题 一、用适当的人称代词填空:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8.
  9. is my aunt. We often visit . China is a developing country. lies in the east of Asia. Professor Wang sets a good example. We must learn from . What day is today? ? is Thursday.
How far is the thunder ? ? is three kilometers away. I own a blue bike. The red one doesn’t belong to . These new houses are so nice. are very expensive. say that those old houses will be rebuilt. Is the milkman at the door? ? Yes, that’s .

  10. The fishermen caught a lot of fish, didn’t ?
3 / 35

  11. Ling Ling is a girl. studies in a primary school. Her brother lives with and helps to prepare the lessons.
  12. The ship is lying at anchor (停泊) . comes from Shanghai.
  13. This photo of your mother is very much like her. I like .
  14. Mike is my classmate. is good at physics .
  15. Kate wants a glass of milk. Will you pass it to ?
  16. What's the weather like today ? is cloudy. 二、用形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词填空
  1. I ate all sandwiches yesterday. Can I have one of ?
  2. Tell Tom not to forget book. And you mustn't forget .
  3. George has lost pen. Ask Mary if(是否)she will lend him .
  4.. Jack has a dog and so have I. dog and had a fight (打架).
  5. The teacher wants you to return that book of
  6. Mr. and Mrs. Green and a friend of are coming to see us.
  7. Mary wants to know if(是否) you've seen a pair of gloves of .
  8. We are going to Paris to stay with a French friend of . 三、用适当的人称代词和物主代词填空 A. 从括号内选择正确的代词填空
  1. Your football clothes are on the desk. Please put (they,them,their,theirs) away.

  2. (We,Us,Our,Ours) English teacher is Mrs. Green. We all like (she,her,hers).
  3. (I, Me, My, Mine) can't get my kite.
  4. Tom can't get down from the tree. Could you help (I, me, my, mine)?
Can you help (he,him,his)?

  5. Her kite is broken. Can (you,your,yours) mend it?
  6. We can't find our bikes. Can you help (we,us,our,ours)? The white ones are (I,me,mine).

  7. These are (he,him,his) planes. B. 填入正确的人称代词和物主代词
  1. This isn't her knife. is green.

  2. These are your books,Kate. Put in the desk,please.
  3. You must look after things.
  4. Wei Fang,is that ruler? Yes,it's.
  5. They want a football. Give the green one,please.
  6. It's Lin Tao's bag. Give to .
  7. Is this pencil-box Li Lei's? No, is very new.
  8. This box is too heavy. I can't carry . Don't worry,Let help .

  9. is a boy name is Mike. Mike's friends like very much.
  10. My sister is in room. is a teacher.
  11. Jane is a little girl. mother is a nurse.
  12. We are in classroom. classroom is big.
  13. My father and mother are teachers. are busy
4 / 35

  14. You are a pupil. Is brother a pupil, too? 四、用括号中的适当形式填空 A) (
  1)Are these (you)pencils? (
  2)?Whose is this pencil? Yes, they are (our).
?It’s (I).

  3)I love (they)very much. (
  4)She is(I)classmate. (
  5)Miss Li often looks after(she)brother. (
  6) ?Are these (they) bags ? ?No, they aren’t (their) They are . (we) . B)
  1. This bike is my sister`s. It belongs to (她的)。
  2. This isn`t my book. (我的) is in the bag.
  3. They quarrelled among (他们).
  4. You and I understand (彼此) perfectly.
  5. If there are (一些) new magazines in the library, take some for me. 五、根据句意用适当的人称代词、物主代词填空:
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
  7.
  8. Mary works in a book store. John and I are in the same school. Everybody likes that sport, do She is a friend of Her sister makes all ? likes work very much. go to school together.
. We got to know each other two years ago. own dresses. are good at English. is broken.
I have many friends. Some of May I use bike?
Everybody is here except Ann and friend Jane. are in the library now.
六、选择填空
  1.
  2. Who’s singing over there ? ? is Sandy’s sister. A. That B. It C. She D. This
will spend the summer holiday in Hawaii. A. She, you and I B. You, she and I C. I, you and she A. me B. I B. they D. Her, me and you C. he C. me A. he D. his D. I B. him C. I D. me

  3.
  4.
  5.
  6.
Between you and , he is not a real friend. My uncle bought a new bike for .
A. theirs
Mr
 

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