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大学英语四级写作新评分标准
? 2分--条理不清,思路紊乱,语言支离破碎或大部 分 条理不清,思路紊乱, 条理不清 分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。 分句子均有错误,且多数为严重错误。 ? 5分--基本切题。表达思想不够清楚,连贯性差。 基本切题。 分 基本切题 表达思想不够清楚,连贯性差。 有较多的严重语言错误。 有较多的严重语言错误。 ? 8分--基本切题。表达思想比较清楚,文字尚连贯; 基本切题。 分 基本切题 表达思想比较清楚,文字尚连贯; 但语言错误较多,其中有少量的严重错误。 但语言错误较多,其中有少量的严重错误。 ? 11分--切题。表达思想清楚,文字连贯,但有少 切题。 分 切题 表达思想清楚,文字连贯, 量语言错误。 量语言错误。 ? 14分--切题。表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性 切题。 分 切题 表达思想清楚,文字通顺, 较好。基本无语言错误。 较好。基本无语言错误。 ?
大学英语四级写作新评分标准
? ? ? ? ? ? 除了以上五个主要标准之外, 除了以上五个主要标准之外,评分时还考虑以 下三个因素: 下三个因素: l.白卷,作文与题目毫不相关,或只有几个 .白卷,作文与题目毫不相关, 孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给零分。 孤立的词而无法表达思想,则给零分。
  2. 字数不足者酌情扣分 字数不足者酌情扣分(81-89个词扣 分, 个词扣1分 个词扣 7l-80个词扣 分,61-70个词 个词扣2分 个词扣 个词 个词扣4分 不足50个词最多只给 扣3分,51一60个词扣 分,不足 个词最多只给 分 一 个词扣 5分)。所计字数不包括卷面 分。 上已给主题句。 上已给主题句。
  3.只写一段者 分,只写两段者 分。 .只写一段者0-4分 只写两段者0-9分
一、人称
?
  1.少用I,we, they,当想用 some people that….多用sth is widely assumed/believed that… ?
  2. 人称要一致, ? 用we,they 等,一用到底,切忌some people ?they?we? I
时态?? 时态
?
  1.一般现在时为主体 ?
  2.使用悬垂结构 ? A. To catch up with this development, we all feel an urgent and strong desire to study. ? B. Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do.
议论文的灵魂??观点(Arguments)
? 考察我们的观点及对社会上的一些事情的看法和改进的措 施 ? 如2002年6月的图表分析题Students Use of Computers ? 2003年1月的It Pays to Be Honest,暗合那几年风靡一 时的高考作文题目《诚信》 ? 2006年1月的问我们对Campus Tourism(即大学校园成 为旅游景点的看法和观点) ? 同年的6月又考察了arguments,是对On Students Selecting Lectures,问学生对自己选择任课教师这一问题 的辩证性的看法。 ? 四级考试重视我们自己的perspective即观点,而且一般 都是辩证性的观点,要格外的注意这一趋势。 ?
永恒的三段论
? 第一段:按背景+观点提出有些人的观点; ? In contemporary society, there is a growing tendency over the recent years for sb(人) to do sth.(干什么) This issue/phenomenon has caused wide public concern. ? 第二段:用as a matter of fact /however提出另一部分人 的观点;However, people seem to fail to take into account the fact that…. /as a matter of fact, ? 最后一段:用personally提出自己的观点及解决方法,最 后总结。 From my part, I am inclined to support the idea that……
?
  1. 每年,高校许多大学生受到鼓舞去贫困 地区支教。 ?
  2. 支教活动的意义。 ?
  3. 我的看法。
Aid Education in China
? Each year, college students, encouraged to aid students in the poverty-stricken areas, volunteer themselves in poor villages for a year and try to improve education in poor areas. ? Aid-education has been beneficial in two aspects. On the one hand, college volunteers are really devoted to the cause. They have opened the eyes of students in underdeveloped regions to the outside world by bringing them new knowledge and thoughts. As a result, they are extremely well-received by the children there. On the other hand, college students have received a rigorous training by adapting to the harsh living conditions. They are enjoying the appreciation and no-distance friendship from the children. What’s more, they are greatly inspired by the moving and tireless spirit of the children. ? In my opinion, China’s educational development can’t be isolated from each individual and we college students should take the lead in response to the appeal for offering aid to children in poor areas.
? ? ? ?

  1. 现在某些高校校园禁止车辆驶入,
  2. 这种规定的考虑,
  3. 谈谈你的看法。 点评:随着人们物质生活的提高,私家车 发展迅猛,越来越多的私家车停放在校园, 由此产生了一些问题,如空间被占、噪音 污染、环境污染等,为此许多学校禁止车 辆驶入校园,本预测题与2006年1月名校校 园是否对外开放相仿,值得关注。
Should cars be allowed into College Campus?
? With the rapid development of our national economy, private cars have become in large number; of course, quite a few cars are heavily driven into College Campus. ? In a significant way, these cars do not take up students’ places for study, but actually affect their daily life and study-for instance, this crowd of cars may make noise and emit filthy gas to choke us to death. And the campus is jammed with lines of cars and seems to be parking lot instead of an academic institute. So cars have been strictly prohibited into many College Campuses. It seems that this is not convenience to some persons, indeed, but this is for the sake of our safety. Thus when someone enjoys convenience from modern tools, don't forget that it is dangerous to the students in the College Campus. Therefore, I agree that cars are not allowed into College Campus. ? By and large, with the price of cars falling significantly, cars will enter average families, and most Chinese will enjoy a luxurious lifestyle in their life. However, they are still prohibited to drive their cars into College Campus, which , I think, is a hard truth in the eyes of most people.
? ? ? ?

  1. 信息安全问题日益重要
  2. 信息安全事故可能导致的危害
  3. 如何做到信息安全 点评:随着我们步入信息社会和计算机应 用的普及,利用计算机犯罪案件不断上升, 信息安全事故频繁发生,媒体也不时有大 量相关报道,如何保护信息安全成为人们 关注的焦点,本预测题为社会热点,值得 关注。
Information Security
? The human beings are stepping into the information society. The information industry develops very rapidly, so do the hackers, trickplaying teens, exploring children, fraudsters, and serious whitecollar criminals. Thus, information security becomes an impending important issue. ? In case of information breach, the victimsgovernment department, an organization or an institution, or a company will inevitably suffer great or small loss. Government may be threatened with national security. Companies may lose opportunities to develop new projects. And the public’s and users’ confidence will be damaged. ? Then how to deal with this issue? Technology is only a partial solution to information security. What’s more important is that organizations and companies should promote the awareness on information security to its staff. However, since no system can ever be 100 percent secure, a prevention-only approach to information security management is not enough. Companies and organizations should adopt a dual approach to information security management by combing prevention and detection techniques.
? ? ? ?

  1. 一些学生赞成讲座式教学
  2. 另一些学生偏爱讨论式教学
  3. 你的看法 点评:2007年12月考查了大学生选修课话 题,再次证明四级作文命题自2003年以后 侧重于校园生活话题,该预测与校园生活 联系紧密,为四级作文命题经常关注的话 题。本文属于对比观点加作者态度型的议 论文写作。
Lectures and Discussions
? There is a heated debate over the role of lectures and discussions in the classroom. Some people believe that lectures can help students learn more quickly. In contrast, others hold that discussions can stimulate students to learn by themselves. ? Those who hold the first opinion suggest that students attend more lectures. In their view, by giving lectures teachers help students master the knowledge they’ve accumulated over years of study and research. However, others think that in a discussion, the teacher usually guides the students instead of dominating them. They argue that to get involved in a discussion, students have to develop their ability to analyze problems independently. ? In my opinion, I stand on the side of neither idea. First of all, either method has its disadvantages. Furthermore, each student has his or her preference. Thirdly, lectures ate preferable to discussions in the teaching of science subjects, and on the contrary, discussions are preferable to lectures in studying the humanities. Therefore, we should adopt different teaching methods according to different subjects.
? ? ? ?
a) 社会实践的作用 b) 可能产生的问题 c) 提出建议 点评:本篇文章属于解释性说明文。就业市场的 竞争要求大学生具有丰富的社会实践,才能适应 就业市场的竞争,所以现在在校大学生参与社会 实践活动频繁,但如何处理好学业和社会实践的 关系成为人们关注的话题。本预测题与大学生生 活密切相关,也是四级作文关注的重要话题。
Social Practice
? Social practice has been more and more popular in universities and colleges. Students are asked to enter society and get some idea of it. Surely social practice has many advantages. Firstly, social practice can offer students a chance to contact society and meet different kinds of people. In this way students can gain some valuable social experience, which will be useful to their future career. Secondly, students can apply what they have learned in class to practical work, thus knowing themselves more clearly. Thirdly, social practice can bring them some financial reward and make them more independent of their family. ? However, some problems may arise if no correct guidance is made. For example, some students get overly interested in social practice and want to work full-time and earn money, thus neglecting their studies. And some students are likely to get in touch with the dark side of society, which will affect their future studies. ? In order to carry out social practice smoothly, students should first know its objective. They should put their studies in the first place and see social practice just as a useful supplement, so they ought to try to strike a balance between social practice and their studies.
?
  1. 心理健康问题往往是导致疾病的原因 ?
  2. 分析人们产生心理健康问题的原因(可从失业、 压力过重、缺乏支持、缺乏人际交往能力等方面 分析) ?
  3. 你认为人们应如何保持心理健康 ? 点评:据报道北京高校100多万名在校大学生中, 已经有14名自杀身亡。而去年全年,北京自杀死 亡的学生为19人。社会对于大学生心理健康问题 越来越关注,如何保持心理健康成为社会关注话 题。本预测题与校园生活联系紧密,是四级考试 关注度较高的话题,值得重视。
How to Keep Psychologically Healthy?
? One in four people will experience some kind of mental problem in the course of a year. When you fail to manage these problems, they are likely to cause various mental illnesses. ? The cause of mental health problems often vary a lot from one case to another. In today’s society, a good number of people are suffering from heavy pressure. Others lack communication skills. In addition, a lot of people are ignorant of psychological knowledge about how to keep mentally fit. ? There are a lot of ways to curb mental health problems and keep psychologically healthy. Firstly, find the real cause of your mental health problem and see whether you can do something about it. Secondly, learn to relax yourself and take exercises to release the pressure. Lastly, you may find it helpful to talk to your partner or friend about your problem, or seek support and advice form a psychological consultant
? ? ? ?

  1. 目前网络教育形成热潮
  2. 你认为这股热潮形成的原因
  3. 你对网络教育的评价 点评:英特网的迅速发展改变了人们的生活和学 习、工作方式,现代生活节奏快、工作忙导致人 们没时间全日制的学习,网络和远程教育正好满 足了人们的学习需要,许多大学生利用因特网学 习知识,它成为传统教学的有益补充。本预测题 贴近时代,也与大学生校园生活相
 

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