09年第10期??如何写好英语作文的开头
期数: 10 版数: 12 点击数:658 更新时间: 2009-11-30 103113
一篇文章通常可分为三个部分,即开头、正文和结尾。这三个部分安排是否得体,直接影响到文章的质量。文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山,用简单明了的叙述引出文章的话题,使读者了解文章要谈论什么,以便引起读者的兴趣。英语作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种:

  1.开门见山,揭示主题
文章一开头,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假)的开头是:
I spent my last vacation in Hawaii happily. 下面是题为“Honesty”(谈诚实)一文的开头:
Honesty is one of the best virtues.An honest man is always trusted and respected.On the contrary, one who tells lies is regarded as a “liar”,and is looked down upon by honest people.

  2.交代人物、事件、时间或环境
在文章的开头,先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。例如“A Trip to Jinshan” (去金山旅游)的开头:
The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. It took us three hours to get there. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful sea refreshed us.

  3.回忆性
用回忆的方法来开头。例如“A Trip to the Taishan Mountain”(泰山游)的开头是:
I remember my first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday.

  4.概括性
即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐)的开头:
People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say that reading books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power.

  5.介绍环境式
即开头利用自然景物或自然环境引出要介绍的事物。如“An Accident”(一场事故)的开头是:
It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car came round the corner.

  6.交待写作目的
在文章的一开头就交待写作目的,如通过文章要表扬谁、批评谁或说明一个什么问题等。如 “Pollution Control”(控制污染)的开头:
In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control.
开头常用句型

  1. 现象法

  1) There is an interesting and instructive picture which goes like this .

  2) is known as one of the most serious problems in today’s society. We can see it almost everywhere.

  2.引言法

  1) There is an old saying “ ”. It’s the experience
of our forefathers, however, it is correct in many cases even today.

  2) One of our ancient philosophers said, . Chinese people have always been holding this idea to be one of their standards of morality.

  3.问题法

  1) These days we often say that . But is that true

  2) Should Attitudes toward vary widely from person to person.

  4.直述观点法

  1) Nothing is more foolish dangerous important essential than which is widely common generally held by .

  2) Now there is growing awareness of the need importance to .
 

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