一,概述 备忘录是一种录以备忘的公文.在公文函件中,它的等级是比较低的,主要用来提醒, 督促对方,或就某个问题提出自己的意见或看法.在业务上,它一般用来补充正式文件的不 足.它的内容可以分为以下几项: 书端(Heading) 书端(Heading) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址( Address) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址(Addressee's Name, Title, Address) 称呼(Salutation) 称呼(Salutation) 事因(Subject) 事因(Subject) 正文(Body) 正文(Body) 结束语( Close) 结束语(Complimentary Close) 署名(Signature) 署名(Signature) 二,备忘录写作注意事项 备忘录写作注意事项 1,书端部分包括发文机关的名称,地址,发文日期,有的还包括电报挂号,电传号, 电话号码等.许多机关有自己特制的信笺,在写书端时,其格式和标点符号的使用与一般信 件的相同. 2,称呼从左边顶格写起,对一般机关,团体的负责人一般用 Dear Sir, 对政府官员 可用 Sir. 3,正文,结束语和署名等项与一般信件的格式相同."事因"一项目前采用得较少. 篇范文) 三,经典范文(共有 5 篇范文) 经典范文( 例 1,Directions: Write a memorandum of about 100 words to the student service department and ask them to fix a telephone for each dormitory. MEMO August 16, 2005 To: The leader of student service department From: Li Ming Subject: Telephone
Dear Sir, I would like to remind you that we are in want of a telephone for each dormitory. As a university student, we need to cope with the daily increasing communications with teachers, friends and people outside the campus. We need a telephone to get and send message, which is important for us. Though most of us have mobile phones and e-mail address, a telephone in the dormitory is after all the most convenient and cheapest tool of communication. I hope that you will pay attention to this problem and solve it as soon as possible. Regards. Yours, Li Ming 编辑注:"remind"一词用法比较多,可以在后面直接接人或宾格,如"提醒我"译为 "please remind me".如果提醒某人某事则用"remind somebody of something",也可 以在后面加从句,即"remind sb that","remind"还有一个意思为"使想起"同样用 "remind…of…"的结构,应注意与提醒某事区分. 例 2,Directions: You are supposed to write a Memorandom of about 100 words to the leader of the supply section to borrow one more microscope for your biological experiment. It should include:
  1) Why you need the microscope.
  2) When you need it. MEMO August 12, 2005 To: Mr. Gates, leader of the supply section From: Li Ming of the biological laboratory Subject: Microscope Dear Sir, I'm a student of biology department and we are badly in need of an extra microscope in order to improve our experimental work.
Our experiment will start on Friday, so please issue a microscope to us as soon as possible so that we can prepare better for the experiment. With kind regards. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 编辑注:在写备忘录的时侯,一定要注意它的格式,尤其要在开头写清楚是谁写给谁来 备忘的,用"From: /To:"两个单词即可.文中的"badly"是"非常的,迫切的"意思. 短语"in order to"同下句的"so that"意思是一样的即:为了,目的是.不同的是前者 后接动词原型而后者常跟目的状语从句 ,类似的短语还有"in order that",用法与"so that"相同. 例 3,Directions: If you are the teacher of the students' Counseloris office: P. steelpes, and you have received a letter for requesting for paid education leave from a student. Write him a memo to reply him including details:
  1) The result of his requirement.
  2) The reason for rejecting.
  3)some suggestions You should write about 100 words. To: Records Section From: P. steelpes, Career Planning Subject: Request for Paid Education Leave Date: May 22, 2005 In response to your request for one year of paid education leave to take a degree in English literature, I have to inform you that we cannot authorize this leave. While we appreciate your desire to improve your knowledge, we feel that English literature is not directly related to your present position and to the goals of this organization. I am aware of your great interest in literature, and I would like to point out that you could gain advantage to apply for leave without pay.
If you need another information on the above, do not hesitate to keep touch with me at any time. P. steelpes 编辑注:首先要注意本篇备忘录的格式很标准. 然后注意这个备忘录的个别词的用法,譬如:be aware of 注意到,当心的意思,point out 指出,request for 要求,in response to 反馈. 例 4,Directions: You are a supervisor of a big company. The chief of operations wants to adopt the"punch-in"system to increase productivity. Write a memo to talk about this:
  1) Does the "punch-in"system benefit the company?
  2) If the company doesn't adopt it, what else can we do to increase productivity. You should write about 100 words. To: David Green, Chief of Operations From: Tony Party , Supervisor Subject: Comments on the "Punch-in" System Date: March. 22, 2005 This is further to your memo dated March. 20, 2004, in which you proposed that employees adopt the "punch-in" system. I fully agree with you that we must increase productivity. As far as your proposal that if the "punch-in" system is adopted, we would have a tighter control over the employees is concerned. However, I don't think so. I personally think that, to accomplish this, we should give the employees more incentives to work faster. I feel that if we ( the supervisors) could meet with you , we could discuss different possiblilities to create such incentiveness. Your consideration of this suggestion would be appreciated. Tony Party *编辑注:此篇是对一篇备忘录的回复.生产主管认为实行打孔考勤制度 ("punch-in"system) 有利于增加生产效率. , 但督察却不这样认为. 他认为"should give the employees more incentives to work faster".
例 5,Directions: You are a manager of administration office naming Vera. M. Bradford. The board of directors have decided to anew the Fitness Center. Write a memo to tell all the employees that:
  1) How long will this project be last for?
  2) Welcome the employees to provide suggestions. You should write about 100 words. To: Every Employees From: Brian Aponte Date: November 18, 2005 Subject: Fitness Center The board of directors approved the idea for anew Fitness Center at its meeting yesterday. Work on the Fitness Center will begin right now and should be completed within 90 days. An employee representative from each division will be appointed to determine the type of equipment and programs that will be made available. We are happy to be able to provide a facility that will contribute to the physical fitness of all our employees. Your representative on the task force will contact you soon for your suggestions about activities and equipment. Brian Aponte Administration Office, Manager * 编辑注: 这是一篇关于公司修建健身中心的备忘录. 备忘录中说健身中心工作马上开 始而且"completed within 90 days".而且希望各部门代表与主办部门联系,征求关于活 动和设备的意见.
第一部分,写作模板??图表式作文 第一部分,写作模板??图表式作文 ?? It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak of …(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化 趋势). 第二部分,写作模板??提纲式作文 第二部分,写作模板??提纲式作文 ?? 一,说明原因型 模块(一) Nowadays , there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated that ( 1 ). Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides, ( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ). To sum up , the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) . It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing , ( 6 ). On the other hand , ( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of XX . 注释: (
  1)用具体数据说明 XX 现象; (
  2)原因一; (
  3)原因二; (
  4)原因三; (
  5)指出主要原因; (
  6)解决建议一; (
  7)解决建议二.
范文:Generation gap between parents and children Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages of parents often complain their children' s unreasonable behavior while children usually think their parents too old fashioned). Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations, having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes , thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides (due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their work or study that they don't spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) . It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should respect their parents ). On the other hand , ( parents also should show solicitue for their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap . 模块(
  2) In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ). The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) .Especially when ( 6 ) . Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like ( 8 ). 范文:The impact of Television In recent years , with the development of science and technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children. The factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it .) . First of all , (with so many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much exercise as they should ). Then , there comes a case that ( some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ). Moreover , ( the effect on children's minds are more serious than the effect on children' s bodies ) .
Especially when ( the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) . Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children' s TV viewing ). In this way , children will not be influented too deeply. 模块(
  3) Currently, XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate the theory nothing is more valuable than XX . It is clear that ( 1 ). If you ( 2 ), as a result , your dreams willcome true . On the contrary, if you ( 3 ). Failure will be following with you. It turns out that all your plan falls through . No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) . You donn' t have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know ( 5 ) . It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 ). With reference to my standpoint , I think ( 7 ). 注释: 1 : XX 的第一个优点 2: 支持 XX 的做法 3:不支持 XX 的做法 4:XX 的第二个优点 5:举例证明优点二 6:说明 XX 优点三的影响 范文:The importance of self-confidence Currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day . This does demonstrate the theory nothing is more valuable than self-confidence. It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities ). If you ( are full of self-confidence ,it will bring your creative power to play , arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome difficulties), as a result , your dreams willcome true .On the contrary, if you ( have no confidence in yourself, there is
little possibility that you would ever achieve anything ). Failure will be following with you. It turns out that all your plan falls through . No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed) . You donn't have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know (the secret of MMe.Curie lies in preserverence and self-confidence, the latter in particular) . It will exert a profound influence upon ( the achievement of one's ambitions ). With reference to my standpoint ,I think (he that can have self-confidence can have what he will). 模块(
  4) For most of us today ,( 1 ). From above ,we can
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