一,概述 备忘录是一种录以备忘的公文.在公文函件中,它的等级是比较低的,主要用来提醒, 督促对方,或就某个问题提出自己的意见或看法.在业务上,它一般用来补充正式文件的不 足.它的内容可以分为以下几项: 书端(Heading) 书端(Heading) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址( Address) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址(Addressee's Name, Title, Address) 称呼(Salutation) 称呼(Salutation) 事因(Subject) 事因(Subject) 正文(Body) 正文(Body) 结束语( Close) 结束语(Complimentary Close) 署名(Signature) 署名(Signature) 二,备忘录写作注意事项 备忘录写作注意事项 1,书端部分包括发文机关的名称,地址,发文日期,有的还包括电报挂号,电传号, 电话号码等.许多机关有自己特制的信笺,在写书端时,其格式和标点符号的使用与一般信 件的相同. 2,称呼从左边顶格写起,对一般机关,团体的负责人一般用 Dear Sir, 对政府官员 可用 Sir. 3,正文,结束语和署名等项与一般信件的格式相同."事因"一项目前采用得较少. 篇范文) 三,经典范文(共有 5 篇范文) 经典范文( 例 1,Directions: Write a memorandum of about 100 words to the student service department and ask them to fix a telephone for each dormitory. MEMO August 16, 2005 To: The leader of student service department From: Li Ming Subject: Telephone
Dear Sir, I would like to remind you that we are in want of a telephone for each dormitory. As a university student, we need to cope with the daily increasing communications with teachers, friends and people outside the campus. We need a telephone to get and send message, which is important for us. Though most of us have mobile phones and e-mail address, a telephone in the dormitory is after all the most convenient and cheapest tool of communication. I hope that you will pay attention to this problem and solve it as soon as possible. Regards. Yours, Li Ming 编辑注:"remind"一词用法比较多,可以在后面直接接人或宾格,如"提醒我"译为 "please remind me".如果提醒某人某事则用"remind somebody of something",也可 以在后面加从句,即"remind sb that","remind"还有一个意思为"使想起"同样用 "remind…of…"的结构,应注意与提醒某事区分. 例 2,Directions: You are supposed to write a Memorandom of about 100 words to the leader of the supply section to borrow one more microscope for your biological experiment. It should include:
  1) Why you need the microscope.
  2) When you need it. MEMO August 12, 2005 To: Mr. Gates, leader of the supply section From: Li Ming of the biological laboratory Subject: Microscope Dear Sir, I'm a student of biology department and we are badly in need of an extra microscope in order to improve our experimental work.
Our experiment will start on Friday, so please issue a microscope to us as soon as possible so that we can prepare better for the experiment. With kind regards. Yours sincerely, Li Ming 编辑注:在写备忘录的时侯,一定要注意它的格式,尤其要在开头写清楚是谁写给谁来 备忘的,用"From: /To:"两个单词即可.文中的"badly"是"非常的,迫切的"意思. 短语"in order to"同下句的"so that"意思是一样的即:为了,目的是.不同的是前者 后接动词原型而后者常跟目的状语从句 ,类似的短语还有"in order that",用法与"so that"相同. 例 3,Directions: If you are the teacher of the students' Counseloris office: P. steelpes, and you have received a letter for requesting for paid education leave from a student. Write him a memo to reply him including details:
  1) The result of his requirement.
  2) The reason for rejecting.
  3)some suggestions You should write about 100 words. To: Records Section From: P. steelpes, Career Planning Subject: Request for Paid Education Leave Date: May 22, 2005 In response to your request for one year of paid education leave to take a degree in English literature, I have to inform you that we cannot authorize this leave. While we appreciate your desire to improve your knowledge, we feel that English literature is not directly related to your present position and to the goals of this organization. I am aware of your great interest in literature, and I would like to point out that you could gain advantage to apply for leave without pay.
If you need another information on the above, do not hesitate to keep touch with me at any time. P. steelpes 编辑注:首先要注意本篇备忘录的格式很标准. 然后注意这个备忘录的个别词的用法,譬如:be aware of 注意到,当心的意思,point out 指出,request for 要求,in response to 反馈. 例 4,Directions: You are a supervisor of a big company. The chief of operations wants to adopt the"punch-in"system to increase productivity. Write a memo to talk about this:
  1) Does the "punch-in"system benefit the company?
  2) If the company doesn't adopt it, what else can we do to increase productivity. You should write about 100 words. To: David Green, Chief of Operations From: Tony Party , Supervisor Subject: Comments on the "Punch-in" System Date: March. 22, 2005 This is further to your memo dated March. 20, 2004, in which you proposed that employees adopt the "punch-in" system. I fully agree with you that we must increase productivity. As far as your proposal that if the "punch-in" system is adopted, we would have a tighter control over the employees is concerned. However, I don't think so. I personally think that, to accomplish this, we should give the employees more incentives to work faster. I feel that if we ( the supervisors) could meet with you , we could discuss different possiblilities to create such incentiveness. Your consideration of this suggestion would be appreciated. Tony Party *编辑注:此篇是对一篇备忘录的回复.生产主管认为实行打孔考勤制度 ("punch-in"system) 有利于增加生产效率. , 但督察却不这样认为. 他认为"should give the employees more incentives to work faster".
例 5,Directions: You are a manager of administration office naming Vera. M. Bradford. The board of directors have decided to anew the Fitness Center. Write a memo to tell all the employees that:
  1) How long will this project be last for?
  2) Welcome the employees to provide suggestions. You should write about 100 words. To: Every Employees From: Brian Aponte Date: November 18, 2005 Subject: Fitness Center The board of directors approved the idea for anew Fitness Center at its meeting yesterday. Work on the Fitness Center will begin right now and should be completed within 90 days. An employee representative from each division will be appointed to determine the type of equipment and programs that will be made available. We are happy to be able to provide a facility that will contribute to the physical fitness of all our employees. Your representative on the task force will contact you soon for your suggestions about activities and equipment. Brian Aponte Administration Office, Manager * 编辑注: 这是一篇关于公司修建健身中心的备忘录. 备忘录中说健身中心工作马上开 始而且"completed within 90 days".而且希望各部门代表与主办部门联系,征求关于活 动和设备的意见.
第一部分,写作模板??图表式作文 第一部分,写作模板??图表式作文 ?? It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak of …(多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化 趋势). 第二部分,写作模板??提纲式作文 第二部分,写作模板??提纲式作文 ?? 一,说明原因型 模块(一) Nowadays , there are more and more XX in some big cities . It is estimated that ( 1 ). Why have there been so many XX ? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is that ( 2 ) .Besides, ( 3 ) . The third reason is ( 4 ). To sum up , the main cause of XX is due to ( 5 ) . It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing , ( 6 ). On the other hand , ( 7 ). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of XX . 注释: (
  1)用具体数据说明 XX 现象; (
  2)原因一; (
  3)原因二; (
  4)原因三; (
  5)指出主要原因; (
  6)解决建议一; (
  7)解决建议二.
范文:Generation gap between parents and children Nowadays , there are more and more misunderstanding between parents and children which is so- called generation gap . It is estimated that (75 percentages of parents often complain their children' s unreasonable behavior while children usually think their parents too old fashioned). Why have there been so much misunderstanding between parents and children? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows . The first one is that ( the two generations, having grown up at different times, have different likes and dislikes , thus the disagreement often rises between them) . Besides (due to having little in common to talk about , they are not willing to sit face to face ) . The third reason is (with the pace of modern life becoming faster and faster , both of them are so busy with their work or study that they don't spare enough time to exchange ideas ).To sum up ,the main cause of XX is due to ( lake of communication and understanding each other) . It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing (children should respect their parents ). On the other hand , ( parents also should show solicitue for their children). All these measures will certainly bridge the generation gap . 模块(
  2) In recent years , xx has caused a heated debate on ( 1 ). The factors for ( 2 ) .First of all ,( 3 ).Then , there comes a case that ( 4 ). Moreover , ( 5 ) .Especially when ( 6 ) . Indeed, these unique points can be collected theo remind people that ( 7 ).In this way ,we should behave just like ( 8 ). 范文:The impact of Television In recent years , with the development of science and technology ,80 percent of all homes in China have satellite TV , offering as many as 50 channels .It has caused a heated debate on (the impact of television on children ). Many parents are worried about the impact of so much television on children. The factors for (parents' worry is that children are indulge in television and spend too much time on it .) . First of all , (with so many programs to choose from , children are not getting as much exercise as they should ). Then , there comes a case that ( some studies have show that excessive watching of television by millions of children has lowered their ability to achieve in school ). Moreover , ( the effect on children's minds are more serious than the effect on children' s bodies ) .
Especially when ( the children are too small to judge what programs are suit to them ) . Indeed, these unique points can be connected to remind parents that ( they should pay close attention to and responsibilities for supervising their children' s TV viewing ). In this way , children will not be influented too deeply. 模块(
  3) Currently, XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate the theory nothing is more valuable than XX . It is clear that ( 1 ). If you ( 2 ), as a result , your dreams willcome true . On the contrary, if you ( 3 ). Failure will be following with you. It turns out that all your plan falls through . No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) . You donn' t have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know ( 5 ) . It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 ). With reference to my standpoint , I think ( 7 ). 注释: 1 : XX 的第一个优点 2: 支持 XX 的做法 3:不支持 XX 的做法 4:XX 的第二个优点 5:举例证明优点二 6:说明 XX 优点三的影响 范文:The importance of self-confidence Currently, self-confidence has been the order of the day . This does demonstrate the theory nothing is more valuable than self-confidence. It is clear that (self-confidence means trust in one's abilities ). If you ( are full of self-confidence ,it will bring your creative power to play , arouse your enthusiasm for work, and help you overcome difficulties), as a result , your dreams willcome true .On the contrary, if you ( have no confidence in yourself, there is
little possibility that you would ever achieve anything ). Failure will be following with you. It turns out that all your plan falls through . No one can deny another fact that (self-confidence gives you light when you are in dark and encouragement when you are dismayed) . You donn't have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know (the secret of MMe.Curie lies in preserverence and self-confidence, the latter in particular) . It will exert a profound influence upon ( the achievement of one's ambitions ). With reference to my standpoint ,I think (he that can have self-confidence can have what he will). 模块(
  4) For most of us today ,( 1 ). From above ,we can
  •  
 

相关内容

如何写英语备忘录 英语求职信 英语便条1

   一,概述 备忘录是一种录以备忘的公文.在公文函件中,它的等级是比较低的,主要用来提醒, 督促对方,或就某个问题提出自己的意见或看法.在业务上,它一般用来补充正式文件的不 足.它的内容可以分为以下几项: 书端(Heading) 书端(Heading) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址( Address) 收文人的姓名,头衔,地址(Addressee's Name, Title, Address) 称呼(Salutation) 称呼(Salutation) 事因(Subject) 事因(Subject) ...

联考英语备考常用的口语小词典

   联考英语备考常用的口语小词典 appeal to at all costs at hand at heart at intervals at sb.’s disposal at sb.’s service attend to at the mercy of back up 请求,要求 不惜任何代价 在手边,在附近 在心里 get over get rid of get there give sb. a ride hand go through money 战胜,完成, 恢复,习惯 摆脱,丢弃 ...

如何通过英语词典学英文和2010年成人英语三级高频词汇

   呵呵 我有一点小小的心得,大家一起分享吧 我买了很多英文原版词典和英汉和汉英词典,还有国内出的许多习语和短语等各种的词典和百科全书,目前大概有150多本吧,(花了我几万人民币)而且数量还在稳步增加。用词典学习步骤是这样的:用红笔在词典内你需要注意的部分上直接划线(自己的词典,不用心疼)或者抄写其中的单词或短语的英语解释和例句,(我抄写了一段时间,实在太费时间,所以改为用红笔划线,但本人还是认为抄写一遍更好!)一定要有所选择性的和目的性,比如你发现你自己的词汇不够大,而又因阅读材料难度加大而需要 ...

英语

   [ 国际音标中的一些音标写法与拉丁字母的辅音字母如[p]、[b]、[t]、[d]、[k]、 [g]、[m]、[n]、[f]、[v]、[s]、[h]、[z]、[l]、[w]等相同,它们均为许多欧洲语言 所使用的字母,在发音上与英语并无差别,可是与拉丁字母写法相同的元音符号[a]、 [e]、[i]、[o]、[u],它们的发音法却较为接近西班牙语或意大利语中的发音,如[i] 的发音为英文 piece 中的 i,而[u]为英文 food 中的 oo。 其他一些音标虽然与拉丁字母相同,如[j]、[r] ...

英语

   日志 上一篇:彪悍的历史数据 彪悍的历史数据!... 下一篇:通信基本靠 Q |返回日志列表 " " " " 分享 转载 复制地址 选用信纸 jin 2008 年 12 月 25 日 23:56 阅读(51932) 评论(4448) 分类:jin 励志 来源: jin 手机 Qzone " " 举报 字体:大% o 小 o 中 o 大 老虎怪招学英语(更新) 老虎怪招学英语(更新) 《老虎怪招学英语》文: :jin 欢迎转载 跟踪文章加 12783747 【特别说明】请不要提问类似 请不 ...

英语

   2010 年 1 月版开放英语 1 形成性考核册参考答案 月版开放英语 成性考核册参考答案 学前记录卡 根据自己实际情况填写,只要写就有成绩。 根据自己实际情况填写,只要写就有成绩。 学习记录表 1 1. parents photos buses lives halves children women teeth 2. 注意频度副词在句子中有不同的位置。 注意频度副词在句子中有不同的位置。 1) 在动词 to be 之后: 之后: ) I’m often ill on planes. 2) ...

英语

   英语 百科名片 英语(English)是联合国的工作语言之一,也是事实上的国际交流语言。英语 属于印欧语系中日耳曼语族下的西日耳曼语支, 并通过英国的殖民活动传播到世 界各地。由于在历史上曾和多种民族语言接触,它的词汇从一元变为多元,语法 从“多屈折”变为“少屈折”,语音也发生了规律性的变化。根据以英语作为母 语的人数计算, 英语可能是世界上第三大语言, 但它是世界上最广泛的第二语言。 世界上 60%以上的信件是用英语书写的,上两个世纪英国和美国在文化、经济、 军事、政治和科学上的领先地位使 ...

英语

   英语 英语(English)是联合国的工作语言 之一,也是事实上的国际交流语言.英 语属于印欧语系中日耳曼语族下的西日 耳曼语支,并通过英国的殖民活动传播 到世界各地.由于在历史上曾和多种民 族语言接触,它的词汇从一元变为多元 ,语法从"多屈折"变为"少屈折" , 语音也发生了规律性的变化.根据以英 语作为母语的人数计算,英语可能是世 界上第三大语言,但它是世界上最广泛 的第二语言.世界上 60%以上的信件是 用英语书写的,上两个世纪英国和美国 在文化 ...

英语

   Could 'Japanglish' be a legitimate language " "We wish all the time to be able to provide you fresh bread and to propose you a joy of eating life with bread," says the sign in my local bakery. "Especially, we want to be a host at di ...

英语

   在英语教学中重视文化教育 浙江省湖州中学弁山校区英语组 姜海礁 [摘 要] 语言和文化有着密不可分的内在联系,英语文化的学习是英语课程的一个重要 组成部分。学习英语的过程就是对英语国家文化知识了解和掌握的过程,掌握英语必须跨 越英汉两种语言文化, 才能进行得体的交际, 所以教师在教学中必须重视英语文化的导入。 [关键词] 素质教育 文化教学 关键词] 跨文化交际 一、问题的提出 语言是文化的载体,是文化的主要表现形式,语言的本质差异就是文化差异。语言是 随着民族的发展而发展的, 它是社会民族 ...

热门内容

1994年英语专业四级真题

   1994 年英语专业四级真题 Part I Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B],[C] and [D]. You sh ...

人教版新课标小学英语三年级教案(Unit 5 We love animals)

   Unit 5 We love animals 第一课时教案示例 课题:Unit Four 课题: We love animals 教学重点: 教学重点:学习表达 I have a … (我有……); 常见的动物单词 monkey, rabbit, panda ,cat, dog; 感叹词语 Wow! Cool! Great! Super! 教学难点: 教学难点:感叹语 Great! 的发音中 ea 组合发 [ei ], 需要多次练习;I have a … 一 句与后面表示某物的单词的连贯朗读 ...

冀教版小学英语课教学设计

   小学英语课教学设计 参赛者姓名: 参赛者姓名: 李倩 者姓名 课题名称 《Hot Dogs and Donuts》 年级: 年级: 三年级 本课的学习者是小学三年级的学生,刚刚接触英语 本课的学习者是小学三年级的学生,刚刚接触英语. 三年级学生活泼好动,对动态的东西、活动特别感兴趣, 学习 三年级学生活泼好动,对动态的东西、活动特别感兴趣,经过 前段时间的学习,对英语已产生了一定的兴趣, 者 前段时间的学习,对英语已产生了一定的兴趣,开始形成英语 学习习惯,但学生年龄小,注意力不易持久, 学 ...

十五年英语考试作文汇总

   英 语 四 六 级 复 习 资 料 大 全 <a href=http://www.pass-e.com>真题网提供</a><br> Part I Listening VSS-001 Section A 1.D The tools the man borrowed from the woman are missing. 2.C Hand in the ring to the security office. 3.B Buy her own computer. ...

英语口语常用句型365

   英语口语常用句型 1.How are you? 你好? 当两个相识的人见面时,其中通常有一个人说此语来询问对方的身体健康情况。这时的 How are you?=are you well? 你好?对其回答通常为:I'm fine,thanks.或 I'm very well,thank you. 实例: --Mr.Smith,how are you? --Fine,thank you.And you? --史密斯先生,你身体怎麽样? --很好,谢谢。你呢? --How,are you? --V ...