1. College Students and Learning
Outline:
(
  1)有的大学生厌烦学习
(
  2)大学生认真学习的重要性
Words for reference:
Relax, academic, respectable, energetic, provide

  1.College Students and Learning
Some students don’t like to study. They are more interested in doing other kind of practical work or relaxing and enjoying themselves. They say that it is no use learning the knowledge from textbooks when you won’t use this at all in your whole life. Even when you look for a job, they won’t pay much attention to your academic records. They put more emphasis on who you are, where you are from and whom you know.
In fact, it is very important for college students to study hard. Firstly, a college student without much knowledge wouldn’t be very useful to the society. What he can reward the society is very little. Secondly, he may hardly find a good job and live a respectable life on account of lack of knowledge. This is also a great loss to himself when he couldn’t find a place in the society. Finally, college students are young and energetic and a college provides the best place for them to grasp science and technology. If they can make full use of time, they are certain to learn something and improve themselves. Therefore, college students should realize the importance of learning and try to obtain as much knowledge as possible.

  2. Friendship
Outline:
(
  1)友谊很珍贵
(
  2)怎样才能获得真正的友谊
Words for reference:
Precious, seek, compel, faithful, care

  2. Friendship
Friendship is the most precious thing in the world. No gold can buy I; no force can compel it. Everyone may have friendship no matter who he is, rich or poor, black or white, and male or female. Friendship is a warm hand when you are in trouble. Friendship is a happy song when you succeed.
True friendship is rare, and the only way to get to it is through our own efforts. Show our true love and care for others and always be faithful to our friends. We should remember a friend in need is a friend indeed. When we seek friendship, we should never care about someone’s power and money. Treasure the true friendship that has built because they are difficult to gain in life.

  3. Hobbies
Outline:
(
  1)不同的人有不同的爱好
(
  2)业余爱好对人的影响
Words for reference:
Amusement, character, spiritually, affect, excessive

  3. Hobbies
Different people have different hobbies. Hobbies are activities in which one participates for amusement. A hobby can be anything, such as listening to music, playing various musical instruments, reading books, collecting stamps, going for sports and so on. It mainly depends on one’s interest and character.
There is no doubt that hobbies have a great influence on people’s life and society. Good hobbies can benefit people in many ways. They are both helpful to people’s growth and development, either physically or spiritually. On the other hand, bad hobbies are harmful to people. For example. Excessive drinking and smoking not only affect study and work but also hurt one’s mind and body.

  4. A Successful Interview
Outline:
(
  1)成功面试的必要条件
(
  2)成功面试应注意的问题
Words for reference:
Impression, positive, quality, manner, prepare

  4. A Successful Interview
To be successful in a job interview, you should show certain personal and professional qualities. You need to create a good impression in a limited time, usually from 30 to 45 minutes. You must take a positive impression which the interviewer will remember while he interviews other candidates.
You should pay attention to some questions during the interview. First of all, you are expected to dress properly. The right clothes worn at the right time can win the respect of the interviewer. The first and lasting impressions of you is partly determined by the clothes you wear. Secondly, you should pay close attention to your manner of speaking. Since speech is a reflection of personality, you should try to speak in a clear and loud voice to show your confidence. Finally, you should make full preparation for the position you are applying for. Talking about it in a professional way will impress the interviewer deeply. If you take all the problems into account, you will probably succeed in a job interview.

  5. Sports
Outline:
(
  1) 体育锻炼能强健身体
(
  2)体育运动能促进国际交流
Words for reference:
Physical, circulation, strengthen, communication, contact

  5. Sports
Many people have realized the importance of regular physical exercises. Physical exercises increase the blood circulation. It can strengthen our muscles and make our bodies strong. Physical exercises may prevent us from getting too fat and keep us healthy. Anyone who does not have a good health, can do nothing for his country.
Sports can promote international communication and understanding. It is believed that international sports may create goodwill between nations. If countries play together they will learn to live together. Understanding comes from contact. International sports give different nations a chance to get to know each other. In this way, different countries may have better understanding between each other.

  6. The Positive and Negative Effect of Computers
Outline:
(
  1) 计算机带来的好处
(
  2)计算机带来的不利影响
Words for reference:
Efficient, calculate, store, virus, crime

  6. The Positive and Negative Effects of Computers
Computers are being used more and more extensively in the world today. They are far more efficient than human beings and have much better memories. They can store huge amounts of information and can do very complicated calculations. In fact, computers can do many of the things we do, but faster and better.
However, the negative aspects of a computer-controlled world have also been shown clearly. First, the computer virus can destroy millions of machines in a minute. This often results in the tremendous loss of data in the machine. Moreover, a completely new kind of crime has appeared. Some extremely intelligent people who know how a computer works the computer “experts” make huge amounts of money by cheating a computer, and it is very difficult to catch them.

  7. The Problem of Heavy Traffic
Outline:
(
  1)大城市交通很拥挤
(
  2)解决交通拥挤的建议
Words for reference:
Crowd, inconvenience, investment, relieve, fly-over

  7. The Problem of Heavy Traffic
With the development of economy and increase of population, cities in China have become increasingly crowded. As a result, streets are full of cars, buses and bicycles. This makes traffic jams a common encounter for many people. It certainly causes much inconvenience and waste of time and efficiency.
There are some possible solutions to the problem. First of all, more investment should be put into the building of more highways to receive the heavy traffic flow on the streets. Next, more fly-over should be built to help pedestrians to pass the streets safely and cars and buses pass smoothly in the crowded areas.


  8. Good Manners
Outline:
(
  1)礼貌待人在人际交往中很重要
(
  2)大学生应当有礼貌
Words for reference:
Behave, agreeable, polite, contact, respect

  8. Good Manners
It is important to be with good manners when we come into contact with others. A person with good manners is always an agreeable companion, because he always thinks of others and respects others. If we are polite, kind, and helpful to others, we will be able to win over many friends. On the contrary, rude behaviors often lose friends and make life difficult.
College students should learn to be with good manners in everyday life. Respect others and be friendly to those around us will certainly bring us great benefit. Good manners are, in fact, ways, by which to show people our respect and politeness and are absolutely not difficult to learn. What is more important is to learn to really polite to others.


  9. forest Fire
Outline:
(
  1)森林大火是人们粗枝大叶造成的
(
  2)森林大火也可能是由自然因素所引起的
Words for reference:
Careless, smoking, lightening, be responsible for, tropical areas


  9. Forest Fire
Most forest fires are caused by human carelessness. Careless smokers are responsible for thousands of forest fires each year. Many of these are started when cigarette ends and matches are thrown from automobiles, Hunters, fishermen, or woods workers who are careless with their smoking materials may also cause forest fires.
Forest fires can be caused by nature. The most important natural cause of fire is lightening. This accounts for 11 percent of forest fires in the world. According to some studies, in the tropical areas, lightening causes a much higher percentage of fires than it does in elsewhere.
Forest fires have already brought about great losses to nations. Measures must be taken to protect or control the forest fires.

  10. Knowledge and Diploma
Outline:
(
  1)人们常常把知识和文凭联系在一起
(
  2)正确看待知识和文凭的关系
Words for reference:
Connect, qualified, measure, ability, false

  10. Knowledge and Diploma
People usually connect knowledge with diploma. When you have got a certain amount of knowledge in a school or a university, you can get a diploma. A diploma is a ruler to measure whether a person is qualified after studying for a period of time.
However, it doesn’t mean a person with rich knowledge should have a diploma. A person can get knowledge by himself studying or in practice. So a diploma cannot be used to measure a person’s ability for a certain job. On the other hand, we cannot take it for granted that a person with a siploma is knowledgeable. Some people make false diploma and even buy diplomas by money.
Knowledge and diploma do have some connections, but we cannot judge a person only by his diploma.

  11. Competition and Cooperation
Outline:
(
  1)当今社会竞争很重要
(
  2)合作精神也不可缺
Words for reference:
Competitive, motive force, achieve, hand in hand, success

  11. Competition and Cooperation
Competition is very important since we live in a highly competitive society. Competition means people try to perform better than others at everything they do. People compete for the best university, the best job, and even the best house. To some extent, competition is one of the motive forces of the development of society.
At the same time, cooperation is also necessary for us. If a person cannot work with others well, he can hardly achieve any success. A football team can’t win a match unless each member can learn to cooperate with each other. In fact, competition and cooperation often go hand in hand. In some cases, we can’t do competition without cooperation. They are equally important.

  12. About Smoking
Attitude towards smoking vary from person to person. Some think smoking does more harm than good to smokers, and even to those who are expose to the smoking environment but do not smoke themselves. Heavy smokers are often found in various troubles. For example, they often suffer from lung cancer. Non-smokers, when expected to smoking now and then, will probably have a serious cough. Smoking does great harm to one’s health.
However, others have a different opinion. They believe that non-smokers can also suffer from such diseases. Moreover, smoking can help one to concentrate one’s attention. Some people are so addict to it that they cannot work or live without cigarettes. Furthermore, they think a cigarette is a good way to start a social activity.
We are puzzled when we are facing so many different attitudes. We often feel lost as to whose advice to follow. On the one hand, we are afraid that someday we will catch a disease of this kind or that kind. On the other hand, we are worried that without a cigarette, how can we start this with others, especially with strangers? It is hard to say whose idea is absolutely right.

  13. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet
Outline:
(
  1)因特网给人们带来很多好处
(
  2)因特网也带来一些不利影响
(
  3)我的看法

  13. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet
With the development of computers, the Internet has become widely used. On the one hand, the Internet shows us a closer and wider world than ever before. Through the Internet we can discuss international crisis, football matches, or viewpoints on everything with known or unknown people. The world seems smaller than before. Just staying at home, we can get all kinds of useful and latest information we need. We can do shopping, book tickets, look for a job and so on. On a word, Internet makes our life more convenient.
However, on the other hand, Internet has also brought us many problems. First of all, there is too much rubbish on the net. A lot of useless and bad information is sent to us. It has led to the increasing difficulty in finding what we want. Moreover, time is wasted on playing games, and sometimes we become addicted to Internet without being able to come out of it.
In my opinion, Internet plays a very important role in our modern life. There is no doubt that Internet has contributed and will contribute greatly to our life. Wh
 

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