Part I Reading Comprehension(35 minutes,40 points) Directions: There are four reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). After you read a passage you should decide on the best choice and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage. A fire drill is, to put it mildly, an inconvenient exercise at the best of times. A fire drill at 2:00 in the morning in terrible weather conditions, like the one we had on Thursday night and Friday morning last, is incomparably more inconvenient. This is why writing this note to thank you all most sincerely for your excellent co-operation and the spirit with which you endured the inconvenience. A fire drill is not an idle exercise. It is an extremely serious one and can, in fact, save lives in the long run. Last week’ fire drill has already reyealed a number of important things regarding fire precautions in the Hall. For instance, there seem to exit a number of “deaf spots” in the Hall, namely, the two rooms in Purser House and some rooms in the Bottom corridor. I have no reason to doubt that residents from these areas could not hear the alarm. I shall request an immediate examination of this problem. I should, also, remind you that it is a requirement that fire drills should be regularly carried out (at least two in every one year)and each resident should be made fully aware of this and obliged to take part. All residents must take fire precautions with the seriousness they deserve. Failure to do so can result bin fines and expulsion(驱逐)from the Hall. Thank you again for your co-operation.
  1. The last fire drill caused much more inconvenience because. A) it was in bad weather B) there were “deaf spots” C) a big fire started D) it was at the weekend

  2. The phrase “in the long run”(L.2,Part.
  2)means. A)effectively B) endlessly C) eventually D) efficiently
  3. Some people did not make their appearance at the last drill because. A) they were deaf B)they could not hear the alarm C) nobody waked them up D) they refused to leave their rooms
  4. Afire drill is extremely important according to the writer for. A) it is a good physical exercise B) it cultivates people’s endurance C) it is a legal requirement D) it can save lives in case of a fire
  5. Which of the following was NOT stated by the author? A) A fire drill is very important and useful. B) The last fire drill received inactive co-operation from the residents. C) Those who do not take fire precautions will be fined and driven out. D) It has been made a rule that fire drills will be performed regularly. Passage Two Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage Accidents are caused; they don’t just happen. The reason may be easy to see: a shelf out of reach, a patch of ice on the misfortune?frustration, tiredness or just bad temper?that show what the accident really is, a sort of attack on oneself. Road accidents, for example, happen frequently after a family quarrel, and we all know people who are accident-prone, so often at odds with themselves and the world that they seem to cause accidents for themselves and others. By definition, an accident is something you can not predict or avoid, and the idea which used to be current, that the majority of road accidents are caused by a minority of criminally careless drivers, is not supported by insurance statistics. These show that most accidents involve ordinary motorists in a moments of carelessness or thoughtlessness. It is not always clear, either, what sort of conditions make people more likely to have an accident. For instance, the law requires all factories to take
safety precautions and most companies have safety committees to make sure the regulations are observed, but still, every day in Britain, some fifty thousand men and women are injured from work due to accidents. These accidents are largely the result of human error or misjudgment?noise and fatigue, boredom or worry are possible factors which contribute to this. Doctors who work in factories have found that those who drink too much, usually people who have a high anxiety level, run three times the normal risk of accidents at work.
  6. The passage suggests that. A)Accidents are usually caused by psychological factors. B)Accidents mostly result from slippery roads. C)Drinkers run three times the normal risk of accidents in factories. D)About 50 000people lose their lives at work in Britain every day.
  7.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor of accidents? A) Mood. B) Tiredness. C) Carelessness D) Weather
  8. The word “accidents-prone”(L.2 Para.
  2)means. A) likely to have accidentsB) injured in accidents C) possible to die in accidents D) responsible for road accidents
  9. What can we infer about the author’ opinion of accidents? A) Safety precautions are of little use in accidents. B) Many accidents can and should be avoided. C) Factory accidents , unlike road accidents, are inevitable. D) Most road accidents are caused by just a few careless drivers.
  10. The best title for the passage would be . A) Accidents and Anxiety B) How to Deal with Accidents on Road and in Factories C) Human Factors in Accidents D) How to Prevent Accidents on Road and in Factories Passage Three Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Is language, like food, a basic human need? Judging from the result of the violent experiment by a German King, Frederick II, in the 13th century, it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue, he told the nurses to keep silent. All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than language deprivation here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year of life especially, the capacity to survive is seriously affected. Today no much violent deprivation exists as that by Frederick II. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to map up language rapidly. There are critical times, it seems, when children learn more readily. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring language skills passes and they might never be learned so easily again. Linguists(语言学家)suggest that speech stages are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ. Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about Man’s brain compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of , say, a teddy-bear(玩具熊)with the sound pattern “teddy-bear”. But speech has to be stimulated, and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child, where the mother recognizes the signals in the child’s babbling(牙牙学语), grasping, crying, smiling, and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child’s non-verbal signals is essential to the growth and development language.
  11. Frederick II’s experiment was violent because.
A) he wanted to prove children are born with ability to speak B) he ignored the importance of mothering to the infant C) he was unkind to the nurse D) he wanted his nurses to say no mother tongue
  12. The reason some children are backward in speaking today that. A) their mothers do not respond to their attempts to speak B) their mothers are not intelligent enough to help them C) they do not listen carefully to their mothers D) their brains have to absorb too much language at once.
  13. By “critical times” in Paragraph 3 the author means. A) difficult periods in the child’s life B) moments when the child becomes critical to its mother C) important stages in the child’s development D) times when mothers often neglect their children
  14. Which of the following in NOT implied in the passage? A) Ability to learn to speak a language is inborn in man B) Children do not need to be encouraged to learn to speak C) Early language starters are not necessarily highly intelligent D) Most children learn their language in definite stages
  15. If the mother does not respond to her child’s signals. A) the child will never be able to speak properly B) the child will stop giving out signals C) the child will invent a language of his own D) the child will make little effort to speak Passage Four Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage. Americans who remember “the good old days” are not alone in complaining about the educational system in this country. Immigrants(移民) complain ,too. Lately a German friend was filled with anger when he learned
that the mathematics test given to his son on his first day as a college freshman included multiplication and division. Japanese businessmen in Los Angeles send their children to private schools staffed by teachers imported from Japan to learn mathematics at Japanese levels, generally considered at least a year more advanced than the level here. But I wonder: If American education is so poor, why is it that this is still the country of innovation(创新)? When I was 12 in Indonesia, I had to memorize the name of all the world’s major cities, from Kabul to Karachi. At the same age, my son, who was brought up by a Californian, thought that Buenos Aires was Spanish for good food. However, unlike children of his age in Asia and Europe, my son had studied creative geography. When he was only 6, he drew a map of the route that he traveled to get to school, including the streets, the traffic signs and the houses that he passed. Dissatisfied American parents forget that in this country their children are able to experiment freely with ideas; without this they will not really be able to think or to believe in themselves. Critics of American education cannot grasp one thing: freedom. America, I think, is the only country that extends even to children the license to freely speak, write and be creative. Our public education certainly is not perfect, but it is a great deal better than any other. I think I have found the answer to my question.
  16. From the text we learn that. A) both Americans and immigrants are dissatisfied with the quality of American education B) the author shares the general idea that American education is worse than education in many other countries C) Japanese schools in America require their American teachers to teach mathematics at Japanese levels
D) the author’s German friend was a little displeased because the mathematics test for his son was too easy.
  17. Which of the following is NOT true? A) The author most probably was an immigrant from Asia and received some school education there. B) Buenos Aires must be the name of a city, as are Kabul and Karachi. C) Children in other countries are not likely to learn creative geography. D) The knowledge of geography of the author’s son shows that American education is poor.
  18. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A) If children are not allowed to experiment freely with ideas they won’t grow up independent and creative. B) Most Americans think the present American educational system is not as good as it used to be. C) Private schools run by Japanese businessmen maintain a higher level than American public schools. D) Americans are more innovative than other people in the world.
  19. In the last paragraph the author says, “I have found the answer to my question.” What is the question? A) Is Japanese education better than American education? B) Why do Japanese businessmen send their children to Japanese-staffed schools? C) Why was my son not taught enough geographic knowledge? D) Is American education really worse than education in other countries?
  20. What would be the best title for this passage? A) American Education and Education in Foreign countries B) Improvement Needed for American Education C) Freedom to Think? Characteristic of American Education D) Education and Innovation in American Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30 minutes, 20points)
Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C), D). Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  21. Don’t leave your bicycle out in the rain. It’ll get. A) rusty B) crude C) rough D) tough
  22. I to him for the error. A) excused B) apologized C) pardoned D) congratulated
  23. It’s to ask Mr. Blake for help. A) out question B) beyond question C) out of question D) in question
  24. Hardly home when the telephone rang. A) I got B) did I getC) I had got D) had I got
  25. his not arriving ,the meeting will be put off to next week. A) At the event of B) For the event with C) In the event of D) To the event of
  26. It’s getting rather late. It’s time we
 

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