Unit 4 Disney World: Cities of Simulation as Postmodern Utopias
Text Explanation Part I
About the Author
Ken Sanes (1953-), American columnist and editor. He has published numerous articles in prominent publications, and his Transparecy website has been referred to by other newspapers. His Website: www.transparency.com
Text Structure
? ? ? ? ? Section 1: Paragraphs 1-4 Section 2: Paragraphs 5-7 Section 3: Paragraphs 8-9 Section 4: Paragraph 10 Section 5: Paragraph 11
Text Analysis
? In section 1 the author explains the illusion, idealized reality and fantasies created by Disney. In the second section, the author probes the implications of modern technology in Disney World. And then in section 3 the author moves on to discuss the difference between the perfect world as desired by humanity and that of Disney World. In section 4 the author raises the question about our relationship with technology. The last section winds up the essay, caustioning us against the negative aspects of Disney world.
Paragraph 1
? Much of it revolves around Disney's effort to create the illusion for visitors that they have entered a perfect world, which more closely conforms to their desires. ? But most essentially it creates a fictionalized version of a perfect world by inviting visitors to escape their containments in phsical reality so they are no longer limited by time, distance, size and physical laws.
essence
? the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience实质; any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted精华; the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work本质; a toiletry that emits and diffuses a fragrant odor香精
essential
? n.anything indispensable ? adj. absolutely necessary; vitally necessary ? Hard work is essential to success.努力工作是成功 的基础. ? The essential element in the mores and in personal morality is consistency.民风民德,以及个人道德
中首要的因素是其连贯性。
conform
? be similar, be in line with; adapt oneself to new or different conditions ? If you are a member of our club, you must conform to our rules.如果你是我们俱乐部的成员,那
你就得遵守我们的规则。
? The building does not conform to safety regulations.
这座建筑物不符合安全条例。
? conformity n. 适合,一致,相似
fictionalize
? convert into the form or the style of a novel使小说 化;把…编成小说 ? fictional 虚构的 ? All of the characters in this book are fictional.书中 所有的人物都是虚构的. ? fiction: a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact ? His account of the crime was a complete fiction.他 对那次犯罪的叙述完全是编造的.
containment
? the act of containing; keeping something from spreading包含;容纳;控制;抑制; a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate peacefully (对敌对国家所采取的) 遏制政策,牵制行动
DNA
? Deoxyribonucleic acid脱氧核糖核酸,是染色体的 主要化学成分,同时也是组成基因的材料。 ? Unlike any other part of the cell, mitochondria have their own DNA.线粒体不像细胞的其他部分, 线粒体有它们自己的DNA ? Whenever a cell inside a body divides, its DNA has a small chance of acquiring a cancer-causing mutation. 每当体内的细胞分裂,细胞内的DNA就有小
小的机会因为突变而让细胞癌化。
defy
? resist or confront with resistance; elude, especially in a baffling way; challenge ? Brave men defy tyrants, instead of cowering before them.勇敢的人公然反抗暴君,而不是畏缩。 ? No diet has ever been able to defy the laws of thermodynamics.没有食物可以改变热力学的
规律。
Paragraph 2
? Disney World also invites visitors to escape the fallen state of society and the self. ? The effect is not unlike participating in a 365-day-ayear holiday, in which negative emotions are banished from life
perpetual
? continuing forever or indefinitely; uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing; occurring so frequently as to seem ceaseless or uninterrupted They lived in perpetual fear of being discovered and arrested. He has hard, cold eyes and his mouth is set in a perpetual sneer. perpetuate (v.) cause to continue or prevail
? ? ?
parade
? (n.) a ceremonial procession including people marching; a visible display (v.) walk ostentatiously; march in a procession I would never parade these photos around.我从
? ?
来没有炫耀过这些照片。
Each generation passes through a similar parade of events.每一代人都经历一系列相似的事
件。
costumed
? (adj.) dressed in clothing characteristic of a period, country, or class ? costume (n.)the attire worn in a play or at a fancy dress ball, etc. ? I am a costume designer.我是一个服装设计师 ? Her national costume showed which country she came from她的民族服装表明了她来自哪个国
家。
banish
? expel from a community or group; ban from a place of residence, as for punishment; expel, as if by official decree ? Zeus :I banish you to the darkest pits of Tartarus!宙
斯:我要让你在地狱底下暗无天日的深渊 消亡!
? If we could banish all such preconceptions when we read ,that would be an admirable beginning .如果
阅读时能抛开这些先入之见,那将会是一 个极好的开端。
Paragraph 3
? When you put all this together, it becomes obvious that Disney World offers visitors the ficitonalized realization of humanity's deepest dream: transcendence. ? In place of the world we normally find ourselves in, in which most opportunities are closed to us and most human motives are concealed, we go on a journey through symbolic worlds that are objective and material, but seemingly as weightless, carefree and fantastic as the imagination.
transcendence
? a state of being or existence above and beyond the limits of material experience; the state of excelling or surpassing or going beyond usual limits ? To pursue transcendence means to accept loneliness.追逐卓越意味着要接受孤独。 ? The experience causes them to search for meaning beyond themselves, for "a sense of transcendence," he said.他说,这种经验使他们超越自己去寻
求生命的意义,去寻找「一种超验主义的 体验」。
mundane
? found in the ordinary course of events; concerned with the world or worldly matters; belonging to this earth or world; not ideal or heavenly ? But there are more mundane considerations, too.不过,
还有一些更为平常的注意事项。
? Lane doesn't like the mundane life, and he likes the life in the fast lane.雷恩不喜欢平淡无奇的生活,他
喜欢非常刺激的生活。
conceal
? prevent from being seen or discovered; hold back; keep from being perceived by others ? You are wise to conceal that thing.你不提及那件
事是明智的。 图。
? The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims.共产党人不屑于隐瞒自己的观点和意 ? The superficial prosperity cannot conceal the void within.表面的繁荣无法掩饰内在的空虚。
Paragraph 4
? In all this, Disney undoes the dry "scientism" of the world view of contemporary societies. ? It was the German sociologist Max Weber who said that in the modern age we are witnessing the disenchantment of the world with the rise of science and the declining influence of religion.
undo
? cancel, annul, or reverse an action or its effect ? It is up to you and only you to undo the locks and allow yourselves to go forward ? Many times I had to undo a box because I forgot to list the contents. ? The children began to undo the string round the parcel to see what was in it.
scientism
? 科学至上主义;科学态度 ? Respecting other's standpoints is a sort of scientism,too.尊重他人的观点也是一种科学
态度。
? Nevertheless, Nietzsche was firmly against Scientism.但是,尼采坚决反对唯科学主义。 ? Scientism is a major part of modem western philosophy.科学主义是现代西方两大哲学思
潮之一。
disenchantment
? freeing from false belief or illusions失望,不抱幻想 ? Yet that decision may merely aggravate voters' disenchantment with the EU.然而这一决定或许
只会让选民对于欧盟更加不抱幻想。
? dis+enchant+ment ? enchant: (v.) attract; cause to be enamored; cast a spell over someone or something; put a hex on someone or something
simulation
? the technique of representing the real world by a computer program; the act of giving a false appearance ? Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed technique.模拟结果表明了上述方法 的有效性。 ? We also carry on the environment simulation training, and uses the computer simulator. ? 我们还进行环境模拟训练,并使用电脑模 拟器。
mythology
? myths collectively; the body of stories associated with a culture or institution or person; the study of myths ? myth: (n.) a traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people ? In Christian mythology, the Holy Grail was the dish, plate, cup or vessel that caught Jesus' blood during his crucifixion.在基督教神话里面,圣杯是碟
子,盘子,杯或者容器,在耶稣受难期间 盛着耶稣的血。
alien
? a person who comes from a foreign country; someone who does not owe allegiance to your country; anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found; a form of life assumed to exist outside the Earth or its atmosphere ? An Englishman is an alien in America.英国人在美
国便是外国侨民。
Paragraph 5
? But Disney World doesn't only offer objectified fantasies. ? Through the power of simulation, it also shows us the way technology will give us power over, and freedom from, the world. ? Disney takes the various possiblities of technology-that one day.... --and it creates the simulation of these things so we can enjoy in fictional form, now, the powers we hope to enjoy, later, in reality.
objectified
? objectify: to make ...objective; make impersonal or present as an object ? Many bosses objectify their employees, forgetting they are important to the company.很多老板把他 们的员工当作物品,忘记了他们对公司来 说是很重要的。 ? objectification:
  1. the act of representing an abstraction as a physical thing
  2. a concrete representation of an abstract idea or principle
globe
? the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on; an object with a spherical shape; a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented ? Stock markets across the globe followed Wall Street upwards.全球股票市场跟着华尔街一起上升。 ? No air, water, or any other material entered or exited the globe.空气、水或者任何一种物质
都不能出入这个球体。
End of Unit 4 Part I
To be continued
 

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