TPRM (Trade Policy Review Mechanism) 贸 易审议机制 TRIPS (Trade-Related Intellectual Property Rights) 与贸易有关的知识产权 TRIMS (Trade-Related Investment Measures) 与贸易有关的投资措施 TBT (Technical Barriers to Trade) 技术性 贸易壁垒 HS (Harmonized Commodity and Coding System) 商品名称及编码协调制度 DSB (Dispute Settlement Body) 争端解 决机制 Mediation of Dispute 商业纠纷调解 Non-discrimination 非歧视 Antidumping Duty 反倾销税 Countervailing Duty 反补贴税 GSP (Generalized System of Preference) 普惠制 TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit) 标准 集装箱 MFN (Most Favored Nations) 最惠国 Tax Rebate 出口退税 Image Project 形象工程 MPC (Marginal Propensity to Consume) 边际消费倾向 Business Cycle 商业周期
当务之急 Blue Chip Index 蓝筹股指数 Consumer Confidence 消费者信心 Social Security 社会保障 Liquid Investment 短期投资 Economic Stimulus 经济刺激 Production Capacity 生产能力 Real Wages 实际收入 Boom-and-Bust Cycle 经济繁荣与萧条交替循环 Tax Exemption 免税 Trade Liberalization 贸易自由化 Flow of Goods and Capital
Initial Public Offering (IPO) 首次公开发行
贸易及资本流动 Import Substitution
Capital Spending Binge 资本投资狂潮 Venture Capital 风险资本 Single Market 单一市场 Clearing and Settlement Systems 清算及结算系统 Pooled Accounts 总合帐户 Top Priority
进口替代 Trade Sanction 贸易制裁 Trade Reciprocity 贸易互惠 Multilateral Environmental Agreement 多边环境协议 Harmonization of Standards 标准统一 Investment Regime 投资管理体制
Action Plan 行动计划 Financial and Budgetary Provisions 财政及预算拨款 Efficient Allocation of Resources 资源有效配置

Aggregate Supply/Demand 总供给 / 需
Equilibrium of AD and AS 总供给和总需 求的均衡 Stagflation 滞胀 Fixed Money-Supply Effect 固定货币供给 效应 Open-Market Operations 公开市场业务
Financial Instrument 金融工具 Spin-off 脱离母公司的公司 Start-up 新成立的企业 Industry Consolidation 产业联合 Management Buyout 买断产权或管理权 Return on Investment 投资回报
Unemployment Benefits 失业救济 Concessionary Finance 优惠性融资 Production Gain 生产收益 MES (Minimum Efficient Scale) 达到最有 效的基本生产规模 Intra-Industry Specialization 行业内的专 业化分工 Ad Valorem Tariff 从价税 Specific Duty 从量税 Voluntary Export Restraints (VERs) 自动 出口限制 Balance of Payment Disequilibrium 国际 收支不平衡 Global Economic Welfare 全球经济福利
Labor-intensive 劳动力密集型 Emerging Markets 新兴市场 Chain of Command 控制链 Quality Initiative 质量改进努力 Publicly Traded Companies 公开上市交易的公司 Tax Refund 出口退税 GDP Deflator GDP 紧缩指数 GDP Gap GDP 缺口 Recession 衰退 Depression 萧条 Inertial Growth Rate 惯性增长率
Signatory 签约方 Contracting Party 缔约方 Consumer Goods 消费品 Industrial Goods 工业产品 Transaction Marketing 交易营销 Relationship Marketing 关系营销 Market Segmentation 市场细分 Standardized Marketing 无差异性营销 Differentiated Marketing 差异性营销 Concentrated Marketing 集中性营销 Market Positioning 市场定位 Royalty Fee 许可费 Markup Pricing 加成定价 Perceived Value Pricing 价值定价法 Transfer Pricing 转移定价 EDI(Electronic Data Interexchange) 电 子数据交换
Import Surtax 进口附加税 Variable Levy 差额税 Sliding Duty 滑动关税 Threshold Price 门槛价格 Preferential Duties 特惠税 Escape Clause 免责条款 Prior Limitation 预定限额 Specific Duty 从量税 Ad Valorem Duty 从价税 Compound Duty 混合税 buffer fund 缓冲基金,平准基金 向 global strategic orientation 全球战略导 overarching strategy 支配性战略 marginal utility 边际效用 unwanted goods 货不对路 opportunity knocks but once 机不可失 cross investment 相互投资 reciprocity and mutual benefit 互惠互利 centrally run economy 中央统筹经济 in the doldrums 萧条时期 actual appropriation 实际到帐资金 transfer payment from the exchequer 财 政转移支付 supervision and inspection system of tax collection 税收监控 be complementary to each other economically 经济互补性 sole rectification 专项整治工作 Urban Social-Economic Survey Team 城 调队 paid-in investment 到位资金 corporate legal person management system 公司法人治理结构 International Strategic Alliances 国际战 略联盟 apportionment of expenses 分摊费用 family-contract responsibility system 家 庭联产责任承包制
purchasing power parity 购买力平价法 stresspriorities over agriculture, transportation and energy supply, educationand science and technology 抓好 农业、交通能源、教育科技"三个基础" turn-keyproject 交钥匙工程 户 household-basedcontract system 包干到 carry-overfast growth 翘尾性快速增长 specificduty 从量税 ad valoremduty 从价税 MinisterialDeclaration on Doha Development Agenda 关于多哈发展议程谈 判的部长声明 flow productionline 流水生产线 bridgingloan 临时贷款 systemauditing the economic responsibility of leading cadres during their termsof office 领导干部任期经济责任审计制 度 commissionpaid on discounted account 客帐贴现佣金 strengthenthe party's ties with the masses 加强党和群众的联系 jobbery 假公济私 packageof production-supply-marketing services 产、销、服务一条龙 closedregional cooperation 排外性区域 合作 obtainforeign currency under false pretenses 骗汇、逃汇、套汇 futuresmarket 期货市场 arbitrarycharges, fund-raising, quotas and fines 乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 the strategyof revitalizing (invigorating) China through science and education 科教兴 国战略 allotment of shares 配股 crawling peg 浮动钉住 in constant dollar value 按不变价值美元 计算 in current price 按实价计算 buying sight rate 按现货价买进 safeguard practice 保护性措施
policy loan 保单贷款 slump 暴跌 减 decreasing returns to scale 规模报酬递 retaliatory tariff 报复关税 feeder industry 补给性工业 small profit by quick turnover 薄利多销 foul bill of lading 不清洁提单 salvage value 残余价值 sale in bulk 成批出售 unilateral import quota 单边进口配额 antedated B/L 倒签提单 counter sample 对等样品 external public debt 对外公债 system of multilateral trade commitments 多边贸易承诺制度 official devaluation 法定贬值 contra-cyclical policy 反周期政策 released bill of lading 旅行提单 stratified sampling 分层抽样品 adhesion contract 服从契约 bimetallic standard 复本位制 floating policy 流动保险单 mandatory arbitration 强制仲裁 two-way trade 双向贸易 advance refunding 套期转换 率 average annual growth rate 年平均增长 award of bid 决标,定标 slump 暴跌 度 向 customs guarantee system 海关担保制 average propensity to save 平均储蓄倾
payments adjustment 收支调整 equalization fund 平准基金 current payment 经常性支出 apportionment of valuation 价值分割 voluntary restriction of export 自动出口 限制 vertical diversification 垂直多样化 export credit guarantee 出口信贷担保 joint survey report 联合检查报告 input-output analysis 投入产出分析 hook damage 钩损险 free transit zone 自由过境区 continual redemption sinking fund 连续偿债 资金 contingency account 意外准备金帐户 contract of future delivery 远期交货合同 discriminating duty 差别关税 endorsement without recourse 无追索权 利背书 entrenched provisions 特别维护条款 equipment receipt-out(in) 设备交接单 loss reserve 赔款准备金 lump sum freight 按整船计算的运费、包 干运费 nominal contract duties 名义关税 settlement of balance 净差结算 secular inflation 长期性通货膨胀 statute law 成文法 trading under license 许可制贸易 market depressed 市场萧条 mint parity 法定平价 money squeeze 抽紧银根 over pivot rate 超基准收费率 power of attorney 授权书 position limit 成交限量 price elasticity of demand 需求价格弹性 receipt and subrogation form 权益转让
both production and marketing thrive 产 销两旺 compulsory third party insurance 第三者 责任法定保险 trading under license 许可制贸易
书及收据 sale by trade mark or brand 凭商标买卖 swap arrangement 互惠信贷协议 system of multilateral trade commitments 多边贸易承诺制度 tabulated quotation 行情表 pool agreement 联营协定 value on 向某人开出汇票 fault liability 过失赔偿责任 people first 以人为本 build well-off society in an all-around way 全面建设小康社会 base for overseas labor service 外派劳务 基地 lead the people forward in solidarity and press ahead with the reform resolutely 团结 奋进,坚定不移地推进改革开放 governing and rejuvenating the country 执政兴国 two-way investment 双方相互投资 locomotive in modern economy 现代经 济的火车头 market vacuum 产业缺位 peaceful evolution 和平演变 non-performing Asset 不良资产 register system 备案制度 grey area measures 灰色区域措施 withdrawal of currency from circulation 货币回笼 decontrol of import and export 进出口权 下放 world multi-polarization and economic globalization 世界多极化、经济全球化 fixed par of exchange 固定汇兑评价 autarchy 闭关自守 optimize the economic structure 优化经 济结构 gilt-edged bonds 金边债券 underwrite 承购包销 emancipate the mind, Seek truth from the facts, Keep pace with the times 解放思 想、实事求是、与时俱进 营 动 设 Report of the Working Party on the Accession of China 中国加入工作组报告书 keep the State-held shares 保持国有股 inflation-proof bank savings 保值储蓄 retaliatory duty 报复性关税 disguised inflation 变相涨价 strip bad assets off 剥离不良资产 small profit, large sale volume 薄利多销 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting 层层转包和违法分包 balance allocation 差额拨款 contract for the managerial right 承包经 营权 fully utilize both domestic and international markets and resources 充分利 用两个市场,两种资源 steering committee 筹划指导委员会 rough-wrought product 粗加工产品 guaranty money for deposits 存款保证金 strike out at speculation 打击非法投机活 construction of the Party conduct 党风建 money at call and short notice 短期放款 divided operation/ management 分业经
personal earnings regulation tax 人收入 调节税 localization rate of parts and components 国产化率 guide rational consumption 合理引导消 费 sunrise industries 朝阳产业 conference pricing 协议定价 landed cost 上岸成本 tax concessions 税收减免 accelerated depreciation 加速折旧 loan guarantees 贷款担保 cyclical swings 周期波动 barter credit 信用额度 debt swaps 债务互换
balance-of-payments 收支平衡 turnkey projects 交钥匙工程 government interference 政府干预 common-law 习惯法 substantive law 实体法 exclusive rights 专有权 utility modes 实用新型 sui generies 独特的,自成一格的 intrafirm transfer 企业内部转让 technology swap 技术互换 grantback provision 回授条款 windfall loss 意外损失 vessel entry 船舶报关 unscheduled call 意外停靠 unqualified acceptance 无条件费兑 unmarketable goods 滞销货 vertical merge 垂直兼并 proprietary brand 自主品牌 ten thousands of villages and thousands of townships 万村千乡 special campaign 专项活动 rise of central China 中部崛起 revitalize large and medium-sized state owned enterprises 搞活国有大中型企业 in an easy position 头寸宽裕 State Scientific and Technological Innovation System 国家科技创新体系 junk financing 垃圾融资 "bottleneck" restriction 瓶颈制约 going on the track of sound progress 走 上良性发展的轨道 industrial added value 工业增加值 plug up loopholes 堵塞漏洞 high degree of autonomy 高度自治 the household contract responsibility system 家庭联产承包责任制 inflation-proof bank savings 保值储蓄
management by objectives 目标管理 copyright licensing business 版权贸易 exclusive right to purchase and sell 包购 包销 annexation and reorganization of enterprises 企业兼并重组 guaranteed stock 保息股票 retaliatory duty 报复性关税 policy of tightening control over expenditure and credit 财政、信贷双紧方针 balance allocation 差额拨款 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management 产权明晰、权责明确、 政企分开、科学管理 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe 长期共 存、互相监督、肝胆相照、荣辱与共 wait to buy with cash in hand 持币待购 fully utilize both domestic and international markets and resources 充分利 用两个市场,两种资源 steering committee 筹划指导委员会 foster integration with the global economy 促进全球经济一体化 sell at a price lower than
 

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