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2010 年


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2010 年沈阳中考英语 Peter 高分教案系统
形容词,副词精品教案 中考英语形容词,副词精品教案
精品高分英语家教:024铁西区 Peter 精品高分英语家教:024-31688948
主编人: 主编人:吴军 (一)形容词

  1.形容词的构成. .形容词的构成. ○1 简单形容词由一个单词构成. Good, long, green, large, bright, interesting, surprised, learned, developing, sleeping . ○2 复 合 形 容 词 由 一 个 以 上 的 词 构 成 . 20-minute, second-hand, 500-word, 8-year-old, three-legged, round-trip, part-time, good-looking.
  2.形容词的用法. .形容词的用法. ○1 修饰名词作定语.She is a beautiful girl . ○2 作表语.He is very strong. ○3 作宾语补足语.Let the door open. You must keep your classroom clean . ○4 "定冠词+形容词"表示一类人或物, 在句子中可作主语或宾语. should speak to the old We politely. ○5 大多数形容词既可作表语又可作定语, 但少数形容词只能作表语, 不能作定语. asleep, 如: ill, awake 等. ○6 有些形容词只能作定语而不能作表语.如:many, little, wooden, golden 等.
  3.形容词的位置. .形容词的位置. ○1 形容词通常放在它所修饰的名词的前面.A heavy box. ○2 与表示度量的词连用,形容词要放在它所修饰词语的后面.3 metres long. 12 kilometers away . ○3 与不定代词 something, anything, everything, nothing 等连用时,可以放在这些词之后. Something important . nothing serious . ○4 当名词前有多个形容词修饰时,一般按下面的词序排列: 冠词(包括物主代词,序数 词,基数词)-描述形容词(brave, beautiful)-表示形状(大小,长短,高矮)的形容词 -表示年龄或新旧的形容词-表示颜色的形容词-表示国籍, 出处或来源的形容词-表示材 料, 物质的形容词-表示用途或类别的形容词-被修饰的词. nice small brown leather bag . My those large round black wooden tables .
  4.形容词的比较级和最高级. (一般加 er / est ,不规则见表) ○1 原级的用法:"……和……相同" A.肯定句:A + 动词 + as + 形容词原级 + as + B . He is as tall as me . B.否定句:A… + not as +形容词原级 + as + B (即 A 不如 B 那么…) A…+ not so +形容词原级 + as + B = A…+ less + 形容词原级+than + B . ○2 比较级的用法: A.A + 动词 + 形容词的比较级 + than + B . (A 比 B 更… ,在这种句型中,比较 级前面可用 much, even, still, a little, a bit, a lot, any, far 等修饰,表示"…得多","甚至…", "更…","…一点儿". B. "比较级 + and + 比较级", "more and more + 部分双音节或多音节的原级" 译为"越
来越…". ○3 最高级的用法: (个体用-of ,范围用-in,最高级前面要用定冠词-the) A.三种最高级表示法. 最高级:Shanghai is the largest city in China . 比较级:Shanghai is larger than any other city in China . / Shanghai is larger than the other cities in China . 原级:No other city is as large as Shanghai in China . / No other city is larger than Shanghai in China .
(二) 副词

  1.副词的种类: ○1 时间副词:often, always, usually, early, ago, already, before, ever, late, now, soon, since, tomorrow, just now … ○2 地 点 副 词 : here, there, above, below, outside, anywhere, back, down, home, out, everywhere … ○3 方式副词:hard, well, badly, fast, slowly, angrily, simply, carefully … ○4 程度副词:very, quite, much, still, almost, little, too, enough … ○5 疑问副词:how, when, where, why … ○6 关系副词:when, where, why … (引导定语从句) ○7 连接副词:how, when, where, why, whether … ○8 频率副词:often, seldom, usually, never, sometimes, every day, always, hardly … ○9 其他副词:really, certainly, surely, maybe …
  2.副词的用法: ○1 作状语 : He can finish the work easily . ○2 作定语(要后置) : The students here are from Harbin . ○3 作表语 : I must be off now . ○4 作宾补,构成复合宾语 : Show him up . I saw him out with my sister last night .
  3.副词的比较级和最高级. (一般加 er / est ,不规则见表) ○1 副词的原级: A.as + 副词的原级 + as "与…一样" B.not as(so) + 副词的原级 + as "与…不一样" C.too + 副词的原级 + to do sth . "太…而不能" D.so + 副词的原级 + that 从句 "如此…以致于…" E.副词的原级 + enough to do sth . "足够…能做…" ○2 副词的比较级: A.A + 动词 + 副词比较级 + than + B B.副词比较级前也可以用 much, even, still, far, any, a little, a bit, a lot 等修饰. C.比较级 + and + 比较级,表示"越来越…",the more … the more … 表示"越…就越…" D.副词的最高级前通常不加定冠词 the .
实战演练
○Many people have helped with canned food, however, the food bank needs for the poor. A.more B.much C.many D.most ○In that case, there is nothing you can do than wait. A.more B.other C.better D.any ○I am surprised that you should have been fooled by such a (an)trick. A.ordinary B.easy C.smart D.simple ○All the people at the party were his supporters. A. present B. thankful C. interested D. important ○It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood to her mother. A. close ○ ? I'm very ? Mm, it does have a A. pleasant; pleased C. pleasant; pleasant ○ You don't look very No, I'm just a bit tired. A.good B.well C.strong D.healthy B. closely C. closed D. closing with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious. smell. B. pleased; plcased D. pleased; pleasant .Are you ill?
○Mr. Smith used to smoke but he has given it up. A seriously B heavily C badly D hardly ○ If you can't come tomorrow, we'll have to hold the meeting next week. A yet B even C rather D just ○ There at the door stood a girl about the same height . A. as me B. as mine C. with mine D. with me ○, some famous scientists have the qualities of being both careful and careless. A. Strangely enough B. Enough strangely C. Strange enough D. Enough strange ○John is very lazy. He falls behind in his studies. A. very B. far C. more D. still into parts. D.out ○To understand the grammar of the sentence, you must break it A.down B.up C.off
○ Letterboxes are much more in the UK than in the US, where most people have a mailbox instead. A. common B. normal C. ordinary D. usual
○ I thought she was famous, but none of my friends have heard of her. A. even B. ever C. just D. never ○ We always keep spare paper, in case we ran out. A. too much B. a number of C. plenty of D. a good many
○ After two years' research, we now have a better understanding of the disease. A. very B. far C. fairly D. quite ○In spite of repeated wrongs done to him, he looks to people greeting him. A. friendly B. lively C. worried D. cold ○ I haven't seen Ann for long that I've forgotten what she looks like. A. such B. very C. so D. too ○ Although badly hurt in the accident, the driver was able to make a phone call. A. still B. even C. also D. ever ○ While we were watching the play,Inoticed a man with a funny look. A. usually B. suddenly C. quickly D. carefully
○.?Would you please tell me the result of the exam, Miss White ? ?You did quite well. You've made mistakes. A. few B. a few C. little D. a little
○. Jim sat to his mother with his eyes half . A. closed; opened C. closely; opening B. close; open D. closely; opened
○.The river water goes 450 kilometres out to sea. A. pure B. new C. sweet D. fresh
○.Two of the children have to sleep in one bed, but the other three have ones. A. separate B. double C. different D. lonely
○.The manager wanted to know who wasn't for the office. A. good B. bad C. fit D. well
○.A mistake is not serious unless it is . A. made B. well-known C. great D. repeated
○.Mary said that she was able to wash the plates herself. A. too B. quite C. much D. very
○.Since he began work, he hasn't asked his father for money. A. greatly B. very much C. badly D. ever
○.I couldn't go to the party because of a cold. A. quick B. surprising C. sudden D. hurried
○.I have been looking for you everywhere. This is the place in the world I would have expected to find you. A. right B. last C. just D. only
练习( 练习(一)
( ( )
  1. This box is that one. A. heavy than B. so heavy than C. heavier as D. as heavy as )
  2. When we speak to people, we should be . A. as polite as possible B. as polite as possibly C. as politely as possible D. as politely as possibly )
  3. This book is that one, but than that one. A. as difficult as; expensive B. as more difficult as; more expensive C. as difficult as; more expensive D. more difficult as; as expensive )
  4. I think the story is not so as that one. A. interesting B. interested C. more interesting D. most interesting )
  5. His father began to work he was seven years old. A. as old as B. as early as C. since D. while )
  6. I think science is than Japanese. A. much important B. important C. much more important D. more much important )
  7. This pencil is than that one. A. longest B. long C. longer D. as long )
  8. My mother is no young. A. shorter B. longer C. little D. few )
  9. These children are this year than they were last year. A. more tall B. more taller C. very taller D. much taller )
  10. It was very hot yesterday, but it is today. A. even hotter B. more hotter C. much more hot D. much hot )
  11. Mrs. Black has got instead of getting any better. A. more bad B. a little worse C. much badly D. a lot of worse )
  12. When we arrived, we found the meeting room crowded with students. A. quite a few B. only a few C. few D. a few quite )
  13. The house is small for a family of six. A. much too B. too much C. very much D. so )
  14. Through the window we can see nothing but buildings. A. tall very many B. very many tall C. very tall many D. many very tall )
  15. -What's your brother like? -He is . A. a driver B. very tall C. my friend D. at school )
  16. The jacket was so that he decided to buy it. , A. much B. little C. expensive D. cheap )
  17. Our classroom is larger than theirs. A. more B. quite C. very D. much )
  18. The earth is about as the moon. A. as fifty time big B. fifty times as big C. as big fifty times D. fifty as times big )
  19. Your room is mine. A. twice as large than B. twice the same size of C. bigger twice than D. twice as large as )
  20. Your room is than mine. A. three time big B. three times big C. three times bigger D. bigger three times
(
( ( (
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
( ( ( (
(
练习( 练习(二)
( )
  1. you come back, it will be. A. The quicker, the best B. The sooner, the better C. Faster, the better D. The sooner, better )
  2. I like one of the two books. A. the older B. oldest C. the oldest D. older )
  3. Which is country, China or Japan? A. the large B. the larger C. larger D. largest )
  4. Of the two cups, he bought . A. the smaller B. the smallest C. small D. smaller )
  5. Which do you like , tea or coffee? A. well B. better C. best D. most )
  6. This work is for me than for you. A. difficult B. most difficult C. much difficult D. more difficult )
  7. Which do you think tastes , the chicken or the fish? A. good B. better C. best D. well )
  8. The Great Pyramid is about 137 meters high today, but it was once . A. higher B. highest C. high too D. more high )
  9. Don't you think it not to write the letter? A. well B. better C. best D. good )
  10. Who jumped of all? A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the most far )
  11. Li Lei is student in our class. A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest )
  12. The fifth orange is of all. Give it to that small child. A. big B. bigger C. the bigger D. the biggest )
  13. Who is of you three? A. the oldest B. much older C. oldest D. older )
  14. Tom is one of boys in our class. A. tallest B. taller C. the tallest D. the tall )
  15. English is one of spoken in the world. A. the important languages B. the most important languages C. most important language D. the most important language )
  16. Beijing is one of in China. A. the largest city B. the large cities C. the larger cities D. the largest cities )
  17. Most of the woods been taken good care of. A. are B. is C. has D. have )
  18. like playing football and watching TV. A. Most boys B. Most of they C. Most boy D. Most of boys )
  19. are here watering the flowers here. A. Some B. Some of the boys C. Some boy D. Some of boys )
  20. haven't been to American. A. Most them B. Most they C. More of them D. Most of them
( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (
( ( ( ( (
练习( 练习(三)
( ( ( ( ( )
  1. His father is than his mother. A. older four years B. as four years older C. four years older D. bigger four years )
  2. Math is more popular than . A. any other subject B. all the subjects C. any subject D. other subject )
  3. China is larger than in Africa. A. any other country B. other countries C. the other country D. any country )
  4. Tom is stronger than
 

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