Unit 3
Language Points:
  1. return tickets 返程票
  2. on business 出差 I’m going to travel on business next month. 我计划下月出差。 She went to Hong Kong on business. travel, trip, journey travel : 指“长途旅行,或周游(泛指周游世界) travel around the world ” trip : (尤指短程往返的)旅行 journey: 长途旅行
  3. in charge of 这里的 charge = responsibility She was in charge of the project. 她过去掌管这个项目。 He took charge of the farm after his father’s death. 他父亲去世后他掌管了农场。 She was put in charge of the domestic stuff. 她被要求负责掌管家仆。 Bruce charged at it. ( charged at sth / sb = rush forward and attack sb /sth) 另:possession : owning, having 常见搭配: sth be in the possession of sb sb in possession of sth You can’t legally take possession of the property until three weeks after the contract is signed. 契约签署三周以后,你才能合法取得这份产业的所有权。 The gang was caught in possession of stolen goods. 这伙人被逮后,人赃俱获。
  4. take shape : develop into a clear form His idea of writing a novel began to take shape. 他写小说的想法已具雏形。
  5. along the tops of mountain chains 指所有山的山顶 chain 在这里指连绵不断的 a KFC chain 一家 KFC 连锁店 (chain 在这里为” 连锁店” )
  6. twists and turns 课文中的意思为“蜿蜒曲折” ,作动词。 它们也可作名词。 Ahead of us there will be twists and turns, but we will never stop. 我们面前会有坎坷荆棘,但我们将永不停止。
  7. lie ( lay, lain ) i. 平躺 He was laying in the bed. ii. 位于,坐落在 = be situated / be located in / at lay ( laid, laid ) i. (轻轻或小心)放置 She laid the baby down gently on the bed. 她把婴儿轻轻放在床上。 ii. 下蛋,产卵 The hen laid three legs. 这只母鸡产下三只蛋。










  8. The centre of the top is a glass dome, which looks like a huge mirror. 这是 which 引导的 非限制性定从。 look at oneself in the mirror 照镜子
  9. Li River 漓江 peak i. 山峰,峰峦(课文中意思) ii. the point when sb / sth is best (某个人的)巅峰状态 Traffic reaches its peak 8 and 9 in the morning. 上午
  8、9 点钟之间是交通高峰时期。
  10. It is also great fun walking and cycling in the Guides. 这里 walking and cycling in the Guides 作整句话的真正主语,而 it 是形式主语。 类似的结构还有: It’s no use / no good / useless doing sth It’s no good talking to him. 同他谈没有用。
  11. It can seat an audience of 5, 0
  00. 可容纳 5000 名观众。 seat = hold Grammar I. it 的用法 i. 表时间、季节、天气、距离 It is nine o’clock. 现在 9 点钟。 It is spring now. 现在是春季。 It is a hot day. 今天很热。 It is five kilos from here. 距离这儿有 5 公里。 ii. 作形式 / 逻辑主语 It took a long time to build the wall. It’s + adj ( for sb ) to do sth II. 倒装 I am not worried about the exam next week. Neither am I. / Nor am I. ( 代替 I’m not, either. ) III. V-ing 形式作定语 现在分词作定语:表正在进行的动作 in the coming summer 即将到来的厦天 Do you know the woman standing over there ? 动名词作定语:一般表示目的或用途 a swimming pool = a pool for swimming a shipping company = a company that makes ships, does transportation work IV. V-ed 作宾语补足语

孩 子 开 启 智 tell you about a place called Fun World 作“place”补语 children aged from 2 to about 5 作 “children”的补语 ( 更多语法详见 V-ing 与 V-ed 作用讲解。)


 

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