CENTURY BUSINESS ENGLISH 世纪商务英语
阅读教程(基础篇
  2)(第四版) 阅读教程(基础篇
  2)(第四版) 第四版
主编: 主编:王洗薇
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Unit 8 Business Conference
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Whatever your position in your organization, you will undoubtedly participate in and even lead meetings in your organization. The most productive meetings stated in Text A start on time, end on time, and accomplish their agenda. At a meeting, you may have to deal with different characters analyzed in Text B to achieve high efficiency. To conduct effective meetings ultimately, Practical Reading gives hints on presiding over or participating in a meeting. Besides, you are going to learn a new reading technique on how to recognize the writer’s attitude which will influence the ways of ideas or information being presented in texts.
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Reading Skill Focus Comprehensive Reading Practical Reading Words and Expressions
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Reading Skill Focus
Recognizing the Writer’s Attitude Writers are not necessarily neutral or objective when they write, particularly if they are trying to persuade readers to agree with their opinions. It is very important to watch for the attitude of the writer toward the subject discussed in writing. This is because such attitudes can influence the ways of the ideas or information being presented in the text. The writer’s attitude?feelings or beliefs about the subject?is part of the total meaning, even though it is stated in just a few words or not stated at all. If it is not stated, the reader must“read between the lines”to dig it out.
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The writer may reveal his approval or disapproval of something by carefully selecting and arranging words to create desired effects. Attitudes are reflected in tone. If a person’s attitude is one of bitterness, his tone will be bitter or sarcastic ( 讥讽的, 讽刺的). If he understands a situation, his attitude will reflect understanding, pity, or sympathy.
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Different Types of Attitude
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A.Guided Practice
Sample 1 I had supposed that no one would ever produce a book on this subject with which I would find myself in complete agreement; but Professor Smith has now done the impossible. 在阅读过程中,注意识别作者对文中讨论的问题所持的态度,如 赞同、反对、理解和 同情等,对于正确理解文章至关重要。从本段的字里行间,如 “find myself in complete agreement”和“done the impossible”可见作者所持的态 度是赞同的。
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Sample 2 There is little in Professor Smith’s latest book that is new, and there is much that recent scientific studies have shown to be untrue. 根据句中“There is little... that is new”和“to be untrue”可得知,作者所持的态度是 不赞同的。
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The entire state of Louisiana is within a damp, subtropical zone. The average annual temperature of the state is 67 degrees Fahrenheit, and monthly mean temperatures vary from 52 degrees in January and December to 82 degrees in July and August. The length of the growing season is usually between 220 and 250 days in the northern half of the state, and between 250 and 275 days in the southern half.
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Sample 3 Christmas is supposed to be a time to express our love and good will. For others, it is supposed to be a time when we perform acts of kindness for people less unfortunate than ourselves. But, do we think of other people when we sit down to our Christmas dinner? Of course not. We’re too busy eating those delicious foods associated with Christmas. We are too busy wondering whether the presents we gave were better than the ones we received. We forget to think of the sick and the homeless. The whole idea of Christmas now is completely unchristian. 这段文字中,带有主观意义的词语,如“is supposed to be”,“but”, “of course not”, “too busy eating”,“completely unchristian”等,透出了作者对现在人们过圣诞节的方式持 反对态度。
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B. Challenge Yourself Read the following paragraphs and see if you can recognize the writer’s attitude toward his topic, and then finish the exercises that follow. I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience:“This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible.”It may have been a sharp criticism of the pupil’s technical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had neglected to read the essay, which contained some beautiful expressions of the child’s deep feelings.
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The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation to seek improvement. The author’s attitude toward what the teacher did is. A. approving B. positive C. critical D. indifferent
答案 C www.dutpgz.cn
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Challenge 2 Figures can be deceiving. For example, Times magazine recently reported that the average Yale graduate of the class of 1944 was making $35,111 a year. Well, good for them! But what exactly does that figure mean? Is it proof that if you send your child to Yale you won’t have to work in your old age and neither will he? What kind of sample is it based on? You could put one Texas oilman with two hundred hungry writers and report their average income as $35,111 a year. The figure is exact, but it has no meaning. In ways similar to this, the facts and figures pour forth every day. They are used to point out the truth, when in fact they inflate, confuse, and over-simplify the truth. The result is“number nonsense”.
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  1. The author’s comment,“Well, good for them!”as a response to the average yearly salary of a Yale graduate is meant to show. A.humor B. disagreement C. praise D. indifference
答案
B
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  2. In this selection the author uses tone to. A. be scientifically objective B. create sympathy for writers C. condemn Yale graduates D. reject the theory of averages
答案
D
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  3. The tone in this passage can best be described as. A.scientific B. sentimental C. Concerned D. impersonal
答案
C
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Nursing at Beth Israel Hospital produces the best patient care possible. If we are to solve the nursing shortage, hospital administration and doctors everywhere would do well to follow Beth Israel’s example. At Beth Israel hospital each patient is assigned to a primary nurse who visits at length with the patient and constructs a full-scale health account that covers everything from his medical history to his emotional state. Then she writes a care plan centered on the patient’s illness but which also includes everything else that is necessary.
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The author’s attitude towards the nursing system at Beth Israel Hospital is. A.Negative B. neutral C. critical D. positive
答案
D
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Comprehensive Reading
Getting the Most of Meetings 1 One aspect of business life which many managers are unhappy with is the need to attend meetings. Research indicates that managers will spend between a third or half of their working lives in meetings.
译文
让会议发挥最大作用 很多经理对商务活动不满的一点就是开会。 1 很多经理对商务活动不满的一点就是开会。调查结果发现经理 三分之一或一半的工作时间都耗费在开会上。 三分之一或一半的工作时间都耗费在开会上。
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Comprehensive Reading
Although most managers would agree that it is hard to think of an alternative to meetings, as a means of considering information and making collective decisions, their length and frequency can cause problems with the workload of even the bestorganized executives.
译文
尽管大多数经理都认为很难找到别的方式来取代开会这一 交流信息和做出集体决策的方法, 交流信息和做出集体决策的方法,但是长时间频繁的会议 给最井井有条的高级经理也造成工作负担。 给最井井有条的高级经理也造成工作负担。
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Comprehensive Reading
Meetings work best if they take place only when necessary and not as a matter of routine. One example of this is the discussion of personnel or career matters between members of staff and their line and personnel managers. Another is during the early stages of a project when the team managing it needs to learn to understand and trust one another.
译文
会议只有在必要时,而不是作为例行公事,才能起到最佳的作用。 会议只有在必要时,而不是作为例行公事,才能起到最佳的作用。 员工与其一线经理和人事部经理之间讨论人事或职业问题的会议就 是个例子。再比如项目初期, 是个例子。再比如项目初期,负责项目管理的团队成员之间需要相 互了解和信任的时候要召开会议。 互了解和信任的时候要召开会议。
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Comprehensive Reading
3 Once it has been decided that a meeting is necessary,decisions need to be taken about who will attend and about the location and length of the meeting. People should only be invited to attend if they are directly involved in the matters under discussion and the agenda should be distributed well in advance.
译文
一旦决定有必要开会,就要决定与会者、 一旦决定有必要开会,就要决定与会者、会议地点和时 只有与议题直接相关的人才应被邀请, 长。只有与议题直接相关的人才应被邀请,会议议程也 应提前发放。 应提前发放。
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Comprehensive Reading
An agenda is vital because it acts as a road map to keep discussion focused and within the time limit allocated. This is also the responsibility of the person chairing the meeting, who should encourage those who say little to speak and stop those who have a great deal to say from talking too much.
译文
会议议程至关重要,因为它就像一张路线图, 会议议程至关重要,因为它就像一张路线图,使讨论的内 容得到关注并在限定的时间内完成议程。 容得到关注并在限定的时间内完成议程。这也是会议主持 人的责任,他要鼓励那些较沉默的人多发言, 人的责任,他要鼓励那些较沉默的人多发言,阻止那些滔 滔不绝的人讲得过多。 滔不绝的人讲得过多。
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Comprehensive Reading
At the end of a well-organized meeting, people will feel that the meeting has been a success and be pleased they were invited. They will know not only what decisions were made but also the reasons for these decisions. 译文
一场组织有序的会议结束时,与会者应感到会议很成功, 一场组织有序的会议结束时,与会者应感到会议很成功,并因 为自己被邀请而感到很高兴。 为自己被邀请而感到很高兴。他们不仅要知道在会上做出了哪 些决策,而且知道做出这些决策的理由。 些决策,而且知道做出这些决策的理由。
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Comprehensive Reading
Unfortunately, at the end of a badlyorganized meeting those present will leave, feeling that they have wasted their time and that nothing worthwhile has been achieved. 令人遗憾的是,一场组织得很差的会议结束时, 令人遗憾的是,一场组织得很差的会议结束时, 与会者离开时会觉得开会浪费了时间, 与会者离开时会觉得开会浪费了时间,没得到任 何有意义的结果。 何有意义的结果。
译文
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Comprehensive Reading
Much thought has been given over the years to ways of keeping meetings short. One man who has no intention of spending half his working life in meetings is Roland Winterson, chief executive of a large manufacturing company. He believes that meetings should be short, sharp and infrequent.
译文
几年来人们一直在思考缩短开会时间的方法。 几年来人们一直在思考缩短开会时间的方法。作为一家大型 制造公司总经理的罗兰德? 制造公司总经理的罗兰德?温特森不想把一半工作时间花在 开会上。他认为会议应该简短、明确、不要过于频繁。 开会上。他认为会议应该简短、明确、不要过于频繁。
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Comprehensive Reading
infrequent.“I try to hold no more than two or three m
 

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