CENTURY BUSINESS ENGLISH 世纪商务英语
阅读教程(基础篇
  2)(第四版) 阅读教程(基础篇
  2)(第四版) 第四版
主编: 主编:王洗薇
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Unit Two Career Development
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Career Development
Businesses used to partner with employees to carry out employees’career planning and development. Times have changed. Now, businesses are coming to view career development primarily as the employee’s responsibility.
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Career Development
The following topics are closely related, which present the importance of setting career goal and offer tips to achieve it as well. Besides the knowledge about career development, you can also learn some reading skills on how to understand complicated and difficult long sentences in this unit.
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Career Development
Reading Skill Focus Comprehensive Reading Practical Reading Words and Expressions
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Reading Skill Focus
Reading Long Sentences Long sentences are usually complicated and difficult to understand. They often consist of one or several of the following sentence elements: ? subordinate clause;? ? parenthesis;? ? present/past participle as adverbial modifier or absolute construction;? ? parallel structure, etc.
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Reading Skill Focus
The key to deal with a long sentence is to seize the main body of the sentence, the sentence trunk. So the first step is to identify the subject, predicate, and object of the sentence. As long as the sentence trunk is clear, the sentence structure will stand out. Then, it will be easy to understand the whole sentence.
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Reading Skill Focus
A.Guided Practice . Sample 1
Behaviorists suggest that the child who is raised in an environment where there are many stimuli which develop his or her capacity for appropriate responses will experience greater intellectual development. 译文
行为主义者认为,如果儿童的成长环境里有许多 行为主义者认为 如果儿童的成长环境里有许多 刺激因素,这些因素又有利于其适当反应能力的 刺激因素 这些因素又有利于其适当反应能力的 发展,那么 那么, 发展 那么,儿童的智力就会发展到较高的水平
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Reading Skill Focus
The sentence trunk: .
阅读包含多个从句的长句时,首先找到主句的主体部分 (即主语、谓语和宾语),再确定从句的主体部分,如果从句中 还有从句,再确定下面一层从句的主、谓、宾。注意阅读时 一层一层进行,先把同一层次的内容看完,再看下一层次的内 容 经层层分析可知,该长句主干为: Behaviorists suggest that-clause
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Reading Skill Focus
句子包含了四个从句:that...,who...,where..., which...。that 引导宾语从句,从句的主干是the child...will experience greater intellectual development development; who is raised in an environment是定 environment 语从句,修饰先行词child; where there are many stimuli 是定语从句,修饰先行词environment; which develop his or her capacity for appropriate responses 是定语从句,修饰先行词stimuli
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Reading Skill Focus
Sample 2
For a family of four, for example, it is more convenient as well as cheaper to sit comfortably at home, with almost unlimited entertainment available, than to go out in search of amusement elsewhere. 译文
譬如,对于一个四口之家来说 舒舒服服地在 譬如 对于一个四口之家来说,舒舒服服地在 对于一个四口之家来说 家中看电视,就能看到几乎数不清的娱乐节 家中看电视 就能看到几乎数不清的娱乐节 这与到外面别的地方去消遣比起来,是既 目,这与到外面别的地方去消遣比起来 是既 这与到外面别的地方去消遣比起来 便宜又方便
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Reading Skill Focus
The sentence trunk: .
阅读包含插入语的长句时,先略掉插入语,把主句 的意思看完,然后再看插入部分。插入语常用来交代 某句话是谁说的,说话人是什么身份,或修饰、解释、 补充前面的内容等。从形式上看,插入语的出现有明 显标志:用双破折号或双逗号与主句隔开。忽略几个 插入语之后可发现,该句的主干结构为: it is more convenient... to sit... Than to go out...,是一个比较结构 ,
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Reading Skill Focus
该句中it 是形式主语,真正的主语是:to sit comfortably at home,与to go out in search of amusement elsewhere 作比较。句首的for a family of four 作状语,表示条件;介词 短语for example 作插入语,第二个介词短语with almost unlimited entertainment available 作伴随状语,修饰to sit comfortably at home。
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Reading Skill Focus
Sample 3
Taking his cue from Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, in which the heroine, Nora, leaves home because she resents her husband’s treating her like a child, the writer Lu Xun warned that Nora would need money to support herself; she must have economic rights to survive.
译文
易卜生的剧作《玩偶之家》 易卜生的剧作《玩偶之家》中的女主人公娜拉离家出 因为她憎恶她的丈夫像对待孩子一样来对待她。 走,因为她憎恶她的丈夫像对待孩子一样来对待她。 作家鲁迅从中得到启示, 作家鲁迅从中得到启示,从而告诫人们娜拉需要钱来 养活自己。 养活自己。她要生存就必须有经济上的权利
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Reading Skill Focus
阅读包含分词短语作状语或独立主格结构的句子 时,首先要确定主句的主谓结构,不要误将分词当 成谓语。分词状语就是指用现在分词或过去分词引 导的伴随状语、原因状语等;独立主格结构有时由 with 引导,看似主谓结构,但实际上其动词部分只 是分词,并不是真正的谓语。主句最重要的特征就 是有完整的主谓结构,尤其是独立的谓语部分,而 单独的分词是不能做谓语的,由此可区分主谓结构 与分词状语及独立主格结构。
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Reading Skill Focus
The sentence trunk: .
分清本句的分词结构之后,该句的主干结构为 Lu Xun warned that-clause that 引导宾语从句;Taking his cue from Ibsen’s A Doll’s House 是现在分词短语作状语,现在分词taking 的逻辑主语是Lu Xun; in which 引导非限制性定语从句, 修饰先行词A Doll’s House; 句中分号后是另一个完整 的句子。
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Reading Skill Focus
Sample 4
Prior to the twentieth century, women in novels were stereotypes of lacking any features that made them unique individuals and were also subject to numerous restrictions imposed by the male-dominated culture.
世纪以前,小说中的妇女们都是一个模式。 在20 世纪以前,小说中的妇女们都是一个模式。 她们没有任何特点,因而无法成为具有个性的人; 她们没有任何特点,因而无法成为具有个性的人; 她们还要屈从于由男性主宰的文化传统强加给她们 的种种束缚
译文
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Reading Skill Focus
The sentence trunk: .
阅读包含并列结构的句子时,先确定句子主干,再确 定并列的成分。两个或两个以上互相连接而又属于同 一层次并具有相同句法功能的语言结构称为并列结构。 并列结构通常用逗号隔开或用and连接。 该句的主干为:
women... were stereotypes and were... subject to... restrictions...
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Reading Skill Focus
and 连接两个并列的系表结构;prior to the twentieth century 是时间状语;that made them unique individuals 是定语从句,修饰先行词features; imposed by the male-dominated culture是过去分词短 语作后置定语,修饰restrictions。
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Reading Skill Focus
B. Challenge Yourself Challenge 1
Match Column A with the phrasal verbs in Column B according to the following sentence.
At the food center, next to the air base, our reporters watched as hundreds of refugee men and women pushed to get the rice, flour, oil and milk that were given only to the poorest of the 465,000 refugees living in camps like this all along the coast.
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Reading Skill Focus
A
  1. The rice, flour, oil and milk
  2. The poorest refugees
  3. The refugee men and women
  4. The food center
  5. The camps
  6. Our reporters
B a.pushed to get the rice. b.watched. c.were all along the coast. d.were given to the poorest refugees e.were living in camps like this. f.was next to the air base.
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Reading Skill Focus
Challenge 2
Find the trunks of the following sentences and translate them into Chinese.

  1. The American economic system is, organized around a basically private enterprise,marketoriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. The sentence trunk:
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Reading Skill Focus

  2. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to make a free contract with another private individual. The sentence trunk:
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Comprehensive Reading
Text A Set Demanding Goals
  1. We all want to believe that we are feat 技艺; 功绩a. 漂亮 capable of great feats, of reaching 的, 合适的壮举 our fullest potential. We need dreams. They give us a vision of a better future. They nourish our spirit; they represent possibility even when we are in difficulties. 译文
我们都愿意相信自己有能力成就大业, 我们都愿意相信自己有能力成就大业,能够发挥自己的 全部潜能。因此我们需要梦想。 全部潜能。因此我们需要梦想。梦想让我们展望更美好 的未来,梦想让我们精神焕发;即使困难重重, 的未来,梦想让我们精神焕发;即使困难重重,梦想依 然代表了希望, 然代表了希望,使我们坚持不懈 www.dutpgz.cn
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Comprehensive Reading
They keep us going.Most successful people are dreamers, ordinary people who are not afraid to think big and dare to be great. Dreamers are not content with being merely mediocre, because no one ever dreams of mediocre 普普通通的 going halfway. 译文
绝大多数的成功人士都是梦想家, 绝大多数的成功人士都是梦想家,是普通 但他们野心勃勃,敢于做大事 敢于做大事。 人,但他们野心勃勃 敢于做大事。梦想 家不会甘于平庸, 家不会甘于平庸,因为他们的梦想是不会 半途而废的 www.dutpgz.cn
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Comprehensive Reading
2 . When we were little kids in the playground we didn’t dream of hitting singles in the first inning. We dreamed of that home run in the bottom of the ninth to win the World Series. We don’t dream of a life of struggle and hardship. We dream of doing something big, something splendid.
hit single ( 棒球) 击中一垒 inning ( 棒球) 一局
home run ( 棒球)(安全跑完一圈的)全垒打
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Comprehensive Reading
译文
年幼无知时, 年幼无知时,我们不会只梦想在棒球赛 的开局中击中一垒, 的开局中击中一垒,而是梦想在第九局中 完成本垒打,赢得世界职业棒球大赛。 完成本垒打,赢得世界职业棒球大赛。我 们也不会梦想艰苦奋斗、充满挫折的一生, 们也不会梦想艰苦奋斗、充满挫折的一生, 而是梦想轰轰烈烈地干大事,创伟业。 而是梦想轰轰烈烈地干大事,创伟业。
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Comprehensive Reading

  3. We all know that we have to put in the effort to reach our dreams, but the difficult part is that most of us don’t know where to start working. We might have every intention of becoming Vice President in five years or running across the finish line in a marathon or completing the novel we started years ago. But often we have no idea how to translate these dreams into actions. 译文
我们都知道实现梦想需要努力,可对大多数人而言, 我们都知道实现梦想需要努力,可对大多数人而言,难就难 在不知从何入手。我们或许非常希望在五年内当上副总统, 在不知从何入手。我们或许非常希望在五年内当上副总统, 希望在马拉
 

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