2009-2010 学年第 2 学期 《实用科技英语翻译》期末考试题型和复习题
I Answer the following quesitions related to EST Translation (30’) (2 个题) 个题)
  1. What’s the definition of EST (English of Science & Technology)?

  2. What are stylistic features of EST?

  3. What are the general features of Compound Technical Terms?

  4. What are common rules for Technical Term Translation?
II. Underline and mark out the themes and rhemes of the following sentences with the capital letters T and R respectively. (10’) (2 个题) 个题)

  1. Aluminum, though much less strong than steel, can be given a strength
approaching that of steel when it is alloyed with small quantities of copper, manganese and magnesium, and subjected to hot treatment processes. Parallel:T-R1+R2+R3…

  2. Each cylinder therefore is encased in a water jacket, which forms part of a circuit
through which water is pumped continuously, and cooled by means of air drawn in from the outside atmosphere by large rotary fans, worked off the main crankshaft, or in the large diesel-electric locomotives, by auxiliary motors.

  3. We, the authors having handled a variety of metals and alloys for over forty years,
can reassure those following that there is still much scope for craft and ingenuity in metallurgy, despite the fact that great strides have been made in it as a science during the past seventy years, and also that real fundamental understanding and
valid explanations of many of the properties of metals which are used by man still call for intensive scientific work.
III. Improve the following translation. As for the first sentence you should provide your improved English translation and as for the second sentence you should provide the improved Chinese one. (10’) (2 个题) 个题)

  1. 活塞与气缸的配合问题,对发动机的使用寿命影响极大。影响配合间隙的主 要因素是活塞在工作状态下的变形,真实反映活塞变形情况,已广泛采用有 限元法进行数值分析。 The joint gap between a piston and a cylinder has great influence on the service life of an engine. The primary factor influencing the joint gap is the deformation of piston under working condition. In order to indicate the actual deformation of piston, the finite element method has been widely applied to analyze it numerically. Improved English Version:

  2. Correct timing is of the utmost importance, and also extreme accuracy, down to a twenty-thousandth part of an inch, in the grinding of certain parts of the fuel injection pump and the valves. 校正定时的工作是极其重要的,而且是极其精确的,对喷油泵与气阀某些部件的 研磨精密度应达到两万分之一英寸。 Improved Chinese Version:

  3. 如果我们测得地震波的走时和振幅,我们就能确定地下的几何形状并估算出 与岩石速度和密度有关的声阻抗。
If we measure the seismic travel time and amplitude, we can define the surface geometry and give estimate of the acoustic impedances related to rock velocities and densities. Improved English Version:

  4. 虽然火箭复杂而令人难忘,但它是一种比较简单的装置,早在八百多年前, 中国人就发明了。 Although the rocket may appear impressive and complex it is a relatively simple device and was invented in china as early as 800 years ago. Improved English Version:
IV. Sentence Translation (30’) A. C-E Translation (15’) (2 个题) 个题)
  1. 由于光学纤维频带较宽,损耗较低,光源更为可靠。因此在这一领域会更具 竞争力。

  2. 制造方法可分为单件生产和批量生产,单件生产指小批量的生产,批量生产 指大量相同零件的生产。

  3. 位于德比郡的铁路技术中心的英国铁路工程师大大削减了列车的重量,增加 了牵引力。

  4. 考虑到样机类型不一样,通常用参加测试的样机数除以安全系数以得到安全 疲劳寿命。 如果测试的样机数为
  6, 则保险系数平均为
  5. 近 40 年来, 在大量工程设计实践中, 我院积极采用新技术、 新材料和新设备, 荣获部优、省优设计奖 25 项。
B. E-C Translation (15’) (2 个题) 个题)
  1. The advert of jet and rocket propulsion, and of nuclear reactors, has shown that the materials which previously served for constructional purposes are no longer wholly satisfactory for the manufacture of equipment on which the efficient functioning of theses new sources of power depends.
  2. The technical possible could well exist, therefore, of nationwide integrated transmission network of high capacity, controlled by computers,
inter-connected globally by satellite and submarine cable, providing speedy and reliable communications throughout the world.
  3. In this paper, Q-processes are classified in new method and the existence and uniqueness as well as the forms of each class of Q-processes are obtained. The result obtained has important application in the construction and qualitative theory of Q-processes, especially, in that of instantaneous state of Q-processes.
  4. In the course of deepening reform, our institute, relying on quality for existence and technology for development, actively carries out total quality control in its management.
  5. By keeping faithfully to signed contracts and rendering hearty services to all the customers as our guiding objective, our institute is opening up successfully survey and design market both at home and abroad.
V. Passage translation (20’)(1 个段落) ( 个段落) Suspension Bridges
Suspension bridges are frequently constructed in preference to other types of bridge, especially where relatively light traffic has to be carried over long spans, since they are more economical in material and are extremely strong. There are in existence suspension bridges with main spans of more than 3000 feet, the entire weight of the deck being supported from above by cables (usually only two or four in number) suspended between two towers at either side of the river. The cables are composed of thousands of wires, made of high-ensile steel, which are galvanised to resist corrosion. Two or three hundred of these wires, each of about
  0.19 inch in diameter, are clamped together to form a single strand, and the whole able may consist of a considerable number of such strands compacted and bound together with wire. In constructing the cable, two distinct methods may be adopted. The wires may either be listed into strands, the strands then sometimes being twisted round a central strand to form the completed cable, or they may be spun parallel to each other, and clamped together at intervals. The latter method obviously involves a much longer spinning operation, since each wire or small group of wires must be spun and adjusted to the correct sag individually, whereas the strands of Twisted wire can be erected as units, provided that they are not so heavy as to be unmanageable. However, on bridges with very long spans, there are certain advantages in the parallel wire method of spinning the cable. The cables are normally made continuous through the tops of the towers, down through side towers, where these exist, and thence into the anchorage. They bear on specially constructed saddles on the towers, which are shaped to accommodate them, the saddles being either fixed so that the cables may slide over them, or mounted on rollers so that they move with any movement of the cables. In view of the enormous pull exerted by the heavy cables, their ends must be secured in firm anchorages, and unless they can be embedded in sound natural rock, constructions of masonry or concrete must be provided strong enough to withstand the severe pressures put upon them. The cable strands are normally looped round strand-shoes, which are in turn connected by chains to an anchor-plate embedded in the base of the anchorage.
At intervals along the main span, cast-steel cable bands are attached to the cables, gripping them firmly and excluding moisture from them, and from these bands suspenders of wire-rope or chains hang down. Since these suspenders have to take the weight of the deck to which they are attached, they must have high tensile strength. One advantage of using the braced-chain
suspenders is that they largely dispense with the need for a system of stiffening, being themselves rigid. This stiffening is necessary to resist deformations of the deck of the bridge due to moving traffic loads and also to resist lateral pressures from wind. In the case of wire-rope suspenders, the stiffening must be provided by trusses constructed at the level of the deck, the depth of the truss varying with the length of the span.



   2009-2010 学年第 2 学期 《实用科技英语翻译》期末考试题型和复习题 I Answer the following quesitions related to EST Translation (30’) (2 个题) 个题) 1. What’s the definition of EST (English of Science & Technology)? 2. What are stylistic features of EST? 3. What are the gene ...


   科技英语翻译 科技英语常用句型的翻译 1. 表示假设、前提之类的句子 表示假设、 (1)Let △ABC be an angle of 90. (2)Suppose that a ray of light is directed from below the surface in Fig.41-1. (3)In Fig.1-3, assume that the weight of the members is negligible. Given that … Refer to … Provi ...


   科技英语翻译复习题 1. To transmit electromagnetic waves takes energy. 传送电磁波需要能量。 2. Chemical control will do most of things in pest control. 化学防治能在病虫害防治中起主要作用。 3. It is not until wires are connected that the path is completed. 直到导线连上以后,此电路才连通。 4. The odds a ...


   大学英语 1 期末考试复习题 复习题一 Part One Directions: Choose the best answer to fill in each blank. 1. When people meet for the first time, they usually greet each other with . A. “How are you?” C. “Nice to see you again.” B. “How do you do?” D. “Good morning!” ...

Unit16 高一英语(下)单元期末考试复习题

   Unit16 期末考试复习题 1. Your composition must be handed in after . A. finished B. it will be finished C. finishing D. being finished 2. He felt tired after the long walk, so he went to bed without supper. A. too much B. much too C. not a bit D. too many ...


   2006 年海淀区初中毕业英语考试口试复习题 初三英语口语复习题 一 初三英语口语复习题 (一) 一. Read the passage(1 分) ( I like to have friends who are like me. I'm quieter than most of the kids in my class, and so is my best friend Tom. There are some differences, though. I'm more intellectu ...


   2010 年海淀区初中毕业英语考试口试复习题 初三英语口语复习题 一 初三英语口语复习题 (一) 一. Read the passage(1 分) ( I like to have friends who are like me. I'm quieter than most of the kids in my class, and so is my best friend Tom. There are some differences, though. I'm more intellectu ...


   英语六级翻译练习题 1.Everyone has his inherent ability , (只是很容易被习惯所掩盖).   2.The importance of traffic safety , (无论如何强调都不为过).   3.In my opinion , (打电动玩具既浪费时间也有害健康).   4.There is no doubt that (近视是一个很严重的问题)among the youth of our country.   5.Accordin ...


   31.众所周知,指南针首先是中国制造的。(As) ? 32. 我们需要更多的练习是十分清楚的。(practice) ? 33. 你没听李老师的报告真是太遗憾了。(miss) ? 34. 碰巧我那天晚上有空。(happen) ? 35. 据提议试验应该在低温下做。(suggest) ? 36. 他已经做的事情与我们无关。(nothing) ? 37. 她问我花了多长时间建成这座大桥。(take) ? 38. 直到昨天我才知道他要来。(not… until) ? ...


   一、Structure 部分:每四个一组,考查同一个词组,前后文没有打出,有些是根据前后文 的时态写的。U6 和 U8 没有翻译部分,所以 U5 和 U7 应该会每个单元出一个。 1.人们理所当然地认为:it was taken for granted 2.大多数年轻人都把自来水(tap water)看成是理所当然的:Most young people take t ap water for granted 3.就想当然地认为他们已经成婚:took it for granted that t ...



   小学五年级英语(PEP)下 小学五年级英语(PEP)下册教案 五年级英语(PEP) 第二学期教学计划 内容分析:本学期使用教材是《九年义务教育六年制小学教科书英语(五年 一、内容分析 级下)(PEP PRIMARY ENGLISH STUDENTS’ BOOK 6),本册教材分为 》 六个单元,两个复习单元。 内容安排 单元 题目 话题 Unit 1 This is my day Daily routine Unit My favourite season Seasons; weather; ...


   年初三第一次月考英语科试 饶平田家炳实验中学 09 年初三第一次月考英语科试卷 班级姓名座号 成绩 I . 听力理解(本大题分四节,共 25 分) 听力理解(本大题分四节, A)听句子(本节共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,共 5 分) 小题, )听句子( 根据所听句子的内容和所提的问题, 选择符合题意的图画回答问题, 并将最 佳选项的字母编号填写在横线上,每小题听一遍。 1. Which is mentioned ? 2. What does she often do ? 3. How doe ...


   make as if 假装 装作 好象要 假装, 装作; make at 扑向; 攻击 扑向 make off 匆匆逃走 make as though 假装 装作 好象要 假装, 装作; make away 离去, 逃走 离去 make up to 奉承;献媚 奉承; make it up to sb.报答;回报 (= make it up to sb. for sth.) 报答; 报答 make a fire 生火 make tea 泡茶 make merry 寻欢作乐 make free ...


   《外语 教 学 》 西安外 国 语 学 院 学 报 第 卷 年 第 期 总第 期 英 语 词 汇 教 学 刘 娟 。 词 汇 在 英 语 学 刁 中 占据 非 常 重 要 的 位 置 从表达思想来看 , 词 汇 贫乏 词 义 含 混 就 读 不 通 , 、 、 听不 懂 , 正 如 英 国语 言 学 家 所说 的 ” , “ 没 有语 法 人 们 可 以表 达 的事 物 , 寥寥无儿 强调 “ , 而 没 有 词 汇 人 们 则无 法 表达 任何 事 物 因此 词汇 教 学 的 地 位 应 ...


   www.515english.net experiment 17. ensure assure insure 18. expensive expansive extensive intensive 19. expense expansion extension exposure 20. efficient sufficient effective 21. harvest harness 22. high highly 23. imply apply supply reply 24. impo ...