Non-English Major Graduate Student English Qualifying Test
Practice Test
(June, 20
  05) Part I Listening Comprehension (20%) (Omitted)
Part II Cloze Test (10%) Directions: There are 20 questions in this part of the test. Read the passage through. Then go back and choose one suitable word or phrase marked A, B, C or D for each blank in the passage. Mark your answer by drawing a single bar across the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet I. Increasing numbers of parents in China engaged in prenatal teaching in order to 16 their children’s educational opportunities early in life. The instructional procedure involved a pregnant woman, equipped with a cassette recorder, transmitting audio-taped lessons to her 17 child 18 a plastic speaker placed on her abdomen. Hospitals held training sessions in prenatal education for 19 and sold them lesson tapes; newspapers and television stations cooperated 20 featuring information on prenatal instruction. 21 , the government’s policy of one child per family 22 parents’ efforts to 23 that their one child would 24 academically. In both China and Japan, programs of systematic instruction for children from the time of birth 25 they entered school 26 in popularity. One Japanese version was the academic preschool 27 parents sent toddlers 28 an average cost of $90 per 50-minute lesson, with such fees doubled or tripled for children in programs for the gifted. More than 100 of these early-learning centres in the Tokyo area prepared preschoolers to pass the tests required for 29 to elite kindergartens. Parents of an estimated one million of China’s 30 one-child families sent their children to the summer camp in 1994 to experience the rigours of village life so as to toughen the youngsters physically and mentally. The growing summer-camp movement was 31 to confront coddled city children 32 their parents called “eating bitterness” as a means of incurring the young to face in the future. The number of campers in 1994 exceeded the 1993 frustrations they 33 several hundred thousand, and plans were set to expand the program in the years total 34 35 .
  16. A. maintain B. maximize C. exaggerate D. highlight
  17. A. only B. pretty C. unborn D. abnormal
  18. A. in view of B. by way of C. in light of D. by means of
  19. A. children B. teachers C. researchers D. parents
  20. A. in B. by C. at D. for
  21. A. In general B. In brief C. In particular D. In detail
  22. A. hindered B. activated C. stimulated D. frustrated
  23. A. assure B. ensure C. suspect D. distort
  24. A. excel B. compete C. engage D. struggle
  25. A. unless B. when C. until D. after
  26. A. grew B. gained C. dismissed D. surged
  27. A. to which B. where C. to that D. which
  28. A. for B. in C. with D. at
  29. A. permission B. admission C. consideration D. attendance
  30. A. only B. having C. couple D. civilian
  31. A. provided B. designed C. applauded D. convicted
  32. A. with that B. for what C. with what D. against which
  33. A. can B. should C. would D. might
  34. A. at B. by C. off D. beyond
1

  35. A. ahead
B. later
C. around
D. or so
Part III Reading Comprehension (35%) Section A Directions: In this section, there are 5 short passages. Read each passage carefully, and then do the questions below. Choose the best answer among A, B, C or D, and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet I. Passage 1 All around us is a world of tiny living things called microbes. They are everywhere?in the air, in the soil, in the water we drink. They are on our food, hands, clothes, and everything we touch. The dust that settles on the furniture carries them. They are on walls, ceiling, floors. They may be very tiny?most of them too small to be seen?but they are constantly doing things all about us. Some of the things they do are very useful. The cheese and bread that we eat have become the foods they are because of the work of microbes. We owe our sauerkraut, pickles, vinegar, sour cream, and favorite kinds of sour milk to microbes. Our earth stays fertile because of the activity of the billions of microbes in the soil. Microbes are responsible, too, for some annoying things that happen every day in your home. If you forget to change the water in a vase of flowers, it begins to smell; microbes are at work. Bread left in a package too long gets moldy. Your clothes may mildew. Your food may spoil. All of these things mean microbes at work. Microbes are also at work when people get sick. In fact, most people think of microbes as something to be destroyed. It is true that certain microbes do cause disease, but they are a very small part of the microbe population. Out of every thirty thousand kinds of microbes, the chances are that just one is harmful and likely to cause disease. Most microbes are harmless. And some microbes themselves produce the most powerful weapons we have yet found to conquer disease. They “wonder drugs” such as penicillin and streptomycin are products of the activity of microbes.
  36. According to the passage, microbes are . A. both dynamic and static B. both powerful and controllable C. both widespread and confined D. both detrimental and beneficial
  37. Owing to the work of microbes, we can eat all of the following EXCEPT . A. milk B. pickles C. cheese D. sauerkraut
  38. The passage states that . A. one out of every thirty thousand kinds of microbes is harmless and less likely to cause disease B. the work of some microbes produces the most powerful weapons such as penicillin and streptomycin C. microbes are so small that they can not be seen by naked eyes D. microbes are invisible but they are with us every day
  39. The word “mildew” in the second paragraph can best be replaced by which of the following? A. Damp. B. Mould. C. Humidity. D. Moisture.
  40. Which of the following branches of study mainly concerns microbes? A. Biochemistry. B. Insectology. C. Bacteriology. D. Zoology.
  41. Microbes can be found . A. in the soil B. on ceiling C. from everything that people touch D. all of the above
2
Passage 2 In the United States conducting opinion polls is very popular. A newspaper, a magazine, a TV station, or a professional polling organization asks a representative group of Americans several questions to determine what their opinions are about a given topic. The people chosen for the poll are supposed to represent a broad cross-section of the American population. That is, the pollsters choose men and women of different ages, occupations, and races in the same proportion that these groups are found in the population. Sometimes, however, a random sample is taken which picks people by chance. Both methods are designed to learn what the average person, sometimes called “the man in the street”, believes. Polls are very popular around election time because everyone wants to know which candidate is ahead in the race and what the voters are thinking about the key issues of the campaign. Many politicians have their own polling organizations to keep them in constant touch with public opinion. There are three well-known polling organizations which measure public opinion on a variety of topics: Louis Harris and Associates, the Roper Organization, and Gallup International Research Institutes. A poll conducted by these groups is popularly referred to as a “a Harris poll,” “a Roper poll,” or “a Gallup poll.” Results of different polling organizations on diverse topics may be found in a magazine called Public Opinion.
  42. The passage mainly discusses . A. the popularity of polls around election time B. the people chosen for the polls C. a brief introduction of the concept of opinion polls D. the organizations of the opinion polls The expression “the man in the street” is closest in meaning to which of the following? A. A lost countryman. B. The average man. C. An authority. D. A vagrant. The sponsors of opinion polls mentioned in the passage are . A. a magazine B. a radio station C. a professional polling organization D. both A and C In the United States, well-known polling organizations which measure public opinion on a variety of topics are . A. the Roper Organization B. Louis Harris and Associates C. Gallup International Research Institute D. all of the above The word “pollster” most probably means . A. a person who carries out polls B. a person who is picked at random to participate in the poll C. a person who explains the meaning of the results of polls D. both A and C A magazine that publicizes results of different polling organizations on diverse topics is called . A. a Gallup poll B. a Harris poll C. Public Opinion D. a Roper poll
3

  43.

  44.

  45.

  46.

  47.
Passage 3 The importance of consumer discrimination in domestic life is clear. Indeed, the evaluation and selection of manufactured items?from soap powders to cars?is an inescapable part of life in today’s society. But most people have little knowledge of the actual production of what they buy and are therefore unable to make first-hand judgments of quality. So where do ideas of value for money originate? On what basis do we discriminate between two comparable products? Ideally, judgment is based on the type and quality of materials, construction, performance, appearance and price. Often, however, first-hand knowledge of these factors is not available and we reply on advertisements. The essence of advertising is persuasion. To use reasoned argument in order to persuade people to buy a particular product seems a valid form of propaganda and indeed, could be expected to assist the process of discrimination. But the advertiser’s concern cannot be solely to assist discrimination. His appeal is therefore rarely directed towards reason alone but also towards the more emotional responses that may be triggered by associating a product with the private hopes, fears, prejudices, and anxieties that beset the average human being. And if these appeals can be disguised within a reasoned argument, so much the better.
  48. The word “discrimination” in the passage means . A. consumers’ hostility and hospitality B. consumers’ ideas of value of money C. consumers’ evaluation and selection of products D. consumers’ judgment of advertisements available
  49. Most people have difficulties making first-hand judgments of quality about products they buy, because . A. they have little knowledge of the advertisement B. their discrimination is an inescapable part of life in today’s society C. their judgment is based on the type and quality of materials, construction, performance, appearance and price D. their first-hand knowledge of the above-mentioned factors is not available and they have to rely on advertisements
  50. According to the author, . A. advertising seems a valid form of propaganda if it persuades people to buy a particular product using reasoned arguments B. advertising is nothing but persuasion because if could help the process of discrimination C. in order to persuade people to buy a particular product, advertisements assist the process of discrimination D. persuasion in advertisements is valid
  51. One of the two appeals advertisements make is , and the other is . A. arguing; causing fears B. discrimination; causing private hopes C. persuasion; causing emotional responses D. prejudices; causing anxieties
  52. The author sounds . A. sympathetic B. amused C. critical D. appreciative Passage 4 Up to now, concerns that our food resources might not support our interesting population have been eased by production revolutions. Meanwhile, another powerful food revolution has waited in the wings. This revolution may change what Americans choose to eat, allowing them to make better use of the wide choices now available among both “natural” and manufactured foods. Such a diet
4
revolution will contribute in a major way to the conservation of soil, energy, and other natural resources. Its benefits will also include generous reductions in health care costs and food budgets. “If we were really intent on saving energy in the food system and having a low-energy form of agriculture,” said economist Don Paarlberg (19
  80), “we could accomplish this by changing our diets. We could consume grain directly rather than feeding these crops to livestock and then eating the resulting meat, milk and eggs.” It should be granted that there are some grounds for pessimism that the diet revolution will occur, let alone that it may leave us notably healthier and wealthier. For one thing, dietary behavior is ingrained, and past changes have usually been slow. People eat what they have learned to eat, which is the food that their cooks take pride in preparing and which the food system has learned to produce and deliver. Food habits are built into the cultural status system, and, of course, the food industry has worked hard to reinforce or even create some of the status distinctions that favor the use of such traditional foods as butter and beef. A sharp change toward resource conserving diets would be a heavy blow to some segments of our food industry, which, however, would be better able to bear it than would the family agriculture of the past. Agricultural groups have always understood the implications of dietary changes. Because nutrition research and education was mainly lodged within institutions that producers controlled, they were able to monitor and circumscribe it thoroughly. Thus,
 

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