12 月四级翻译题精选练习
四级翻译] 月四级考试翻译题精选练习(
  1) [2010 四级翻译] 12 月四级考试翻译题精选练习(
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  1.I have had great deal of trouble.(跟得上班上的 其他同学)
  2.I don't mind your(你延期做出决定) the decision as long as it is not too late.
  3.In the Chinese household, grandparents and other relatives(起着 不可缺少的作用) in raising children.
  4.Mark often 试图逃脱罚款) whenever he breaks traffic ( regulations.
  5.When I (发现他骗我) I stopped buying thins there and started dealing with another shop.
  6.I suggested he (使自己适应) his new conditions.
  7. What a lovely party! It's worth( 牢记一生 ).
  8. If you won't agree to our plan,( 他们也不会同意 ).
  9. His remarks left me ( 想知道他的真实目的 ).
  10.If you had ( 听从了我的劝告,你就不会陷入麻烦)
  11.Though you stay in the sea for weeks, you will not( 失去联系 ) the outside world.
  12.The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence,( 正 在研制 ) and perfected now.
  13.How close parents are to their children __( 有很强的影响 ) the character of the children.
  14.The room is in a terrible mess; it (肯定没打扫过) .
  15.With tears on her face, the lady (看着他受伤的儿子被送 进手术室) 答案与解析:
  1. keeping up with the rest of the class.
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
「超级句型」trouble 可以用在句型"have trouble doing sth. " 做某事有困难"中,这时, trouble 可以用 difficulty 来代替。 「超级短语」keep up with 意为"跟上……",指并肩前进,并驾齐驱,不至落后、掉队。 catch up with 意为"赶上",指从后边追上或改变落后状。
  2. delaying making 「超级单词」mind 作及物动词,后面通常接名词、代词、V-ing 形式、复合结构、从句等。 Delay 后接动词时,应该接动词的 ing 形式。
  3. play indispensable roles 「超级短语」play a part/role in 起着……作用,饰演……的角色。
  4. attempts to escape being fined 「超级单词」 escape 后面要接动名词形式。 常与介词 from 搭配, He has escaped from the 如 fire.
  5. caught /found him cheating me 「超级句型」find/catch+宾语+宾补,如 I found him standing by the river.
  6. should adapt himself to 「超级句型」 suggest 作"建议"时, 其宾语从句中要用虚拟句型"suggest that sb. (should) do sth."结构;从 suggest 还可以联想到宾语从句中同样要用虚拟语气的相关动词如: insist,demand,order,ask,advise 等。 「超级短语」adapt oneself to 使自己适应或习惯于,其他搭配: adapt from 根据…… 改写/改编
  7. remembering all my life 「超级单词」Be worth doing……/值得做某事,还有说法是 worth sth. 如:He is worth the praise.
  8. neither will they 「超级单词」neither 表示"两者都不", 表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。如:If you won't go, neither will I.
  9. wondering about his real purpose
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
「超级单词」leave sb doing 让继续处于某种状态;leave sb to do sth 让某人干某事
  10. followed my advice, you would not be in trouble now. 「超级句型」虚拟语气在 if 引导的条件句中的用法 从句:if + 主语+ 动词的过去式(be 用 were) + …… 主句:主语+ would (should, could , might) + 动词原形+ ……
  11. lose contact with 「超级短语」lose contact with/lose touch with 与……失去联系
  12. are being developed 「超级句型」"be being done"现在进行时的被动语态表示此时此刻某事正在被做。其中动 词 be 应随主语作相应变化。
  13. has a strong influence on/effect on 「超级短语」influence/effect 作名词(常与 on 连用)对……有影响力。 ★influence 指"通过说服、举例等对行动、思想、性格等产生不易觉察到的,潜移默化的 影响",如:Influenced by a high-school biology teacher, he took up the study of medicine. ★effect 指"实现"、"达成",着重"造成"一种特殊的效果,如:This book effected a change in my opinion.
  14. can't have been cleaned 「超级句型」"情态动词+have done"表示推测,must/can/may/might/could 各用于不同句 型中, must 只用于肯定句中, can/could 不能用于肯定句中, may/might 不能用于疑问句中。 can't 表示不可能,may not 表示可能不。如题中推测的为过去的事情,情态动词后则用完 成形式。
  15. watched her injured son sent into the operation room. 「超级句型」see/watch……sb./sth.+done 强调某动作的全过程,且宾语和动作间是被动 关系。
四级翻译] 月四级翻译题精选练习(
  2) [2010 四级翻译] 12 月四级翻译题精选练习(
  2)
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习

  1.(这个计划成功的关键) is good planning.
  2. The specific use of leisure(每一人都不同)
  3. The ship ' s generator broke down and the pumps( 不得不 用手工操作 ) instead of mechanically.
  4. Although punctual himself, the professor was quite used( 习惯 了学生迟到 ) his lecture.
  5. I prefer to communicate with my customers ( 通过写电子邮件而不是打电话)
  6. After the terrorist attack, tourists ( 被劝告暂时不要去该国旅游)
  7.( 他把自己奉献于社区工作 ) and is passionate about what he is doing.
  8. Man should not exploit the natural resources ( 以牺牲其他物种为代价 ).
  9. When Sandy recovered from cancer, her doctor ( 把此归因于她对未来的信 念 ).
  10. At the end of his speech, the school master encouraged the children to work hard ( 不要让父母失望 ).
  11. In the budget for this building, they failed to __( 考虑价格增长的因素 ).
  12. Only after I slapped him on the back ( 他才发现我并高兴得叫起来 ).
  13. I didn ' t even speak to him, ( 更不用说与他讨论事情 ).
  14. Some young people would rather try hard themselves to go through life than ( 求助于他们的父母 ) with a sense of guilt.
  15. The victim ( 本来有机会活下来 ) if he had been taken to hospital in time . Answer:
  1. The key to the success of this project 「超级单词」key 除作名词"钥匙"外,后接介词 to,表示"……的钥匙,……的答案,…… 的关键".
  2. from individual to individual. 「超级短语」不及物动词 vary 的用法。搭配为:vary …… from …… to 各不相同。
  3. had to be operated manually
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
「超级短语」have to 通常指由于客观原因则不得不做某事,意思为"不得不". 其否定形式 意思是"不一定"或"没有必要".
  4. to students' being late for 「超级句型」be used to+doing/noun,表示过去习惯于做某事。used to+do,表示过去有 规律的习惯性动作或状态,而现在已不存在了。 「超级短语」be late for,迟到。 「超级句型」one's doing,非谓语动词的复合结构。
  5. via E-mail instead of telephone 「超级短语」Instead of 的意思是"代替……"、"而不……",后面常跟名词、代词和动名 词,偶尔也跟复合结构。
  6. were advised not to travel to that country at the moment 「超级单词」advise 一般用法: advise sb. to do; advise doing 特殊注意: 后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气。即:advise that sb. (should) do 的形式。
  7. he devoted himself to the community 「超级短语」be devoted to 有两个含义:A.专心致志于,献身于;B.热爱,很喜欢。作为 动词的 devote 常用下列成语类的搭配:devote oneself/one's life to sth/doing sth.
  8. at the cost of sacrificing/loss of other species 「超级短语」at the cost of(以……为代价),其含义和用法与 at the expense of 相同。 另 at all costs 意为"不惜一切代价".
  9. attributed it to her firm belief in the future 「超级短语」"attribute……to","把……归因于……"是大学英语四级考查率极高的一个 语言点。
  10. and not to let their parents down 「超级短语」let……down(使……失望),形容词表示失望有 disappointed.
  11. consider/take into account the factor of increasing price. 「超级单词」Take…… into account=take…… into consideration 把……考虑在内
  12. did he notice me and shouted with happiness
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
「超级句型」这是 only 引起的半倒装句,only+强调内容+助动词+主语+谓语+其它
  13. let alone discuss with him 「超级短语」let alone 用作连词,译为"更不用说了"
  14. turn to their parents 「超级短语」turn to sb. for help 求助于别人
  15. would have survived 「超级句型」在虚拟条件句中,如果表示与过去事实相反的情况,从句用过去完成时,而主 句中则用"情态动词+现在完成时",即 would/ could/ should/ might have done
四级翻译] 月四级翻译题精选练习(
  3) [2010 四级翻译] 12 月四级翻译题精选练习(
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  1. Though a skilled worker, ( 他被公司解雇了 ) last week because of the economic crisis.
  2. He was disabled from birth, but he never felt frustrated, __( 也从未屈服于任 何困难 ).
  3. The little boy next door has been beating his drum for a whole morning, which got on my nerves so much __( 以至于我无法集中注意力学习 ).
  4. The scientist tried to convince us that a tiger would not attack us __( 除非 它走途无路 ).
  5. The nation ' s population continues to rise ( 以每年 1200 万人的速度 )
  6.(如果你设法与 Smith 先生取得联系)the problem will be solved easily because he is an expert in this field.
  7. The problem lies in how people look at those students (专心追求知识的).
  8. On Children's Day, kids 有资格免费进入) to all the city parks.
  9. The restaurant next door serves good food, but the one across the street is much better (就服务而言).
  10.(每当天气不好时), he takes whatever umbrella he can find.
  11. Animal experiments will continue to be necessary to resolve existing medical problems ( 尽管一些人公开反对 ).
  12. Professor Clark was a bit strict with us, ( 但我们确实从他那里学到了很
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
多 ).
  13. The more you explain, ( 我愈糊涂 ).
  14. He has done so much for the poor in his community that ( 再怎么赞扬他都 不过分 ).
  15. Since my childhood I have found that __( 没有什么比读书对我更有吸引力 ) 参考答案:
  1. he was dismissed/fired/sacked 「超级单词」主要考察"解雇"的表达方法。Dismiss 解职、开除;fire 解雇<口>;sack 解 雇、洗劫。
  2. and never yielded to any difficulties as well 「超级短语」yield to 屈服,让步。
  3. that I have no way to concentrate on my study 「超级短语」concentrate on+sth./doing sth.全神贯注地做某事。
  4. unless it’s cornered 「超级单词」unless 除非,如果不;corner 名词作"角落、绝路",作为及物动词时表示" 无路可走".
  5. at a speed of 12 million per year 「超级短语」at a speed of…… (以……的速度);其二是数字 1200 万人的表达,也就 是 12 个百万??12 million 而 million 后面加上多余的复数 s 则是很多同学容易出现的错 误。
  6. u manage to get in touch with Mr Smith 「超级短语」manage to do 表示成功地做成某事,不成功不可以用。
  7. who are kownledge-oriented/absorbed acquiring kownledge 「超级单词」sth.-oriented 追求……,orient n.东方 adj.东方的,上升的 vi.向东 vt. 使适应、确定方向。oriented 导向的,其实这里可以很多种译法。
  8. are entitled to free admissions
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12 月四级翻译题精选练习
「超级单词」be entitled to do sth. 对……享有权利, 值得; 有(做某事)的资格[权利]
  9. as far as the service is concerned 「超级单词」so/as far as……be concerned 就……而言,concerned 用作形容词解作"有 关的"时,是后置定语,大都放在它所修饰的名词之后。
  10. whenever the weather is bad 「超级单词」whenever 无论何时, 随时 n.只要,
  11. even though some people object to/are against it openly 「超级短语」object to/be against 反对
  12. but I do learn a lot from him 「超级单词」do 放在动词原形前,加强该动词的语气。
  13. the more I am confused 「超级句型」"the more……, the more……"句型常表示"越……就越……",是一个复合句, 其中前面的句子是状语从句,后面的句子是主句。the 用在形容词或副词的比较级前,more 代表形容词或副词的比较级。
  14. you can't praise him enough 「超级句型」 用在"主语+cannot……+enough"句型中该句型形式上是否定句型, 实际上
 

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