一、小作文
  1. 一般开头句型 I’m writing to… 开门见山模式 I’m writing to inform you that… (通知) I’m writing to seek your assistance in … (请求类型) I’m writing in response to your advertisement in … (回应类型) I’m writing to express my views on … (建议类型) I’m writing to apply for the scholarship that your department offers to students from other countries. (申请类型) I’m writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding… (咨询类型) I’m writing to express my disappointment/ dissatisfaction about… (投诉类型)
  2. 感谢类句型 thank-gratitude-grateful-appreciate 的多种变体 I’m most grateful to you for your… I’m writing this letter to express my sincere gratitude for… I would like to convey in this letter my heartfelt thanks for… I feel greatly indebted to you for… I’m writing to tell you how greatly I appreciate all you have done for me… But for your kind assistance, I would have … I must thank you again for your generous help。 Please accept my deepest gratitude。
  3. 道歉类句型 sorry-apologize-apology 的多种变体 I feel really sorry to you for… I must apologize to you for… I would like to express my deepest apology / regret for not being able to … Had I …, I would have…。 Please accept my sincere apology for… I want you to know how badly I feel about…
  4. 一般结尾句型 Any favorable consideration of my application will be highly appreciated. (申请/求职) We should be very pleased if you could honor us with your presence. (邀请函) Best wishes for your greater success in your career. (祝愿) Thank you for your patience and concern in reading this letter. I hope this does not cause you too much inconvenience. I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience。(套话组合) 虽然信函的套用句型还有很多的变化,但上面选取的这些句子在考试中都是非常实用的,无论什么样的话题,开头结尾加 上表示感谢和道歉的礼貌客气话总是必不可少的。 二、大作文 第一段: 话题引出段 / 图画图表描述段 第二段: 观点列举段 / 利弊分析段 / 举例论证段 / 原因列举段 /意义阐释段 第三段: 归纳结论段 / 未来趋势段 / 建议措施段
  1)话题引出段 话题引出段 Nowadays, there is a growing concern over the issue of …People in growing numbers are directing their attention to … With the development of ……, the problem of …has become increasingly serious。 When it comes to ……, people’s notions may vary from one to another。 Recently, a heated discussion has sprung up as to …… Traditional virtue/value has it that……, yet people are……currently。

  2)图画图表描述段 图画图表描述段 As is vividly shown in the picture,…… It is clearly depicted in the picture that…… This picture depicts a thought-provoking scene of …… According to the figures given in the chart,…。 The chart above provides a series of essential figures, illustrating the changes taking place in a time span of …years。
  3) 观点对比段 Opposite voices are now rising in the debate. Some people firmly believe that……. On the contrary, quite a few people argue that…… The controversial issue has aroused opposite opinions. One focuses on …….. ;the other opinion revolves around……
  4)利弊列举段 利弊列举段 Every coin has two sides, and this issue is no exception. Above all, …In addition…More importantly… However, the negative influence it renders should not be neglected. ..not only …but also Is this phenomenon a blessing or a curse.? The following list of advantages and disadvantages can explain everything。
  5)举例论证段 举例论证段 For instance; Take…for an example; A case in point is…… The following illustrations can serve as strong evidence of the phenomenon。
  6)原因列举段 原因列举段 Why should this phenomenon take place? There are generally three factors accounting for it。 Having taken everything into consideration, we may attribute the sharp change to three aspects。
  7)意义阐释段 意义阐释段 The purpose of the picture is to show us that due attention has to be paid to…。 The fact/phenomenon that…indicates that … … Having scrutinized the details of the picture, we can discuss the implications subtly conveyed from it。
  8)归纳结论段 归纳结论段 In conclusion, In my opinion, As far as I am concerned, Taking into account all the analyses above, we may confidently come to the conclusion that……
  9)预测趋势段 预测趋势段 There is no denying that ……will continue increasing/decreasing in the better/worse direction。 Undoubtedly, the tendency reflected from the chart will undergo a continuous increase/decrease in the near future。
  10)建议措施段 建议措施段 Therefore, it is imperative that we should take some drastic measures。 As far as I am concerned, two effective measures must be immediately taken to pull through the crisis。 As a result, it is advisable to settle the problem by two means。
 

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