(牛津初中英语总复习) 7B Unit 2 一.【精选词汇】 【精选词汇】 一重点短语
  1. one tin of dog food 一听狗食→复数:tins of dog food (p
  24) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉同义词 can n.罐→复数: cans e.g. a can of beef 一罐牛肉,a coffee can 咖啡罐头
  2. order a pizza 点一个比萨 →order vt.订购,order sth from sb 向某人订购 某物 〈知识链接〉 ordered some machines from America. order n.顺序→out of 知识链接〉 He order 不整齐
  3. tell you about life in this great new town →tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于 某事 (p
  26)
  4. go walking=go for a walk 去散步
  5. be close to our friends 靠近我们的朋友→be close to…反义词组→be far from…远离… 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉close adj.亲密的 e.g. a close friend of mine 我的一个密友
  6. for example 例如,简写作 e.g.,后常接句子.→ such as 比如,后接单 词或短语.
  7. pay a little money 付一点钱,pay→pays→paying→paid→paid (p
  27) 知识链接〉 pay pay 〈知识链接〉 for sth 付…款, some money for sth 买某物支付/花费… 钱 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴pay attention to+名词/代词/动名词 注意,pay no attention to 没注意,pay more attention to 多注意 ⑴pay a visit to sb 拜访某人 ⑶payment n.支付 payment in cash
  8. Chinese restaurant 中餐馆,Western restaurant 西餐馆,enjoy/sing Beijing opera 欣赏/唱京剧
  9. at the theatre 在剧院 →at the party 在聚会上 (p
  29)
  10. a piece of bread 一片面包, slice of bread 一片面包(slice 薄片), loaf of a a bread 一大块面包→loaves of bread,a kilo of…一千克…→kilos of…
  11. belong to Daniel →belong to sb 属于某人的,注意不能用物主代词或名 词所有格. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉①The house belongs to Mr Smith. ②That T-shirt belongs to her.
  12. all over the place 到处都是, e.g. Look at our books. They are all over the place. (p
  34)
  13. plan to hold a welcome party for the exchange students from Britain (p
  35)
  14. prepare food and drink for the party 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴prepare …for…为…准备… e.g. prepare a hotel room for them ⑴prepare for… =make preparations for…准备好… e.g. prepare for the World Cup
  15. 还有许多…①many more +名词复数 ②much more +不可数名词 (p
  36) 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉还有一些:some more+名词复数或不可数名词, some more
1
coffee/people
  16. make plans to go out 计划外出 → make a plan to do sth=plan to do sth 计划做某事 (p
  37)
  17. meet friends at the youth centre 在青少年活动中心结交朋友,friends nearby 附近的朋友
  18. show you around my home town →show sb around…带领某人参观某地 (p
  40)
  19. grow vegetables and flowers 种菜,种花→plant trees 植树 注意动词 grow, plant 的不同.
  20. go into town on my bicycle 骑自行车进城 → on the/one's bicycle 骑自 行车 知识链接〉 介词短语"骑自行车"两种不同的表达: bicycle, on the/one's by 〈知识链接〉 bicycle 二词汇解析
  1. souvenirs 纪念品=things that help you think of a person, place, etc. →think of 想起
  2. 职业名词:waiter 服务员,waitress 女服务员,doctor, nurse, policeman, teacher, student, worker, farmer 农 民 ,cook 厨 师 ,shopper/customer 顾 客,cashier 收银员 作定语或表语; adj.生病的, ill 只能作表语. sick person a
  3. sick adj.患病的, 不能说成 an ill person;feel sick=feel ill 感到不舒服,fall ill 病倒.be (ill) in hospital 住院.
  4. 比较 one 与 it:one 代替前面已出现过的可数名词单数,it 代替同一个 物体,就是出现的那个事物.e.g. ?Do you have a camera? ?No, but my Nanjing . ones 代替前面已出现的同 father has one. He bought it in 类可数名词复数;them 代替前面的同一些人或物. 故宫三大殿: Taihe Palace 太和殿(即金銮殿) ①
  5. the Palace Museum 故宫, ②Zhonghe Palace 中和殿 ③Baohe Palace 保和殿,Huangji Palace 皇极殿, Fengxian Palace 奉先殿,golden throne 宝座,works of art 工艺品,Chinese paintings 中国画
  6. teach →teaches →teaching →taught →taught, teach sb sth 教某人…, teach teach oneself…=learn…by oneself 自学… sb (how) to do sth 教某人做某事, 二.【重点句型】 【重点句型】
  1. ?How many tins of dog food can we buy with that? ?None. (p
  24) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉none 一个人或物也没有,常用于回答 How many/much…? none of+可数名词复数或 us/you/them,谓语动词用单数或复数;none of +不可数名词,谓语动词用单数.e.g. ①None of them is/are from Japan . ②None of the milk is fresh. ③They tried to find some money in the wallet, but they found none. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉no one=nobody 没有人,不可与 of 连用,一般回答 Why 问 句.nothing 没有什么,回答 What 问句.e.g. ①?Who hears of that man? ?Nobody/No one. ②?What do you know about him? ?Nothing.
  2. It is only 40 minutes from the centre of Beijing by underground. (p
  24) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉该句等于 It takes 40 minutes to go from Sunshine Town to the centre of Beijing by underground. →句型:A is some time from B by….=
2
It is some time from A to B by….从 A 地到 B 地乘坐…需要…时间. e.g. Nanjing is 5 hours from Shanghai by train.
  3. There is less air pollution in Sunshine Town than in other areas of Beijing . 知识链接 〈知识链接〉pollute vt.污染;弄脏→pollute the river 污染河流,pollution n.(U)污染
  4. Most of us live in tall buildings. tall buildings 高楼大厦,通常用 tall 修饰 buildings,不用 high.
  5. They don't have to go far if they need help with their homework. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴go far 走远路 ⑴need help with…在某方面需要帮助 ⑶don't have to=don't need to=needn't+动词原形,不必做某事 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴have to 表示客观方面的需要,有人称和时态的变化,常 用于一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时等时态,意为"不得不,得"; 其否定式 don't have to 意为"不必". ⑴must 表示说话者的主观看法,即主观认为有必要,无人称变化,仅有 一般现在时和一般过去时两种时态的变化;其否定式为 mustn't,意为"一 定不要,禁止,不允许".
  6. You can shop until ten o'clock at night in most shopping malls. (p
  27) 知识链接〉 until prep.&conj.后接短语或引导时间状语从句. not…until… 〈知识链接〉 直到…才…. 主句和从句的时态通常为:①主句一般将来时+从句一般现在时②主句 和从句都用一般过去时.当主句是肯定句时,主句的谓语是延续性动词; 当主句是否定句时, not…until…, 即 谓语是非延续性动词. It didn't stop ① raining until the next morning. ②She will stay in Shanghai until she finishes her task. 主句一般 将来时,从句一般现在时. ③He didn't go to bed until his father came back.=He went to bed after his father came back. 注意 not…until…转换为含有 after 复合句的步骤:主句变为肯定句→until 变为 after.
  7. You can choose any food you like in Sunshine Town . You can try Beijing duck. try 品尝
  8. Why don't you visit our local theatre with us? 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉Why don't you do sth? Why not do sth? 为何不…? 向某人提 建议时用语.
  9. What else do you want? (p
  32) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉What else=What other things,else 作定语,通常放在疑问词 或不定代词之后.
  10. All my classmates want to become good friends with the exchange students. (p
  35)
  11. A: Would you like to go to the Palace Museum tomorrow? 邀请某人做某事 B: Yes, sure. What can we see there? (sure=of course=certainly 当然) A: We can see fine works of art there. (fine 精美的) B: That sounds great. What time shall we leave in the morning? (听起来好 极了;好主意) A: We shall be there at 9 a .m. to enjoy a full day there. (好好玩一整
3
天) B: Yes, that's fine. I'll meet you at school at 8 a .m. tomorrow. (英语中 通常为地点+时间)
  12. Let me see. Oh, it must be Miss Zhao's. Her purse is the same colour. (p
  41) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴Let me see.让我想想看.I see.我明白了. ⑴must 表推测,一定,否定式为 can't,不可能. 三.【语法详解】How many/much,名词所有格,物主代词,冠词 【语法详解】 ,名词所有格,物主代词, 一How many, How much:How many+名词复数+…? How much+不可 : 数名词+…? 名词所有格: 二名词所有格: 英语中的许多名词(主要是有生命的名词)可加-'s 表示所有关系. 这种形式 称之为名词的所有格.与之相对的,即不带这种词尾形式的叫做普通格. ⒈名词所有格-'s 的加法: ⑴一般情况下直接加-'s.e.g. Tom's sister, the dog's eyes, Miss Black's hair clip ⑴不以-s 词尾的名词复数也加-'s.e.g. women's club, Children's Day ⑶以-s 词尾的名词复数只加"?"号.e.g. the workers' club, Teachers' Day ⑶如果某物为两人或两人以上共有,在最后一个名词的词尾加-'s;若非 共有,则每个名词的词尾都加-'s. e.g. Mary and Jane's room 玛丽和简的 房间,Mary's and Jane's rooms 玛丽的房间和简的房间 ⑶表示店铺,处所或某人家的名词加-'s,其后的名词常常省略. at the tailor's 在裁缝店,at the butcher's 在肉铺,at the barber's 在理发 店,at the doctor's 在诊所,at St. Paul's 在圣保罗大教堂,at my uncle's 在 我叔叔家 ⑹表示年代的名词后可加-'s 或 s.e.g. in the 1970's/1970s 在 20 世纪 70 年代 ⒉名词所有格-'s 的用法: ⑴用在有生命的名词后:Peter and Sam's father ⑴用在时间名词后:today's newspaper 今天的报纸, a month's salary 一个 月的薪水 ⑶用在距离的名词后:twenty minutes' walk 步行 20 分钟的路程, half an hour's drive ⑶用在长度,天体,重量,价格名词后. ⑶用在某些固定短语中. bird's eye view 鸟瞰, in one's mind's eye 在某人 a 的心目中 ⒊of 所有格的用法 ⑴用于无生命的东西.the cover of the book, the door of the room ⑴用于较长定语修饰的有生命的东西.the story of Lei Feng, the classroom of Class 1 ⑶用于名词化的词.the lives of poor children ⒋双重所有格: 双重所有格指"of+名词所有格"或"of+名词性物主代词". ⑴与 a/an 或数词连用, 表部分. photo of his brother's 他哥哥的一张照片, a a cousin of mine ⑴与 this, that, these, those 等连用,表示感情色彩.that novel of Mary's 玛 丽的那本小说 ⑶注意双重所有格与 of 所有格的不同含义.
4
①He is a friend of my brother.我哥哥的一个朋友(强调我哥哥的朋友不止 一个), ②He is a friend of my brother 我哥哥的朋友(强调他对我哥哥的友好) 三物主代词 ⒈词形变化 物主代词分 单数 复数 类 第 一 人 第 二 人 第三人称 第 一 人 第 二 人 第 三 人 称 称 称 称 称 my your his, her, our your their 形容词性 its mine yours his, hers, ours yours theirs 名词性 its ⒉物主代词的用法: ⑴形容词性物主代词相当于形容词,在句中作定语,置于名词之前,其 人称,数和性取决于它们所指代的名词和代词. ⑴名词性物主代词相当于名词,等于形容词性物主代词+名词,不能用 于名词之前,说话时要加重语气,其形式取决于它们所指代的名词或代 词.e.g. ①Your shoes and mine are alike. ②Our house is opposite theirs. ③My car has the same colour as yours. ④His toy is here. Where is hers? ⑶名词性物主代词有时也与 of 连用,构成双重属格,表示部分概念,有 感情色彩. ①He is a dear friend of mine. ②This dog of ours never bites. ⑶人称代词在名词前作主语或宾语,与名词是同位语关系;而物主代词 在名词前用作定语,与名词是修饰关系. ①We students should study hard. ②Our students should pick up the litter after the picnic. ⑶ 物 主 代 词 不 能 与 某 些 省 略 形 式 相 混 淆 . its≠it's, their≠they're, theirs≠there's, your≠you're 四不定冠词 a/an 的基本用法 ⒈表示"一个…, 一件…".①There's a policeman at the door. ②Pass me an apple, please. ⒉初次提起某人或某物,表示"一个".There is a bottle on the table. The bottle is empty. ⒊表示非特指的任何"一个", 代表同类事物中的"一个". A camel is bigger than a horse. ⒋用在表示时间, 速度和价格等名词前, 表示"每一". twice a day, 80 km an hour ⒌用在某些物质名词和抽象名词前,表示"一阵,一场"等. a gentle wind 一阵微风,a heavy rain 一场大雨,be a big success 很成功 ⒍用在序数词前,表示"再一,又一".a second time 再一次(言外之意指第 二次) ⒎ 习 惯 用 不 定 冠 词 的 短 语 : a bit/little, a cup/glass of, a few/little, a good/great many, a great deal of, a kind/type of, a (large) number of, a loaf of, a lot (of), a moment later, a pair of, a piece of, as a matter of fact, as a result, catch/have a cold, do sb a favour, have/take a bath, have/take a break, have a breath, have a chance, have a good/great time, have/live a happy life, have a headache, have/take a rest, have/take a swim, have a try, have a walk, pay a
5
visit to, in a hurry 五定冠词 the 的基本用法 ⒈指特定的人或物, 意思是这个, 那个, 这些, 那些.
 

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