(牛津初中英语总复习) 7B Unit 3 一.【精选词汇】 【精选词汇】 一重点短语
  1. follow me=come with me 跟我来 (p
  42) 知识链接〉 follow vt.跟随→following adj.接着的 e.g. the following day 第 〈知识链接〉 二天 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉follow sb's advice 采纳某人的建议 e.g. follow the doctor's advice 遵从医嘱
  2. don't be afraid 别怕→be afraid of=be frightened of 害怕… 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴I'm afraid (that)…恐怕….担心某事可能要发生或表示客 气的回答. e.g. ①I'm afraid that I'll be late.恐怕我要迟到.②I'm afraid he is not in.对不起 他不在. ⑵be afraid of sb/sth 害怕某人或某物,be afraid of doing sth 担心或害怕 某事,be afraid to do sth(由于胆小)不敢做某事 e.g. ①Are you afraid of snakes? ②He was afraid to walk across the one-logged bridge because he was afraid of falling into the river.因为他担心会掉进河里,他不敢过那个独木桥.
  3. three men in police uniform 三个穿警服的人 →介词短语 in…作后置定 语. (p
  44)
  4. get into…进入…→反义词:get out of…走出…
  5. at once=right away=immediately 立刻;马上,push…into…把…推进…
  6. report to a policeman → report sth to sb 向某人汇报某事 Hill Building →run away from…逃离某地
  7. run away from
  8. stop taking notes 停止做笔录→stop doing 停止做(意思是不做), stop to do 停下来去做(做) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴We're too tired. Let's stop to take a rest. ⑵Stop talking. The teacher is coming.
  9. laugh happily 高兴地笑了,ask them about that →ask sb about sth 询问某 人有关某事
  10. open the back door of the van with his knife=use his knife to open the back door of the van 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉use sth to do sth=do sth with sth 用某物做某事 e.g. He climbed up the house with a ladder.=He used a ladder to climb up the house.
  11. have a barbecue 吃烧烤,have a picnic 野餐 (p
  55)
  12. most students 大多数学生, most+名词复数, most of the+名词复数或 most of us/you/them 二词汇解析
  1. push 推=use your hands to make something move forward, 注意 pull 的意 思是"拉".
  2. police uniform=a set of clothes for the police,a set of…一套… No straight on 直行,turn
  3. 常见的交通标志(road signs): parking.禁止停车. left 左转, turn right 右转, traffic lights 交通信号灯, crossroads 十字路口, zebra crossing 人行横道线;斑马线
1

  4. railway station 火车站.在英语中表示"××火车站",使用…Station,而 不是…Railway Station,如:Shanghai Station 上海站(指上海火车站)
  5. over 越过,"穿过桥"有两种表达:walk over/across the bridge.up 向上, walk up the steps 走上台阶 二.【重点句型】 【重点句型】
  1. The zoo is north of Beijing Sunshine Secondary School . (p
  43) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴东 east, 西 west, 南 south, 北 north→news 即 north, east, west, south 四个方向的首字母,所以 news 是不可数名词.⑵north-west 西北, north-east 东北, south-west 西南, south-east 东南,north, south 在前, west, east 在后.⑶be north of…在…以北,两者不接壤,不从属;其他的 方向依此类推.e.g. Beijing is in north of Shandong . 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴A be in the north of B. A 在 B 的北部.前者从属于后者. Xuzhou is in the north of Jiangsu . ⑵A be on the north of B. A 在 B 的北方.两地接壤. Beijing is on the north of Tianjin . ⑶A be to the north of B.=A be north of B.可以省略 to the.
  2. Paul tries to open the door but fails. He uses a knife and tries again. (p
  44) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴try ①n.尝试 e.g. have a try 试一试,②vi.试一试,e.g. He tried again. try…on 试穿… ⑵try one's best (to do sth) 尽力(做某事) e.g. He tried his best to help me. ⑶英语中有几个动词(remember, forget, stop, try), 其后跟动词不定式或动 名词,意思不同 try to do sth 试图,想要,设法,努力去做某事,实际上做与不做,做成 与未做成,视情况而定;而 try doing sth 试着做某事,则是指实际上真的 "试","试用","试验",成败得视结果而定. 请做题辨析 try to do 与 try doing: ①?I usually go there by train. ?Why not by boat for a change? A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going ②The bird tried , but one wing was broken. A. flying away B. to fly away C. flew away D. fly away ⑷fail→fails→failed→failed ①vi.失败→反义词 succeed ②vi.不及格→反 义词 pass.e.g. fail in the exam 考试不及格→pass the exam 考试及格;通 过考试 ②fail to do sth 不能做某事; 做某事失败, 注意: 没有 fail doing sth 这种说法.e.g. Tom often fails to keep his promise.汤姆经常不能遵守他的 诺言.I failed to understand what he said.=I could not understand what he said.我不能理解他说的话. ④failure n. 失败→反义词 success 成功 e.g. Failure is the mother of success.失败是成功之母.All his experiments ended in failure.他所有的实验最后均告失败.
  3. Shall we take different routes? → route 路线→take another route 走另一条 路线 知识链接〉 〈 知识链接 〉 ⑴the route to… 到某地的路线,e.g. Here is the route to Sunshine Park . ⑵Shall we do sth? 用于向别人提建议.e.g. Shall we go to the park?
  4. I'll go along Six Street . Then I'll turn left into Park Road … 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉go/walk along/down/up…沿着/顺着…走,turn left/right 向左 转/向右转
2

  5. He is surprised to see the three men in the police station. 〈知识链接〉⑴surprised=amazed 惊讶的,修饰人, surprising=amazing 令 知识链接〉 人惊讶的,修饰事物 ⑵be surprised to do sth 惊讶地做某事 e.g. He was surprised to hear the news. ⑶be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊讶 e.g. He was surprised at the surprising news. ⑷to one's surprise 令某人惊讶的是,通常置于句首. ⑸in surprise 惊奇地,惊讶地
  6. 问路和指路的常见表达: 问路:Can you tell me the way to…? Can you tell me how I can get to…? Can you tell me how to get to…? Excuse me. How can I get to…? 指路:Go/Walk along the road, take the first turning on the left/right. Go/Walk along the street, turn left/right at the first crossing. Cross the road at the traffic lights.
  7. Will you join us? I don't want to take it all day. (p
  50) 知识链接〉 Will you join us?你愿意加入我们的行列吗?邀请别人一起做 〈知识链接〉 某事.
  8. When you are at the big tree, turn left and walk towards the bridge. Cross the bridge, turn right and walk straight on. Walk down the path and you will see a wooden house on your left.
  9. Walk straight on and you'll see the traffic lights. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉祈使句+and+一般将来时的句子.祈使句+or+一般将来 时的句子.表示前面的情况而产生的结果,and 通常后接好的结果,or 通 常后接不好的结果.e.g. ①Hurry up and we'll catch the early bus. ②Hurry up, or we'll miss the early bus.
  10. The Internet is an international computer network. It connects computer networks all over the world. People can get different kinds of information from it. There are millions of websites on the Internet. There is a lot of useful information on the websites. You can use search engines to find the information you need. Search engines help us find information quickly and easily. Type in a keyword or keywords and the search engine will give you a list of suitable websites to look at. 注意上述画线部分词语的意思及用法,理解全文的意思.(p
  54)
  11. We are happy to invite you to a farewell party for our friends from Britain . (p
  56) 知识链接〉 ⑴ 〈知识链接〉 be happy to do sth 高兴做某事 ⑵invite sb to sp 邀请某人到 某地→ sb be invited to sp 某人应邀到某地 He was invited to Amy's birthday party. ⑶invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事→sb be invited to do sth 某人应邀做某事 They were invited to attend the meeting.
  12. We would like everybody to bring their own food and drink. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴would like sb to do sth ⑵bring 表示带到说话者提到的地 方,此时不能用 take.
  13. The map shows you how to get to Sunshine Park . 这张地 图给你指明了去阳光公园的路线. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉show sb how to do sth 向某人演示如何做某事
  14. We look forward to seeing you at our party.我们期待在聚会上见到你 们.
3
⑴ 类似的使用 at 表示地点的有: the at 〈知识链接〉 at the party 在聚会上, 知识链接〉 cinema, at the airport, at the gate, at the entrance (to…), at the exit, at school, at the back of…→at the front of…, at the end of…, at the doctor's, at the top of…→at the bottom of…, at the foot of…, at work, at table. ⑵look forward to sth 期待/渴望/盼望某事,look forward to doing sth 期待/ 渴望/盼望做某事 三.【语法详解】运动方向介词,一般将来时 【语法详解】运动方向介词, 一运动方向介词 ⒈以下介词常用于表示运动方向: across, along, over, from…to…, into, out of, up, down, through, round/around. ⒉across 从一面到另一面, 横穿, go/walk across the road=cross the road e.g. 穿过马路,swim across the river 游过河(不能用 swim through the river),go across the desert 穿过沙漠 ⒊along 沿着,顺着 e.g. go/walk along the street 沿着这条街向前走 ⒋over 越过 e.g. jump over the chair 从椅子上跳过, walk over the mountains 越过高山 ⒌from…to…从…到…,e.g. walk from my home to my school ⒍up 向上,down 向下,e.g. climb up the hill 爬上山,walk down the stairs 走下楼梯;下楼 ⒎through 穿过,从物体的内部穿过 go across the tunnel 穿过隧道,walk through the forest 穿过森林,The sun shines brightly through the window.明 亮的阳光透过窗户照进来. ⒏round/around 围绕;环绕 e.g. The earth travels around the sun. show sb around…带领某人参观 二一般将来时 ⒈一般将来时的构成: 肯定式:主语+shall/will+动词原形. 否定式:主语+shall/will not+动 词原形 疑问式:Shall/Will+主语+动词原形 疑问否定式:Shall/Will+主语 +not+动词原形 缩写式:will not→won't, shall not→shan't ⒉一般将来时的用法: ⑴表示将来发生的动作或存在的状态.常与表示将来的时间状语连用, 如:tomorrow, next week, in a few days, next Monday 等. ⑵表示一种倾向或一种固有性或经常会发生的动作. Without air a living ① thing will die. ②When it gets warmer, the snow will start to melt. ② A chair will not stand on two legs. ⑶表示我们正在制定的计划,常用 We shall…. Shall we…? Shall we take different routes? ⒊表示将来的其他用法: ⑴"be going to +动词原形" 即"am/is/are) going to+动词原形"表示"就 要…","打算…"等安排好的事或将要发生的事,将来很可能发生的事, 根据天气迹象而作出的判断. ①She is going to be a nurse after she graduates. ②There're many clouds in the sky. I think it's going to rain.
4
注意:There is/are going to be…不能说 There is/are going to have… ⑵be about to+动词原形 表示即刻就要发生的动作. He has packed his bag. He is about to start.他已收拾完毕,即刻出发. 四.【中考真题】 【中考真题】
  1. I'm different from my twin sister. I love dancing. she is interested in reading. (2006 北京) A. So B. Or C. But D. And
  2. There is going to a sports meeting next week. If it , we'll have to cancel it. (2006 广东) A. be; will rain B. have; will rain C. be; rains D. have; rains
  3. ?You don't look well. You'd better see the doctor. ?Oh, I . He said nothing was wrong with me. A. will B. have C. do D. won't
  4. He doesn't tell me when he . I'll call you up as soon as he . (2006 厦门) A. will come; arrives B. comes; arrives C. will come; will arrive
  5. ?Which would you like, an apple or an orange? ? , thanks. I think I'll just have a pear. (2006 甘肃) A. None B. Neither C. Both D. Either
  6. (拿) some coffee here, please. Thank you! (2007 淮安)
  7. In (七月)Grade 9 students will have a farewell party after they finish their school studies.
  8. ? you (visit) Singapore and Thailand next month? ?Yes, I will. (2007 连云港)
  9. ?How soon shall we start the bicycle trip? ? . (2007 南通) A. In three day's B. After three days C. In three days' time D. After three day's time
  10. Don't walk (from one side to the other) the street when the traffic lights are red.
  11. ?Mr Johnson asked me to remind you of the meeting this afternoon. . Don't forget it! ?OK, I A. won't B. don't C. will D. do (2007 苏州)
  12. We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun, so let's have one this month. A. the other B. some C. another D. other
  13. ?When will you come to see me, Dad? ?I will go to see you when you the training course. A. finished B. finish C. are finishing D. will finish
  14.根据下面的对话情景,在横线上填入一个适当的句子,使对话的意思 连贯,完整. Neil is from the USA . He's new here. He lives next to Sunnyside Shopping Mall. Tomorrow is Sunday. His classmate Li Lei wants to invite him to have a picnic. Now Li Lei is calling him. (N = Neil, L=Li Lei) (2007 宿迁) N: Hello? ? L: Hello, ⑴
 

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