(牛津初中英语总复习) 7B Unit 5 一.【精选词汇】 【精选词汇】 一重点短语
  1. be careful=take care=look out 当心;小心 (p
  76) give a seat to someone on the bus 在公交车上
  2. clean up the park 打扫公园, 给人让座, collect things for Project Hope 为希望工程筹集物资, visit a home for the elderly 参观老年之家
  3. help his neighbour out of a fire 帮助他的邻居从火灾中出来→help sb out of…帮助某人脱离... see
  4. be at home alone 独自在家, a lot of smoke from next door 看到隔壁冒 浓烟 (p
  78)
  5. the 79-year-old Mrs Sun 79 岁的孙太太,注意此处不能用 a/an 代替定冠 词 the. 知识链接〉 〈 知识链接 〉 基数词-名词单数-形容词,作定语修饰名词,如:an eleven-year-old boy
  6. pour water over his jacket 向他的茄克上倒水→pour…over…向…上 倒…;把…倒在…上 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉pour ⑴vt.倾倒 Don't pour waste water into the river. ⑵vt.倒 pour sb sth=pour sth for sb 给某人倒…e.g. I've poured you a cup of tea.= I've poured a cup of tea for you.我给你倒了一杯茶. vi.下大雨 It's pouring ⑶ outside.外面下着瓢泼大雨.
  7. be in hospital for two months 住院两个月→be/stay in hospital 住院, be in the hospital 在医院里
  8. keep long hair away from fire 让长发远离火→keep…away from…让…远 离… (p
  80) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉Something must be done to keep children away from Internet bars. 必须采取措施让孩子远离网吧.
  9. recommend Daniel for the Most Helpful Student Award 推荐丹尼尔为最 助人为乐学生奖得主 〈 知识链接 〉 ⑴recommend sb for sth 推荐某人获得… e.g. She was recommended for the award by the audience. ⑵recommend sb as…推荐某人 为… e.g. We recommended David as the new chairperson of the Students' Union. ⑶recommend sb/sth to sb 向 某 人 推 荐 某 人 或 某 物 e.g. He recommended the new book to his friends.
  10. always think of others first 总是先想到别人→ think of…想到,想起 (p
  81) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉He always thinks more of others than himself.他总是为别人着 想.
  11. do a lot of computer work for the club 为俱乐部做许多计算机方面的工 作, play water sports 进行水上运动, down 摔倒, up 跑上前, fall run have/get the award 获奖
  12. be grateful for sth 对某事感激 (注意 grateful 常被误写为 greatful) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉grateful=thankful 感激的,可作定语或表语.The thankful mother thanked him.
1

  13. row a boat=go rowing 划船→go+v-ing 去做某事 (p
  82)
  14. forget to bring a football →forget to do sth 忘记要做某事, forget doing sth 忘记做过某事(p
  84) 知识链接〉 〈 知识链接〉 don't forget/remember to do sth 记住要做某事, remember doing sth 记得做过某事.请做题: ①I'll never forget (hear) this piece of music for the first time. ②I wanted to call her, but I forgot (ask) her for her phone number. ③?Why didn't you go to Amy's birthday party? ?Oh, sorry, I (forget). 〈 用 法 拓 展 〉 ⑴forgetful adj. 健 忘 的 ⑵forgettable adj. 易 被 忘 记 的 →unforgettable adj.难忘的
  15. have a good memory 记性好→have a bad memory 记性差,be good at writing 写作好;擅长写作→be good at…→be weak at…,this term 这学期 →last term 上学期,read English and use English more often 多读,多用英 语, know a lot about Chinese history 对中国历史了解许多, do/try one's best (to do sth)尽力(做某事),have good grades in…在某方面取得好成绩,get better results in…在某方面取得更好的成绩, jump high 跳得高, into the get school team 进入校队,That's OK.没关系;不用谢.Never mind.不要紧; 没关系.No problem.没问题.(p86-p
  87)
  16. parents' meeting 家长会→have a parents' meeting 开家长会,注意 parents'使用复数的所有格.
  17. do more exercises 多做习题,listen and speak more 多听,多说,repeat after the teacher 跟老师读,need more practice 需要多练习,work out some outlines first 先列出一些提纲 (p
  88)
  18. tell their differences 说出它们的区别→different 不同的→difference 不 同;差异→differences 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉Please find out the differences between the two pictures.请找出 这两幅画的差异. 用法拓展〉 tell "区分 A 和 B", I can't tell the e.g. 〈用法拓展〉 vt.区分→tell A from B, sheep from the goat.
  19. get/have an award 获奖, yours faithfully 你忠实的=yours sincerely 你真 诚的(用于书信结尾)
  20. look forward to hearing from you soon →look forward to sth/doing sth 期 待某事/做某事 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉hear from sb=receive/get a letter from sb=receive sb's letter 收到某人的信 二词汇解析
  1. able →ability →abilities →have the ability to do sth 有做某事的能力 e.g. ①People have different abilities. ②He is a man of ability.他是一个能干的 人.
  2. alone=by oneself=on one's own 单独;独自
  3. host 男主持→hostess 女主持人→airhostess 空姐,类似的有 waiter →waitress,actor →actress
  4. 写 出 下 列 形 容 词 的 反 义 词 : ①helpful ②brave ③kind
2
④careful ⑤polite ⑥grateful ⑦quick ⑧happy
  5. "推荐信"的格式:receiver 收信人,sender 寄信人.⑴书信的右上角: address of sender 寄信人的地址 ⑵左上角:①date(写信日期) ②title of receiver 收信人的头衔③address of receiver 收信人的地址④greeting 称呼 ⑤subject 主题⑶message 正文⑷closing 结束语⑸①signature of sender 寄信 人签名②name of sender 寄信人的姓名③title of sender 寄信人的头衔
  6. likely adj.可能的 表示有发生的可能性,常用于①Sb be likely to do sth. 某人可能做某事②It is likely that sb will do sth.可能某人将做某事. e.g. ①She is likely to succeed. =It is likely that she will succeed. 她可能会成 功.②It is likely to rain.似乎要下雨了. 二.【重点句型】 【重点句型】
  1. Then he rushed into Mrs Sun's kitchen to save her. There was a lot of smoke and the fire was very hot. 他冲进 孙 太太的厨房去救她.动词不定式短语 to save her 表目的. (p
  78)
  2. He put out the fire with a blanket and helped Mrs Sun out. 注意该句中 put 和 helped 的时态. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉put out the fire 灭火,put …out 扑灭,属于"动词+副词", 以下也是动词+副词结构. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴put up ①张贴→put up a poster 贴海报②举起 put up your hands 举手⑵put away,e.g. put it/them away ⑶put off 推迟;拖延 ⑷put on 穿上 ⑸put down 放下 ⑹put in…插入, put in the CD ⑺put…into…把…放 入/投入…中,e.g. ①Do not put anything hot into the rubbish bin. ②Hepburn had put most of her effort into ballet training before she entered the film industry.
  3. Many people visited him and brought him flowers and presents. →bring 带 来,bring sb sth=bring sth to sb
  4. It's important to be careful with fire.小心用火十分重要. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴be careful with/of/about…小心;注意;谨慎 e.g. ①Be careful with the traffic. 小心车辆.②Be careful with matches.小心使 用火柴. ⑵be careful (not) to do sth 必须注意(不)做某事,e.g. Be careful not to be late. ⑶careful→careless, careful→carefully, careless→carelessly, careless→carelessness n.粗心 ⑷careful/carefully→more careful/carefully, careless/carelessly→more careless/carelessly
  5. Thank you for joining us this evening, Zhanghua.谢谢你今晚参加我们的 节目. (p
  79)
  6. Did you do anything to keep yourself safe?你采取措施保护自己安全了 吗? 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴do something to do sth 采取措施做某事→sth must be done to do sth 必须采取措施做某事 ⑵keep+宾语+形容词,形容词作宾补.e.g. keep the classroom clean 保持 教室清洁
  7. First, he heard his neighbour, Mrs Sun, calling for help.首先他听到他的邻
3
居孙太太呼救.(p
  80) 知识链接〉 ⑴ 〈知识链接〉 hear sb doing sth 听到某人在做某事 e.g. She heard someone singing in the next room at seven last night.注意: seven last night 限定了该 at 句必须使用 singing.⑵听到某人做了某事或经常听到某人做某事,e.g. I often hear her sing in the next room.注意此处的 often 限定 sing.
  8. Is he getting better now?他现在好些了吗?→相似的有:Are you feeling better now? (p
  80)
  9. ?I'm very happy that he is well now. ?Me too. →Me too.我也如此.注 意:此处不能用 I 代替 Me. 〈知识链接〉well 健康的→反义词 sick, ill e.g. ①?How are you? ?Quite 知识链接〉 well, thank you. ②You look well.你气色很好.③He will get well soon.他很 快就会康复的. 用法拓展〉 〈 用法拓展 〉 well 作副词时,意思是"好",常见的含 well 的合成词: well-known 著 名 的 , well-dressed 穿 着 入 时 的 , well-read 博 学 的 , well-behaved 行为端正的,well-to-do 富裕的
  10. I would like to recommend Daniel for this year's Youth Award. (p
  89)
  11. He often helps at the Helping Hands Club. He does the computer work and sometimes gets information from the Internet for the club.
  12. Daniel is thoughtful and thinks carefully when he works. He plans everything well and works well in a team. He looks after our children's group on Sundays and all the children like him.
  13. Last week, a 5-year-old boy lost his way and cried in the street. Daniel was on his way to the club. He took him to the police station. He stayed with the boy and played with him for two hours before the boy's parents came. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴lost one's way=get lost=be lost 迷路 ⑵该句中的 before =until. 谈论能力或可能, 三.【语法详解】can/could 谈论能力或可能,What/How 感叹句 【语法详解】 一can/could 谈论能力或可能 ⒈can 的过去式是 could, 表示能力时, 意思是"能; 会", 相当于 be able to. can 仅有一般现在时和一般过去时 could;另外 can 只表明具备某种能力, 但不一定做了,而 be able to 不仅表明具备了某种能力,而且还实际实施 了. She can speak English fluently as she is in practice. ②He could swim at ① the age of seven. ③After a few days the patient was able to sit up. ⒉can 和 could 在表示猜测时,没有时间上的差别,could 的可能性比 can 小.如:①Fire can be dangerous if you are not careful. ②Write down your answers and send text messages to 20
  08. You could win two free concert tickets.(该句中的 could=might) 引导的感叹句 二What/How 引导的感叹句 ⒈感叹句用来表达说话时的惊异,喜悦,气愤等情绪.感叹句常由 what 或 how 引导,what 修饰名词,how 修饰形容词,副词或动词. 修饰可数名词单数: What+a/an+形容词+名词单数(+人称代词 ⑴What 修饰可数名词单数: 主格+动词)! 修饰可数名词复数: ⑵What 修饰可数名词复数:What+形容词+名词复数(+人称代词主格 +动词)! 修饰不可数名词: ⑶What 修饰不可数名词: What+形容词+不可数名词(+人称代词主 格+动词)! 记忆诀窍〉 〈记忆诀窍〉形容词后紧跟名词,一定是 What 感叹句.这是判断 What
4
感叹句的一个重要依据. 上述"人称代词主格+动词"中的人称代词须与名 词保持一致,并且可以同时省略. 修饰形容词或副词: How+形容词/副词+主谓! 记住: 没有 How ⑴How 修饰形容词或副词: a/an 这种感叹句! 修饰动词: ⑵How 修饰动词:How+主谓! 注意:What 感叹句可以与 How 感叹句进行互换,其意思不变. ①What a lovely girl (she is)!=How lovely the girl is ②What an exciting match (it is)! =How exciting the match is! ③What exciting matches (they are)!=How exciting the matches are! ④What bad weather it is=How bad the weather is! ⑤How happy he feels! ⑥How heavily it is raining! ⑦How time flies!时间过得真快啊!或光阴似箭! 请做题:用 What, What a/an, How 填空 ① good time they had at the party! ② heavy rain it is! ③ exciting the news sounds! ④ amazing photography! ⑤ hard he works! ⑥ nice music! ⒉特殊形式的感叹句: ⑴疑问形式的感叹句:以否定词开头,句尾用感叹号,在口语中用降调. ①Isn't he a clever boy!多么聪明的男孩啊!②Wasn't it terrible!多么可怕 啊! ⑵以 May 开头,句尾用感叹号,表示愿望或祝愿. ①May you have a Happy New Year!祝你新年快乐!②May you succeed! 祝你成功! ⑶以 there, here 引导的感叹句,使用倒装句.注意这种感叹句中名词和代 词的语序不同. ①Here comes the bus! 公共汽车来了!②There she is!她在那儿! 四.【中考真题】 【中考真题】
  1. No one helped Millie. She did it all by . (2006 苏州) A. myself B. herself C. himself D. yourself
  2. You can imagine how different the table manners here are from . (2006 辽宁) A. us B. ours C. ourselves D. our
  3. Please look over your paper carefully to there are no mistakes. (2005 山东) A. find out B. think of C. make sure D. try out
  4. Jack usually checks his test paper before handing it in. (2006 吉 林)
  5. Our village has changed a lot, and it becomes before. (2006 广 西) A. so beautiful as B. as beautifully as C. more beautiful than D. much more beautiful useful dictionary for
 

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