(牛津初中英语总复习) 8A Unit 3 一,【精选词汇】 精选词汇】 重点短语
  1. climb the hill 爬山→climb (up)…爬… (p
  38) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉①climb up the Great Wall 爬长城 ②climb into the bed 爬上床 ③climb through the window 从窗户爬出来 ④climb over the wall 翻越墙
  2. need to exercise and keep fit 需要锻炼来保持健康 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴keep fit, keep healthy, stay healthy 保持健康 ⑵need 作名词时,构成短语 in need.作行为动词时有人称和数的变化, 后接不定式或动名词;当主语和它后面的动词之间有一种被动关系时, 使用 need doing 或 need to be done. 作情态动词时无人称和数的变化, 后 接动词原形. ①We should help people in need. ② He needs to study hard. ③A lot of homework needs finishing.=A lot of homework needs to be finished.
  3. come on (命令句)快,快点吧;走吧;跟我来;好啦好啦;这边来吧 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉Come on! We'll be late for school.快点!我们上学要迟到了.
  4. Let's enjoy ourselves! 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴enjoy oneself=have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快, 反身代词与主语保持一致. 反身代词与主语保持一致. ⑵Let's do sth., shall we? 除此以外的祈使句,无论是肯定式还是否定式, 附加疑问部分一律用 will you.e.g. ①Don't be late again, will you? ②Open the door, will you? ③Let us go home, will you?
  5. take a boat trip 乘船旅行,go past the Opera House 经过悉尼歌剧院
  6. sit in a little coffee shop by the River Seine 坐在塞纳河畔的一个小咖啡 店里 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴coffee house 咖啡店;茶馆,coffee shop 咖啡店 ⑵by…在…旁边(比 near 近) Come and warm yourself by the fire.过来烤 烤火.
  7. take care 保重;当心,小心 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴take (good) care of…=look after…well (好好)照顾… ⑵look out 当心→look out of 向…外看 ⑶be careful 小心→be careful of/with…珍视;注意 Please be careful of your health. 请注意你的健康.
  8. a beautiful building with a big garden and many trees 介词短语作后置定 语,修饰名词.
  9. foreign country 外国,a foreign language 一门外语
  10. have a wonderful/great/good time 玩得高兴;过得愉快 (p
  40)
  11. interesting places=places of interest 有趣的地方;名胜 (注意此处的 注意此处的 interest 无复数 无复数) 知识链接〉 这里 interest 解释为"令人感兴趣的事或人". interest 还表示 〈知识链接〉 "兴趣",常用的短语有:show/have interest in sth 对…某事感兴趣,
1
show/have interest in doing sth 对…做某事感兴趣 ①Daniel shows/has great interest in computers. ②Daniel shows/has great interest in making his own home page.
  12. invite me to join their school trip to the World Park 邀请我参加她们学 校组织的去世界公园的旅行 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴invite sb to…邀请某人去某地→sb be invited to…某人应 邀去某地, Millie invited me to her birthday party. →I was invited to Millie's birthday party. ⑵invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事→sb be invited to do sth 某人应邀做 某事, We should invite more people to take part in the charity show. =More people should be invited to take part in the charity show. ⑶join 参加,加入某组织,如政党,社会团体等.join sb, join sb in sth 指 和某人一起做某事.join in…=take part in…参加某活动,attend 出席. 试比较: ① He joined the tennis club. ② The man joined the army at the age of
  19. ③ He joined in the game. ④ Did you take part in your school sports meeting? ⑤ We're going to plant trees. Will you join us? ⑥ He joined us in the game.
  13. at the beginning 开始;起初 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴at the beginning=in the beginning=at first=at the start 开 始;起初 (See 8A p
  42) ⑵at last, finally, in the end 后来;最后;终于,与上述短语"开始,起初" 意思相反. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴at the beginning of…在…之初(后接时间)→at the end of… 在…末尾,在…的尽头(后接时间或地点) 注意:没有 in the beginning 注意: of…, in the end of… ⑵from beginning to end 自始至终;从头到尾.注意:该短语不含定冠词 注意: 注意 the. . ⑶begin with…=start with…先做…;以…开始 e.g. Let's begin with Exercise
  1. ⑷表示"启程",机器的"启动"只能用 start. Let's start at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow. ⑸Well begun is half done. 良好的开端是成功的一半.
  14. at the school gate 在学校大门口 知识链接〉 如: the theatre 在剧院,at the party at 〈知识链接〉at 表示在较小的地方, 在聚会上, the airport 在机场, the bus stop 在公交站台, the crossing, at at at at the crossroads 在十字路口
  15. get on a coach 上长途汽车 知识链接〉 get 下(车, 船等), get on/get off the plane e.g. 〈知识链接〉 on…/get off…上, 上,下飞机
  16. a lot of traffic=heavy traffic=busy traffic 交通拥挤,作主语时谓语动 词用单数.
  17. on the city roads 在市内道路上,on the highway=on the main road
2
between cities 在交通干道上
  18. feel sick 感到难受,感到恶心 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴feel ill 感到不好受,fall ill 病倒 ⑵feel good 指身体健康或精神振奋,feel well 仅指没有生病 e.g. ①I'm not feeling so good. Can I have the day off? 我感觉不大好.我今天 能否休息? ②He didn't feel well after the operation. 他在这次手术之后,感觉身体不 好.
  19. arrive at the World Park 到达世界公园 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉"到达"有三种表达,即:get to+某地,arrive at+小地方, arrive in+大地方,reach+某地.get to,arrive at/in 后接地点副词时不能 用介词,常用的地点副词有 here, there, home.如: get/arrive here/there/home 到这里/到那里/到家.
  20. be made of metal 由金属制成 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴be made of…由…制成,强调从制成的成品上还能看得出 原材料,物理变化. The desk is made of wood. 这张桌子是木制的. ⑵be made from…由…制成, 表示从成品上已经看不出原材料,化学变化. Wine is made of grapes. 葡萄酒是葡萄酿成的. ⑶be made up of…由…组成,由…构成,指各个部分组成整体. Our class is made up of 54 students. 我们班由 54 名学生组成. ⑷be made in…在某地制造 NOKIA mobile phones are made in Beijing.
  21. not …any more 再也不=no more,no more, no longer 用于 be 动词后, 行为动词前 (p
  41) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴not …any more=no more…再也不…(表示程度,数量上 的不再) ⑵not …any longer=no longer…不再…(表示时间上的不再延续) e.g. ①When the baby saw his mother, he did not cry any more. ②After having some bread, she was no longer hungry. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴more and more…越来越…;越来越多… ⑵more or less 几乎;差不多 ⑶what is more 更有甚者;更为重要的是 e.g. ①I've more or less finished reading the book. 我差不多已经读完这本书. ②You're wrong, and what is more you know it. 你错了!而且你明明知道 你错了!
  22. the song and dance parade 歌舞巡游,join in the dancing 加入舞蹈行列
  23. on the Internet 在因特网上 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉on the computer 在电脑上,on the screen 在屏幕上,on TV 在电视上
  24. teach himself how to make a home page 自学制作网页 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉teach oneself…=learn…by oneself 自学…,疑问词+带 to 的动词不定式.
  25. go and see for yourself 亲自去看看 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉for oneself 亲自,by oneself=on one's own=alone 独自;单 独 ?Did she find it out for herself? ?Yes. She did it all by herself.
  26. travel from one place to another 从一个地方到另一地方旅行 (p
  42)
3
类似的 〈知识链接〉 知识链接〉from one place to another 相当于 from place to place, 有:from one country to another=from country to country. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴from…to another 中的 another 不能用 other 代替. ⑵from…to…中的名词前不能用冠词 a/an/the,名词不能用复数. from beginning to end 自始至终, from head to foot 从头到脚 from morning to night
  27. take a look at…看一看 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉have/take a look 看一看,只强调看的动作;have/take a look at…看一看… ⑴?I took a lot of photos in Shenzhen. ?May I have/take a look at them? ⑵Take a look at the things (people used in the past). 括号内的句子是定语 从句.
  28. 北京著名景点 Laoshe Tea House 老舍茶馆, Great Wall 长城, 北京著名景点: the the Palace Museum 故宫,the Summer Palace 颐和园,Tian'anmen Square 天 安门广场,Wangfujing Street 王府井大街,the Monument to the People's Heroes 人民英雄纪念碑, People's Great Hall 人民大会堂, the Temple the of Heaven 天坛,Tsinghua University 清华大学,Peking University 北京大 学,Beihai Park 北海公园
  29. in the past 过去,at present 现在,in the future 将来;未来 (注意介词 in/at 和冠词的搭配) (p
  44)
  30. walk slowly around the big lake and feel the beauty of the old park in the Summer palace 在颐和园里环湖漫步,感受这座古老公园的美丽 知识链接〉 ⑴beauty n. ①美; 美丽 e.g. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever. 〈知识链接〉 美的事物永远令人喜爱.(语出约翰济慈 John Keats-英国文坛巨星,著 名诗人,与雪莱,拜伦齐名) ②美人;美丽的事物,She was a beauty in her day. ⑵around 围绕;环绕→show sb around... 带领某人参观某地 ①The guide showed us around the Xuanwu Lake Park. ②The earth travels around the sun.
  31. travel by underground 坐地铁 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉by underground 乘坐地铁,by+交通工具,是介词短语, 此时 by 后无介词.类似的有:by bus/train/plane/underground 乘坐公共汽 车/火车/飞机/地铁. 表示"乘坐某交通工具去某地"通常有两种表达: ①go to sp by…②take the …to…. 例如: 坐地铁去市中心: to the centre of the go city by underground=take the underground to the centre of the city.另外, "乘坐飞机去某地"有三种形式:go to…by plane=take the plane to…=fly to…(飞往…)
  32. learn more about old Beijing 更多地了解老北京
  33. great fun 很有趣 (p
  46) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴fun 名词①娱乐,嬉戏 e.g. He is full of fun.他很有趣. ②有趣的人或事 We had a lot of fun at the party.在聚会上我们玩得很高 兴.It is fun to play cards.玩牌很有趣.(不加 a) ⑵for fun 闹着玩的,e.g. I have said it just for fun.我是说着玩的. ⑶make fun of…嘲弄… e.g. They made fun of him.
  34. go horse riding 去骑马,e.g. You can go horse riding in Inner Mongolia.
  35. keep their secret to themselves 保守着他们的这个秘密
4
知识链接〉 〈 知识链接 〉 ⑴keep sth to oneself 不将某事说出去 e.g.①She always keeps her ideas to herself. ②The problem of stress gets worse when people keep their worries to themselves. ⑵keep secrets for sb 为某人保密,e.g. Thank you so much for keeping the secret for me.
  36. at the front of the bus 在公交车的前部→at/in the front of…在…的前部 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉in front of…"在…的前面",主要指一物体在另一物体的前 面, 两者是分开的, 反义词是 behind, "在…的后面"; at/in the front of … 而 则指一物体中有一部分位于前部, 在某物的前面部分, 即两者是包容的, the front 是某物的不可分割的组成部分;at/in the front of …的反义词是 at the back of…在某物的后面部分;而 before 是"在…的面前". ①The introduction is always in/at the front of the book.序言总是置于卷首. ②She sat in/at the front of the bus to get a good view of the country. ③Many people took photos (在前面) the Leaning Tower of Pisa. ④The robber was taken (在面前) the policeman.
  37. in the final of the basketball competition 在篮球赛决赛中 (p
  50) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉in the first half of the…在…的上半场比赛中,in the second half of the…在…的下半场比赛中,in the final of the…在…的决赛中, half-time 中场休息,presentation of cup and medals 颁发奖杯和奖牌仪式, gold medal 金牌,silver medal 银牌,bronze medal 铜牌. 注意:赢得/获得金牌:win a gold medal
  38. take place 发生;举行,不及物动词短语,不能接宾语,不能用于被 动语态中. 〈知识链接〉take place ⑴发生 知识链接〉 ①The dialogue took place at a tailor's shop. ②Great changes have taken place in China since 19
  89. 注意:happen 是"偶然发生" e.g. What happened to him last night? ⑵举行=be held,e.g. The wedding of Michael and Stella will take place next Sunday. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉take the place of…取代/代替…,take one's place 取代/代替 某人 ①Here is a toy plane to take the place of the one you lost. ②My sister is ill, and I've come to take her place. Now plastics (塑料) can steel (钢材) in many ways in life. A. take place of B. take the place of C. in place of D. instead of
  39. go back to my school 回到我的学校 (p
  51) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉go back to…=return
 

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