(牛津初中英语总复习) 8A Unit 6 一,【精选词汇】 精选词汇】 重点短语
  1. natural disasters 自然灾害 (p
  92) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉nature 自然→natural 自然的,e.g. ①natural gas 天然气 ②an air disaster 一次空难 ③Bad weather sometimes causes natural disasters.
  2. be all wet 全湿了,全身湿透→ wet 湿的,dry 干的
  3. hear the rain 听到雨声 〈知识链接〉⑴listen 听,指听的动作;hear 听到,指听的结果.e.g. We 知识链接〉 listened but heard nothing. ⑵hear of…听说… e.g. ①I've never heard of such a man. ②He's heard of it before. ⑶hear+that 从句, 听说…, hear that the famous actress died last year. We ⑷hear from sb=receive/get a letter from sb=receive sb's letter 收到某人 的信 ⑸hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事→sb be heard to do sth (注意被动语态中 必须带 to) hear sb doing sth 听到某人在做某事→sb be heard doing sth ①I heard her laugh.我听到她笑了.→She was heard to laugh by me. ②I heard her laughing.我听到她在笑.→She was heard laughing by me.
  4. half an hour later 半小时后 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉some time later 一段时间以后,用于一般过去时中,用 When 提问; some time 一段时间以后, in 用于一般将来时中, How soon 用 提问. 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉⑴?When did you hear the news? ?Not until three days later. ⑵?How soon will he return from Shanghai? ?In a week.
  5. mop all the water up 把所有的水拖干净,mop →mopping →mopped
  6. lose the game 比赛输了→win the game 赢得比赛 (p
  93)
  7. crash into a tree 撞到树上,wash the village away 冲走村庄
  8. start a big fire 引起一场大火→ catch fire 着火 知识链接〉 fire 当 〈知识链接〉 在表示具体的火灾实例或炉火时用作可数名词; fire 用作物质名词"火"时为不可数名词. ① There are fewer big fires this year than last year. ② Cotton catches fire easily. ③It was so cold that they started a fire in the room.
  9. fall from a tree and hurt legs 从树上掉下来摔伤了腿 (p
  94) 知识链接〉 ⑴fall down from…=fall off…从…上掉下, down 掉下, fall 〈知识链接〉 fall over 向前摔倒, into…掉到…里 e.g. He was so careless that he fell fall into the river. ⑵hurt→ hurting→ hurt→ hurt ①vt.伤…He hurt his foot by jumping over a fence. ②vt.伤感情 His words hurt me. ③vi.(身体部位)痛 My foot still hurts.
  10. an earthquake survivor 一位地震幸存者→ survive the earthquake 在地 震中幸存
1

  11. feel a slight shaking through my body 感到一阵轻微的震动传遍全身
  12. hear a loud noise like thunder 听到像雷声似的一声巨响
  13. look at each other in fear 恐惧地面面相觑 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉in fear 恐惧地,shake with fear 吓得发抖,fearful 可怕的, fearless 无畏的
  14. like bombs under the ground 像炸弹在地下爆炸
  15. run in all directions 四处奔跑,run wildly 四处逃散
  16. try my best to run out to the street 拼命跑到街上
  17. pieces of glass and bricks 玻璃片和砖块
  18. fall down 掉下,come down 倒塌,calm down 平静下来
  19. be trapped in/at/under+地点,被困在某地,e.g. He had nothing to eat when he was trapped under it.
  20. shout for help,scream for help 大声呼救 (p
  95)
  21. hear shouts from excited people 听到激动的人群的叫喊声 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉excited 兴奋的;激动的,修饰人.exciting 令人兴奋的; 令人激动的;扣人心弦的 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉We are excited about the exciting news.
  22. weather report=weather forecast 天气预报 (p
  98)
  23. the low temperature 最低温度, high temperature 最高温度 (注意不 the 能用 tall 修饰温度)
  24. plan a trip to Tangshan 计划去唐山旅游→ plan a trip to…计划去某地 旅游
  25. drive you to school as usual 像往常一样开车送你去上学 (p1
  00)
  26. break down 出故障;(车辆等)抛锚,ring someone to come and help 打 电话叫人来帮忙
  27. make a snowball 堆雪球,make a snowman 堆雪人,play in the snow 在雪地里玩 (p1
  01)
  28. an accident report 事故报告,an accident report form 事故报告单
  29. weather conditions 天气状况,number of victims 受害者人数, conditions of victims 受害者状况, send the victims to hospital 把受害者送 往医院
  30. cover the whole road 覆盖整个路面 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉cover ⑴n.封面;盖子;e.g. ①Put the cover on the pot.把壶 盖盖上.②from cover to cover (书,杂志等的)从头至尾 ⑵vt.包括;遮 盖; 覆盖→be covered with…被…覆盖, cover→discover 发现, ①His e.g. diary covered the years 1990-19
  95.他的日记记述 1990 年至 1995 年的事. ②Mother covered him with a blanket. ③The top of the mountain is covered with snow. ④Who discovered America in 1492?
  31. get worse 更糟糕,by then 到那时为止 (p1
  03)
  32. call the 110 hotline using his mobile phone 用手机打 110 热线 =use his mobile phone to call the 110 hotline →The 110 hotline received a call from Mr Su. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉do sth using/with sth=use sth to do sth 用某物做某事
  33. a heavy storm with thunder and lightning 一场雷电交加的暴雨
  34. remove the snow 扫雪 (p1
  05)
  35. share an umbrella with her 和她共打一把伞→share sth with sb
2

  36. 描述自然灾害的短语: typhoon signal number 台风预警号, snowstorm warning 暴风雪警报
  37. roll up trousers 卷起裤子 (p1
  06)
  38. warning n.警告,warn sb of sth 警告某人某事,warn sb to do sth 警告 某人做某事→否定式:warn sb not to do sth 或 warn sb against doing sth 警告某人不做某事,warn sb+that 从句 知识链接〉 ⑴I 〈知识链接〉 gave him a warning. ⑵He warned me of the danger. ⑶He warned me not go there.=He warned me against going there. ⑷I warned him that it was dangerous.
  39. the terrible situation after the earthquake 地震后的可怕情景 (p1
  07) 用法拓展〉 〈用法拓展〉situation 形势;情况,e.g. the present economic situation, situation comedy 情景喜剧
  40. give out food and clean drinking water to the local people 给当地人发 放食物和清洁的饮用水 词汇解析
  1. 表示天气变化的形容词:天气名词+y 或-e+y 或双写末尾字母→ 天气形容词 名词 形容词 名词 形容词 名词 形容词 sun sunny wind windy storm stormy fog foggy rain rainy snow snowy frost frosty ice icy cloud cloudy 表示天气变化还可以使用 warm, hot, cool, cold…
  2. condition⑴状态; 健康状态 e.g. All the players are in good condition.⑵ 状况(常用复数 conditions) e.g. Under these conditions we have to give up the plan. ⑶条件;必要条件 e.g. ①living condition 生活条件 ②Health is one of the conditions of success in life.
  3. terrible 可怕的→terribly 非常地;很=very,e.g. ①I'm terribly sorry? did I hurt you? 非常抱歉,我伤着您了吗?②I miss her terribly.我非常思 念她.注意:terrific 极好的,绝妙的 重点句型】 二,【重点句型】
  1. The earthquake in Taiwan killed thousands of people. (p
  93) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉该句还可以说成 Thousands of people died in the earthquake in Taiwan. thousands of…数千…, many thousands of…成千上万…, of thousands tens of 数以千计…,five thousand 五千.像 hundred, thousand, million, billion 这些基数词之前有数词修饰时,不能使用复数 hundreds, thousands, millions, billions, 因此没有 two hundreds 等这种用法. thousands of 之前 不能使用基数词修饰, 不能说 six thousands of. 类似的有: hundreds of… 数百…, many hundreds of 成百上千…, millions of…, many millions of…
  2. A moment of fear went through my mind but I told myself to calm down since I was still alive. 我的脑中掠过一阵恐惧,但我告诉自己要镇定下来,因为我仍然活着. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴alive 活着的,作表语,反义词 dead,catch…alive 活捉. ①Is that dog alive or dead? ②They found him alive. ③He caught a bear alive. ⑵live 活生生的, 反义词 dead, 作定语. Have you ever seen a live whale?
  3. I thought somebody could hear me but no one came for a long time.
3
我原以为有人能听到我,可是很久没人来. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴Sb thought that…某人原以为…,e.g. I didn't know you were here. I thought you had gone to Germany.我不知道你在这里. 我原以 为你去德国了. ⑵no one 没有人,常回答 Who 问句;none 一个也没有,指人或物,常 用于回答 How many…/How much…问句.不能说 no one of…,可以说 None of…,如:None of us/you/them. 用 no one, none 填空: ①?Who is over there? ? . ② of us agree with Simon's idea. ③?How much money is left in your pocket? ? . ④They tried to find some food in the bag, but they found .
  4. I was trying to find my way out when I suddenly heard some noise above me. 〈知识链接〉find one's way out 找出路,find one's way=have an idea 想 知识链接〉 出办法
  5. They were in a great hurry to move away the bricks and stones. 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴in a hurry 匆忙地,e.g. She went to school in a hurry without having breakfast. ⑵be in a hurry to do sth=do sth in ahurry 匆忙做某事,急于做某事 He was in a hurry to catch the first bus.=He caught the first bus in a hurry. ⑶move...away 是"动词+副词"结构, ?Please move away the stone. ?Pardon? ?I asked you to move it away.
  6. The temperature id going to drop a little.气温将有所下降. (p
  98) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉⑴drop a little.有所下降→drop to ?5℃ 降至零下五摄氏度 ⑵take one's temperature 量体温,e.g. Have you taken his temperature?
  7. "询问天气的问句,答语"的一般现在时,一般过去时和一般将来时: ⑴Q: What's the weather like today? 或 How is the weather today? A: It is+天气变化的形容词. e.g. It is fine/sunny/cloudy/windy/cold. ⑵Q: What was the weather like yesterday? 或 How was the weather yesterday? A: It was+天气变化的形容词. ⑶Q: What will the weather be like tomorrow? 或 How will the weather be tomorrow? A: It will be+天气变化的形容词.
  8. 描述天气的另一种说法:There be+名词. 或 It be+形容词. e.g. There is a lot of snow.=It is snowy.
  9. What a terrible snowstorm!=How terrible the snowstorm is! (p1
  00) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉a snowstorm 指一场暴风雪.常见的自然灾害有:flood, drought(旱灾), rainstorm, sandstorm(沙尘暴), hurricane(飓风), typhoon, earthquake
  10. Mr Su felt cold and frightened but he was not hurt.苏先生又冷又怕,可 是他没有受伤. 知识链接〉 be e.g. 〈知识链接〉 hurt 受伤→be badly hurt 受重伤, Was anyone hurt in the traffic accident?
  11. How long did the fire last? The firemen put out the fire soon. It didn't
4
last long. (p1
  04) 〈知识链接〉last vi.⑴继续=continue,e.g. The rain lasted for three days. 知识链接〉 ⑵维持,e.g. The food will last through the winter.
  12. A strong wind came from behind.一阵大风从后面刮来. (p1
  06) 知识链接〉 〈知识链接〉strong wind 大风,blow strongly 刮大风,a strong wind 表 示一场大风
  13. The video shows the terrible situation after the earthquake. Soldiers were helping people get out from under all the stones and bricks. People who survived were staying together in an old house. 识链接〉 〈知识链接〉该段语句没有出现时间状语,属于典型的根据所给的语境 使用过去进行时. 中考真题】 三,【中考真题】
  1. The headmaster warned these students not each other just now. A. chase B. chases C. to chase D. chasing
  2. With the terrible noise, most of the bricks the buildings quickly. A. fell down B. fell off C. felt down D. fell over
  3. Hello Kitty waved to the visitors while she to the music. A. danced B. is dancing C. was dancing D. were dancing
  4. The boy doesn't the little baby any more. (2006 江西) A. frighten B. frightens C. frightened D. frightening
  5. Betty didn't come to school yesterday she was ill. A. but B. than C. if D. because
  6. Aunt Li often asks her son too much meat. It's bad for his health. A. don't eat B. not to eat C. not eat D. to not eat
  7. We'll go to visit Tian'anmen Square it doesn't rain tomorrow. A. if B. as soon as C. when D. since
  8. fine mornings, old people get together and do exercise by the lake. A. On B. At C. To D. In
  9. ?Do you mind taking the guitar to the office for me? ? . Put it in my car, please. (2007 常州) A. Not at all B. Of course C. Yes, I do D. Never mind
  10. The drivers had to drive slowly and carefully as it got much (fog).
  11. My granny (fall) asleep while she was watching TV. So I put a blanket on her quietly.
  12. ?You were not at home when I called you yesterday. ?No, we weren't. We (drive) home.
  13. ?There was a heavy rain yesterday, wasn't there? ?Yes. When I came back home, it (rain) hard.
  14. ?I came to your home yesterday afternoon, but nobody was in. ?Oh, we some shopping in the supermarket. (2007 南通) A. have done B. did C. were doing D. are doing
  15.对话填空: W: Wow, another lovely spring day! But I hear spring isn't very pleasant here. M: That ⑴w really true in the past. It used to be very dusty (灰蒙蒙 的) ⑵w there were sandstorms in s
 

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