《谈谈初中英语词、词组及句型的同义转换》 同义句转换训练是初中英语学习的重点, 也是学生学习的难点, 同义句转换虽不是中考的专 题了,但它可以出现在听力测试、选择题、写作中。同义句转换训练可以让学生懂得词或词 组的多种说法。增加词汇量,也培养学生多动脑筋的习惯。本文将初中英语学习中常见的同 义句转换归纳如下: 一、意思相同、相近或相反的词的相互转换:
  1、意思相同的词或词组的相互转换。如: Thank you very much. please call me. Thanks a lot. please ring me up. He is mending the pen. He is fixing the pen.
  2、意思相近的词组相互转换。如: Would you tike a cup of tea? Do you want a cup of tea? We enjoyed ourselves last Sunday. We had a good time last Sunday.
  3、反义词的相互转换。如: I'm busy I'm not free. I borrowed a book from her yesterday she lent a bike to me yesterday. 二、形容词比较级和最高级的转换。如: Math is the most difficult of all the subjests. Math is more difficult than any other subjest. 三、表示天气方面的同义句转换。如:
  1、What's the weather like today? How is the weather today?
  2、The rain is heavy It's raining heavily. 四、表示时间方面的同义词句转换。如:
  1、It's time to go to school. It's time for school.
  2、I often get up at six forty-five. I often get up at a quarter to seven.
  3、lt takes me two hours to do my homework every day I spend two hours (in) doing my homework every day 五、问路及指路的同义词句转换。如:
  1、How can l get to the post office? which is the way to the post office? where is the post office?
  2、Go along this street and take the second turning on the left'. Walk along this street and turn left at the second crossing 六、表示交通方面的同义句转换。如:

  1、I always go to school on foot I always walk to school. Tom often takes the bus to school. Tom often goes to school by bus.
  2、Next week the Greens are flying to England for their holiday. Next week the Greens are going to England by air for their holiday. 七、感叹句的相互转换。如:
  1、What a clever boy he is! How clever the boy is!
  2、What fine weather it is today! How fine the weather is today! 八、复合句与简单句的相互转换。
  1、祈使句+or 的句子与条件状语从句的相互转换。如: Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students. If you don't work hard, you will fall behind the ofher students.
同义句转换训练是初中英语学习的重点, 也是学生学习的难点, 同义句转换虽不是中考的专 题了,但它可以出现在听力测试、选择题、写作中。同义句转换训练可以让学生懂得词或词 组的多种说法。增加词汇量,也培养学生多动脑筋的习惯。本文将初中英语学习中常见的同 义句转换归纳如下: 一、意思相同、相近或相反的词的相互转换:
  1、意思相同的词或词组的相互转换。如: Thank you very much. please call me. Thanks a lot. please ring me up. He is mending the pen. He is fixing the pen.
  2、意思相近的词组相互转换。如: Would you tike a cup of tea? Do you want a cup of tea? We enjoyed ourselves last Sunday. We had a good time last Sunday.
  3、反义词的相互转换。如: I'm busy I'm not free. I borrowed a book from her yesterday she lent a bike to me yesterday. 二、形容词比较级和最高级的转换。如: Math is the most difficult of all the subjests. Math is more difficult than any other subjest. 三、表示天气方面的同义句转换。如:
  1、What's the weather like today?
How is the weather today?
  2、The rain is heavy It's raining heavily. 四、表示时间方面的同义词句转换。如:
  1、It's time to go to school. It's time for school.
  2、I often get up at six forty-five. I often get up at a quarter to seven.
  3、lt takes me two hours to do my homework every day I spend two hours (in) doing my homework every day 五、问路及指路的同义词句转换。如:
  1、How can l get to the post office? which is the way to the post office? where is the post office?
  2、Go along this street and take the second turning on the left'. Walk along this street and turn left at the second crossing 六、表示交通方面的同义句转换。如:
  1、I always go to school on foot I always walk to school. Tom often takes the bus to school. Tom often goes to school by bus.
  2、Next week the Greens are flying to England for their holiday. Next week the Greens are going to England by air for their holiday. 七、感叹句的相互转换。如:
  1、What a clever boy he is! How clever the boy is!
  2、What fine weather it is today! How fine the weather is today! 八、复合句与简单句的相互转换。
  1、祈使句+or 的句子与条件状语从句的相互转换。如: Work hard, or you will fall behind the other students. If you don't work hard, you will fall behind the ofher students.
  2、带有宾语从句的复合句变简单句。如: ① I want to know how I can mend the bike. I want to know how to mend the bike. ② She found he was a very good pupil. she found him to be a very good pupil
  3、So…that 引导的状语从句的复合句与简单句 too…to 及 enough…to 结构的相互转换。 如: This desk is so heavy that he can't move it. This desk is too heavy tor him to move. He is so young that he can't go to school. He is not old enough to go to school. 总而言之,词、词组和句型的同义句转换是初中生学习的重点。教师在教学中要引导学生多
动脑筋,不断比较,抓住它们的特点,举一反三,灵活应用。
 

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