天河区初中英语专题辅导讲义
第一讲:语言知识与应用(一) 第一讲:语言知识与应用( 113 中学 陈奇米 教学思路: 教学思路: 练习梳理,归纳要点分层次练习 梳理,归纳要点 分层次练习 分层次练习总结解题方法 练习 梳理 总结解题方法 介绍动词及其常考的题型): 一,热身练习 (介绍动词及其常考的题型 : 介绍动词及其常考的题型

  1. 动词时态; 动词时态; By the time they the lost girl, she away for half a month. A. had found, was B. found, had been C. has found, is D. had found, had been
  2. 情态动词; 情态动词; ?What time is it? Should I hurry up? worry about the time. ?It's quite early. You A. mustn't B. may not C. needn't D. can't
  3. 被动语态; 被动语态; Green trees and colourful flowers could everywhere in Guangzhou. So the people also call Guangzhou "Flower City". A. see B. be looked C. are seen D. be seen
  4. 非谓语动词(不定式,动词 ing,分词) 非谓语动词(不定式,动词+ ,分词) He wasn't feeling well. He had to . A. stops working B. stop working C. stops to work D. stop to work
  5. 连系动词 The cake smells . A. wonderful B. wonderfully C. well D. badly
  6. 词组; 词组; I can't hear the weather report on the radio clearly. Could you please? A. turn it on B. turn it off C. turn it up D. turn it down
Part I: 动词的时态 :
专项练习: 的正确时态填充. 一, 专项练习 用 play 的正确时态填充.
  1. They football after school every day.
1

  2. Look! Li Ming football over there.
  3. I football with my classmates yesterday.
  4. Ling Dong football with me at this time yesterday.
  5. Tom football tomorrow afternoon.
  6. Tom said he football the next day.
  7. David just football.
  8..He said he football for 5 years. 二,重点归纳: 重点归纳: 补充动词 (study) 的八种时态 时态 动作特征 一般现在时 经常习惯性动作, 目前 经常习惯性动作 , 状态,客观真理. 状态, 客观真理. 一般过去时 过去发生动作或存在状 态 现在进行时 正在进行的动作 过去进行时 过去某一阶段或具体时 间正在进行的动作. 间正在进行的动作. 一般将来时 将来发生动作或状态 过去将来时 过去某一具体时间看将 发生动作或存在状态. 发生动作或存在状态. 现在完成时
  1) 至现在为止已完成的 动作; 动作;
  2) 从过去开始延 续到现在的动作或状态 过去完成时
  1) 到过去某一时间或动 作之前已经完成的动 作;
  2) 从过去某时开始 到另一个过去的时间为 止的动作或状态. 止的动作或状态. 三,例题精讲
  1) Mr Green always tells his daughter to wash her hands before she A. will go B. went C. is going D. goes *
  2) Bad luck! The film already for half an hour before we came here. Don't worry. Let's watch another one then. A. had, begun B. has, begun C. had, been on D. has, been on *
  3) It two years since he the League. A. is; has joined B. was; joined C. has been; joined D. had been; joined *
  4) __Rick! Your jacket is wet through. Didn't you listen to the weather report this morning?
2
结构归纳 结构归纳
时间状语
__No, I didn't. I was in a hurry. Besides, it when I left. A. hadn't rained B. would rain C. rained D. wasn't raining 5 ) I dinner until midnight last night, because I have too much work to do. A. haven't B. didn't have C. don't have D. hadn't had *
  6) More than two months already. A. passed B. have past C. has passed D. has past *
  7) ? How did the accident happen? difficult to see the road clearly because it . ? You know, it A. was…was raining B. is…has rained C. is…is raining D. will be…will rain *
  8) you the text? Yes, we it two hours ago. A. Did, copy; did B. Have, copied; have copied C. Have, copied; did D. Did, copy; had
  9) ? What your mother usually do in the evening? . ? She used to do some A. do, cleaning B. do, clean C. did, cleaned D. did, cleaning *
  10) In past three years there great changes in Guangzhou. A. are B. will be C. have been D. has been
  11) They about a new film when their teacher in. A. have talked… came B. didn't talk…was coming talk…comes C. will talk…comes D. were talking…came
  12) --? Can I help you, sir? Yes, I bought this radio here yesterday, but it . A. didn't work B. won't work C. isn't work D. doesn't work *
  13) John isn't here now. He Japan. But he in two days. A. has been to, will come back B. has gone to, will be back C. has been in, would come back D. has gone to, won't come back
  14) What's new? Oh, one of my friends in America to see me. She'll be here soon. A. comes B. has come C. come D. is coming
  15) While she NBA Games in the sitting room, the bell . A. watched,was ringing , C. was watching, rang 四,技巧点拨
  1. 找重要的时间状语
  2. 根据句意判断
  3. 排除法 B. is watching, rang D. was watching, was ringing
3
Part II :情态动词
一, 专项练习 (1 ) John come to see us tonight, but he isn't very sure yet. A. may B. can C. has to D. must (
  2) May I take this book out? No, you. A. can't B. may not C. needn't D. aren't (
  3) ( ) 2 You'd betterlate next time. A. not to be B. not be C. won't be D. don't be (
  4) He be in the classroom, I think. No, he be in the classroom. I saw him go home a minute ago. A. can; may not B. must; may not C. may; can't D. may; mustn't (5 ) He had to give up the plan, he? A. did B. didn't C. does D. doesn't 二,重点归纳 1, 情态动词大聚会: , 情态动词大聚会: have to, shall ,should ,will, would, ought to can, could , may, might, must ,need, , 等 2, 构成:can(may……)+do , 构成: ( ) 3, 分析难点: , 分析难点:
  1. must 的一般问句否定回答常用 needn't,有时用 don't have to , 的区别:
  2. must 和 have to 的区别:must(主观)必须,have to(客观)必须. (主观)必须, (客观)必须.
  3. need 是情态动词时无人称和数的变化,做实义动词时后加名词和带 to 的 是情态动词时无人称和数的变化, 不定式 不定式. * need to be done=need doing
  4. must 表示较大的可能性,表示否定或疑问的推测用 can't /can 表示较大的可能性, 是半助动词,
  5. have to 是半助动词,其否定和疑问形式要借用 do /does/did 三,例题精讲 (
  1) ?May I change the film here? do that in the sunshine. ?No, you A. needn't B. don't have to C. can't D. may not *(
  2). He come here tomorrow. A. need not B. doesn't need C. needn't to D. don't need *(
  3) Listen! Somebody is singing in the next room. Who it be? Is it Meihua? No. It be her. She is at school now. A. will, may not B. must, mustn't C. may, can't D. may,
4
won't (
  4) Boys, you be sitting in this room. It is for your teachers only. A. shouldn't B. don't C. won't D. needn't *(
  5) Peter has to work till midnight,? A. hasn't he B. doesn't Peter C. hasn't Peter D. doesn't he (
  6) It's raining hard outside, I stay at home. A. must B. have to C. may D. can *(
  7) My watch has been broken, it. A. needs repairing B. needs repaired C. needs be repaired D. needs to repaired. *(8 ) The poor man needs our help, he? A. need B. needn't C. does D. doesn't (9 ) I take the newspaper away? No, you mustn't. Youread it only here. A. Must; can B. May; can C. Need; must D. Must; must *(10 )Why don't you ask Mike to go with us? Thanks, . A. I will B. I won't C.I do D. I may *(11 ) He had better stay here, he? A. didn't B. don't C. hadn't D. isn't (12 ) You go and see a doctor at once because you're got a fever. A. can B. must C. dare D. would *(
  13) He had to give up the plan, he? A. did B. didn't C. does D. doesn't
Part
一,
III: 被动语态 :
专项练习: 专项练习: 阅读短文并找出短文中所含被动语态的句子 Peter has been worried all the week . Last Tuesday he received a letter from the police. In the letter he was asked to go to the police station. Peter didn't know why he was wanted by the police , but he went to the station yesterday and now isn't worried any more. At the station, he was told by a smiling policeman that his bicycle had been found. Five days ago, the policeman told him , the bicycle was picked up in a small village four hundred miles away. Peter was most surprised when he heard the news. He was glad too , because he never expected the bicycle could be found again. Peter lost it eight years ago when he was a boy of fifteen.
二,重点归纳 1,写出被动语态的结构 ,写出被动语态的结构: 2,写出动词(do)的被动语态 : ,写出动词( )
5
时态 一般现在时 一般过去时 现在进行时 过去进行时 情态动(can, may…….) 情态动 现在完成时 过去完成时
主动语态 do/does did be(am/is/are )+doing be(was/were) +doing can, may ……. +do have/has + done had + done
被动语态
三,难点分析: 难点分析: 例 1,Was the picture the teacher yesterday ? , A. shown B. show C. shown to D. show to 小结:如果主动语态的动词( 带有双宾语, 小结:如果主动语态的动词(buy, teach, pass, show 等)带有双宾语,如: give sb sth 则可改为 : sth be given to sb 或 sb be given sth 例 2,The boy was made streets without pay in the old days. , A. to clean B. clean C. cleaned D. be cleaned 小结: 小结:动词如 see, feel, watch, hear, make, let, have, help 等,在主动句中其 后面的不定式省 to,但变成被动时,to 要加上去,不能省略. ,但变成被动时, 要加上去,不能省略. 四,例题精讲
  1.Jack T
  1.Jack his T-shirt behind that tree, so it easily. A. hid; was seen B. was hidden; wasn't seen C. hid; didn't see D. hid; wasn't seen
  2. Green trees and colourful flowers could everywhere in Guangzhou. So the people also call Guangzhou "Flower City". A. see B. be looked C. are seen D. be seen 3 . How long has this shop ? A. be open B. been open C. opened D. been opened *
  4. ?You seem busy today, Jane. ?Our project in two days. I still have a lot to do. A. must hand B. must hand in C. must be handed D. must be handed in *
  5. ?Where are the boys? ?They basketball on the playground just now, but I am not sure whether they are still there now. A. were seen to play B. were seen playing C. are seen to play D. are seen playing *
  6. He told me that the book Ken two days before. A. had given B. had been given C. had been given to D. was given *
  7. Lookout, please keep away from the fire, or your trousers will.
6
A. burnt B. burn C. burning D. get burn
  8. Why to talk about it yesterday? A. didn't a meeting hold B. wasn't a meeting held C. wasn't held a meeting D. a meeting wasn't held *
  9. Who was the book? A. write B. wrote C. written D. written by
  10. The pot for hot water. A. used; keeping B. was used; keeping C. is used; to keep D. are used; keep
  11. The river smells terrible. People must dirty things into it. A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing C. stop to throw D. stop from throwing *
  12. Great changes in our country during the past 20 years. A. have happened B. happened C. have been happened D. were happened
  13. The apple very sweet. A. is tasted B. taste C. tastes D. are tasting *
  14. How dirty the tables are! They need. A. to clean B. clean C. cleaning D. cleaned
Part IV : 非谓语动词
定义: 定义: 在英语中,不能作谓语动词,而是作其他语法功能的动词,叫做非谓语动词. 在英语中,不能作谓语动词,而是作其他语法功能的动词,叫做非谓语动词. 一,专项练习
  1. I found it very important English well.
  2. it
  3. He raised his voice so that he could make himself. A. hearing B. to hear C. heard D. hear I I'm sorry I've kept you for so long. A. waited B. to wait C. wait D. waiting (不定式 二,考点分析: 不定式,动名词和分词.) 考点分析: 不定式,动名词和分词 ) ( A:不定式结构: :不定式结构: 肯定: 否定; 肯定:to do sth. . 否定;not to do sth. . B: V+ing 结构 : 结构.. 例题 1:Would you mind the window? : A. me opening B. my opening A. learning B. learn C. to learn Do you know next time? A. what can I do B. how can I do D.learned C. what to do it D. how to do
7
C. mine opening
D. I open
小结: like, feel 等词后常用+ 小结:在 finish, enjoy, keep, mind, miss, hate, , like 等词后常用 doing , 结构 例题 2:We decided a new computer . : A.buy B. to buy C. buying D. bought 小结: 小结: 在 decide, choose,start,begin,try ,agree, hope, wish, fail ,would like , , , /love 等词后常用 + to do 例题 3:When the baby her mother, she stopped at once. : A. saw; to cry B. looked; crying C. watched; cry D. saw; crying 例题 4:This morning I heard her in the next room. : A. to cry B. cries C. cried D. cry 小结: 小结:动词 stop,forget,remember,see,hear,watch 等后可加 todo 和 doing , , , , , 结构,但意思不同. 结构,但意思不同.其中 see,hear,watch 等在主动句中可省 to. , , . 三,例题精讲 *(
  1). Martin looks so well. We've never seen him so well before. A. is looked B. is looking C. to look D. look *(
  2) My father has decided because
 

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