天津师范大学英语教学课件
刘春雨
Practice:

  1. the baby could speak made his parents very happy. A A. That B. What C. Why D. If 主语从句

  2. I wonder you will go shopping or stay at home. C A. that B. if C. whether D. what 宾语从句 C
  3. This is he was often late for school. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 表语从句 B
  4. We all know the truth the earth around the sun. A. if; moved B. that; moves C. why; move D. whether; move 同位语从句
名词从句
在复合句中起名词作用的从句叫名词从句 Clauses)。 )。名词从句的功能相当于 (Noun Clauses)。名词从句的功能相当于 名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、 名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、 表语、同位语、介词宾语等, 表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在 句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为 句中不同的语法功能, 主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。 主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。
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名词性从句在功能上相当于名词
主语
{What he does is important
This is his job.
His job is important.
.
表语
{This is what he does every day.
I don’t like his job. 宾语 I don’t like what he does every day.
{
同位语
{I don’t know about the fact that he is a teacher.
I don’t know about the man, Mr. White.
Try to find the noun clauses in the Reading section on page 2 and tell the functions.
  1. At lunchtime, the radio weatherman reported that the mist would become a thick fog in the afternoon. Object clause
  2. She wondered if the buses would still be running. Object clause
  3.The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. Predicative clause
  4. She sensed that she was being watched by a tall man in a dark coat. Object clause
名词性从句考点归纳
一、名词性从句的语序 (
  1) 名词性从句构成有两种 ) a. That + 陈述句 That light travels in straight lines is known to all. b. 疑问词 句子的剩余成分 疑问词+句子的剩余成分 This is what we are looking for.
(
  2) 疑问词引导的名词性从句要求使用陈述句 语序,不能用一般疑问句语序。 语序,不能用一般疑问句语序。 他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜。 他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜。 How was he successful is still a puzzle. ( F ) How he was successful is still a puzzle. ( T ) 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗? 你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗? Could you tell me where he lives? ( T ) Could you tell me where does he live? ( F )
二、名词性从句连接词的选用 (
  1)that 和what 的选用 ) that 和 what 都可引导所有的名词从句。 都可引导所有的名词从句。 但是,what除起连接作用外 除起连接作用外, 但是,what除起连接作用外,还在名 词性从句中充当成分, 词性从句中充当成分,可做从句的主 宾语、或表语。 语、宾语、或表语。而that在名词性从 在名词性从 句中不充当任何成分,只起连接作用。 句中不充当任何成分,只起连接作用。
that / what What
  1. he wants is a book. That
  2. he wants to go there is obvious. that
  3.The result is we won the game. what
  4.This is we want to know. what
  5.Is he told us true ? what
  6.We should pay attention to the teacher is saying. that
  7. I have no doubt he will come.
  8. I have no idea what he did that afternoon.
if 和whether 的选用 不能使用if 的情况: 不能使用 的情况: a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f. whether to do 做动词宾语不能用 to do. 做动词宾语不能用if g .whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用if.
if / whether
  1. I asked her if / whether she had a bike. Whether
  2. we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather.
  3. We’re worried about he is safe. whether whether/if
  4. I don’t know he is well or not.
  5. I don’t knowwhether or not he is well.
  6. The question is whether he should do it.
  7.The doctor can hardly answer the question whether the old man will recover soon.
  8. I don’t know whether to go.
其它连接代词和副词的连用
主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义,正确的 主要根据名词性从句中的具体意义 正确的 选择who、which、when、where、why、 选择 、 、 、 、 、 how 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义, 等连接词,这些连接词既具有疑问含义, 又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各种成分。 又起连接作用,同时在从句中充当各种成分。
我们何时举行运动会还没有决定。 我们何时举行运动会还没有决定。 we shall hold our sports meeting is When not decided. 我不知道昨天谁打破了玻璃。 我不知道昨天谁打破了玻璃。 who I don’t know broke the glass yesterday. 我不知道他长的什么样子。 我不知道他长的什么样子。 what I have no idea he looks like. 这就是我忘记眼镜的地方。 这就是我忘记眼镜的地方。 where This is I left my glasses.
引导词that 的省略 引导词 that 可省略的情况: 可省略的情况: 单个宾语从句中的that可省略 单个宾语从句中的 可省略 that不可省略的情况: 不可省略的情况: 不可省略的情况 a. 主语从句 b.表语从句 表语从句 c.同位语从句 同位语从句 d.用it做形式宾语的宾语从句 用 做形式宾语的宾语从句 e. 并列的宾语从句中的后几个从句的 引导词that 不能省略 引导词
that/ (that) (that)
  1.I don’t think she is coming. that
  2.It is a pity he has made such a mistake. that
  3.The reason is he is careless . that
  4.The news our team won the match inspired us. that
  5.I don’t think it necessary you should read English aloud. (that)
  6.He told me his father had died that and he had to make a living alone.
三、同位语从句的引导和辨别

  1.同位语从句的格式:n.+ 连接词 + 从句 同位语从句的格式: 同位语从句的格式
  2.能接同位语从句的名词有:fact、idea, news, 能接同位语从句的名词有: 能接同位语从句的名词有 、 information, order, belief, suggestion, advice等 等
  3.连接词通常是 连接词通常是that,也可根据含义选用 连接词通常是 也可根据含义选用 whether, what, when, where 等来引导同位语从句。 等来引导同位语从句。
that/ whether / where/ how
where
  1. I have no idea he comes from. how
  2. He can’t answer the question he got the money. that
  3.He gave us many suggestions we should get up earlier and take more exercise. that
  4.I have no doubt he will win. whether
  5. I have some doubt he will win.
同位语从句和定语从句的区别
  1.定语从句是先行词的修饰语,它不涉及先行词的 定语从句是先行词的修饰语, 定语从句是先行词的修饰语 具体内容。定语从句中that不但起连接作用,而且 不但起连接作用, 具体内容。定语从句中 不但起连接作用 在定语从句中充当一个句子成分, 在定语从句中充当一个句子成分,充当从句的宾语成分 时可省略。 时可省略。
  2.同位语从句对中 心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明, 同位语从句对中 心词的内容作进一步的解释和说明, 表明中心词的具体内容。引导同位语从句的that 表明中心词的具体内容。引导同位语从句的 在同位语从句中不做任何成分,只起连接作用 只起连接作用,无具体 在同位语从句中不做任何成分 只起连接作用 无具体 含义,且不可省略 含义 且不可省略.
Attributive or Appositive
  1.We expressed the hope that they had expressed.
  2. We expressed the hope that they would come to China again. AP AT

  1.The information has been announced that more middle school graduates will be admitted into university. AP
  2.The information that he revealed at the meeting is of great value. AT
名词demand, suggestion, proposal, advice 名词 等词后的同位语从句的语气要用虚拟语气, 等词后的同位语从句的语气要用虚拟语气 结构为 should + do, should 可省略 He gave me a suggestion that I ( should ) be calm now.
宾语从句的时态呼应

  1. 如果主句时态是现在时或将来时 从句谓语 如果主句时态是现在时或将来时,从句谓语 可根据句意需要而选用任一种时态. 可根据句意需要而选用任一种时态 a .他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的 他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的. 他相信他的梦想总有一天会实现的 his dream will come true some He believes . day b .请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么 请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么. 请告诉我你昨天这个时候在干什么 what you were doing at this Please tell me .time yesterday

  2. 如果主句谓语是过去时 从句谓语动词一般用过去的 如果主句谓语是过去时,从句谓语动词一般用过去的 某种时态,但从句表达的是客观事实 真理、 但从句表达的是客观事实、 某种时态 但从句表达的是客观事实、真理、自然规 律等时,从句谓语通常用一般现在时。 律等时,从句谓语通常用一般现在时。 他告诉我他正在为考试做准备。 他告诉我他正在为考试做准备。 he was preparing for the examination He told me . 他说他已离开家乡十年了。 他说他已离开家乡十年了。 He had been away from his He told me . hometown for ten years 老师告诉我们光是沿直线运行的。 老师告诉我们光是沿直线运行的。 light travels in a straight The teacher tell us line.
Movie time
late for dinner (I)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Customer: Is this pink too bright for me? Marilyn: Mmm-hmm. It is a very bright pink. Try this. It's size eight. Customer: But I wear size ten. Marilyn: How about green? It's size ten. Customer: Let me try it on. Customer: I'm taking too much of your time. Marilyn: It's six 0'clock. Where's my husband? I was expecting him here at five forty-five. Customer. Don't worry. The we're going to be late for dinner. Marilyn: I know. But we're going to be late for dinner. Customer: I'll take this green sweater. I like the color on me, don't you? Marilyn: I think it looks terrific on you.
late for dinner (II)
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Richard: I'm sorry I'm so late. I had a really bad day. Marilyn: It's ten after six. We're late. Robbie's cooking tonight,and dinner's at six thirty. Richard: I know. I know.I'm really sorry. I left my bag of film on the ferry. I went back for it , but the ferry was gone. I lost a whole day's work. Marilyn: I'll call the Staten lsland Ferry lost-andfound office. Richard: I didn't think of that. Thanks. Marilyn: Hello, Yes. The number, please, of the Staten lsland Ferry lost-and-found office. Five five five...zero eight zero eight. Thank you. Richard: I really appreciate it, Marilyn. Marilyn: Hello. Did anyone find a camera bag this afternoon, a small canvas bag, on the J.F.Kennedy Ferry?...No? Maybe someone will find it. The name is Stewart, Richard Stewart. And the telephone number is five five five...three oh nine oh. Thank you.Sorry, Richard. They don't have it. Richard: Thanks,anyway. There was a girl on the ferry. Now maybe... Marilyn: Tell me about it on the way home.
? ?

  1.It now appears they are in need of help. A. that A. which A. thought that C. is thought that
  4.It he is late for class. A. may that C. may be that
  5.This is she was born. A. where A. that B. which B. what C. that C. which D. what D. when
  6.The question is we can’t go there today. B. might that D. might be what B. which B. what C. what C. that B. thinks that D. is thought that D. how D. how
  2.It is good news they will arrive in a few days.
  3.It Joe drives badly.

  7.The question is it is worth doing. A. if B. whether C. which D. what
  8.The reason he has made such great progress is he has never wasted his time. A. because A. what A. build A. keep A. Who that B. why B. that B. will build B. would keep B. Whoever C. that C. which C. be built C. keeps C. Whom that D. what D. where D. will be built D. kept D. That who
  9.My suggestion is we should turn the land into rice fields.
  10.His proposal is that the dam at the foot of the mountain.
  11.My advice is that he regular house.
  12. knows the truth will tell you about it.

  13.We all know the truth the earth goes round the sun. A. that B. which C. what D. whether

  14.We heard the news our team had won. A. which B. that C. what D. where

  15.The problem it is right or wrong has not yet been decided. A. which B. that C. whether D. if

  16.You must do well the teacher asks you to do. A. whic
 

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