U. 5 The Silver Screen
No.2 Middle School Mr. Zhang
Language points
重点词组及表达
练习做… 练习做 与某人讨论某事 扮演角色 因…获得 获得 和某人结婚 使某人出名 做研究工作 出毛病 去打猎 成功的秘诀 毕业于 因…而出名 而出名
practise doing sth discuss sth with sb play a role in win sth for get married to make sb famous do research go wrong go hunting the secret of success graduate from be known /famous/ wellknown for
重点词组及表达
替代某人 take one's place 从…逃走 逃走 run away from 不能做某事 fail to do sth 需要 call for 高度评价 think highly of 鼓励某人做某事 encourage sb to do sth 忍不住做某事 can't help doing sth 拜访某人 call on sb /drop in on sb 拜访某地 call at sth / drop in at sth
Main points

  1. 双重疑问句
  2. play a role
  3. graduate
  4. While still a student
  5. work as
  6. win / beat
  7. marry
  8. in the beginning
  9. real / true
  10. be to do 的用法
  11. keep
  12. go wrong
  13. in the end
  14. owe
  15. before
  16. can’t help doing
  17. afford
  18. live / alive / living

  1. 双重疑问句
What do you think is likely to happen? 在日常谈话中,常用一种以疑问词开头的 复杂疑问句,do you think 相当于一个插入语, 除 think外,还有believe, imagine, propose, say, suppose, guess, consider, suggest等。 How fast would you say he drove? How high do you think those mountains are? What do you think he had better do?
使用该句型应注意以下几个问题
  1、由于 do you think 是句中的插入语,前后均 可加逗号与主句隔开,写成下列句式: What, do you think, is likely to happen?
  2、do you think 也可移至句尾,用逗号与前面的 主句隔开。 What is likely to happen, do you think?
  3、不能用 yes 或 no 来回答,应用完整的句子来 回答。 Where do you think they had better go? I think he had better go to Shanghai.
考题点击: 考题点击: She is supposed to come at eight. Why hasn’t she turned up yet? . A A. What do you think may have happened to her B. What do you think to happen to her C. Do you think what have happened to her D. Do you think what may happened to her

  2. play a role / part (of sb./ sth.) in
play an important part in; play a big / small part in 与...有(极大或一点)关系 He had an important part to play in ensuring the success of the plan. play a / the part of ... in ...在…里扮演角色 play the role of 扮演角色、在…起作用 He played the part of Hamlet in this film. =He played the title-role in “Hamlet”.

  3. graduate
graduate v.毕业 n.毕业生
graduation n. 毕业 I graduated in Chinese. 中文系毕业 I am a graduate. graduate from …从…地方毕业 I graduated from university last year. After graduating from middle school, he had to find a job to help support his family.

  4. While still a student
① While still a student, she … 相当于 While he was still a student, … 在英语中某些表示时间 条件 方式或让步 时间, 时间 条件, 方式或让步等 的从句可以进行如下省略: 从句主语 主句主语 从句主语和主句主语 一致时(或从句主语 it ), 而谓语中又含有 be , 从句主语是 从句主语 谓语中又含有 那么主语 be 都可以省略. 主语和 主语 eg.
  1. Don’t talk while (you are) eating.
  2. When (he was ) asked how he gained the first place, he suddenly became cheerful.

  3. If (they are) operated by the computer in the future, many of the trains will have no drivers.
  4. Although (it was) sold out, the book can’t turn out to be good.
  5. The boys will go out to play football whenever (it is) possible.
  6. If (it is) necessary, I’ll bring my dictionary here next time.
② 由 after 引导的时间状语从句可以简写成 after + v-ing 形式, 但主、从句的主语必须一致. eg.
  1. After going off that place, he chose another style of life.
  2. After getting to the station, he found he didn’t carry the most important thing.
  3. After going to the high school, he must try his best to study. ③ when, while 连接句子, 主、从句主语一致时,从句 从句 中动词和主句的主语是主动关系, 用现在分词 是 中动词和主句的主语是主动关系 现在分词, 现在分词 被动关系,则用过去分词 过去分词. 被动关系 过去分词
eg.
  1. When going out, I heard the phone ring.
  2. When heated, water can be changed into steam.
  3. While doing my work, I found some points that I don’t understand.
高考点击
D with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean doesn’t seem big at all. A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared

  5. work as
work as… 做…的工作 eg.
  1. His uncle works as a soldier.
  2. In the past, his mother worked as a teacher; now she is a businessman. work on 忙于, 从事于… eg.
  1. Green is working on a new novel.
  2. He has been working on the painting for days.

  6. win / beat
win 赢(战斗、比赛、竞选、荣誉) beat 击败、战胜(对手); 连续击打;(心脏)跳动 defeat 击败、战胜(对手)、使…困惑、(希望、
目的)不能实现 By not working hard enough you defeat your own purpose. I’ve tried to solve this problem, but it defeats me. He beat me at chess. She was determined to win the race. She won the first prize in the match.
考题点击: 考题点击:
D
  1. She had a nature that quickly her the friendship of her classmates. A. defeated C. struck B. beat D. won
解析: 解析:A、B、两项用法相同,其宾语都为对手, win 表示“赢得奖项和荣誉”,同时它还可以 接双宾语,表示“为某人赢得……”。如: By hard work she won herself a place at university.

  7. marry a. vt: take as a husband or wife John is going to marry Jane. b. vi: Mary married young. Harry didn't marry until he was over fifty. c. vt. (牧师,官员等)主持...的婚礼,使...结为 夫妇 Which priest(牧师) is going to marry them?
d. vt.嫁(女): He has married all her daughters. 注意:marry为短暂性动词,不能与表示一段时间 的时间状语连用。 be married ( to ); 表状态 get married (to); 表动作 marriage n.

  1. She married a man with a lot of money. (错误 错误:She married with / to a man with …) 错误
  2. They got married a year ago.
  3. They have been married for a year. (错误 错误:They got married for a year.) 错误
  4. The old man married his daughter to an engineer.
  5. His daughter was / got married to an engineer.

  8. in the beginning
in the beginning 在开始, at the beginning of 在…的开始 eg.
  1. In the beginning I didn’t know the importance of the thing.
  2. At the beginning of this term, we got many new chances to exercise.

  9. real / true
real 所形容之物与实际存在和所感念的事物相符, 并非假想, 捏造. true 强调主观方面的现实性, 即语言故事, 品质非 编造的、忠实。. eg.
  1. It is a real gold match.
  2. These are the real facts.
  3. Her dream has come true.
  4. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall isn’t a true man.

  10. be to do 的用法

  1. be to do 结构常常表示计划或安排 计划或安排做某事。 计划或安排 如:The train for Beijing is to start at 9:
  00. 去北京的火车9点开。
  2. 当对象为第二人称 第二人称时,常表示转述他人的指示、 转述他人的指示、 第二人称 转述他人的指示 要求。如: 要求 Your mother says you are to wait till she comes back. 你妈妈说让你一直等她回来。
  3. 当这种结构用于第三人称 第三人称时,表示命令或指示 命令或指示。 第三人称 命令或指示 如:The door is to be closed. 门要关牢。
结构: 注意比较 be about to … 结构 be about to do 下一刻即将进行的动作,不与明显 的时间状语连用, 通常与引导的时间状语连用,表 示即将、突然发生某事. eg.
  1. I was about to go out when it began to rain.
  2. I am about to go out. Do you want anything?

  11. keep ①用作使役动词,跟复合结构表示“使继 续处于某种状态” Don’t keep your mother waiting. The other students in the class keep their healthy.
②用作联系动词,意思是 “保持”,“继续(处于 某种状态)” Jim, you must look after yourself and keep healthy. [注] keep 后通常跟动作的动词,不跟表静态的动 注 词,如通常说keep running (talking, writing, reading)而不说keep standing (sitting, sleeping, lying)等。
③阻止,防止 (keep…from…) What kept you from joining us? ④保管,保存,保留 Keep the change! 零钱不用找了。 How to keep seeds is important in agriculture. ⑤赡养,照顾,养护 Does he earn enough to keep himself and his family? ⑥经营 He kept a shop in the town.
常见的keep 短语 常见的 keep up 保持、维持(一种状态或进展情况) keep back 不让他人知道、阻止 keep on 继续做 keep from 阻止、防止、不让…做… keep up with 赶上 keep out 不让入内 keep off 不让靠近、远离 keep to 遵守、履行

  1. You’re keeping something from us. What back is it?
  2. The heavy rain kept us holding the sports from meet.
  3. He kept till the work was finished. on
  4. Would you please close the door to keep the noise ? out
  5. If the rain keeps , all the crops will be up ruined.
  6. At first he couldn’t keep up the class. with

  12. go wrong
① go 可以表示进入某种状态,变为 go bad , blind, mad, pale, bankrupt and so on. eg Her hair is going grey. Fish soon goes bad in hot weather. The old man has gone blind. I often went hungry as a young boy. ② go wrong 走错路,出毛病,发生故障 eg. Something has gone wrong with the car. The machine went wrong.
③ “go” 还可作“进行”、“进展”解 The interview with the boss went well. Sales of the books are going quite well. ④ “go”的过去分词gone常用作表语形容词,意思 是“(人)不在”、“走了”、“(物)丢失 了”、“用完了”等。 Liu Mei is already gone. When gas is gone, everybody will be freezing cold.

  13. in the end
in the end 最终 at the end of 在的末尾 eg. In the end he got the first place. At the end of this term we will hold a party. by the end of words. 到末尾 eg. By the end of last term, we had learned 300
用 at / by / in the end 填空

  1. the road, there used to be At the end of a hospital.
  2. last month, they had finished By the end of 70 percent of the project.
  3. this month, he will go to the At the end of United States.
  4.They had a football match with Class 4 in the end yesterday and they won.

  14. owe
  1) 欠、欠(某人)债 某人) He owes $50 to me. / He owes me $
  50. He still owes for the goods he got last month. 他仍然欠上个月买东西的帐。
  2) 感激、受到 感激、受到……的恩惠 的恩惠 I owe it to you that I’m still alive. 我现在还活着,真得感谢你。 He always owes his achievements to his friends. 他总是把自己的成就归功于他的朋友们。

  3) owing to 由于 Owing to the rain, the match was cancelled. 由于下雨,比赛取消了。 注意比较 own v. (拥有) Many peasants now own cars in our country. (= … have their own cars … ) own n. (自己) She has a computer of her own. The clever boy worked out the problem on his own.
考题点击: 考题点击:
A
  1. She to the headmaster that she has been accepted by this college. A. owes it B. gives it C. owes this D. owed it
  2. We owe . A Yes, we should owe our success _ all our teachers. A. our teachers a lot … to B. a lot to our teachers … for C. our teachers a lot … from D. a great deal for our teachers … for A
  3. How much did I you this month in all? --. A. owe … None B. owe … Nothing C. lend … Nothing D. borrow … None

  15. before (
  1) … (以后)才… It was a long time before I got to sleep last night. It will be 4 years before we meet again. (
  2) 不等…就… He left before I had a chance to tell him the good news. (
  3) 不多久…就… We hadn’t waited long before the bus came. (
  4)宁愿…也不… He will die of hunger before he will steal. We will die before we will betray our country.

  16. can’t help doing
can’t help doing 与 can’t help (to) do can’t help doing (= can’t help but do …) 忍不住 … When I heard the news, I couldn’t help crying. = … I couldn’t help but cry. can’t help (to) do 不能帮助做… I am very busy washing now. I can’t help cook. help oneself to (食物等)随便使用 食物等) May I use your dictionary? Help yourself. He helped himself to some money in the bank.
考题点击: 考题点击:
  1. She can’t help the house because she’s busy. A A. to clean C. cleaned B. cleaning D. being cleaned

  2. Do you think I could borrow your dictionary? . C (
  97. NMET)
A. Yes, you may borrow B. Yes, you could C. Yes, help yourself D. Yes, go on.

  17. afford a. 常与 can, could, be able to 连用 有足够的 连用,有足够的 时间/钱去做 时间 钱去做 We can't afford a holiday/can't afford to go away this summer. b. (与can, could连用 冒...之险 连用)冒 之险 与 连
 

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