Unit 5
Language Structures Dialogue I Dialogue II Reading I Reading II Guided Writing Interaction Activities
Listening Practice
Unit 5
LSP
LS 1 2
Unit 5
LSP
LS
See the following sentences and find out the grammar rules they use: use: The first notice says that some students are requested to go to the Department Office before 8 October. October. He asks Mr. Ford how he has been. Mr. been. He asks Mr. Ford if he is still busy learning how to Mr. paint. paint.
Follow up activity
Unit 5
LSP
直接引语和间接引语 说话人一字不差地直接引述别人的话,叫做直接引语; 说话人一字不差地直接引述别人的话,叫做直接引语; 说话人用自己的话转述别人的话,叫做间接引语。引 说话人用自己的话转述别人的话,叫做间接引语。 语在句中实际上就是宾语或宾语从句。 语在句中实际上就是宾语或宾语从句。引述或转述要 由动词来担任,叫做引述动词,常见的引述动词有: 由动词来担任,叫做引述动词,常见的引述动词有: say, tell, ask, think, write等. write等 1 直接引语为陈述句的间接引语 直接引语为陈述句时,间接引语由that引导 that在 引导, ⑴ 直接引语为陈述句时,间接引语由that引导,that在 say后可以省略。同时引语时态一般与引述动词保持一 say后可以省略 后可以省略。 如引述动词为一般现在时或一般将来时, 致。如引述动词为一般现在时或一般将来时,间接引 语的时态不变。 语的时态不变。 He said to me, “I like all kinds of birds.” → He told me that he liked all kinds of birds. He will say, “I have watered the flowers.” → He will say that he has watered the flowers.
Unit 5
LSP
⑵ 直接引语变为间接引语时,除了时态改变以外,人 直接引语变为间接引语时,除了时态改变以外, 时间状语、某些指示代词、 称、时间状语、某些指示代词、物主代词等也要作相 应的改变。 应的改变。 2 直接引语为疑问句的间接引语 直接引语为疑问句变为间接引语时,原来的倒装语序 直接引语为疑问句变为间接引语时, 变为自然语序。 变为自然语序。原为特殊疑问句要变为由疑问代词或 疑问副词引导的宾语从句,原为一般疑问句、 疑问副词引导的宾语从句,原为一般疑问句、选择疑 问句或反意疑问句等变为由whether或if引导的宾语从 问句或反意疑问句等变为由whether或if引导的宾语从 句。 He asked me, “Where do you come from?” → He asked me where I came from. They asked me, “Do you go home by bus or on foot?” → They asked me whether I went home by bus or on foot. Father asked him, “You don’t have much work to do, do you?” → Father asked him if he had much work to do.
Unit 5
LSP
3 直接引语为祈使句的间接引语 直接引语为祈使句变为间接引语时, 直接引语为祈使句变为间接引语时,间接引语通常 变为不定式短语,在句中充当宾语补足语。 变为不定式短语,在句中充当宾语补足语。引述动 sb改为 改为asked sth)。 词said to sb改为asked / told sb (to do sth)。 The teacher said to me, “Come earlier tomorrow, please.” please. → The teacher asked me to come / go earlier the next day. The policeman said, “Don’t play in the street, boys!” → The policeman told the boys not to play in the street.
Unit 5
LSP
LS
Follow up activity
Reporting the following sentences The boy says, “I like English movies.” movies. “I really don’t stay up so late.” Jim says to his mother. late. mother. “Can you follow me?” the teacher says to us. us. “Is this the only size you have?” the customer asks the shopshopassistant. assistant. “Who’s absent today?” asks the monitor. monitor. “When shall we have a trip?” the children asks their parents. parents.
Unit 5
LSP
1
LSP I Notice Board
Practice following conversations:
A: Anything new on the notice board, Zhang? B: It says that some students are requested to go to the Department Office before 8 October. A: Does it say why? B: Let’s see if your name’s on the list.
Unit 5
LSP
Language points for LSP I:
  1. Notes on writing a notice
  1) A notice should be short and to the point.
  2) The information must be given very clearly.
  3) Notices are usually written in the third person, passive voice.
  4) Many notices are written in phrases.
  2. no later than e.g. You should hand in you paper no later than this weekend.
  3. postpone: v. put off until another date e.g. We postponed the match from March 5th to March 19th.
Unit 5
LSP

  4. collapsible: adj. can be folded and opened e.g. This is a collapsible umbrella.
  5. canteen: n. place where food and drink are sold and meals bought and eaten, a recreation hall or social club where refreshments are available.
  6. owing to: because of e.g. Owing to our joint efforts, we finished the work ahead of schedule.
  7. folklore: n. (study of the) traditional beliefs, tales etc.
Unit 5
LSP

  8. chamber music: music written for a small group of instruments
  9. orchestra: n. group of persons playing musical instruments together
  10. auditorium: n. a building such as a theatre, etc.
  11. FLECA― Foreign Language Extra-curricular FLECA― ExtraActivities
Unit 5
LSP
2
LSP II Letters
Practice following conversations:
A: Who is the first letter from? B: A: What does he have to tell Mr. Ford? B:
Unit 5
LSP
Language points for LSP II:

  1. the Alps It’s the biggest mountain in Europe.
  2. can’t help doing e.g. On hearing the news, we can’t help laughing.
  3. seat belt e.g. Please put on your seat belt when you are on the superhighway.
Unit 5
LSP
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
103f ng Chinese as a Foreign Language
Working in pairs, discuss the following questions: How long have you been learning English? Do you have any difficulties in learning English? What are the major differences between Chinese and English? Have you ever attend Li Yang’s lecture on Crazy English? What’s your opinion on learning English?
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Listening to the recording and answer the questions on specific details of this dialogue What do David and Xiaohua think of Chinese grammar? What difficulties does each of them have in learning Chinese and English? How does David find the tonal system of the Chinese language? Does he have difficulty with it? Why does David mention the proverb “Rome was not built in a day”?
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Browse through the dialogue and try to list the differences between English and Chinese .
items Grammatical structure Writing system Pronunciation others
English
Chinese
Unit 5
DI

  1)英语单词的准确数量,没有正式的统计,语言学家一般认为,
  1)英语单词的准确数量,没有正式的统计,语言学家一般认为, 英语单词的准确数量 英语单词(不包括专用词汇、人名、地名等) 大约有17万个 万个, 英语单词(不包括专用词汇、人名、地名等),大约有17万个, 其中约7万个是已经或者即将废弃的, 其中约7万个是已经或者即将废弃的,因此英语单词的大致数 量是10万个 万个。 量是10万个。 (
  2)英语单词中,不会连续出现三个相同的字母,但如果我们给 (
  2)英语单词中 不会连续出现三个相同的字母, 英语单词中, 单词添加后缀,则可能出现这种情况,比如governess(女总督 女总督) 单词添加后缀,则可能出现这种情况,比如governess(女总督) 变成governessship(女总督职务 女总督职务) 变成governessship(女总督职务)。 (
  3)英语单词中,字母不重复的最长单词是uncopyrightable(不能 (
  3)英语单词中 字母不重复的最长单词是uncopyrightable(不能 英语单词中, 获得版权保护的) 15个不重复的字母组成 个不重复的字母组成。 获得版权保护的),由15个不重复的字母组成。 (
  4)英语中最著名的一个回文,是拿破仑被流放到Elba岛时说的 (
  4)英语中最著名的一个回文 是拿破仑被流放到Elba岛时说的 英语中最著名的一个回文, 一句话: Elba(在我看到 在我看到Elba岛之前 岛之前, 一句话:Able was I ere I saw Elba(在我看到Elba岛之前,我曾所 向无敌) 这句话不论是从左向右看,还是从右向左看, 向无敌),这句话不论是从左向右看,还是从右向左看,内容 都一样。 都一样。 (
  5)在英语中,一般人即能看懂的最长单词是 (
  5)在英语中 在英语中, antidisestablishmentarianism(赞同国家对教会的支持 antidisestablishmentarianism(赞同国家对教会的支持),由28个字 赞同国家对教会的支持) 28个字 母组成。 母组成。
Unit 5 汉字是语素文字,总数非常庞大。秦代的《仓颉》、《博学》、《爰 博学》 汉字是语素文字,总数非常庞大。秦代的《仓颉》 三篇共有3300字 汉代扬雄作《训纂篇》 5340字 历》三篇共有3300字,汉代扬雄作《训纂篇》,有5340字,到许慎作 说文解字》就有9353字了 晋宋以后,文字又日渐增繁。 字了, 《说文解字》就有9353字了,晋宋以后,文字又日渐增繁。据唐代封 闻见记?文字篇》所记晋吕忱作《字林》 12824字 演《闻见记?文字篇》所记晋吕忱作《字林》,有12824字,后魏杨承庆 字统》 13734字 梁顾野王作《玉篇》 16917字 作《字统》,有13734字,梁顾野王作《玉篇》有16917字。唐代孙强增 字本《玉篇》 22561字 到宋代司马光修《类篇》多至31319字 字本《玉篇》有22561字。到宋代司马光修《类篇》多至31319字,到清 康熙字典》就有47000多字了 1915年欧阳博存等的 多字了。 年欧阳博存等的《 代《康熙字典》就有47000多字了。1915年欧阳博存等的《中华大字 48000多字 1959年日本诸桥辙次的 大汉和辞典》 多字。 年日本诸桥辙次的《 典》,有48000多字。1959年日本诸桥辙次的《大汉和辞典》,收字 49964个 1971年张其昀主编的 中文大辞典》 49964个。1971年张其昀主编的《中文大辞典》,有49888字。 随着时 年张其昀主编的《 49888字 代的推移,字典中所收的字数越来越多。1990年徐仲舒主编的 年徐仲舒主编的《 代的推移,字典中所收的字数越来越多。1990年徐仲舒主编的《汉语 大字典》 收字数为54678个 1994年冷玉龙等的 中华字海》 年冷玉龙等的《 大字典》,收字数为54678个。1994年冷玉龙等的《中华字海》,收字 数更是惊人,多达85000字 数更是惊人,多达85000字。 如果学习和使用汉字真的需要掌握七八万 个汉字的音形义的话, 个汉字的音形义的话,那汉字将是世界上没人能够也没人愿意学习和 使用的文字了。幸好《中华字海》 使用的文字了。幸好《中华字海》一类字书里收录的汉字绝大部分是 死字” 也就是历史上存在过而今天的书面语里已经废置不用的字。 “死字”,也就是历史上存在过而今天的书面语里已经废置不用的字。 有人统计过十三经( 易经》 尚书》 左传》 公羊传》 有人统计过十三经(《易经》、《尚书》、《左传》、《公羊传》、 论语》 孟子》 13部典籍),全部字数为 部典籍),全部字数为589283个字 个字, 《论语》、《孟子》等13部典籍),全部字数为589283个字,其中不 相同的单字数为6544个字 因此, 个字。 相同的单字数为6544个字。因此,实际上人们在日常使用的汉字不过 六七千而已。 六七千而已。
DI
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Read the dialogue loudly in pairs and find out useful expressions in the text.
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Language points
  1. Your CFL programme: you study of Chinese as a Foreign Langue Other acronyms (只取首字母缩写词): (只取首字母缩写词 只取首字母缩写词): TOEFL: TOEFL: Test of English as a Foreign Language IELTS: IELTS: International English Language Testing System BEC: BEC: Business English Certificate CETCET-4: College English Test Band 4 TEM: TEM: Test for English Majors UNESCO: UNESCO: United Nation’s Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Language points
  2. go through: experience; endure e.g. He would have gone through fire and water for his motherland.
  3. ordeal: n. a terrible or painful experience that continues for a period of time e.g. Standing in the sun on a hot summer day is an ordeal. She then had to go through the ordeal of giving evidence.
  4. have difficulty / problems / trouble with
  5. to name just a few: to give only a few examples e.g. I love sports, football, basketball, shadowboxing and baseball, to name just a few.
Unit 5
DI
Dialogue I
Learning Chinese as a Foreign Language
Language points
  6. Stoke: single movement of a pen or brush; sound made by a bell e.g. He wrote with vigorous strokes. The class came to an end on the stroke of
  12. useful expressions: at a/one stroke: with a single sudden ac
 

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