Unit 6 Good Manners
Language points
No.2 Middle School Mr. Zhang
phrases

  1、因……向某人道歉
apologize to sb.

  2、给……留下好印象
make a god impression on sb.

  3、知道在用餐时如何表现
know how to behave at table

  4、当为……的健康干杯时
when drinking to someone’s health

  5、跟上时代潮流
follow the fashion of the day

  6、被允许做某事 be allowed to do sth.
  7、充分利用 make good use of
  8、供给某人食物 provide sb. with sth.
  9、未经某人允许拿走某物 take sth. away without permission
  10、祝你万事如意 Wish you all the best!

  1. manner
(
  1) 用作可数名词,意思是“方法”,“方式”, 通常用单数形式。 I love duck cooked in Chinese manner. 我喜欢吃中国烧法的鸭子。 (
  2) 用作可数名词,意思是“举止”,“态度”, 常用单数形式。 I don't like his manner. It's too rude. (
  3) 用作复数形式,意思是“礼貌”,“规矩”。 It is bad manners to speak loudly in public. ill-mannered / well-mannered / rough-mannered

  2. apologize
apologize: apologize ( to sb.) ( for sth.) You must apologize to her for your being so rude. apology: offer / make / accept / refuse an apology 表示/从事/接受/拒绝道歉 offer sb. an apology 向某人道歉 make an apology ( to sb.)
考题点击: 考题点击:
D The child was told to for being impolite. A. excuse B. praise C. thank D. apologize

  3.gratitude
用作名词,意思是“感恩,感谢”,通常用作 “感恩,感谢” 不可数名词。 常见短语out of gratitude,意思是“出于感谢 出于感谢”。 出于感谢 express one's gratitude to sb.for sth. 意思是“为某事对某人表示感谢”。 He expressed his gratitude to me for my help. 他为我对他的帮助表示感谢。 Out of gratitude,he invited me to dinner. 出于感激,他邀请我吃饭。

  4.introduce
I introduced myself to them. His works began to be introduced into China forty years ago. [辨析 introduce...to..., introduce...into... 辨析] 辨析 ① introduce...to...把某人或某物介绍给某人 to 后面接人作介词宾语。 后面接人作介词宾语。 First I introduce myself to you all. ② introduce...into...把某物传入或引进某地方 into后面接地点作介词宾语。 后面接地点作介词宾语。 后面接地点作介词宾语 Tobacco was introduced into Europe from America。

  5.forgive
用作及物动词,意思是“原谅,宽恕,饶恕”。 Will you forgive my mistake? [辨析 辨析]forgive,excuse,pardon 辨析 , , ①forgive“原谅”,指宽恕他人对自己的冒犯。 ②excuse“原谅”,指宽恕小的过失。 ③pardon“原谅”,指宽恕严重的过失。 We must pardon him for his faults. Excuse me for coming so late. We may forgive their mistakes.

  6.impression
(
  1) 通常用作可数名词,意思是“印象,感想”, “印象,感想” He made a strong impression on (upon) us. (
  2) impression的动词是 impress,意思是“留下印 象”。常用短语 impress sth. on (upon) sb.“某 . 事给某人留下印象”。 What he did was greatly impressed on (upon) us. The girl impressed her sense of humour on (upon) her friends.

  7.behave
(
  1) 用作动词,意思是“行为,举止,行为好”。 He behaves badly. 他行为坏。 (
  2) behave 的名词 behavior,意思是“行为,举 名词是 名词 止,态度”。 The boy is always on his good behavior. 那个男孩一直举止规矩。

  8.unfold
(
  1) 用作动词,意思是“打开,摊开 打开, 打开 摊开”。 The teacher unfolded the map and looked for the Great Wall. (
  2) 英语中前缀 im-,non-,un- 等表示否定 否定含义, , , 否定 通常用在形容词或动词前面。 possible 可能的→impossible 不可能的 stop 停止→nonstop 不停止 fit 胜任→unfit 不胜任 fold 折叠→unfold 展开,打开

  9.however
(
  1) 用作副词,意思是“可是,依然”。 用作副词,意思是“可是,依然” I Would like to go with you,however I am , very busy. . 我很想和你一块儿去,可是我很忙。 我很想和你一块儿去,可是我很忙。 (
  2) 用作副词,意思是“无论如何,不管怎样”。 用作副词,意思是“无论如何,不管怎样” However cold it is,he likes swimming in , winter. . 不管天气多冷,他喜欢冬天游泳。 不管天气多冷,他喜欢冬天游泳。

  10.follow
用作动词,意思是“跟随,跟从,遵循,遵从,顺 着…走”。 The boy followed his mother up the stairs. Follow my advice,please. Follow this road to the stone bridge. 常见的与 follow连用的短语 连用的短语 follow these customs follow the rules follow one’s example follow one’s advice follow this road follow sb. / what one said
注意follow作状语时的用法: 作状语时的用法: 注意 作状语时的用法 The doctor came in, followed by several nurses. 医生进来了,身后跟着几个护士。 Several nurses came in, following the doctor. 几个护士跟在医生身后进来了。 There is a thunder following the lightning. 闪电过后,紧接着打了一个响雷。

  11.custom
① 名词,意思是“风俗,习俗 风俗, 风俗 习俗”,“习惯”, Social customs vary greatly from country to country. ② 常用作复数,意思为“海关”, “海关” How long will it take us to pass the Customs? ③ customer 顾客 The waiters are kind to the customers.
[辨析 custom,habit,hobby 辨析] 辨析 , , 这三个词都有 “习惯” 的意思,但含义有一 定 的不同。 ① custom 通常指大范围、长时间形成的风俗和 习惯。 ② habit 通常指个人短时间的习惯。 ③ hobby 通常指“爱好”。 The Spring Festival is a custom in East Asia. He formed a habit of getting up early. Reading is his hobby.

  1.He has formed the of smoking habit after meals.
  2.It is the in China to eat dumplings custom during the Spring Festival.
  3.He has fallen into the of getting up habit late.
  4.They broke some of the old . custom

  12. provide / supply
表示“提供、供给”的意思时,这两 个 词同义。但 supply只能是提供具体的东西, 而 provide 还可指提供经验、机会、帮助等 抽象概念。结构为: provide sb. with sth. / provide sth. for sb. supply sb. with sth. / supply sth. to (for) sb.

  13.allow
用作动词,意思是“允许,准许”,后面通常 接动词 ?ing 作宾语 作宾语,或后接宾语和宾语补足语, 动词 宾语补足语通常由不定式充当。 宾语补足语通常由不定式充当 其结构为: 其结构为: allow / permit / forbid doing sth. allow / permit / forbid sb. to do sth. e.g.
  1. They don't allow smoking here.
  2. The teachers don't allow us to cheat in the exam.
[辨析 allow,permit,let 辨析] 辨析 , , 这三个词都表示“允许”,但含义和用法上有一定区别。 ① allow 词义较弱,含有“听任,默许,不加阻止”的含义。 He allowed the dog to come in. 他听任狗进来。 ② permit 词义较强,强调 “正式认可,批准” 的含义。 The school doesn't permit the students to smoke. 学校严禁学生抽烟。 ③ let 表示“让”,词义最弱,口语化,在 let 后面的宾语补 足语常不带 to,而且let 一般不用于被动语态。 Let me go with you. 让我跟你一起去。

  14.cloth
(
  1) 用作不可数名词 不可数名词,意思是“布,布料,织物 不可数名词 布 布料,织物”。 The girl wanted to buy a piece of cloth. 那个姑娘想买一块衣料。 (
  2) 用作可数名词 可数名词,意思是“一块布 一块布,台布,抹 可数名词 一块布 布”。 The waiter took off the table cloth. 服务生取下桌布。 (
  3) clothes 复数 复数(没有单数) I have a lot of clothes to wash after school.

  15.stare
(
  1)用作动词,既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物 动词,意思是“盯,凝视”。 It is impolite to stare at other people. The teacher stared the whole class into silence. 老师盯着全班学生,使他们安静下来。 (
  2)用作名词,通常用作可数名词,意思是“盯,凝 视”。 He gave me an icy stare. 他冷冰冰地盯了我一眼。

  16. none,no one,nothing
① none 用于指人和物,可与 of 短语连用,用作单 可与 数和复数。 ? “How many elephants did you see in the park?” ? “None.” “None ② no one 只能指人,不能与 of 连用,用作单数。 不能与 No one knows what they fought for. ③ nothing 用于指物,不与 of 连用,通常泛指 不与 “没有什么事情或东西”,用作单数。 Nothing can change the world.
④ none 用于回答 how many / much 提问 nobody = no one 用于回答who 提问 nothing 用于回答 what 提问 eg. How much water is left? None. Is there anyone in the classroom? No one. Who is playing in the playground? Nobody. None of his friends have/has been to Paris.
No one ◆ likes a person with bad manners. ◆ of his friends came to help him. None ◆ Almost believes him. no one ◆ of them has / have seen him. None ◆ How much coal is left? . None ◆ Who entered the room? . No one ◆ How many students are there in the classroom? . None

  17. sometimes,sometime,some time
副词,表示“有时候,不时” ① sometimes 副词,表示“有时候,不时”。 Sometimes he went to work by car and Sometimes he is late for class. . 副词,表示“曾经,某时, ② sometime 副词,表示“曾经,某时,有朝一 常同过去时或将来时连用, 日”,常同过去时或将来时连用,表示过去或 未来某一不肯定的时间。 未来某一不肯定的时间。 It happened sometime 1ast year. . Will you come and see me sometime next month? 名词词组, ③ some time名词词组,表示“一段时间”。 名词词组 表示“一段时间” It will take me some time to read the novel. .

  18. at table 与 at the table
吃饭,就餐” ① at table 表示 “吃饭,就餐”。 You shouldn't speak loudly at table. 吃饭时你不该高声讲话。 吃饭时你不该高声讲话。 ② at the (a) table 表示“在桌子旁”。 表示“在桌子旁” He sat at the table,reading a novel. , . 他坐在桌子旁,看小说。 他坐在桌子旁,看小说。 It is bad manners to blow your nose at table. . 进餐时擤鼻子是很不雅观的举止。 进餐时擤鼻子是很不雅观的举止。

  19. drink to
drink to 为……而干杯 而干杯 祝酒用语,用于不太正式的场合 不太正式的场合, 为介词, 祝酒用语,用于不太正式的场合,to 为介词, 后接名词。 后接名词。 I drink to your success. Let’s drink to the good harvest this year. 让我们为今年的大丰收干杯。 让我们为今年的大丰收干杯。 注意:正式场合下要用 下要用: 注意:正式场合下要用:I’d like to propose a toast to 或 I now propose a toast to I’d like to propose a toast to the health of the guests. 我提议为来宾的健康干杯。 我提议为来宾的健康干杯。
drink n. soft drink a hot drink / a cooling drink Too much drink made him feel ill. 考题点击: 考题点击:
D Let’s drink the health of all the ladies and
gentle-men present here. A. for B. of C. towards D. to

  20. raise,rise,lift
用作及物动词,意思是“举起,抬起, ① raise 用作及物动词,意思是“举起,抬起, 抬高” 抬高”,说明主语发出的动作是要作用于其 它事物的。 它事物的。 用作不及物动词,意思是“升起,上升, ② rise 用作不及物动词,意思是“升起,上升, 起立” 说明主语自身移向较高的位置。 起立”,说明主语自身移向较高的位置。 用力“举起”的含义。 ③ lift 用力“举起”的含义。 Price has been raised up. . Price rises gradually. . The young lifted the stone at last. .

  21. moment
(
  1) at this moment 意思是“此时,现在”。 意思是“此时,现在” 构成的常见短语: 英语中与 moment 构成的常见短语: a moment ago 刚才 at the moment 此刻,那时 此刻, at any moment任何时刻 for the moment暂时,目前 暂时, in a moment立即,马上 just a moment稍等一下 立即, (
  2) the moment相当于连词,意思是“一…就…”。 相当于连词, 相当于连词 意思是“ 就 。 I'll write to you the moment I arrive. . 我一到就写信给你们。 我一到就写信给你们。

  22. be busy with sth.
be busy with sth. / be busy (in) doing sth. Father is usually busy with his novels. Mother is always busy cooking for us at home. busy (vt.) 使…忙碌 忙碌 busy oneself (in) doing sth. busy oneself with sth. She always busies herself keeping the room in order. She always busies herself with the tiring housework.

  23. It’s time that ..
It’s time…主要用于以下结构 主要用于以下结构
  1) It’s time for... It’s time for lunch.
  2) It’s
 

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