★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★
第五讲 第五讲 Module 5 My hometown and country Warm up:
  1.What stays hot even if put in a fridge?(什么东西就是放在冰箱里也是热的?) ?(什么东西就是放在冰箱里也是热的 . ?(什么东西就是放在冰箱里也是热的?)
  2.Which side is the left side of a pie?(哪边是馅饼的左边)? ?(哪边是馅饼的左边 . ?(哪边是馅饼的左边)?
  1. 掌握本单元的重点词汇 Hometown 家 乡 east 东 south 南 west 西 north 北 southeast 东 南 southwest 西 南 northeast 东北 northwest 西北 question 问题 church 教堂 capital 首都 mountain 山,山脉 village 乡村,村庄 East China 华东 South China 华南
  1.5 kilometers long
  1.5 千米长
  4.7 million people 470 万人 on the coast 在岸上,沿岸 be famous for 因……而著名
  2. 重点句型 a) Shanghai is bigger than Hong Kong. b) What’s the population of Shanghai? c) Cambridge is in the east of England. d) It’s famous for Cambridge University.
  3. 能够对特征进行比较。
  4. 能够正确地运用形容词的比较级。
  5. 了解一些异域城市、河流等景观。 温故知新: 一.根据句意和首字母填空
  1. My h is very beautiful.
  2.This river is
  1.5 k long.
  3.what is p of Shanghai?
  4.Can you a some questions for the home work?
  5.There are lots of old buildings and c. 二.用括号中所给词的适当形式填空
  1.There are some (village) in the east of city.
  2.The mountains are about 10000 (meter) high.
  3.Condon is bigger and (busy) than Cambridge.
  4.It (have ) a population of 5 million people.
  5.There (be) some lakes and low mountains . 三.根据汉语提示完成句子
  1. 剑桥在哪里? is Cambridge?
  2. 在美国西部有一座小城市。 It is a city in the of America.
  3. 在这个国家北部有许多高山。 There are some mountains in the of this counry.
  4. 伦敦在英格兰南部,是英国的首都。 London is the of the UK, and it is the of England.
  5. 在海边有许多村庄。 There are some villages the sea.
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★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★
语法专项: 形容词的比较级
  1. 形容词比较级的构成(单音节词和部分双音节词) a) 一般在形容词原形的词尾直接加-er newer, colder, cooler b) 以字母 e 结尾的形容词,直接在词尾加-r nicer larger finer c) 重读闭音节词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-er bigger, fatter, thinner, hotter d) 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先变 y 为 i,再加-er easier busier earlier heavier e) 不规则变化 原级 比较级 原级 比较级 good better little less well bad worse far farther ill further many more old older much elder
  2. 形容词比较级的用法; a) 表示两者之间一个比另一个“更……” 并用 than 连接。 Who is better, Marry or Alice? Who is the taller of the twins. I am younger than her. She is taller than her younger sister. b) 在上下文明确的情况下,形容词比较级也可单独使用, 后面无需加“than” The first question is easy. But the second is easier.
  3. 形容词的比较级前可加上 a little, much, even, a bit, still 等程度副词作修饰。 She is much shorter than her sister. 语法专项: 一、选择填空
  1. Which does Jimmy like , Chinese or Art? A. well B. best C. better D. much

  2. The Changjiang River is one of in the world. A. the longest river B. longest rivers C. the longest rivers D. longer rivers

  3. of the two women is Mrs. Brown. A. The beautiful B. The more beautiful C. More beautiful D. The most beautiful

  4. My moon cake is nicer his. A. like B. with C. for D. than

  5. You are fatter than . A. he B. his C. him D. he is tall

  6. He jumps of the three. A. far B. further
2
C. farthest
D. furthest
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★

  7. My hair is longer than . A. my sister B. Kate C. my brother’s D. Lucys’

  8. There are paper here .Please bring some. A. little B. less C. fewer D. a little

  9. The pen is than that one. A. more cheap B. cheap C. much cheaper D. quite cheaper

  10.Tom speaks Chinese better than Jimmy. A. more B. very C. a lot of D. much

  11.There are girls in Class Two than in Class Four. A. more B. nicest C. most D. best

  12.It’s too for you to do that. A. easy B. more dangerous C. harder D. the easiest

  13.Who has apples now, Jim, Lily or Lucy? A. much B. biggest C. better D. the most

  14.You have more rulers than me. But are nicer than . A. mine, yours B. mine, your C. my, yours D. my, your

  15.Tingting is than Meimei, but Meimei is than Tingting. A. all, stronger B. taller, strongest C. tallest, strong D. taller, stronger

  16.Mother is in my family. A. busy B. busier C. the busiest D. more busy

  17.There are in the park on Sunday. A. more children B. a lot of people C. much men and women D. many peoples

  18.-This blue sweater is too big for me .-Will you please show me a one? A. small B. smaller C. the smallest D. smallest

  19.No one is Mary in the class. A. so tallest as B. as taller as C. so high as D. so tall as

  20. This bike is than that one. A. twenty yuan dear [参考答案] CCDDA CDBCD AADAD CBBDB
  1.写出下列形容词副词的比较级最高级。 young early short beautiful nice much late fat
3
B. twenty yuan dearer
C. dear twenty yuan
D. dearer twenty yuan
1037 r delicious __ little red
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★

  2.用所给的形容词副词的适当形式填空。 A. Tom is (tall) than Jim. B. Li Lei is (young) boy in his class. C.I think English is (interesting)than any other subject. D.David has (many)story books of all the students. E.Li Lei speaks English (well) in his group. F.Lucy runs (slow) than Lily.
  3.改正下列句子中一处的错误。 A. Tom comes to school late than Jim. B. Which do you like better , cats ,dogs, or chickens? C. Who is oldest in our class? D. He thinks math is importanter than Chinese. E. This work is very harder than that one. F. He lives farer than any other student in your class. 完形填空: New York, London, Paris and other big cities are interesting(有趣的) places to live in. There are __1__ things to see and to do. You can go to __2__ kinds of museums(博物馆),see plays(戏 剧) and films(电影).You can also go shopping to __3__ things from all over the world. But there are serious(严重的)__4__ in big cities, too. The cost of living is __5__, and there are too many people in some places of the big cities. Every year many people come to the cities because they can __6__ find work there, study at good schools, and receive good medical care(医 疗保健).But __7__ these people can’t find work or a good place to live in. Also too many people in a small space(空间) makes it __8__ to keep the cities __9__ and clean. Some people enjoy living in big cities, others do not. __10__ people move to a big city, they should think about the problems of living there.
  1. A. much B. many C. little D. few
  2. A. every B. each C. different D. same
  3. A. sell B. buy C. lend D. borrow
  4. A. jobs B. people C. problems D. answers 5 A. cheap B. large C. tall D. high
  6. A. hardly B. easily C. carefully D. usually
  7. A. always B. never C. sometimes D. not 8 A. hard B. good C. easy D. better
  9. A. dangerous B. popular C. safe D. warm
  10. A. But B. Because C. After D. Before 阅读与表达 The Wilsons decided to go overseas for vacation. They had a family meeting to plan the vacation.
4
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★
"First," Mr. Wilson said, "we should decide where we are going." "I don't agree," Mrs. Wilson said, "I think we should decide when we are going first. We don't want to go to places when they are cold." Mr. Wilson agreed, so the family's first decision was when to go on vacation. They decided to go in July. "Now we can decide where to go," said Mr. Wilson. "But, Dad," Ben said, "don't you think that where we go depends on(依赖,取决于)how we go? If we plan to fly, we can go a long way. If we plan to drive, we can't go far." Again, Mr. Wilson agreed, and they discussed this. At last they agreed to travel by plane. And so the planning meeting went on. The next day, one of Mr. Wilson's friends at work asked, "Where are you going for vacation?" "Well," Mr. Wilson told him, "we are going in summer by plane, but I don't know where we are going!" 根据短文内容回答下列问题。
  1. Why did the Wilsons have a family meeting?

  2. What did they decide first?

  3. When did they decide to go?

  4. How did the Wilsons decide to travel?

  5. What they didn't decide?
完成句子 1.剑桥位于英格兰东部。 Cambridge is England. 2.在伦敦有许多古老的建筑和教堂。 There are old and in London. 3.伦敦比剑桥大,比剑桥繁华。 London is Cambridge. 4.在剑桥夏天从不太热,冬天也不太冷。 In Cambridge, It’s very in the Summer, very in the winter. 5.你知道联合王国的首都是哪里吗? Do you know the UK? 6.大连拥有人口530万。 Dalian a
  5.3 people.
5
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★
拓展提高: 课外拓展 A good medicine tastes bitter. 良药苦口,忠言逆耳。 Tall mankind are beholden to him that is kind to the good. 行善者,人人铭记之。
体验成功: 体验成功:
形容词、 形容词、副词的比较级和最高级练习题
一.单项选择

  1. Are you feeling ? Yes,I'm fine now. A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better

  2.The experiment was easier than we had expected. A. more B. much more C. much D. more much

  3.If there were no examinations, we should have at school. A. the happiest time C. much happiest time B. a more happier time D. a much happier time

  4. Bob never does his homework Mary. He makes lots of mistakes. A. so careful as B. as carefully as C. carefully as D. as careful as

  5.Now air in our town is than it used to be. Something must be done to it. A. very good B. much better C. rather than D. even worse

  6. I feel __ better than yesterday. A. more B. very C. the D. far

  7. China has a large population than __ in the world. A. all the countries B. every country C. any country D. any other country

  8.This book is __ on the subject . A. the much best B. much the best C. very much best D. very the best

  9.The sick boy is getting __ day by day. A. worse B. bad C. badly D. worst

  10.This necklace looks __ and__ sells__. A. well, well B. good, nice C. nice, good D. nice, well

  11. Doctor Wang heart operation A. is interested on B. like doing C. does well in
6
D. is good at
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★

  12.the population of Shangdong is__ than that Sichuan. A. smaller B. larger C. less D. large

  13.I didn’t go shopping yesterday. He didn’t __. A. so B. either C. too D. neither

  14. delicious the food is! A. How B . how a C. What D. What a

  15. What animal do like ? I like all kinds of animals. A. better B. best C. very D. well

  16.Hainan is a very large island. It’s the second__ island in China. A. large B. larger C. largest D. most large

  17.If you want to book a round ?trip ticket, you’ll have to pay __ $
  30. A. more B. other C. the other D. another

  18.A horse is __ than a dog. A. much heavy B. more heavier C. much heavier D. more heavy

  19.Which is __ season in Beijing? A. good B. well
I think it’s spring. C. best D. the best

  20.Usually Xiao Li spends __ time doing homework than XiaoChen does. A. little B less C. few . C. So did he D. So he did D. fewer

  21.I liked to play football when I was young. A. So he was B. So was he
用所给词的恰当形式填空。 二.用所给词的恰当形式填空。

  1.Which is (big) ,the sun ,the moon or the earth?
  2.Which is (beautiful),the black coat or the blue one?
  3.this moon cake is (cheap) of all.
  4.He is (strong) in the class.
  5.English is (widely)spoken in the world. 形容词、 形容词、副词的比较级和最高级练习题答案
  1.答案:B. any 可修饰比较级,quite 修饰原级,well 的比较级为 better.
7
★新年华学校 2010 寒假班初一英语讲义★

  2.答案: much 可修饰比较级, C. 因此 B, 都说得通, easier 本身已是比较级, C 但 不需 more, 因此 C 为正确答案。
  3. 答案:D。
  4.B
  5.D
  6.D
  7.D
  8.B
  9.A
  10.D
  11.C
  12.B
  20.B
  21.C 二.
  1. the biggest
  5.the most widely
  2.more beautiful
  3. the cheapest
  4. the strongest
  13.B
  14. A
  15. B
  16.C
  17. D
  18. C
  19.D
8
 

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